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指令(Directive )番号
  1993年以前
年号(西暦 下2桁)」 / 「番号(1〜4桁)」 / 「EEC」 : 93/71/EEC 等
  1994年〜1999年
年号(西暦 下2桁)」 / 「番号(1〜4桁)」 / 「EC」 : 94/2/EC 等
  2000年以降
年号(西暦 4桁)」 / 「番号(1〜4桁)」 / 「EC」 : 2000/10/EC 等

規則(Regulation)番号
  1998年以前
「「番号(1〜4桁)」 / 年号(西暦 下2桁)」 」 : 1199/97
  1999年〜 2014年
「「番号(1〜4桁)」 / 年号(西暦 4桁)」 」 : 1972/1999, 451/2000
  のように 、指令とはに 「番号 / と付与されていますので 検索時にはご留意下さい。

  2015年〜
年号(西暦 4桁) / 番号(1〜4桁)」  : Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/1
  のように 、指令と同様に 「 / 番号 と付与されていますので 検索時にはご留意下さい。

  現在、Regulation, Directive, Decision, Recommendation, Guideline 等は、
従来の『各 個別の連番』とは異なり
『それらを"まとめたグループ"としてユニークな一連番号』が付与されています。
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/11
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/12 of 6 January 2015
Commission Delegated Directive (EU) 2015/13 of 31 October 2014
Commission Decision (EU) 2015/14 of 5 January 2015
Commission Decision (EU) 2015/15 of 5 January 2015
  ・・・・・
Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/570 of 7 April 2015
Guideline (EU) 2015/571 (ECB/2014/43)
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/572 of 9 April 2015
  ・・・・・
Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/681 of 29 April 2015
Commission Recommendation (EU) 2015/682 of 29 April 2015
Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/683 of 24 April 2015
  ・・・・・

  なお、Position, Report, 等は 従来通り『各 個別の連番』が付与されています。
・・・ Position (EU) No 13/2015, Position (EU) No 14/2015, Position (EU) No 15/2015, ・・・
・・・ Special Report No 13/2015, Special Report No 14/2015, Special Report No 15/2015, ・・・

オリジナル(初版) に対し 追補(amend)、正誤票(Corrigenda) の内容を反映、修正した 【統合版】複数 発行されている場合があります。
 検索結果内で 最新のもの を探して下さい。
統合版が発行されていない(又は、発行が遅れている)場合も多々あります。
一覧 では 統合版が見つかった場合はその内容、見つからない場合は初版(未修整のオリジナル)を利用しています。
個別項目毎の調査時点の情報に基づいています。 正確さを求める場合は 新規に検索し 関連する全ての原本(追補、正誤票を含め) を総合的に反映させる必要があります。
情報(IP, MEMO) 報告(Report) 検討段階 Opinion(意見) Agreement(合意書)
Code(規準)
Convention(条約)
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Protocol(議定書)
Recommendation(勧告)
Resolution(決議)
Rule(ルール)
Guide(ガイド) Guide(ガイド) ECB Decision(決定)
〜1999
Decision(決定)
2000〜2009
Decision(決定)
2010〜
Decision(決定)
ACP, ECB
Directive(指令)
〜1999
Directive(指令)
2000〜2009
Directive(指令)
2010〜
Regulation(規則)
〜1999
Regulation(規則)
2000〜2009
Regulation(規則)
2010〜
Regulation(規則)
ECB
  (末尾)
Top情報(IP, MEMO)
No. MK 対象分野 名称 Scope Source
2008-IP-1474   rights for shoppers IP/08/1474
Consumers: Commission proposes EU-wide rights for shoppers
・The European Commission has today launched proposals for EU-wide rights to make it easier for consumers to shop on the Internet and in the main street. The new proposal will guarantee consumers, wherever they shop in the EU, clear information on price and additional charges and fees before they sign a contract. It will strengthen consumer protection against late delivery and non delivery, as well as setting out tough EU-wide consumer rights on issues from cooling off periods, returns, refunds, repairs and guarantees and unfair contract term.
・Key facts and figures
・The current rules
・The new proposal
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/overview/cons_policy/index_en.htm
 ・Council Directive 93/13/EEC on Unfair Contract Terms
 ・Directive 1999/44/EC Sale for Consumer Goods and associated guarantees
 ・Directive 97/7/EC Distance Selling
 ・Council Directive 85/577/EEC Doorstep Selling
→【MEMO/11/675(2011-10-10参照】
2008-10-08
2009-C242-02   food irradiation Report from the Commission on food irradiation for the year 2007 (2009/C 242/02) 1. LEGAL BASIS AND BACKGROUND
Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation requires the Member States to forward to the Commission every year:
— the results of checks carried out in irradiation facilities, in particular regarding the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered,
and
— the results of checks carried out at the product marketing stage and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.
Article 7(4) of the same Directive imposes on the Commission to publish in the Official Journal of the European Communities:
— the details of the approved irradiation facilities in the Member States as well as any changes in their status,
— a report on the information provided by the national supervisory authorities.
The current report covers the period from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2007. It contains a compilation of the information forwarded to the Commission by 25 Member States.
Information on general aspects of food irradiation is available on the website of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumer.
2. RESULTS OF CHECKS CARRIED OUT IN IRRADIATION FACILITIES
2.1. Belgium 〜 2.14. Summarising table for the EU
3. RESULTS OF CHECKS CARRIED OUT AT THE PRODUCT MARKETING STAGE AND THE METHODS USED TO DETECT TREATMENT WITH IONISING RADIATION
3.1. Austria 〜 3.28. Summary for the EU
4. SUMMARY
OJ 2009 C242/002-018
2009-C242-05   SOMERSET CIDER BRANDY MAIN SPECIFICATIONS OF THE TECHNICAL FILE FOR SOMERSET CIDER BRANDY (2009/C 242/05) 【いわゆる地理的特産品の公告例 異議申し立ては六ヶ月以内】
[INTRODUCTION]
By 26 May 2008 the UK has applied for registration of "Somerset Cider Brandy" as a geographical indication within Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89.
According to Article 17(5) of Regulation (EC) No 110/2008, the Commission shall verify, within 12 months of the date of submission of the application referred to in paragraph 1, whether that application complies with this Regulation.
This verification has been done and in accordance with Article 17(6), the Commission services have announced that the application complies with the Regulation at the 96th meeting of the Committee for spirit drinks on 8 June 2009.
Therefore, the main specifications of the technical file shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union, C Series.
According to Article 17(7), within six months of the date of publication of the technical file, any natural or legal person that has a legitimate interest may object to the registration of the geographical indication in Annex III on the grounds that the conditions provided for in this Regulation are not fulfilled. The objection, which must be duly substantiated, shall be submitted to the Commission in one of the official languages of the European Union or accompanied by a translation into one of those languages.
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS OF THE TECHNICAL FILE FOR SOMERSET CIDER BRANDY
Name and category of spirit drink including the geographical indication:
Name: Somerset Cider Brandy.
Category of spirit drink: Cider Spirit (category 10 in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 110/2008).
Description of Somerset Cider Brandy: Produced from distilled cider.
Principal physical, chemical and/or organoleptic characteristics:
Product specification: Minimum ABV: 40 % vol.
Appearance: Golden to deep honey yellow, clear.
Aroma: Hints of caramelised apples, with notes of rich dried fruit, honey and spice. note
【以下略】
OJ 2009 C242/022-024
2009-C265-0001   CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 8(2) OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES GOVERNING CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT 【CP 2008-0944-CFSP Rep 11 参照】 OJ 2009 C265-001-418
2009-C268-01   measuring instruments 2009/C268/01
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2004/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on measuring instruments (Publication of the references to normative documents drawn up by OIML and the list of the parts thereof corresponding to the essential requirements (in conformity with Article 16.1 of the Directive))
[MI-002: Gas meters]
in relation to:
. OIML R 137-1 2006 [表]
Essential requirements in MID (Annex I and MI-002) / OIML R 137-1 (2006) / Comment
【略】
[MI-002: Volume conversion devices]
[MI-007: Taximeters]
[MI-008 CHAPTER II: Capacity serving measures]
OJ 2009 C268/001-012
2009-C320-06   List of ports landings and transhipment operations of fishery products are allowed 2009/C 320/06
List of ports in EU Member States where landings and transhipment operations of fishery products are allowed and port services are accessible for third-country fishing vessels, in accordance with Article 5(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008
The publication of this list is in accordance with Article 5(4) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 of 29 September 2008 ( 1 ).
[表]
Member State / Designated ports
Belgium / Oostende, Zeebrugge
Bulgaria / Burgas, Varna
Cyprus / Limassol
Denmark / Esbjerg, Fredericia, Hanstholm, Hirtshals, København, Skagen, Thyboron, (*), Aalborg, Århus
Estonia / None at the moment
Finland / None at the moment
France / 【以下略】
OJ 2009 C320/013-016
2009-C320-07   List of Member States and their competent authorities (fishery products) 2009/C 320/07
List of Member States and their competent authorities concerning Articles 15(2), 17(8) and 21(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008
The publication of this list is in accordance with Article 22(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 of 29 September 2008 ( 1 ). The competent authorities have been notified in accordance with the following articles of that Regulation
(a) Article 15(1): The exportation of catches made by fishing vessels flying the flag of a Member State shall be subject to the validation of a catch certificate by the competent authorities of the flag Member State, as established in Article 12(4), if required within the framework of the cooperation laid down in Article 20(4).
Article 15(2): Flag Member States shall notify to the Commission their competent authorities for the validation of the catch certificates referred to in paragraph 1.
(b) Article 17(8): Member States shall notify to the Commission their competent authorities for the checks and verifications of the catch certificates in accordance with Article 16 and paragraphs (1) to (6) of this Article.
(c) Article 21(3): Member States shall notify to the Commission their competent authorities for the val- idation and the verification of the section "re-export" of catch certificates in accordance with the procedure defined in Article 15.
[表 Member State / Competent authorities]
Austria / (a): — not applicable, (b), (c): — Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit, Bundesamt für Ernährungssicherheit
Belgium / —
Bulgaria / 【以下略】
OJ 2009 C320/017-020
2009-C323-04   examination of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products 2009/C 323/04
Communication from the Commission - Guideline on the operation of the procedures laid down in Chapters II, III and IV of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1234/2008 concerning the examination of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products
examination of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products 【略】
2. PROCEDURAL GUIDANCE ON THE HANDLING OF VARIATIONS
3. PROCEDURAL GUIDANCE ON WORKSHARING
OJ 2009 C323/009-022
2009-C323-06   interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network 2009/C 323/06
Commission Communication concerning the implementation of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network
[表]
Organisation / Reference / Edition number / Title of the Community specifications / Edition date
Eurocontrol ( i ) / Spec-0136 / 2.0 / EUROCONTROL Specification on the Air Traffic Services Message Handling System (AMHS) ( ii ) /
18.9.2009
OJ 2009 C323/024
2009-C323-09   Flag State notifications 2009/C 323/09
Information by the European Commission on a list of States and their competent authorities, published in accordance with Article 22(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008, and concerning Article 20(1), (2), (3) and Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 on Flag State notifications
In accordance with Article 20(1), (2), (3) and Annex III of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 ( 1 ), the following third countries have notified to the European Commission the public authorities which, in relation with the catch certification scheme established by Article 12 of the Regulation, are empowered to:
(a) register fishing vessels under their flag;
(b) grant, suspend and withdraw fishing licences to their fishing vessels;
(c) attest the veracity of information provided in the catch certificates referred to in Article 12 and validate such certificates;
(d) implement, control and enforce laws, regulations and conservation and management measures which must be complied with by their fishing vessels;
(e) carry out verifications of such catch certificates to assist the competent authorities of the Member States through the administrative cooperation referred to in Article 20(4);
(f) communicate sample forms of their catch certificates in accordance with the specimen in Annex II; and
(g) update such information.
[国別表] Third country / Competent authorities
OJ 2009 C323/028-041
2009-EDPS-0013   ePrivacy Directive ePrivacy Directive close to enactment:improvements on security breach, cookies and enforcement, and more to come Following last week's agreement on the EU telecoms reform, nothing stands in the way for the ePrivacy Directive to enter into force.
The formalities required for formal adoption will be undertaken in the coming weeks.
The revised ePrivacy Directive , as amended by the European Parliament and adopted by the Council must be implemented by the Member States within 18 months
The new provisions will bring vital improvements in the protection of the privacy and personal data of all Europeans active in the online environment.
2009-11-09
2009-IP-1554   sleeping products for newborns and young children IP/09/1554
Consumers: EU to set new safety standards for sleeping products for newborns and young children
New safety standards for children's sleeping items - including duvets, baby sleeping bags and cot mattresses - which should help to prevent many cot –related accidents, were given a green light today by EU Member States.
The vote took place in the General Product Safety Committee in Brussels. Cot-related accidents are responsible for more childhood deaths every year than any other child-care product 1 .
According to the European Injury Database, between 2005-2007, 17 000 accidents involving children from 0 to 4years in the EU happened in the cot.
Despite the frequency of serious and sometimes fatal accidents caused by cot mattresses, cot bumpers, suspended baby beds, children's duvets and baby sleeping bags, currently there are no EU safety standards for these products.
The proposed new standards will reduce the risk of accidents from, for example, choking on loose parts, entrapment of an infant due to bad mattress design or asphyxiation accidents from cords or loops.
Other necessary standards, such as stability and design requirements to reduce the risk of falls and injuries from suspended beds for babies, will also be introduced.
The proposed safety requirements are now subject to a three month scrutiny period in the European Parliament and the Council, and they will then go to the College of Commissioners for a formal decision before being sent to the European Standardisation bodies.
2009-10-21
2009-Memo-0473   safety standards for baby sleep products MEMO/09/473
Consumers: EU to set new safety standards for baby sleep products - Questions and Answers
1. Which precise articles do these safety requirements cover?
2. What specific safety requirements are being proposed?
3. Product information
2009-10-21
2010-C002-04   Ship classification 2010/C 2/04
Final report of the Hearing Officer (*) in Case COMP/39.416 . Ship classification
The draft Decision presented to the Commission under Article 9(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 ( 1 ) relates to certain rules and practices of the International Association of Classification Societies and the International Association of Classification Societies Limited (hereinafter jointly referred to as ‘IACS’). The following arrangements raise concerns as to their compatibility with Article 81 EC and Article 53 EEA: (i) the criteria and procedures ruling membership of IACS and the suspension or withdrawal of membership, and the way that these criteria and procedures are applied; and (ii) the elaboration and accessibility to non-IACS classification societies of IACS's resolutions and technical background information relating to these resolutions.
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C002/004
2010-C002-05   Ship classification 2010/C 2/05
Summary of Commission Decision of 14 October 2009 relating to a proceeding under Article 81 of the EC Treaty and Article 53 of the EEA Agreement (Case COMP/39.416 - Ship classification)
On 14 October 2009, the Commission adopted a decision relating to a proceeding under Article 81 of the EC Treaty and Article 53 of the EEA Agreement. In accordance with the provisions of Article 30 of Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 ( 1 ), the Commission herewith publishes the decision, having regard to the legitimate interest of undertakings in the protection of their business secrets. A non-confidential version of the entire decision is available on the Directorate- General for Competition's website at the following address:
http://ec.europa.eu/competition/antitrust/cases/index/by_nr_78.html#i39_416
1. This Decision pursuant to Article 9(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 is addressed to the International Association of Classification Societies and to International Association of Classification Societies Limited (hereinafter jointly referred to as "IACS"). It makes Commitments offered by IACS to bring the case to an end binding on IACS.
2. 【以下略】
OJ 2010 C002/005-006
2010-C016-08   ecodesign requirements for household refrigerating appliances 2010/C 16/09
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Commission Regulation (EC) No 643/2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for household refrigerating appliances
1. Publication of titles and references of transitional methods of measurement ( 1 ) for the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 643/2009 and, in particular, Annex III thereof.
[表] Measured parameter / Organisation / Reference / Title
Terms, definitions, symbols and classification / CEN / Clauses 3 and 4 of EN 153. Where Clauses 3 and 4 of EN 153 conflict with the definitions set out in Article 2
and Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 643/2009, then that Regulation shall prevail. / Methods of measuring the energy consumption of electric mains operated household refrigerators, frozen food storage cabinets, food freezers and their combinations, together with associated characteristics
【以下略】
2. Measurement method for wine storage appliances
(a) General test conditions
(b) The average storage temperature (t wma ) of each compartment is calculated as follows:
【略】
Wine storage compartment humidity / European Commission / Part 2(d) of this communication / Measurement method for wine storage appliances
[表 終わり]
2. Measurement method for wine storage appliances
OJ 2010 C016/019-023
2010-C017-01   Guideline on the details of the various categories of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products 2010/C 17/01
Communication from the Commission - Guideline on the details of the various categories of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products
1. INTRODUCTION
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1234/2008 of 24 November 2008, concerning the examination of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products(1)
OJ L 334, 12.12.2008, p. 7. (1), hereinafter ‘the variations Regulation’, was published in the Official Journal on 12 December 2008. The variations Regulation aims to establish a simple, clearer and more flexible legal framework for the handling of variations to marketing authorisation of medicinal products, while ensuring a high level of protection of public and animal health. 【略】
2. CLASSIFICATION GUIDANCE ON MINOR VARIATIONS OF TYPE IA, MINOR VARIATIONS OF TYPE IB AND MAJOR VARIATIONS OF TYPE II
The Annex to this Guideline consists of four chapters classifying variations related to: A) Administrative changes; B) Quality changes; C) Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacovigilance changes and D) Specific changes to Plasma Master Files and Vaccine Antigen Master Files.
For each chapter the Annex contains: 【略】
[ANNEX]
A. ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGES
B. QUALITY CHANGES
C. SAFETY, EFFICACY, PHARMACOVIGILANCE CHANGES
D. PMF/VAMF
OJ 2010 C017/001-044
2010-C028-08   List (recognised interbranch organisations in the tobacco) 2010/C 28/08
List of recognised interbranch organisations in the tobacco sector
This publication is based on Article 6 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 709/2008 of 24 July 2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007, as regards interbranch organisations and agreements in the tobacco sector (Situation on 4 February 2010)
[表] スペイン、仏 のみ
国名 / Name and address / Date of recognition
OJ 2010 C028/021-022
2010-C028-10   natural mineral waters 2010/C 28/10
List of natural mineral waters in Iceland and Norway pursuant to Article 1 of Council Directive 80/777/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters (Annuls and replaces the text published in OJ C 23, 29.1.2009, p. 11 and EEA Supplement No 4, 29.1.2009, p. 1)
(Annuls and replaces the text published in OJ C 23, 29.1.2009, p. 11 and EEA Supplement No 4, 29.1.2009, p. 1)
LIST OF NATURAL MINERAL WATERS RECOGNISED BY ICELAND: [表]
LIST OF NATURAL MINERAL WATERS RECOGNISED BY NORWAY: [表]
OJ 2010 C028/024
2010-C031-01   List of national contact points (transmission of samples of controlled substances) 2010/C 31/01
List of national contact points as referred to in Article 3(1) of the Council Decision of 28 May 2001 on the transmission of samples of controlled substances (2001/419/JHA)
[各国別表] 国名、機関名、所在地、連絡先など OJ 2010 C031/001-003
2010-C043-01   List and description of methods of analysis (wine products, Single CMO) 2010/C 43/01
List and description of methods of analysis referred to in the first paragraph of Article 120g of Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007
The table below lists the methods of analysis for monitoring the limits and requirements laid down in the Community rules concerning the production of wine products. For each parameter concerned, the third column contains the reference of the corresponding method of analysis described in the latest edition (2009) of the "Compendium of International Methods of Analysis of Wine and Must" of the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV)[注 : ブドウ・ワイン国際機構 http://www.oiv.int/ 日本語パワーポイント文書(.ppt)有り]available on the date of this publication. For each parameter, only the reference methods ("Category I" or "Category II2 in the "OIV classification") are described, with the exception of parameters for which there is currently no Category I or II method validated. The description of the methods appears in the Annex to the notice.
LIST OF METHODS OF ANALYSIS [表]
No / Parameter / Method in the Compendium of the OIV / Category
1 / Specific gravity/Density / AS-2-01-MASVOL / I
2 / Refractive index / AS-2-02-SUCREF / I
【略】
24 / Total Sulphites (SO 2 ) or Sulphur dioxide / AS-323-04-DIOSU / II
[ANNEX]
1. DENSITY AT 20℃ AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY AT 20℃ (OIV-AS2-01-MASVOL) — Category I Method
2. EVALUATION BY REFRACTOMETRY OF THE SUGAR CONCENTRATION IN GRAPE MUSTS, CONCENTRATED GRAPE MUSTS AND RECTIFIED CONCENTRATED GRAPE MUSTS (OIV-AS2-02-SUCREF) — Category I Method
3. TOTAL DRY MATTER (OIV-AS-2-03-EXTSEC) — Total dry matter Category I Method
4. DETERMINATION OF THE ISOTOPIC RATIO 18 O/ 16 O OF THE WATER IN WINE (OIV-AS-2-09-MOUO18) — Category II Method
5. FOLIN-CIOCALTEU INDEX (OIV-AS-2-10-INDFOL) — Category IV Method
6. GLUCOSE AND FRUCTOSE (OIV-AS-311-02-GLUFRU) — Category II Method
7. DETERMINING SUGARS USING HPLC (SUCROSE) (OIV-AS-311-03-SUCRES) — Category II Method
8. DETECTING ENRICHMENT OF GRAPE MUSTS, CONCENTRATED GRAPE MUSTS, RECTIFIED CONCENTRATED GRAPE MUSTS AND WINES BY APPLICATION OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE OF DEUTERIUM (OIV-AS-311-05-ENRRMN) — Category I Method
9. ALCOHOLIC STRENGTH BY VOLUME (OIV-AS-312-01-TALVOL) — Category I Methods
10. DETERMINATION OF THE ISOTOPE RATIO 13 C/ 12 C BY MEANS OF SPECTOMETRY OF THE ISOTOPIC MASS OF THE ETHANOL IN WINE OR THE ETHANOL OBTAINED BY MEANS OF THE FERMENTATION OF MUSTS, CONCENTRATED MUSTS OR RECTIFIED CONCENTRATED MUSTS. (OIV-AS-312-06-ETHANO) — Category II Method
11. TOTAL ACIDITY (OIV-AS-313-01-ACITOT) — Category I Method
12. VOLATILE ACIDITY (OIV-AS-313-02-ACIVOL) — Category I Method
13. CITRIC ACID (OIV-AS-313-09-ACIENZ) — Category II Method
14. SORBIC ACID (OIV-AS-313-14-ACISOR) — Category IV Method
15. pH (OIV-AS-313-15-PH) — Category I Method
16. SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF L-ASCORBIC ACID AND D-ISOASCORBIC ACID BY MEANS OF HPLC AND UV DETECTION (OIV-AS-313-22-ACASCO) — Category II Method
17. CARBON DIOXIDE (OIV-AS-314-01-DIOCAR) — Category II Method
18. DETERMINATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE WINE USING MANOMETRIC Method (OIV–AS-314-04-CO2MAN) — Category II Method
19. MEASUREMENT OF THE EXCESS PRESSURE IN SPARKLING AND SEMI-SPARKLING WINES (OIV-AS-314-02-SURPRES) — Category I Method
20. DETERMINATION OF LYSOZYME IN WINE USING HPLC (OIV-AS-315-14) — Category IV Method
21. SULPHATES (OIV-AS-321-05-SULPHATE) — Category II Method
22. IRON (OIV-AS-322-05-IRON) — Category IV Method
23. COPPER (OIV-AS-322-06) — Category IV Method
24. SULPHUR DIOXIDE (OIV-AS-323-04-DIOSU) — Category II Method
OJ 2010 C043/001-060
2010-C044-02   airports 2010/C 44/02
Commission communication concerning the procedure laid down by Article 1, paragraph 4 of Council Directive 96/67/EC, cancelling and replacing Commission communication of 17 December 2009
According to the provisions of Article 1(4) of Council Directive 96/67/EC of 15 October 1996 on access to the groundhandling market at Community airports (2 ), the Commission is required to publish, for information, a list of the airports referred to in the Directive.
[表]
【国名】 / Airports whose annual traffic is more than 2 million passenger movements or 50 000 tonnes of freight in 2008 / Other airports open to commercial traffic in 2008
Austria / Wien / Salzburg, Linz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt
Belgium / Brussels National, Charleroi–Brussels South, Liège, Oostend–Brugge / Antwerpen, Kortrijk–Wevelgem
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C044/002-004
2010-C045-05   by electronic means through the "points of single contact" 2010/C 45/05
Information related to the "compiled list" of Member States' trusted lists as notified under Commission Decision 2009/767/EC
In accordance with the Action Plan on e-signatures and e-identification to facilitate the provision of cross- border public services in the Single Market (COM(2008) 798 of 28.11.2008) the Commission has established, maintains and publishes a "compiled list" of Member States' trusted lists as notified to the Commission by Member States pursuant to Article 2.3 of Commission Decision 2009/767/EC of 16 October 2009 setting out measures facilitating the use of procedures by electronic means through the "points of single contact" under Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on services in the internal market.
The "compiled list" with pointers to Member States' trusted lists is available at the following URLs:
- https://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/esignature/trusted-list/tl-mp.xml
for a signed xml machine processable version, and
- https://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/esignature/trusted-list/tl-hr.pdf
for a human readable version.
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C045/015
2010-C052-04   Lift 【リフト指令整合規格】 2010/C 52/04
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of the European Parliament and Council Directive 95/16/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to lifts
[表] pp.5-7
【リフト指令整合規格一覧】
OJ 2010 C052/005-007
2010-C057-10   by electronic means through the "points of single contact" 2010/C 57/10
Information related to the Commission's "compiled list" of Member States' trusted lists as notified under Commission Decision 2009/767/EC
Digest information to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the Commission's "compiled list" of Member States' trusted lists as notified to the Commission by Member States pursuant to Article 2.3 of Commission Decision 2009/767/EC was published in the Official Journal of the European Union C 45 of 23 February 2010. OJ 2010 C057/015
2010-C065-01   List of natural mineral waters 2010/C 65/01
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Member States
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and United-Kingdom
In accordance with Article 1 of Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters ( 1 ), the Commission is publishing in the Official Journal of the European Union the list of natural mineral waters recognised as such by the Member States.
The following list replaces any list of recognised natural mineral waters previously published.
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Belgium [表]
List of natural mineral waters from third countries recognised by Belgium [表]
【略】
List of natural mineral waters from third countries recognised by United Kingdom [表]
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Norway [表]
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Iceland [表]
OJ 2010 C065/001-074
2010-C067-03   Social Security for Migrant Workers Administrative Commission on Social Security for Migrant Workers The annual average costs do not take into account the reduction of 20 % provided for in Articles 94(2) and 95(2) of Council Regulation (EEC) No 574/72 ( 1 ).
The net monthly average costs have been reduced by 20 %.
AVERAGE COSTS OF BENEFITS IN KIND . 2007
I. Application of Article 94 of Regulation (EEC) No 574/72 [国別表]
II. Application of Article 95 of Regulation (EEC) No 574/72 [国別表]
AVERAGE COSTS OF BENEFITS IN KIND — 2008
I. Application of Article 94 of Regulation (EEC) No 574/72 [国別表]
II. Application of Article 95 of Regulation (EEC) No 574/72 [国別表]
OJ 2010 C067/004-005
2010-C069-03   Common military list 2010/C 69/03
Common military list of the European Union
【最新リストは CP 2008-0944-CFSP List 2015-04, Commission Directive 2012/10/EU も併せ参照】
ML1 : Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches) or less and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor: 【略】
ML2 : Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches), projectors and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor: 【略】
ML3 : Ammunition and fuse setting devices, as follows, and specially designed components therefor 【略】
ML4 : Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor: 【略】
【中略】
ML21 : ″Software″, as follows: 【略】
ML22 : ″Technology″ as follows: 【略】
[DEFINITIONS OF TERMS USED IN THIS LIST]
The following are definitions of the terms used in this List, in alphabetical order. 【略】
OJ 2010 L069/019-051
2010-C071-01   [EMC指令 整合規格リスト] 2010/C 71/01
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2004/108/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility and repealing Directive 89/336/EEC
[EMC指令 整合規格リスト] OJ 2010 C071/001-016
2010-C071-02   [低電圧指令 整合規格リスト] 2010/C 71/02
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2006/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits
[低電圧指令 整合規格リスト] OJ 2010 C071/017-087
2010-C071-03   [建設資材指令 整合規格リスト] 2010/C 71/03
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of the Council Directive 89/106/EEC of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to construction products
[建設資材指令 整合規格リスト] OJ 2010 C071/088-117
2010-C073-06   List of States and their competent authorities (fishing) 2010/C 73/06
Information from the European Commission, published in accordance with Article 22(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008, concerning flag State notifications (List of States and their competent authorities), according to Article 20(1), (2), (3), and Annex III of Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008
In accordance with Article 20(1), (2), (3) and Annex III of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 ( 1 ), the following third countries have notified to the European Commission the public authorities which, in relation with the catch certification scheme established by Article 12 of the Regulation, are empowered to:
(a) register fishing vessels under their flag;
(b) grant, suspend and withdraw fishing licences to their fishing vessels;
(c) attest the veracity of information provided in the catch certificates referred to n Article 12 and validate such certificates;
(d) implement, control and enforce laws, regulations and conservation and anagement measures which must be complied with by their fishing vessels;
(e) carry out verifications of such catch certificates to assist the competent uthorities of the Member States through the administrative cooperation referred to in Article 20(4);
(f) communicate sample forms of their catch certificates in accordance with the specimen in Annex II; and
(g) update such notifications.
[国別表]
Third country / Competent authorities
ALBANIA / (a): — Albanian General Harbour Masters (Ministry of Public Work, Transportation and Telecommunication
【略】
YEMEN / (a): — Maritime Affairs Authority — Ministry of Transport
(b) to (g): — Production and Marketing Services Sector, Ministry of Fish Wealth and its branches of Aden, Alhodeidah, Hadramout and Almahara
OJ 2010 C073/013-030
2010-C082-01   competent authorities for authorisation of a clinical trial on a medicinal product for human use 2010/C 82/01
Communication from the Commission - Detailed guidance on the request to the competent authorities for authorisation of a clinical trial on a medicinal product for human use, the notification of substantial amendments and the declaration of the end of the trial (CT-1)
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Legal basis
1. This detailed guidance is based on Article 9(8) of Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use ( 1 ) (hereinafter Directive 2001/20/EC), which establishes that: 【略】
1.2. Scope
5. This guidance addresses the requests for authorisation, amendments, and declaration of the end of clinical trials within the scope of Directive 2001/20/CE. Directive 2001/20/EC applies to all clinical trials as defined in Article 2(a) of this Directive. As regards the term ‘medicinal products’, this refers to medicinal products for human use as defined in Article 1(2) of Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use ( 1 ) (hereinafter Directive 2001/83/EC). This includes medicinal products where the pharmacological, immunological, or metabolic action of the product is still uncertain and being explored. 【略】
2. REQUEST FOR A CLINICAL TRIAL AUTHORISATION
3. NOTIFICATION OF AMENDMENTS AND RELATED MEASURES
4. DECLARATION OF THE END OF A CLINICAL TRIAL
OJ 2010 C082/001-019
2010-C082-06   Schengen Borders Code 2010/C 82/06
Update of the list of residence permits referred to in Article 2(15) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code)
The publication of the list of residence permits referred to in Article 2(15) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) is based on the information communicated by the Member States to the Commission in conformity with Article 34 of the Schengen Borders Code.
In addition to publication in the Official Journal, a monthly update is available on the website of Directorate-General for Justice, Freedom and Security.
【国別記述】
OJ 2010 C082/026-029
2010-C083-01   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union 【この文書は、目次部分のみです】
CONSOLIDATED VERSION OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION
PREAMBLE
TITLE I COMMON PROVISIONS
TITLE II PROVISIONS ON DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES
TITLE III PROVISIONS ON THE INSTITUTIONS
TITLE IV PROVISIONS ON ENHANCED COOPERATION
TITLE V GENERAL PROVISIONS ON THE UNION’S EXTERNAL ACTION AND SPECIFIC PROVISIONS ON THE COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY
TITLE VI FINAL PROVISIONS
CONSOLIDATED VERSION OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PREAMBLE
PART ONE PRINCIPLES
PART TWO NON-DISCRIMINATION AND CITIZENSHIP OF THE UNION
PART THREE UNION POLICIES AND INTERNAL ACTIONS
TITLE I THE INTERNAL MARKET
TITLE II FREE MOVEMENT OF GOODS
TITLE III AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES
TITLE IV FREE MOVEMENT OF PERSONS, SERVICES AND CAPITAL
TITLE V AREA OF FREEDOM, SECURITY AND JUSTICE
TITLE VI Transport
TITLE VII COMMON RULES ON COMPETITION, TAXATION AND APPROXIMATION OF LAWS
TITLE VIII ECONOMIC AND MONETARY POLICY
TITLE IX EMPLOYMENT
TITLE X SOCIAL POLICY
TITLE XI THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND
TITLE XII EDUCATION, VOCATIONAL TRAINING, YOUTH AND SPORT
TITLE XIII CULTURE
TITLE XIV PUBLIC HEALTH
TITLE XV CONSUMER PROTECTION
TITLE XVI TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORKS
TITLE XVII INDUSTRY
TITLE XVIII ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND TERRITORIAL COHESION
TITLE XIX RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND SPACE
TITLE XX ENVIRONMENT
TITLE XXI ENERGY
TITLE XXII TOURISM
TITLE XXIII CIVIL PROTECTION
TITLE XXIV ADMINISTRATIVE COOPERATION
PART FOUR ASSOCIATION OF THE OVERSEAS COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES
PART FIVE EXTERNAL ACTION BY THE UNION
TITLE I GENERAL PROVISIONS ON THE UNION'S EXTERNAL ACTION
TITLE II COMMON COMMERCIAL POLICY
TITLE III COOPERATION WITH THIRD COUNTRIES AND HUMANITARIAN AID
TITLE IV RESTRICTIVE MEASURES
TITLE V INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
TITLE VI THE UNION’S RELATIONS WITH INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS AND THIRD COUNTRIES AND UNION DELEGATIONS
TITLE VII SOLIDARITY CLAUSE
PART SIX INSTITUTIONAL AND FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
TITLE I INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS
TITLE II FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
TITLE III ENHANCED COOPERATION
PART SEVEN GENERAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
PROTOCOLS
ANNEXES
DECLARATIONS
Tables of equivalences
OJ 2010 C083/001-012
2010-C083-01a   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union [TITLE I] COMMON PROVISIONS
[Article 1] (ex Article 1 TEU) ( 1 )
By this Treaty, the HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES establish among themselves a EUROPEAN UNION, hereinafter called "the Union", on which the Member States confer competences to attain objectives they have in common.
This Treaty marks a new stage in the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen.
The Union shall be founded on the present Treaty and on the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter referred to as "the Treaties"). Those two Treaties shall have the same legal value. The Union shall replace and succeed the European Community.
[TITLE II] PROVISIONS ON DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES
[TITLE III] PROVISIONS ON THE INSTITUTIONS
[TITLE IV] PROVISIONS ON ENHANCED COOPERATION
[TITLE V] GENERAL PROVISIONS ON THE UNION’S EXTERNAL ACTION AND SPECIFIC PROVISIONS ON THE COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY
[CHAPTER 1] GENERAL PROVISIONS ON THE UNION’S EXTERNAL ACTION
[CHAPTER 2] SPECIFIC PROVISIONS ON THE COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY
[SECTION 1] COMMON PROVISIONS
[SECTION 2] PROVISIONS ON THE COMMON SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY
[TITLE VI] FINAL PROVISIONS
OJ 2010 C083/013-046
2010-C083-01b   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union [PART ONE] PRINCIPLES
[Article 1]
1. This Treaty organises the functioning of the Union and determines the areas of, delimitation of, and arrangements for exercising its competences.
2. This Treaty and the Treaty on European Union constitute the Treaties on which the Union is founded. These two Treaties, which have the same legal value, shall be referred to as "the Treaties".
[TITLE I] CATEGORIES AND AREAS OF UNION COMPETENCE
[TITLE II] PROVISIONS HAVING GENERAL APPLICATION
OJ 2010 C083/047-200
2010-C083-01c   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Protocols PROTOCOL (No 1)]ON THE ROLE OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 2) ON THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SUBSIDIARITY AND PROPORTIONALITY
PROTOCOL (No 3) ON THE STATUTE OF THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 4) ON THE STATUTE OF THE EUROPEAN SYSTEM OF CENTRAL BANKS AND OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK
PROTOCOL (No 5) ON THE STATUTE OF THE EUROPEAN INVESTMENT BAN
PROTOCOL (No 6) ON THE LOCATION OF THE SEATS OF THE INSTITUTIONS AND OF CERTAIN BODIES, OFFICES, AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 7) ON THE PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 8) RELATING TO ARTICLE 6(2) OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ON THE ACCESSION OF THE UNION TO THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS
PROTOCOL (No 9) ON THE DECISION OF THE COUNCIL RELATING TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ARTICLE 16(4) OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION AND ARTICLE 238(2) OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION BETWEEN 1 NOVEMBER 2014 AND 31 MARCH 2017 ON THE ONE HAND, AND AS FROM 1 APRIL 2017 ON THE OTHER
PROTOCOL (No 10) ON PERMANENT STRUCTURED COOPERATION ESTABLISHED BY ARTICLE 42 OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 11) ON ARTICLE 42 OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 12) ON THE EXCESSIVE DEFICIT PROCEDURE
PROTOCOL (No 13) ON THE CONVERGENCE CRITERIA
PROTOCOL (No 14) ON THE EURO GROUP
PROTOCOL (No 15) ON CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND
PROTOCOL (No 16) ON CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO DENMARK
PROTOCOL (No 17) ON DENMARK
PROTOCOL (No 18) ON FRANCE
PROTOCOL (No 19) ON THE SCHENGEN ACQUIS INTEGRATED INTO THE FRAMEWORK OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 20) ON THE APPLICATION OF CERTAIN ASPECTS OF ARTICLE 26 OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION TO THE UNITED KINGDOM AND TO IRELAND
PROTOCOL (No 21) ON THE POSITION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND IRELAND IN RESPECT OF THE AREA OF FREEDOM, SECURITY AND JUSTICE
PROTOCOL (No 22) ON THE POSITION OF DENMARK
PROTOCOL (No 23) ON EXTERNAL RELATIONS OF THE MEMBER STATES WITH REGARD TO THE CROSSING OF EXTERNAL BORDERS
PROTOCOL (No 24) ON ASYLUM FOR NATIONALS OF MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 25) ON THE EXERCISE OF SHARED COMPETENCE
PROTOCOL (No 26) ON SERVICES OF GENERAL INTEREST
PROTOCOL (No 27) ON THE INTERNAL MARKET AND COMPETITION
PROTOCOL (No 28) ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND TERRITORIAL COHESION
PROTOCOL (No 29) ON THE SYSTEM OF PUBLIC BROADCASTING IN THE MEMBER STATES
PROTOCOL (No 30) ON THE APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION TO POLAND AND TO THE UNITED KINGDOM
PROTOCOL (No 31) CONCERNING IMPORTS INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS REFINED IN THE NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
PROTOCOL (No 32) ON THE ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY IN DENMARK
PROTOCOL (No 33) CONCERNING ARTICLE 157 OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROTOCOL (No 34) ON SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR GREENLAND
PROTOCOL (No 35) ON ARTICLE 40.3.3 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF IRELAND
PROTOCOL (No 36) ON TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
PROTOCOL (No 37) ON THE FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE EXPIRY OF THE ECSC TREATY AND ON THE RESEARCH FUND FOR COAL AND STEEL
OJ 2010 C083/201-328
2010-C083-01d   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Annexes [ANNEX I] LIST REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 38 OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION [表]
[ANNEX II] OVERSEAS COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES TO WHICH THE PROVISIONS OF PART FOUR OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION APPLY
OJ 2010 C083/329-334
2010-C083-01e   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Declarations
annexed to the Final Act of the Intergovernmental Conference which adopted the Treaty of Lisbon
signed on 13 December 2007EN
A. DECLARATIONS CONCERNING PROVISIONS OF THE TREATIES
B. DECLARATIONS CONCERNING PROTOCOLS ANNEXED TO THE TREATIES
C. DECLARATIONS BY MEMBER STATES
OJ 2010 C083/335-360
2010-C083-01f   Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Tables of equivalences [表]
Treaty on European Union
Old numbering of the Treaty on European Union / New numbering of the Treaty on European Union
TITLE I . COMMON PROVISIONS / TITLE I . COMMON PROVISIONS
Article 1 / Article 1
[none] / Article 2
Article 2 / Article 3
Article 3 (repealed) ( 1 ) / [none]
[none] / Article 4
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C083/361-388
2010-C083-02   Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union [TITLE I] DIGNITY
[Article 1] Human dignity
Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected.
[Article 2] Right to life
1. Everyone has the right to life.
2. No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed.
[Article 3] Right to the integrity of the person
【略】
[TITLE II] FREEDOMS
[TITLE III] EQUALITY
[TITLE IV] SOLIDARITY
[TITLE V] CITIZENS' RIGHTS
[TITLE VI] JUSTICE
[TITLE VII] GENERAL PROVISIONS GOVERNING THE INTERPRETATION AND APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER
OJ 2010 C083/389-403
2010-C092-04   ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires 2010/C 92/04
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Commission Regulation (EC) No 245/2009 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps, and repealing Directive 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
【蛍光灯エコデザイン要件 整合規格リスト】 OJ 2010 C092/011-014
2010-C104-02   ECB Staff Rules 2010/C 104/02
Part 0 of the ECB Staff Rules containing the Ethics Framework
(This text cancels and replaces the text published in Official Journal C 92 of 16 April 2004, p. 31)
0.1. General provisions
0.1.1. The conduct of members of staff shall neither hinder their independence and impartiality nor harm the ECB’s reputation. Members of staff shall:
(a) respect the ECB’s common values and conduct themselves in their professional and private lives in a manner befitting the character of the ECB as a European institution
【略】
0.2. Ethics Officer
0.3. Professional secrecy
0.4. In-house relations
0.5. Use of the ECB’s resources
0.6. Dignity at work
0.7. Obligation to report breaches of professional duty
0.8. Conflicts of interest — general rule
0.9. Gainful employment of a spouse or recognised partner
0.10. Giving and accepting gifts
0.11. External activities performed in the course of professional duties
0.12. Private activities
0.13. Procurement
0.14. Negotiating prospective employment
0.15. Awards, honours and decorations
0.16. Relations with external parties
0.17. Insider trading
OJ 2010 C104/003-007
2010-C104-03   Supplementary Code of Ethics Criteria for the members of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank 2010/C 104/03
Supplementary Code of Ethics Criteria for the members of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank
(in accordance with Article 11.3 of the Rules of Procedure of the European Central Bank) (2010/C 104/03)
1. Preliminary statements
The new ethics framework ( 1 ) for members of staff of the European Central Bank enters into force on 1 April 2010. It gives guidance and sets ethics conventions, standards and benchmarks. On 16 May 2002, the members of the Executive Board, as members of the Governing Council, agreed on the Code of Conduct for the members of the Governing Council ( 2 ). Subject to the rules laid down in this Supplementary Code of Ethics Criteria (hereinafter the ‘Code’), the members of the Executive Board will comply with the principles laid down in the new ethics framework for members of staff and the rules laid down in the Code of Conduct for the members of the Governing Council.
2. Gifts or other financial benefits
3. Acceptance of invitations
4. Acceptance of remuneration for activities undertaken in a personal capacity
5. Compliance with rules on insider trading
6. Ethics Officer
7. Repeal
8. Distribution and publication
OJ 2010 C104/008-009
2010-C107-12   import or export controlled substances that deplete the ozone layer 2010/C 107/12
Notice to undertakings intending to import or export controlled substances that deplete the ozone layer to or from the European Union in 2011 and undertakings intending to request for 2011 a quota for these substances intended for laboratory and analytical uses
I. This Notice is addressed to undertakings that are concerned by the Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on substances that deplete the ozone layer ( 1 ) (the Regulation) and that intend to import or export to or from the European Union, or that indent to request for 2011 a quota for laboratory and analytical uses, for any of the following substances covered by the Regulation during the period 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011:
Group I: CFC 11, 12, 113, 114 or 115
Group II: other fully halogenated CFCs
Group III: halon 1211, 1301 or 2402
Group IV: carbon tetrachloride
Group V: 1,1,1 trichloroethane
Group VI: methyl bromide
Group VII: hydrobromofluorocarbons
Group VIII: hydrochlorofluorocarbons
Group IX: bromochloromethane
Dibromodifluoromethane (halon-1202).
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C107/020-022
2010-C130-01   Vertical Restraints 2010/C 130/01
Guidelines on Vertical Restraints
I. INTRODUCTION
1. Purpose of the Guidelines
(1) These Guidelines set out the principles for the assessment of vertical agreements under Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (*) (hereinafter "Article 101") ( 1 ). Article 1(1)(a) of Commission Regulation (EU) No 330/2010 of 20 April 2010 on the application of Article 101(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices ( 2 ) (hereinafter referred to as the "Block Exemption Regulation") (see paragraphs (24) to (46)) defines the term "vertical agreement". These Guidelines are without prejudice to the possible parallel application of Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter "Article 102") to vertical agreements. These Guidelines are structured in the following way:
- Section II (paragraphs (8) to (22)) describes vertical agreements which generally fall outside Article 101(1);
- Section III (paragraphs (23) to (73)) clarifies the conditions for the application of the Block Exemption Regulation;
- Section IV (paragraphs (74) to (85)) describes the principles concerning the withdrawal of the block exemption and the disapplication of the Block Exemption Regulation;
- Section V (paragraphs (86) to (95)) provides guidance on how to define the relevant market and calculate market shares;
- Section VI (paragraphs (96) to (229)) describes the general framework of analysis and the enforcement policy of the Commission in individual cases concerning vertical agreements.
【以下略】
II. VERTICAL AGREEMENTS WHICH GENERALLY FALL OUTSIDE THE SCOPE OF ARTICLE 101(1)
III. APPLICATION OF THE BLOCK EXEMPTION REGULATION
OJ 2010 C130/001-046
2010-C138-05   guidelines on vertical restraints in agreements for the sale and repair of motor vehicles and for the distribution of spare parts 2010/C 138/05
Commission notice - Supplementary guidelines on vertical restraints in agreements for the sale and repair of motor vehicles and for the distribution of spare parts for motor vehicles
I. INTRODUCTION
1. Purpose of the Guidelines
(1) These Guidelines set out principles for assessing under Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ( 1 ) particular issues arising in the context of vertical restraints in agreements for the sale and repair of motor vehicles and for the distribution of spare parts. They accompany Commission Regulation (EU) No 461/2010 on the application of Article 101(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices in the motor vehicle sector ( 2 ) (hereinafter "the Motor Vehicle Block Exemption Regulation") and are aimed at helping companies to make their own assessment of such agreements.
(2) These Guidelines provide clarification on issues that are particularly relevant for the motor vehicle sector, including the interpretation of certain provisions of Commission Regulation (EU) No 330/2010 of 20 April 2010 on the application of Article 101(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices ( 3 ) (hereinafter "the General Vertical Block Exemption Regulation"). They are without prejudice to the applicability of the Guidelines on Vertical Restraints ( 4 ) (hereinafter "the General Vertical Guidelines") and are therefore to be read in conjunction with and as a supplement to the General Vertical Guidelines.
【以下略】
2. Structure of the Guidelines
(8) These Guidelines are structured as follows:
(a) Scope of the Motor Vehicle Block Exemption Regulation and relationship with the General Vertical Block Exemption Regulation (Section II)
(b) The application of the additional provisions in the Motor Vehicle Block Exemption Regulation (Section III)
(c) The assessment of specific restraints: single branding and selective distribution (Section IV)
II. SCOPE OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE BLOCK EXEMPTION REGULATION AND RELATIONSHIP WITH THE GENERAL VERTICAL BLOCK EXEMPTION REGULATION
III. THE APPLICATION OF THE ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS IN THE MOTOR VEHICLE BLOCK EXEMPTION REGULATION
IV. THE ASSESSMENT OF SPECIFIC RESTRAINTS
OJ 2010 C138/016-027
2010-C160-01   voluntary schemes and default values in the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme 2010/C 160/01
Communication from the Commission on voluntary schemes and default values in the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme
1. INTRODUCTION
The EU introduced in 2009 the most comprehensive and advanced binding sustainability scheme of its kind anywhere in the world. The Renewable Energy Directive ( 1 ) sets out these sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids. For biofuels, corresponding criteria are set out in the Fuel Quality Directive ( 2 ). They apply to biofuels/bioliquids produced in the EU and to imported biofuels/bioliquids. Member States are responsible for making sure that the sustainability criteria are met by economic operators when biofuels/bioliquids are taken into account for the purposes ( 3 ) listed in the Renewable Energy Directive, the Fuel Quality Directive, the Community guidelines on state aid for environmental protection ( 4 ) and the Regulation on CO 2 from passenger cars ( 5 ).
Table 1: Articles and annexes referred to in this communication
 Renewable Energy Directive / Fuel Quality Directive
2. VOLUNTARY SCHEMES
2.1. Assessment and recognition process
2.2. Assessment and recognition requirements
Table 2: Examples of ways of showing verifiers' compliance with requirements
 Verifier attribute / Requirements covered
2.3. Non-typical voluntary schemes
2.4. Updating
2.5. Voluntary schemes for bioliquids
2.6. Recognition of bilateral or multilateral agreements
3. DEFAULT VALUES
3.1 Background on the calculation of the default values
3.2. Future updates and addition of default values
4. CONCLUSIONS
OJ 2010 L160/001-007
2010-C160-02   biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels 2010/C 160/02
Communication from the Commission on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels
Communication from the Commission on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels
1.1. Introduction to this Communication
Table: Articles and Annexes referred to in this Communication
 Renewable Energy Directive vs Fuel Quality Directive
2. SCOPE AND APPLICATION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
2.1. Criteria related to greenhouse gas savings and land
2.2. Agricultural and environmental requirements and standards for EU farmers
2.3. Materials covered
2.4. Harmonisation of sustainability criteria
2.5. Publication of sustainability information
3. CALCULATING THE GREENHOUSE GAS IMPACT
3.1. Exception concerning installations in operation on 23 January 2008
3.2. Default values
3.3. Calculating an actual value
4. COMPLYING WITH THE LAND-RELATED CRITERIA
4.1. Land with high biodiversity value
4.2. Land with high carbon stock
5. COUNTING RULES FOR BIOFUELS
5.1. Accounting for fuels that come partly from non- renewable sources
5.2. Biofuels counting double
[ANNEX I] Methods for calculating the greenhouse gas impact
[ANNEX II] Methodology to calculate greenhouse gas impact: further elements
OJ 2010 L160/008-016
2010-C164-03   information in the field of technical standards and regulations 2010/C 164/03
Information provided by the Commission pursuant to Article 11 of Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations and of rules on Information Society services - Statistics on the technical rules notified in 2009 within the framework of notification procedure 98/34
I. Table indicating the different types of reactions given to the Member States of the European Union to the drafts notified by each. [国別表]
Member States / Number of notifications / Comments (MS / COM / EFTA TR)
/ Detailed opinions (MS / COM) / Community act proposals (9.3 / 9.4)
Belgium / 51 / 3 / 29 /0 / 3 / 7 / 0 / 0
Bulgaria / 8 / 1 / 4 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
【以下略】
II. Table showing the breakdown by sector of drafts notified by the Member States of the European Union Sectors [表]
BE / BG / CZ / CY / DK / DE / EE / IE / GR / ES / FR / IT / LV / LT / LU / HU / MT / NL / AT / PL / PT / RO / SI / SK / FI / SE / UK / Total
Building and construction / 4 / 6 / 6 / 0 / 2 / 24 / 2 / 2 / 1 / 6 / 8 / 7 / 0 / 2 / 0 / 2 / 2 / 5 / 24 / 2 / 1 / 3 / 1 / 3 / 6 / 3 / 10 / 132
Food and agricultural produce / 5 / 0 / 2 / 0 / 0 / 3 / 5 / 0 / 3 / 8 / 18 / 10 / 8 / 2 / 0 / 5 / 1 / 6 / 2 / 6 / 0 / 2 / 3 / 3 / 3 / 3 / 7 / 105
【以下略】
III. Table indicating the comments on the drafts notified by Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland [表]
Country / Notifications / EC comments
Iceland / 1 / 1
Liechtenstein / 6 / 4
【以下略】
IV. Table showing the breakdown by sector of the drafts notified by Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland [表]
【略】
V. Table indicating the drafts notified by Turkey and the comments on these drafts [表]
【略】
VI. Table showing the breakdown by sector of the drafts notified by Turkey [表]
【略】
VII. Statistics on the infringement proceedings in process in 2009 and brought on the basis of Article 226 of the EC Treaty counter to national technical regulations adopted in breach of the provisions of Directive 98/34/EC [表]
【略】
OJ 2010 C164/003-005
2010-C166-04   integrated pollution prevention and control 2010/C 166/04
Adoption of a reference document for the purpose of Council Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control
On 18 May 2010, the Commission adopted the complete text of the reference document on best available techniques for the Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide Manufacturing Industries.
This document is available on the Internet site:
 http://eippcb.jrc.es
  Reference documents : BREF (05.2010) PDF 全495頁
OJ 2010 C166/005
2010-C167-02   injunctions for the protection of consumers' interests 2010/C 167/02
Commission communication concerning Article 4(3) of Directive 98/27/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on injunctions for the protection of consumers' interests, concerning the entities qualified to bring an action under Article 2 of this Directive
The authorities of the Member States concerned have recognised the entities mentioned below as being qualified to bring actions for an injunction under Article 2 of Directive 98/27/EC. [国別表]
BELGIUM
 Name of the entity / Contact details / Purpose
 ・・・・・・
UK
OJ 2010 C167/037-079
2010-C176-03   EU-27 ethyl alcohol balance 2010/C 176/03
EU-27 ethyl alcohol balance for 2009 (Established on 20 June 2010 in accordance with Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 2336/2003)
[表]
No. / EU-27 ethyl alcohol balance for 2009 (Established on 20 June 2010 in accordance with Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 2336/2003 ( 1 )) / Hectolitres of pure alcohol
1. / Initial stock — Agricultural origin — Non-agricultural origin / 9 234 665
2. / Production — Agricultural origin — Non-agricultural origin / 49 214 427
【以下略】
OJ 2010 C176/006
2010-C186-01   energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment 2010/C 186/01
Decision of 12 August 2009 of the Management entities under the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment on the revision of the computer specifications in Annex C, part VIII, to the Agreement
HAVE DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:
The computer specifications in Annex C, part VIII, to the Agreement are repealed and replaced by the specifications in the Annex to this Decision with effect from 1 July 2009.
[ANNEX] ANNEX C, part VIII, TO THE AGREEMENT
VIII. COMPUTER SPECIFICATIONS
2. QUALIFYING PRODUCTS
3. ENERGY-EFFICIENCY AND POWER MANAGEMENT CRITERIA
4. TEST PROCEDURES
5. EFFECTIVE DATE
6. FUTURE SPECIFICATION REVISIONS
Appendix A : ENERGY STAR Test Procedure for Determining the Power Use of Computers in Off, Sleep, and Idle
Appendix B : Sample Calculations
OJ 2010 C186/001-021
2010-C215-06   List of international control and supervisory agencies 2010/C 215/06
List of international control and supervisory agencies (hereafter referred to as "supervisory agencies") approved by the Member States under Annex VIII to Regulation (EC) No 612/2009 (This list replaces the list published in the OJ C 197, 21.8.2009, p. 4)
1. GENERAL
Under Article 17(1)(b) and (2) (c) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 612/2009 ( 1 ), supervisory agencies approved by the Member States, are authorised to issue certificates certifying the unloading and importation of agricultural products qualifying for export refunds in third countries or, at least, their arrival at destination in third countries.
Furthermore, supervisory agencies approved and controlled by a Member State in accordance with Articles 18 to 23 of Regulation (EC) No 800/1999 or an official agency of the Member State shall be responsible for carrying out checks provided for in Article 3 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 639/2003 (granting requirements of export refunds related to the welfare of live bovine animals during transport).
The Member States are responsible for approving and monitoring these supervisory agencies. 【略】
[ANNEX] List of supervisory agencies approved by the Member States 【国別 機関 記述】
OJ 2010 C215/014-017
2010-C-222-03   tobacco 2010/C 222/03
List of recognised interbranch organisations in the tobacco sector
This publication is based on Article 6 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 709/2008 of 24 July 2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007, as regards interbranch organisations and agreements in the tobacco sector (OJ L 197, 25.7.2008, p. 23) (Situation on 17 August 2010)
[国別表]
国 / Name and address / Date of recognition
OJ 2010 C222/004-005
2010-C-244-01   Regulation on consumer protection cooperation 2010/C 244/01
Commission communication pursuant to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws, concerning the competent authorities and single liaison offices
As of 30 of June 2010, Member States have communicated to the Commission pursuant to Article 5(1) the following list of Competent Authorities and Single Liaison Offices.
[国別表]
Member State: BELGIUM
Single liaison office / FOD Economie, KMO, Middenstand en Energie DG Controle en Bemiddeling Bureau Internationale Samenwerking SPF Économie, PME, Classes moyennes et Énergie Bureau Coopération Internationale 【略】
Member State: UNITED KINGDOM
OJ 2010 C244/001-057
2010-C262-08   list of customs offices 2010/C 262/08
Updated list of customs offices in which products listed in Annex I of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1635/2006 may be declared for free circulation in the European Community
[国別表]
Member State / Customs offices (1〜数箇所/国)
OJ 2010 C262/013-016
2010-C281-01   Europol 2010/C 281/01
Financial Regulation applicable to Europol
[TITLE I] SUBJECT MATTER
[Article 1] This Regulation lays down the main principles and rules governing the establishment and implementation of the budget of the European Police Office.
[TITLE II] BUDGETARY PRINCIPLES
[TITLE III] ESTABLISHMENT AND STRUCTURE OF THE BUDGET
[TITLE IV] IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BUDGET
[TITLE V] PROCUREMENT
[TITLE VA: PROJECTS WITH SIGNIFICANT BUDGET IMPLICATIONS
[TITLE VB] EXPERTS
[TITLE VI] GRANTS AWARDED BY EUROPOL
[TITLE VII] PRESENTATION OF THE ACCOUNTS AND ACCOUNTING
[TITLE VIII] EXTERNAL AUDIT AND DISCHARGE
[TITLE IX] TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
OJ 2010 C281/001-026
2010-C282-07   List of the recognised producers' organisations in the fishery and aquaculture sector 2010/C 282/07
List of the recognised producers' organisations in the fishery and aquaculture sector
This publication is based on Article 6 of Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 of 17 December 1999 on the common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products (OJ L 17, 21.1.2000, p. 22) (Situation on 19 October 2010)
[国別表] organisation / Name and address / Date of recognition
OJ 2010 C282/007-032
2010-C282-08   List of producers' organisations in the fishery and aquaculture sector 2010/C 282/08
List of producers' organisations in the fishery and aquaculture sector from which recognition has been withdrawn in 2009
This publication is based on Article 6(6) of Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 of 17 December 1999 on the common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products (OJ L 17, 21.1.2000, p. 22) (Situation on 19 October 2010).
Note to reader: The footnotes appear on pages 34 and 35.
[国別表] organisation / Name and address / Date of recognition
OJ 2010 C282/033-035
2010-C293-01   List of credit institutions 2010/C 293/01
List of credit institutions provided for in Article 14 of Directive 2006/48/EC
Article 14 of Directive 2006/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 relating to the taking up and pursuit of the business of credit institutions(1)
OJ L 177, 30.6.2006, p. 1. requires the Commission to draw up and publish a list of all credit institutions authorised to do business in Member States.
This is the twenty-third occasion on which the Commission has complied with the above requirement. The list published in the Annex to this communication is based on the latest information available (status as at 1 January 2010).
ABBREVIATIONS IN THE TABLES
In the column "Minimum capital", values have the following meaning:
[表] Value / Meaning
Y / initial capital greater than EUR 5 million
N / initial capital between EUR 1 and 5 million
0 / no initial capital
In the column ‘Status deposit protection’, values have the following meaning: [表] 【略】
[ANNEX] pp.003-256
【国別記述】 BELGIUM, BULGARIA, CZECH REPUBLIC, , , UNITED KINGDOM, GIBRALTAR, EEA EFTA STATES – ICELAND, LIECHTENSTEIN AND NORWAY, EEA Member State: ICELAND, EEA Member State: LIECHTENSTEIN, EEA Member State: NORWAY
OJ 2010 C293/001-256
2010-C299-01   ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) 2010/C 299/01
Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other transport modes (first reading)
Commission statement on the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) priority actions
1. Article 6(2) of the text of the Council position at first reading is worded as follows:
  2. The Commission shall aim at adopting specifications for one or more of the priority actions by … (*). (*) 30 months following the date of entry into force of this Directive.
【略】
2. On the basis of the information currently available, the Commission takes the view that for the adoption of the necessary specifications for the priority actions as referred to in Article 3, the following indicative timetable could be envisaged:
Table : Indicative timetable for the adoption of specifications for priority actions
[表] Specifications for: / No later than end of:
the provision of EU-wide multimodal travel information services as set out in Article 3(a) / 2014
the provision of EU-wide real-time traffic information services as set out in Article 3(b) / 2013
【以下略】
Commission statement on liability
Commission statement concerning the notification of delegated acts
Statement by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on Article 290 TFEU
OJ 2010 C299/001-002
2010-C304-07   Diplomatic Identity Card (関連:Schengen Borders Code) 2010/C 304/07
Update of model cards issued by the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Member States to accredited members of diplomatic missions and consular representations and members of their families, as referred to in Article 19(2) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code)
The publication of model cards issued by the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Member States to accredited members of diplomatic missions and consular representations and members of their families, as referred to in Article 19(2) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) is based on the information communicated by the Member States to the commission in conformity with Article 34 of the Schengen Borders Code.
ESTONIA Replacement of the information published in OJ C 153, 6.7.2007
1. Diplomatic Identity Card [カラー図 : カード(表/裏)
Category A — Head of Mission and her/his family member
Category B — Diplomat and her/his family member
2. Service Card [カラー図 : カード(表/裏)
Category C — Administrative employee and her/his family member
Category D — Service staff and her/his family member
Category E — Private servant
Category F — Local employee
Category HC — Honorary consul
3. Additional information
OJ 2010 C304/005-009
2010-C305-04   reduce population salt intake for better health 2010/C 305/04
Council conclusions of 8 June 2010 on "Action to reduce population salt intake for better health" - Adoption of the conclusions
1. RECALLS
(a) Article 168 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (EU) ( 1 ), which states that a high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all EU policies and activities and provides that EU action shall complement national policies and be directed towards improving public health, preventing human illness and diseases, and obviating sources of danger to human health,
(b) 【以下略】
2. CONSIDERS
(a) that, according to the European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics of 2008 ( 2 ), cardiovascular disease causes nearly half of all deaths, namely 42 %, in the EU, accounting for over 2,0 million deaths, and that the total cost of cardiovascular diseases reached EUR 192 billion in the EU in 2006; around 57 % of this total was due to health care costs, 21 % to productivity losses and 22 % to informal care of people with cardiovascular diseases,
(b) 【以下略】
(f) the scientific opinions of the European Food Safety Authority, which state that most Europeans' daily intake of sodium (3-5 g sodium, about 8-11 g salt) far exceeds the daily recommended intake and that the main source of sodium in the diet is processed foods with about 70-75 % of the total intake ( 1 );
3. POINTS OUT
that a comprehensive approach is required to address the challenge, which should include national data on current salt consumption, actions to raise public awareness, activities on reformulation to reduce the salt level of foods and a monitoring and evaluation process
4. WELCOMES activities and progress ・・・【略】
5. WELCOMES the fact ・・・【略】
6. WELCOMES the reformulation actions ・・・【略】
7. SUPPORTS 【略】
8. STRESSES 【略】
9. POINTS OUT 【略】
  ・・・
14. CALLS ON the Commission 【略】
OJ 2010 C305/003-005
2010-C330-02   interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network 2010/C 330/02
Commission Communication concerning the implementation of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network
(Publication of titles and references of Community specifications under the Regulation)
[表] Organisation / Reference / Edition number / Title of the Community specifications / Edition date
ETSI / EN 303 213-1 / V1.2.1 / 【略】
ETSI / EN 303 213-2 / V1.1.1 / 【略】
ETSI / EN 303 213-3 / V1.1.1 / 【略】
ETSI / EN 303 213-4-1 / V1.1.1 / 【略】
ETSI / EN 303 213-4-2 / V1.1.1 / 【略】
OJ 2010 L330/002
2010-C332-01   Motor Insurance 2010/C 332/01
Notice regarding the adaptation in line with inflation of certain amounts laid down in the Motor Insurance Directive 2009/103/EC
As a result of the review, the amounts laid down in euro are increased from EUR 1 000 000 to EUR 1 120 000, from EUR 5 000 000 to EUR 5 600 000 and from EUR 1 000 000 to EUR 1 120 000 respectively OJ 2010 C332/001
2010-C336-01   number of acts of Union law in the field of agriculture have become obsolete 2010/C 336/01
Communication from the Commission establishing formal recognition that a certain number of acts of Union law in the field of agriculture have become obsolete (Objective four of the Communication from the Commission of 11 February 2003 on updating and simplifying the Union acquis [COM(2003) 71 final])
[A framework for action]
Improving the transparency of Union law is an essential element of the better lawmaking strategy that the Union Institutions are implementing as a result of the requests formulated at the European Councils of Lisbon, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Laeken.
From the early stages of Union law, in the 1950s, the legislative activity of the Community has continually increased the number of legal acts, many of which were adopted without an expiry date of their validity being fixed. These acts remain, therefore, formally in force even though their legal effects have been exhausted, often for a long time
[Objective four]: Reviewing the organisation and presentation of the acquis
[Conclusion] The Commission is requested to approve this communication.
Consequently and following the guidelines on the reduction of the active Union acquis, in the framework of the simplification action related to Commission acts,
- the acts listed in the Annex shall be removed from the active acquis;
- the Publications Office is invited to withdraw these acts from the Directory of Union legislation in force;
- the Annex is to be published in the C series of the Official Journal of the European Union.
[ANNEX] List of acts to be removed from the active acquis
・Cereals
Regulation (EEC) No 2706/71 of the Commission of 20 December 1971 on the method of determining the peroxidase activity in certain products processed from cereals (OJ L 280, 21.12.1971, p. 9–9)
Obsolete because the act is outdated
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1250/79 of 26 June 1979 fixing countervailing charges on seeds (OJ L 159, 27.6.1979, p. 8–9)
Obsolete because an act of a temporary nature
【略】
・Pigmeat
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2042/98 of 25 September 1998 on special conditions for the granting of private storage aid for pigmeat (OJ L 263, 26.9.1998, p. 12–14)
Obsolete as an act of temporary nature
【略】
・Rural development
・Other
OJ 2010 C336/001-032
2010-C337-02   recognition of professional qualifications 2010/C 337/02
Communication from the Commission — Notification of evidence of formal qualifications — Directive 2005/36/EC on recognition of professional qualifications (Annex V)
1. Doctors of medicine
Austria has notified the following change to the title in basic medical training already listed (Annex V, point 5.1.1, to Directive 2005/36/EC): [表]
2. Architects
1. Italy has notified the following additional titles of architect (Annex V, point 5.7.1, to Directive 2005/36/EC): [表]
以下同様 2. Finland 3. France 4. Germany 5. Poland 6. Portugal 7. Slovakia
OJ 2010 C337/010-012
2010-C340-08   United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2010/C 340/08
Code of Conduct between the Council, the Member States and the Commission setting out internal arrangements for the implementation by and representation of the European Union relating to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
NATURE AND SCOPE OF THE CODE
1. (a) This Code of Conduct sets out the arrangements between the Council, the Member States and the Commission on cooperation on various aspects of the implementation of the Convention, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in New York on 13 December 2006. 【略】
DIVISION OF TASKS BASED ON COMPETENCE
ESTABLISHING OF POSITIONS
VOTING IN CASES OF AGREED COORDINATED, UNION OR COMMON POSITIONS
SPEAKING AND VOTING IN CASES OF NO COORDINATED, UNION OR COMMON POSITIONS
SPEAKING IN CASES OF AGREED COORDINATED, UNION OR COMMON POSITIONS
NOMINATIONS
FOCAL POINT
MONITORING AND REPORTING
REVIEW OF ARRANGEMENT
[ANNEX] Policy objective for the Union and its Member States relating to the implementation of the Convention
OJ 2010 L340/011-015
2010-C341-03   protected designations of origin (PDOs) or protected geographical indications (PGIs) as ingredients 2010/C 341/03
Commission Communication — Guidelines on the labelling of foodstuffs using protected designations of origin (PDOs) or protected geographical indications (PGIs) as ingredients
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background
The European Union has been developing a specific policy with regard to geographical indications for agricultural products and foodstuffs since 1992 (Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006). Rules on the labelling of foodstuffs to be delivered in their existing state to the final consumer and on the advertising of such products are laid down in the Labelling Directive (Directive 2000/13/EC).
The legislation relating to protected designations of origin (PDOs) and protected geographical indications (PGIs) stipulates, inter alia, that registered names are to be protected against any direct or indirect commercial use in respect of products not covered by the registration in so far as such products are comparable to those registered and in so far as that use makes it possible to profit from the reputation of the protected name (Article 13(1)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 510/2006.).【略】
1.2. Guidelines
In its Communication on agricultural product quality policy (COM(2009) 234), the Commission undertook to draw up guidelines on the labelling and advertising of processed products using geographical indications as ingredients. 【略】
2. RECOMMENDATIONS
2.1. Recommendations on the use of registered names
2.2. Recommendations concerning specifications relating to names registered as a PDO or PGI and incorporated as an ingredient in foodstuffs
2010-12-16
2010-C341-04   best practice guidelines for voluntary certification schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs 2010/C 341/04
Commission Communication — EU best practice guidelines for voluntary certification schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs
1. INTRODUCTION
Recent years have seen substantial growth in voluntary certification schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs. An inventory compiled for the Commission in 2010 ( 1 ) lists more than 440 different schemes, most of which were established during the last decade.
Certification schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs provide assurance (through a certification mechanism) that certain characteristics or attributes of the product or its production method or system, laid down in specifications, have been observed. 【略】
1.1. Types of scheme
Classification of schemes
[表] Type of attestation: / Self-declaration / Certification (third-party attestation)
Audience: / B2C / B2C / B2B
1.2. Purpose of the guidelines
2. SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS
2.1. Scope
The guidelines are applicable to voluntary certification schemes covering:
- agricultural products, whether or not intended for human consumption (including feed),
- foodstuffs covered by Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, and
- processes and management systems related to the production and processing of agricultural products and foodstuffs.
The guidelines do not apply to official controls carried out by public authorities.
2.2. Definition of terms
3. EXISTING LEGAL PROVISIONS AT EU LEVEL
3.1. Rules related to the operation of schemes
3.2. Rules related to the content of schemes
3.3. Rules governing conformity assessment, certification and accreditation
4. RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING SCHEME PARTICIPATION AND DEVELOPMENT
5. RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING SCHEME REQUIRE- MENTS AND CORRESPONDING CLAIMS
5.1. Clarity and transparency of scheme requirements and claims made
5.2. Evidence base of scheme claims and requirements
6. RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING CERTIFICATION AND INSPECTIONS
6.1. Impartiality and independence of certification
6.2. Inspections
6.3. Costs
6.4. Qualification of auditors/inspectors
6.5. Provisions for small-scale producers
7. RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING MUTUAL RECOG- NITION AND BENCHMARKING/OVERLAP WITH OTHER SCHEMES
2010-12-16
2010-C345-01   gender pay gap 2010/C 345/01
Council conclusions of 6 December 2010 on strengthening the commitment and stepping up action to close the gender pay gap, and on the review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action
WHEREAS:
1. Equality between women and men is a fundamental principle of the European Union enshrined in the Treaties and is one of the objectives and tasks of the European Union, and mainstreaming the principle of equality between women and men in all its activities represents a specific mission for the Union ( 1 ).
2. Since the founding of the European Community, respect for equal pay for male and female workers has been guaranteed by the Treaty ( 2 ).
【略】
EMPHASISING THAT:
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION:
INVITES THE MEMBER STATES TO:
INVITES THE MEMBER STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE COMPETENCES, TO:
INVITES THE MEMBER STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, MAKING FULL USE OF THE WORK OF THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE FOR GENDER EQUALITY, TO TAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO MONITOR THE GENDER PAY GAP, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ITS MULTIDIMENSIONAL CHARACTER, AS FOLLOWS:
INVITES THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, MAKING FULL USE OF THE WORK OF THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE FOR GENDER EQUALITY, TO:
INVITES THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION TO:
[ANNEX] List of indicators
I. MAIN INDICATORS OF THE DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF THE GENDER PAY GAP
II. COMPLEMENTARY INDICATORS ALLOWING A THOROUGH ASSESSMENT OF THE GENDER PAY GAP
OJ 2010 C345/001-010
2010-EDPS-10-05   Guidelines on Video-surveillance EDPS issues Guidelines on Video-surveillance Today, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) issued a practical set of Guidelines to European institutions and bodies on how to use video-surveillance responsibly with effective safeguards in place. The Guidelines set out the principles for evaluating the need for resorting to video-surveillance and give guidance on how to conduct it in a way which minimises impact on privacy and other fundamental rights.
The Guidelines apply to existing as well as future systems: each institution has until 1 January 2011 to bring its existing practices into compliance. A consultation draft was published on 7 July 2009. The consultation process elicited feedback to improve the draft Guidelines and increased cooperation with stakeholders.
The Guidelines are available on the EDPS website
 http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/edps/site/mySite/Guidelines
2010-03-17
2010-EO-006   use of non-human primates in research EO/10/6
Ombudsman opens investigation into Commission study on use of non-human primates in research
 The European Ombudsman, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, has opened an investigation into how the European Commission conducted a study into the use for research purposes of non-human primates, such as chimpanzees.
This follows a complaint from the European Coalition to end Animal Experiments (ECEAE), alleging that the relevant Commission working group lacked expertise in the area and that it failed to take certain evidence into account. The Ombudsman has asked the Commission for its opinion on the matter by 30 April 2010. The Ombudsman's inquiry will examine whether there has been any maladministration by the Commission. 【略】
Alleged insufficient expertise of working group
 In 2007, the European Parliament urged the Commission to set up a timetable for providing alternatives to the use of non-human primates (NHP) in scientific experiments. In May 2008, the Commission asked its Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) to issue an opinion on the possibilities of replacing NHP in research. In October 2008, the Commission organised a public hearing on this issue. A number of animal protection, medical and patient safety organisations, including the ECEAE, subsequently complained to the Commission, alleging that the process had been unfair. 【略】
詳細 : http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu
2010-02-16
2010-IP-0113   waste law IP/10/113
Dedicated EU body needed to ensure enforcement of European waste law, says Commission study
A European Commission study published today recommends setting up a dedicated European body to oversee the implementation and enforcement of EU waste law.
Illegal dumping of waste continues on a significant scale, many landfill sites are sub standard and in some Member States basic waste infrastructure is still missing.
A second report published today reveals that almost one fifth of waste shipments inspected as part of recent enforcement actions in Member States were illegal.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/index.htm
2010-02-01
2010-IP-0142   organic products logo IP/10/142
New logo selected for all EU organic products
The European Commission today officially announced the winner of the EU organic logo competition. Over the past two months, some 130,000 people have voted online to choose the new organic symbol from three finalists. The winning design is by Dusan Milenkovic, a student from Germany, who gained 63% of the overall vote for his “Euro-leaf” logo. From 1st July 2010, the organic logo of the EU will be obligatory on all pre-packaged organic products that have been produced in any of the EU Member States and meet the necessary standards. It will be optional for imported products. Other private, regional or national logos will be allowed to appear alongside the EU label. The organic farming regulation will be amended in the coming weeks to introduce the new logo into one of the annexes.
[Annex]: the selected logo
The design which won the organic logo competition: [図(JPG)]
2010-02-08
2010-IP-0158   Sunbeds IP/10/158
Consumers: 1 in 7 Sunbeds in breach of UV radiation safety limits
【関連 : Memo/10/37】
Consumers should be aware of the potential risks associated with using sunbeds according to the results of a market surveillance check of sunbeds and sunbed services, published today by the European Commission. Market surveillance authorities in 10 Member States inspected more than 500 sunbeds at over 300 locations (mostly tanning salons and wellness centres) between September 2008 and September 2009, and found three main problems: UV radiation limits for sunbeds were violated in one in seven sunbeds made available at tanning services; consumer guidance, including on the hazards of UV radiation or prohibiting their use by under 18s was not provided; there were insufficient warnings on the sunbeds themselves (e.g. that UV radiation may cause injury). Authorities are intensifying their work to ensure compliance with all relevant safety legislation and the results of the 2008/2009 check will feed into a follow up project launched today by authorities in 12 Member States to train more inspectors and improve information to consumers. Authorities are also working more with the sunbed industry, which is itself developing training material for service providers such as tanning studios.
【以下略】
2010-02-12
2010-IP-0192   biomass sustainability report IP/10/192
Commission adopts biomass sustainability report
The Commission today adopted a report on sustainability requirements for the use of solid biomass and biogas in electricity, heating and cooling.
The report makes recommendations on sustainability criteria to be used by those Member States that wish to introduce a scheme at national level, in order to avoid obstacles for the functioning of the internal market for biomass.
The report as well as related information is available on the Commission's renewable energy transparency platform at:
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform/transparency_platform_en.htm
2010-02-25
2010-IP-0215   mobile phone (bill shock) IP/10/215
mobile phone customers entitled to protection from data-roaming "bill shock" as from 1 st March 2010
As from 1st March 2010, European mobile phone operators are obliged under EU roaming rules to offer their customers a cut-off limit facility to protect them from "bill shocks" for surfing the Internet with their mobile phones and laptops while travelling in other EU countries.
Under the roaming rules adopted by the EU's Council of Ministers and European Parliament in June 2009 (see IP/09/1064 and MEMO/09/309 ), this cut-off mechanism will, following a warning, cut consumers' mobile connection to the internet while abroad when their bill reaches a specified limit.
2010-03-01
2010-IP-0260   electric and hybrid cars (UN/ECE Reg. 100) IP/10/260
Car safety: European Commission welcomes international agreement on electric and hybrid cars
The European Commission welcomes the adoption today at the United Nations in Geneva of the first international regulation on safety of both fully electric and hybrid cars.
The technical regulation adopted today at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) ensures that cars with a high voltage electric power train, such as hybrid and fully electric vehicles, are as safe as conventional cars.
Typically, electric vehicles operate at very high voltages, in the range of 500
The revised UNECE Regulation 100 will ensure the safety of electric cars by setting out how users of cars shall be protected from the high voltage parts of cars.
The Regulation was agreed within an international framework (the 1958 UNECE agreement), so that car manufacturers will be able to sell their vehicles on the basis of common standards not only in the EU, but in a number of other important automotive markets, such as South Korea, Japan and Russia.
More Inf. : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/index_en.htm
2010-03-10
2010-IP-0326   mobile phones on ships IP/10/326
Telecoms: Commission facilitates use of mobile phones on ships in European waters
【関連: MEMO/10/88】
The European Commission has adopted new rules to make it easier for passengers and crew on ships in the EU's territorial waters to make mobile phone calls or send and receive text messages when they are out of range of land-based mobile phone networks. The new rules harmonise the technical and legal conditions for on-board communication services and pave the way for innovative applications, such as remote monitoring of containers stored on-board. This brings new legal certainty and economic opportunities, for service providers who want to offer seamless maritime mobile connectivity across borders.
The new rules should put an end to the previous patchwork of twenty seven different sets of national legislation on mobile phone coverage on-board cruise liners, cargo ships and ferries in European territorial waters
On-board mobile communication services operate through small ("pico-cell") on-board base stations which connect sea travellers' phones to land-based network equipment via satellite
2010-03-19
2010-IP-0353   "talking" cars IP/10/353
ICT Research: European Commission supports "talking" cars for safer and smarter mobility in Europe
For the first time in Europe, 'talking' cars will be out in normal traffic on ordinary roads on 24th March, thanks to European Commission-funded research.
These cars will communicate with each other and with road infrastructure (traffic signs, lights, management centres) whilst being driven in everyday traffic around Amsterdam Airport.
The information exchanged with other cars and infrastructure gives drivers additional information, such as hidden hazards, beyond what they can see and hear.
Three European research projects, COOPERS, CVIS and SAFESPOT, are being presented in Amsterdam as part of the Cooperative Mobility Showcase 2010 conference.
http://www.cooperativemobilityshowcase.eu/
2010-03-24
2010-IP-0392   sustainable exploitation of fishery resources in the Mediterranean Sea IP/10/392
Management measures for the sustainable exploitation of fishery resources in the Mediterranean Sea
Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Mrs Maria Damanaki made clear yesterday that there will be no postponement in the implementation of the Mediterranean Regulation no. 1967/2006.
Speaking at yesterday's Council meeting of EU Fisheries Ministers, the Commissioner recalled that the Member States have had three years to implement the rules they had unanimously agreed to and that the Commission will, therefore, not permit a further delay.
Recent inspections show that Member States are not fulfilling their obligations on management plans or the designation of fishing protected areas.
Commissioner Damanaki underlined: "As Guardian of the Treaties, the Commission will have no choice but to take the necessary steps to ensure that EU legislation is complied with.
For many stocks such as hake, red mullet, deep-water rose shrimp, Nephrops or sole, scientists recommend drastic mortality reductions of between 30 and 80%.
Commissioner Damanaki made the point that Mediterranean fisheries cannot be effectively managed by this Regulation or by the European Union alone.
"If we want equal conditions for our fishing sector, we have to take action in the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) and, more especially, in the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM).
2010-03-30
2010-IP-0401   monitor the movement of excise goods IP/10/401
New electronic system to monitor the movement of excise goods
On 1 April 2010, a new electronic system for monitoring and controlling the movement of excise goods (alcohol, tobacco and energy products) within the EU becomes operational.
The Excise Movement and Control System (EMCS) will make intra-Community trade in excise goods cheaper and simpler for operators, while also making it quicker and easier for Member States to tackle excise fraud.
Member States' authorities and economic operators can join the system progressively until 1 January 2011, after which the EMCS will be fully applied throughout Europe.
・Monitoring the movement of excise goods
Under EU legislation, excise duties must be paid on alcohol, tobacco and energy products at the final point before consumption.
Therefore, while these goods are in transit to their final destination and no excise duty has yet been paid on them, Member States need a system of monitoring their movement to ensure that the duties are properly levied at the final destination.
・A quicker, more efficient system
・Better equipped to tackle fraud
関連情報 http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/taxation/excise_duties/circulation_control/index_en.htm
2010-03-31
2010-IP-0443   Patient safety IP/10/443
Patient safety: EU-wide databank for medical devices to boost market surveillance
A European Commission decision adopted today will oblige all EU countries to use, as of May 2011, a European databank for medical devices (Eudamed).
Even though these devices are traded on the European single market, data which are key to their safety - such as conformity certificates, data on clinical investigations - are for the time being collected only at the national level.
The Eudamed databank is a secure IT tool which will ensure rapid access to such data by market surveillance authorities.
The databank will also streamline the rules for manufacturers placing in vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices on the market.
Why is a databank for medical devices needed?
How will patients benefit?
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/medical-devices/market-surveillance-vigilance/eudamed/
2010-04-19
2010-IP-0473   green vehicles IP/10/473
Clean and energy efficient vehicles: European Commission tables strategy
The European strategy for encouraging the development and eventual widespread use of clean and energy efficient vehicles aims to help the European car industry to strengthen its leading role globally basing its production on clean and energy-efficient technologies. This strategy is laid down in a Communication, tabled by the European Commission today. It delivers on the consensus between Member States and European Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani's commitment to move on from short-term recovery measures to a medium-term orientation that strengthens the competitiveness of the European automotive industry by linking it to clean technologies. The strategy also contributes to the Europe 2020 objectives of smart and sustainable growth. It contains an Action Plan composed of concrete and ambitious measures to be implemented by the Commission.
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/competitiveness-cars21/energy-efficient/index_en.htm
2010-04-28
2010-IP-0578   bio-waste IP/10/578
Environment: New Commission strategy aims to get even more from bio-waste
The European Commission today laid out steps to improve the management of bio-waste in the EU and tap into its significant environmental and economic benefits.
Bio-degradable garden, kitchen and food waste accounts for 88 million tonnes of municipal waste each year and has major potential impacts on the environment.
But it also has considerable promise as a renewable source of energy and recycled materials.
Bio-waste - an untapped potential
Priority actions
Bio-waste management in the Member States
関連情報 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/compost/index.htm
2010-05-18
2010-IP-0584   Energy Labelling Directive IP/10/584
Commissioner Oettinger hails adoption of the Energy Labelling Directive by Parliament
Günther Oettinger, European Commissioner for Energy, welcomed today's adoption of the Energy Labelling Directive by the European Parliament. The existing Labelling Directive introduced the energy label for household appliances such as refrigerators, freezers, ovens, air-conditioners, dishwashers, washing machines, washer-driers, tumble driers and lamps. The recast of the Directive extends its scope to also cover products in the commercial and industrial sectors in the future.
Based on the Directive, the Commission will identify a number of products in the commercial and industrial sector with energy-saving potential which will also fall under the new labelling system.
New products such as televisions, water heaters and boilers are planned to be adopted under the new labelling rules.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/labelling/labelling_en.htm
This is the layout of the new label: [図: 新ラベル]
2010-05-19
2010-IP-0732   Electrical vehicles IP/10/732
Electrical vehicles: car safety and type-approvals
The European Commission proposed today to ensure that electric cars placed on the European market are safe and that consumers are protected against direct contacts with parts of the car under voltage. These measures will speed up the introduction of safe electric cars on European roads which have strong potential for reducing CO2 emissions. The Commission also proposed today to drastically reduce European legislation on car type approval by ending the duality between EC Directives and UNECE Regulations.
Making electric cars safe
Electric power trains operate at high voltage levels (500 Volts).
The aim of the European Commission's proposal published today is to ensure that all electric vehicles marketed in Europe are constructed according to a common safety standard and thereby protecting vehicle users from getting into contact with high voltage parts of the vehicle
[More information]
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/competitiveness-cars21/energy-efficient/index_en.htm
Proposal to cut double legislation on the automotive sector
The European Commission proposal to drastically simplify and reduce European legislation will incorporate directly into European law 61 different Regulations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) for the type-approval of vehicles
[More information on the Commissions' automotive policy]
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/index_en.htm
2010-06-15
2010-IP-0733   CE marking IP/10/0733
CE marking makes Europe's market yours
We often see the "CE marking" on some of the products we buy, but what does it really mean? Under the slogan "CE marking makes Europe's market yours!", the European Commission is carrying out an information campaign on the CE marking. The marking signals that a product is in compliance with all relevant EU legislation, making it eligible to be marketed and sold throughout the EU. By affixing the CE marking on a product, a manufacturer is declaring, on his sole responsibility, conformity with all relevant legal requirements, in particular those which ensure health, safety, and environmental protection. Legal and economic repercussions of non-conformity abuses are so great that it will deter the vast majority of legitimate businesses from not respecting these laws. This campaign is directed primarily to economic operators, to raise their awareness and understanding of the CE marking.
Not all products sold in the EU need to bear CE marking.
It applies to approximately 23 different product categories, such as toys, electrical products, machinery, personal protective equipment and lifts
It means that the manufacturer has verified that the product complies with all relevant essential requirements (e.g. health and safety requirements) of the applicable directive(s),or had it examined by a notified conformity assessment body.
[More information]
MEMO/10/257(2010-06-15)
http://www.ec.europa.eu/cemarking
2010-06-15
2010-IP-0752   critical mineral raw materials IP/10/752
Report forecasts shortages of 14 critical mineral raw materials
Raw materials are an essential part of both high tech products and every-day consumer products, such as mobile phones, thin layer photovoltaics, Lithium-ion batteries, fibre optic cable, synthetic fuels, among others.
In this first ever overview on the state of access to raw materials in the EU, the experts label a selection of 14 raw materials as "critical" out of 41 minerals and metals analysed.
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/raw-materials/critical/index_en.htm
2010-06-17
2010-IP-0857   charger for electric vehicles IP/10/857
Towards a European common charger for electric vehicles
European Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani has handed today a European Commission mandate for the development of the relevant standard to the President of CEN-CENELEC David Dossett, CEN-CENELEC´s Director General Elena Santiago Cid and ETSI General Assembly Chair John Philips.
The new standard ensures that all types of electric vehicles and their batteries are charged both safely and easily in all EU Member States.
The Commission expects that the standard will be ready by mid-2011.
2010-06-29
2010-IP-0870   Patents IP/10/870
Patents: Commission proposes translation arrangements for future EU Patent
A proposal on translation arrangements for a future EU Patent, the final element needed for a single EU Patent to become a reality, has been presented today by the European Commission.
That is why Europe needs to act so that innovators can protect their inventions at an affordable cost with a single patent covering the entire EU territory with minimum translation costs and without needing to validate that patent at a national level as they currently have to do. The new proposal builds on the successful three language system at the European Patent Office (EPO) and, if adopted, would drastically reduce existing translation costs.
Existing situation for patents in Europe
Negotiations on the EU Patent
Translation arrangements for EU Patents
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/indprop/patent/index_en.htm
2010-07-01
2010-IP-0921   Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) IP/10/921
GMOs : Member States to be given full responsibility on cultivation in their territories
Today the Commission proposed to confer to Member States the freedom to allow, restrict or ban the cultivation of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) on part or all of their territory.
keeping unchanged the EU's science-based GM authorisation system, the adopted package consists of a Communication, a new Recommendation on co-existence of GM crops with conventional and/or organic crops and a draft Regulation proposing a change to the GMO legislation.
The new Recommendation on co-existence allows more flexibility to Member States taking into account their local, regional and national conditions when adopting co-existence measures.
The proposed regulation amends Directive 2001/18/EC to allow Member States to restrict or prohibit the cultivation of GMOs in their territory.
As of today, a more flexible approach towards cultivation:
Legal certainty for the future:
2010-07-13
2010-IP-0970   road safety IP/10/970
Road Safety: Commission outlines measures to halve road deaths by 2020
The European Commission has today adopted challenging plans to reduce the number of road deaths on Europe's roads by half in the next 10 years.
Initiatives proposed today in a set of European Road Safety Policy Orientations 2011-2020 range from setting higher standards for vehicle safety, to improving the training of road users, and increasing the enforcement of road rules.
Road safety action programme 2011-2020:
1. Improved safety measures for trucks and cars
2. Building safer roads
3. Developing intelligent vehicles
4. Strengthening licensing and training
5. Better enforcement
6. Targeting injuries
7. A new focus on motorcyclists.
 関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/events-archive/2010_07_20_road_safety_2011_2020_en.htm
Road fatalities by country (per million inhabitants) [国別表]
2010-07-20
2010-IP-0971   road safety IP/10/971
Europeans call for more action on road safety in survey
Europeans are calling on Member States to boost their efforts to improve road safety, according to a survey published by the European Commission today.
Nine out of ten Europeans (94%) considered driving under the influence of alcohol to be the most significant road safety problem, while eight out of ten (78%) called speeding a major safety problem.
A majority of respondents (52%) said Member States should focus on improving road infrastructure as a first or second priority, while 42% said the same for improving the enforcement of traffic laws and 36% for dealing equally forcefully with resident and foreign traffic offenders.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/flash_arch_en.htm#301
2010-07-20
2010-IP-0986   information management instruments IP/10/986
Commission presents an overview of EU information sharing systems and sets core principles for their use and evaluation
The European Commission presented today an overview of existing EU instruments regulating the collection, storage or exchange of personal data for the purpose of law enforcement or migration management.
The communication clarifies the main purposes of these instruments, their structure, the types of personal data they cover, the list of authorities that have access to such data and the provisions governing data protection and retention
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
2010-07-20
2010-IP-1096   biodiversity policy IP/10/1096
Biodiversity: Commission seeks views on future options for EU biodiversity policy
The European Commission has launched a web-based consultation to gather input from a wide range of stakeholders on policy options for the European Union's post-2010 EU biodiversity strategy.
Opinions are sought from citizens, stakeholders, public administrations, business and civil society on issues including the shortcomings of the existing biodiversity policy, the new approach that the Commission is proposing, farming and biodiversity, the economics of biodiversity, and biodiversity governance inside and outside the EU.
・A new focus to combat biodiversity loss
・Background
・Further information: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/consultations/biodecline.htm
2010-09-07
2010-IP-1108   Food safety IP/10/1108
Food safety remains a priority in the EU and beyond
In 2009 the number of notifications in the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) reached a total of nearly 8000, a 12% increase compared to 2008 and an all-time-high number
The record number was established because RASFF members sent more follow-up notifications, also for less urgent problems.
There were 557 alert notifications reporting on serious risks found in products on the market, a small increase compared to 2008
2009 Report:
Improved communication with third countries
Making imports safer
Alerts, Information notifications and Border Rejections
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/rasff
2010-09-10
2010-IP-1115   Maritime safety IP/10/1115
Maritime safety: new EU rules to "name and shame" shipping companies with poor safety records
New rules to enhance and improve the safety performance of ships were adopted today by the European Commission.
The rules will introduce, from January 1st 2011, a new online register to "to name and shame" shipping companies which are performing poorly on vital safety inspections (port state controls), while those with strong safety records will be given good public visibility
Port state controls are crucial for preventing shipping disasters and the tragic loss of life and huge environmental damage that can result.
・The new rules
・Background - the current rules on port safety inspections
詳細 : http://www.emsa.europa.eu/end185d007d002d001.html
2010-09-13
2010-IP-1117   Marine Knowledge 2020 IP/10/1117
Marine Knowledge 2020: A better understanding of our seas and oceans to boost competitiveness and growth
European Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Commissioner Maria Damanaki has today unveiled the Commission's Marine Knowledge 2020 proposal to unlock the potential of Europe's marine knowledge.
This three-pronged approach seeks primarily to enhance our understanding of Europe's seas and oceans, make using marine data easier and less costly and foster competitiveness among marine data users.
Link to the proposal: http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/
2010-09-13
2010-IP-1139   rail services IP/10/1139
Commission sets out measures to improve rail services
The European Commission today adopted a proposal to provide better rail services for passenger and freight users by: increasing competition on the railway market; strengthening the power of national regulators; and improving the framework for investment in rail. The proposal for a Directive establishing a Single Rail Area is an exercise in legislative simplification and consolidation with the merger of the three directives in force and their successive amendments into one coherent text. It also aims to tackle key problem areas undermining the effective functioning of the railway market.
1. Competition issues
2. Strengthening regulatory supervision
3. Strengthening the framework for public and private investment
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/rail/market/market_en.htm
2010-09-17
2010-IP-1144   against home-made explosives IP/10/1144
European Commission proposes common rules against home-made explosives
Today, the European Commission put forward a proposal to limit access to chemicals that can be misused to produce home-made explosives. The Regulation aims to reduce the threat of attacks committed with home-made explosives, thus enhancing EU citizens' security. In addition, producers and retailers would benefit from equal rules EU-wide.
"Home-made explosives are tools used very frequently by terrorists and other criminals to perpetrate attacks. We need to enhance controls and prevent terrorists from taking advantage of existing differences in security rules among EU Member States" said EU Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmström.
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/index_en.htm
 http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/08/st08/st08311.en08.pdf
2010-09-20
2010-IP-1150   Passenger Name Record (PNR) IP/10/1150
European Commission adopts an EU external strategy on Passenger Name Record (PNR)
The European Commission adopted today a package of proposals on the exchange of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data with third countries, consisting of an EU external PNR strategy and recommendations for negotiating directives for new PNR agreements with the United States, Australia and Canada.
PNR data has proven to be an important tool in the fight against serious transnational crime and terrorism, but at the same time, it raises important issues about protection of personal data", said EU Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmstrom.
1.Protection of personal data, which aim to protect the rights of passengers:
2.Modalities of transfer of the PNR data, which aim to provide legal certainty to air carriers and keep costs at an acceptable level:
3.Standards on monitoring the correct implementation of the PNR agreement, for instance on review, monitoring, effective dispute resolution.
4.Reciprocity should also be ensured.
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/index_en.htm
2010-09-21
2010-IP-1164   European Day of Languages IP/10/1164
European Day of Languages highlights benefits of multilingualism for small businesses
It is estimated that 11% of small and medium-sized businesses lose contracts due to a lack language skills.The cost of these missed opportunities can run into millions of euro and threaten jobs.
Its focus on languages for SMEs is based, in part, on the conclusions of a 2007 study on the effects on the European economy of shortages of foreign language skills in enterprise. In a sample of nearly 2000 businesses, 11% of respondents said they had lost contracts – worth millions of euros in many cases - as a result of a lack of language skills.
 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/Focus/docs/elan-sum_en.pdf
Website on multilingualism
 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/10/438 European Day of Languages 2010 - Events in the EU countries
2010-09-23
2010-IP-1165   soil biodiversity IP/10/1165
New atlas highlights the value of Europe's soil biodiversity and reveals how it is under threat
The European Commission's own research body, the Joint Research Centre, publishes today, for the first time, an indicator-based map of potential threats to soil biodiversity, in order to guide decision-makers in protecting this crucial resource.
The atlas highlights areas within Europe where soil biodiversity is most at risk of decline relative to the current situation - notably parts of the UK, the Benelux countries and Northern France, although there are areas of high risk also in several other Member States
 http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/maps/biodiversity_atlas/index.html
関連: MEMO/10/437
 Statement by Janez Poto?nik, European Commissioner for Environment, following the High-Level Meeting of the UN General Assembly celebrating the International Year of Biodiversity
2010-09-23
2010-IP-1176   Food (permitted health claims) IP/10/1176
Food: Commission reviews the progressive adoption of the list of permitted health claims
The Commission announced today its intention to restructure the process of progressive adoption of the list of permitted health claims on food products (also known as "Article 13 claims"). Without moving away from the principle of the progressive adoption of the list, the Commission is to amend the process in a pragmatic way to address issues highlighted during discussions with the Member States and interested parties. The list of permitted claims will therefore be established in two steps. First, the list of permitted health claims for all substances other than so-called "botanicals" will be adopted in a single step. EFSA opinions on all claims other than "botanicals" are expected to be finalised by the end of June 2011. Subsequently, the claims regarding the botanicals will be considered.
 http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/ndaclaims/ndaclaims13.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/claims/health_claims_en.htm
2010-09-27
2010-IP-1181   GMO IP/10/1181
GMO / Research: Report on concrete measures to avoid mixing of GM and conventional maize
A report presented today by Health and Consumer Policy Commissioner John Dalli to the Agriculture Council concludes that specific measures relating to storing and the application of isolation distances can help limit or avoid the co-mingling of genetically modified (GM) maize with conventional and organic maize. In particular, the Best Practice Document, prepared by the European Coexistence Bureau (ECoB) and published by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), notes that storing seeds adequately and applying spatial isolation are the best ways to limit or avoid co-mingling. Alternative practices based on temporal isolation (shifting flowering times of GM and non-GM fields) are possible in several EU countries with specific climatic conditions.
Best Practice
The European Coexistence Bureau
Facts & Figures
To download the "best practice" document, please visit: http://ecob.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents.html  (Maize.pdf 1.72MB 72頁)
2010-09-27
2010-IP-1270   Motorcycle safety and emission performance IP/10/1270
Motorcycle safety and emission performance: European Commission proposes substantial improvements
The European Commission has proposed the mandatory fitting of advanced braking systems on new motorcycles and automatic headlamp-on switching for all L-category vehicles. This category covers a wide range of vehicles such as two- or three-wheel powered cycles, mopeds, motorcycles with and without a side-car, tricycles, on-road quads and mini-cars. The proposal sets also ambitious emission requirements for these vehicles. In addition by introducing enhanced market surveillance requirements, a level playing field will be created for all L-category vehicle manufacturers in a sector where presence of non-compliant products may cause significant safety risks and environmental threats. At the same time it is proposed to radically simplify the current legislative set of 15 Directives by replacing them with just 5 Regulations.
1. Increased safety
2. Emission reduction
3. Increased market surveillance
4. Legislative simplification
5. Adaptation to new technologies
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/documents/proposals/index_en.htm
2010-10-04
2010-IP-1277   Animal welfare IP/10/1277
Animal welfare:Commission awards prizes to children for their drawings in contest "How to make animals happy"
Ten children from various EU Member States will receive awards tomorrow for having their drawings selected in a drawing competition, organised earlier this year by the European Commission to raise awareness about animal welfare and to promote the humane treatment of animals.
The ceremony is part of a two-day event - the first International Conference on Animal Welfare Education- which starts today in Brussels and is co-organised by the Commission and the Belgian Presidency of the EU.
The competition was open to young Europeans up to the age of 13.
The conference focuses on animal welfare education.
Background
Animal Welfare has gained more prominence at EU level since December 1, 2009, when the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union entered into force.
Article 13 recognises animals as sentient beings.
It provides that the Union and Member States shall "pay full regard to the welfare requirements of animals" when "formulating and implementing the Union's agriculture, fisheries, transport, internal market, research and technological development and space policies."

 http://www.animalwelfare-education.eu/
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/index_en.htm
2010-10-01
2010-IP-1301   Galileo IP/10/1301
Galileo: Secure satellite navigation for emergency and security services
A special Galileo navigation service will be set up for better management of critical transport and emergency services, better law enforcement (police), improved internal security (border control) and safer peace missions.
Using highly encrypted signals, PRS will offer protection against threats to infrastructures dependent on satellite navigation technology so that PRS users can receive vital, often life-saving, information even when other infrastructures become unavailable.
PRS is one of the important features of Galileo that adds value compared to other satellite navigation systems.
The access to PRS will be limited to authorised governmental bodies.
・PRS protects against threats
・PRS is restricted to public users
・Business opportunities and better services to citizens
・Tight control framework to ensure trust
Background: Why Europe needs Galileo
More information 
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/satnav/
2010-10-08
2010-IP-1322   Road Safety IP/10/1322
Better road safety: European Road Safety Days 2010
For the third time, European Road Safety Days are being held on 13 and 14 October 2010 in Brussels. On this occasion the European Commission is organising, in cooperation with the Belgian Presidency, a conference which will examine several issues: those injured in road accidents, the challenges facing different categories of road users, and infrastructure. The conference will attribute particular importance to the cross‑border fight against the offences which cause most deaths and will also be the occasion to present the strategic guidelines on European road safety policy for the period 2011‑20. Taking part alongside Siim Kallas, Commission Vice‑President in charge of transport, will be Mr Etienne Schouppe, Belgian Federal Minister for Mobility, and Mr Brian Simpson, Chair of the European Parliament's Transport and Tourism Committee.
'The European Road Safety Days are a perfect opportunity to take stock. While tens of thousands die on our roads each year, incomparably more are injured. We must also be aware of vulnerable categories of road users – such as motorcyclists, whose increasing death rate on our roads remains worrying. Progress must necessarily also include improving the road infrastructure, which must become a systematic concern of network managers', stressed Vice‑President Kallas, who has made road safety one of his priorities for action.
・Progress and challenges relating to road safety
・The focal points of the conference
・Third time that the European Road Safety Days have been held
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/events-archive/2010_10_13-14_ersd_en.htm
2010-10-13
2010-IP-1324   Offshore oil drilling IP/10/1324
Offshore oil drilling: European Commission envisages EU safety rules
The European Commission for the very first time envisages comprehensive EU legislation on oil platforms aimed at ensuring the highest safety standards in the world. In the Communication on the safety of oil and gas activities the Commission contemplates new EU standards, including criteria for granting drilling permits, controls of the rigs and safety control mechanisms.
・Granting permits
・Controls
・Standards for safety equipment
・Damages/Response
・International
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/legal/liability/index.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/oil/offshore/standards_en.htm
2010-10-13
2010-IP-1328   Digital Agenda Digital Agenda: household survey reveals more Europeans on-line but concerned about costs and security Europeans are becoming increasingly "digital" according to a European Commission Eurobarometer survey which questioned 27,000 households throughout the EU on their use of internet, telephones and TV.
More Europeans are subscribing to broadband internet and digital television in fixed-cost bundled "packages".
Increased broadband take-up means even more Europeans are going online with 35% now using social networking websites
However, they have concerns about cost, quality of service and security, as well as online freedom.
2010-10-13
2010-IP-1341   Road charging IP/10/1341
Road charging: Heavy lorries to pay for costs of air and noise pollution
EU Ministers have today voted in favour of new EU rules to allow Member States to charge heavy lorries, not only for the costs of the infrastructure which is currently the case, but also to levy an additional charge to cover the cost of air and noise pollution. The proposal to revise the current "Eurovignette Directive" will enable Member States to better manage problems of congestion, with a new flexibility to differentiate the charges applied to heavy lorries at different periods of the day.
The current rules

The 1999 "Eurovignette" Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles for the use of infrastructure sets an EU framework for the levying of road charges on heavy goods. The Directive authorises, but does not oblige, Member States to levy ‘user charges’ (time-based charges, eg per day, per week, per year) or tolls (distance-based charges e.g. per kilometre) on lorries above 3.5 tonnes - small lorries - provided that it does not result in any discrimination and that the charges are set at a level which does not exceed the recovery of costs of which are strictly necessary to maintain and replace the road infrastructure.
The proposals
What happens next?
The full package is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/greening/index_en.htm
2010-10-15
2010-IP-1356   rail freight IP/10/1356
New European legislation to boost rail freight
Rail freight in Europe will be given a boost thanks to new European Union rules designed to foster the development of a high-quality rail infrastructure management at international level. The new legislation, published today in the Official Journal, makes it mandatory to create a European rail network for competitive freight based on international freight corridors. This will help to reinforce cooperation between infrastructure managers and make rail freight services become more competitive and attractive.
The new regulation
 This regulation is aimed at developing high-quality rail infrastructure at an international level. It will enable the creation of nine rail freight corridors linking the main industrial regions of Europe.
Why is this regulation needed?
Next steps
More information
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:276:0022:0032:EN:PDF
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/rail/index_en.htm
2010-10-20
2010-IP-1460   Nuclear waste IP/10/1460
Nuclear waste: Commission proposes safety standards for final disposal
The Commission today proposed safety standards for disposing spent fuel and radioactive waste from nuclear power plants as well as from medicine or research. In the Directive put forward today, Member States are asked to present national programmes, indicating when, where and how they will construct and manage final repositories aimed at guaranteeing the highest safety standards. With the Directive internationally agreed safety standards become legally binding and enforceable in the European Union.
The Commission proposes to set up an EU legally binding and enforceable framework to ensure that all Member States will apply the common standards developed in the context of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for all stages of spent fuel and radioactive waste management up to final disposal.
Members States have to draw up national programmes within four years of the adoption of the Directive. These should include: plans for the construction and the management of disposal facilities, laying down a concrete time table for the construction, with milestones and the description of all the activities that are needed to implement the disposal solutions, costs assessments and the financing schemes chosen.
In particular the Directive establishes that:
・National programmes have to be notified. The Commission may ask Member States to modify their plans.
・Two or more Member States can agree to use a final repository in one of them. It is not allowed to export nuclear waste to countries outside the EU for final disposal.
・The public must be informed by Member States and should be able to participate in the decision making on nuclear waste management.
・Safety standards drawn up by the International Atomic Energy Agency become legally binding. This includes an independent authorities which grants licences for building repositories and checks the safety analysis for each individual repository.
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/waste_management/waste_management_en.htm
http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1273_web.pdf
2010-11-03
2010-IP-1462   strategy to strengthen EU data protection rules IP/10/1462
European Commission sets out strategy to strengthen EU data protection rules
What happens to your personal data when you board a plane, open a bank account, or share photos online? How is this data used and by whom? How do you permanently delete profile information on social networking websites? Can you transfer your contacts and photos to another service? Controlling your information, having access to your data, being able to modify or delete it – these are essential rights that have to be guaranteed in today's digital world. To address these issues, the European Commission today set out a strategy on how to protect individuals' data in all policy areas, including law enforcement, while reducing red tape for business and guaranteeing the free circulation of data within the EU. This policy review will be used by the Commission with the results of a public consultation to revise the EU's 1995 Data Protection Directive. The Commission will then propose legislation in 2011.
Today's strategy sets out proposals on how to modernise the EU framework for data protection rules through a series of key goals:
・Strengthening individuals' rights ・・・
・Enhancing the Single Market dimension ・・・
・Revising data protection rules in the area of police and criminal justice ・・・
・Ensuring high levels of protection for data transferred outside the EU ・・・
・More effective enforcement of the rules ・・・
The way forward
 
2010-11-04
2010-IP-1465   ban phosphates in laundry detergents IP/10/1465
European Commission proposes to ban phosphates in laundry detergents
The European Commission has today proposed to ban the use of phosphates and to limit the content of other phosphorous containing compounds in laundry detergents. The draft Regulation aims to reduce the phosphates found in waste water and to improve water quality. The draft Regulation does not affect detergents for automatic dishwashers or those used by professionals as technically and economically feasible alternatives are not yet available throughout the EU. However, Member States can regulate the phosphate content of these detergents in specific circumstances.
Eutrophication of European waters
A European problem
Phosphates and other phosphorous compounds to be limited by 2013
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/documents/specific-chemicals/detergents/index_en.htm
2010-11-04
2010-IP-1477   industrial emissions IP/10/1477
EU adopts stricter rules on industrial emissions
New EU legislation adopted today will bring down industrial emissions from large combustion plants across the EU, bringing several environmental and health benefits to Europe's citizens, like an expected reduction in premature deaths of 13,000 per year.
The stricter legislation on industrial emissions was proposed by the European Commission in December 2007.
The new rules will also lead to significant savings through the reduction of administrative burden and provide a more level playing field for industry.
Application of Best Available Techniques strengthened
・The Directive on industrial emissions updates and merges seven pieces of existing legislation.
・Stimulating eco-innovation and reducing unnecessary burden for operators
・Reducing emissions from the largest combustion plants
・Improving the tools for checking and enforcing compliance
・Next steps
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/stationary/index.htm
2010-11-08
2010-IP-1542   research facility, reference materials IP/10/1542
New Commission research facility will contribute to reliable measurements and testing throughout Europe
Better healthcare, safer food and environmental protection are just some of the ways in which accurate measurements enhance our quality of life.
On 23 November, a new scientific facility to develop measurement standards in challenging areas such as life sciences will be inaugurated at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre in Geel, Belgium.
The new facility will be used to develop and produce reference materials, which possess a precisely-known property and are the basis for complex measurements, such as the amount of genetically modified maize or the number of bacteria in a food sample.
The reference materials developed and produced at JRC's Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) provide laboratories around the world with a benchmark to deliver accurate, harmonised and traceable result and help implement legislation through accurate and reliable testing, also in emerging areas such as molecular biosciences and personalised medicine.
・About reference materials
・The JRC Institute for Reference Materials (IRMM)
2010-11-23
2010-IP-1596   hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment IP/10/1596
EU set to revise law on hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
The European Commission welcomes today's vote by the European Parliament to revise legislation on the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
The draft legislation, proposed by the Commission in 2008, will strengthen the existing law by streamlining procedures for future substance restrictions and by making it coherent with other chemicals legislation.
Today's vote confirms the first reading agreement with the Council on the revised legislation.
The revised Directive
Key elements include:
・The extension of the scope to all electrical and electronic equipment, including medical devices and monitoring and control instruments.
・Electrical and electronic equipment that was outside the scope of the current RoHS Directive but which will be covered by the revised Directive, does not need to comply with the requirements during a transitional period of 8 years, giving producers time to adapt;
・A lighter and more effective mechanism for reviewing or amending the list of banned substances is introduced, enabling further substances to be considered on the basis of scientific evidence and specific criteria, and in line with REACH. Changes may then be made through comitology;
・The rules for granting exemptions from the substance ban are further streamlined to provide legal certainty for the economic operators and to ensure coherence with REACH;
・Important definitions are clarified to ensure the directive is applied in a harmonised manner throughout the EU.
・Better enforcement of the Directive at national level will be achieved through alignment with the marketing of products legislative package.
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm
2010-11-24
2010-IP-1621   Climate Change Windows (CCW) IP/10/1621
Commissioners Piebalgs, Hedegaard and Füle announce "Climate Change Windows"
As the Cancun Climate Change Conference kicks off, the Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs, the Commissioner for Climate Action Connie Hedegaard and the Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Stefan Füle announced today specific climate change "windows" in all EU regional Investment Facilities. These "windows" indicate the financing and enable tracking of all climate change related projects funded by the EU,the European Investment Bank and other European Finance Institutions through these facilities. They encompass both public and private investments in strategic areas like transports, energy, environment, water, sanitation and forests.
Background EU regional Investment Facilities
In the last two years, innovative financing mechanisms have been developed by the Commission to pool EU grants with loans from European Finance Institutions. These EU-funded investment Facilities aim at mobilising additional funding to cover the investment needs of our Partner Countries; e.g. the Neighbourhood Investment Facility has so far allocated more than €275 million of EU-grants in order to leverage additional funding for projects worth more than €9 billion of total investment costs. The Facilities support projects in various sectors such as Energy, Environment, Transport and Social issues and provide support to the private sector targeting Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs)
 http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/neighbourhood/regional-cooperation/irc/investment_en.htm
 http://www.eu-africa-infrastructure-tf.net/
 http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/latin-america/regional-cooperation/laif/index_en.htm
 http://www.wbif.eu/
2010-11-29
2010-IP-1632   REACH IP/10/1632
First REACH registration closes: a step nearer to safer use of chemicals in the EU
Today marks a major step towards the safe management and use of chemicals throughout Europe. A large proportion of the total volume of chemicals produced and used in the EU, as well as the most dangerous chemicals, have now been registered at the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). The 30 November deadline for registration of widely-used chemicals was set by REACH, the Regulation for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. As a result of REACH, European industry will possess more in-depth knowledge of the potentially hazardous effects of the chemicals they are dealing with. This will lead to safer use of chemicals, increased industrial competitiveness and a cleaner environment. Under the REACH system companies cannot place a chemical substance they manufacture or import on the EU market unless it has been registered with ECHA within the applicable deadline.
24675 files were submitted to ECHA by the 30 November deadline. Industry is to be commended for making considerable efforts in order to prepare chemical risk assessments on time. ECHA will now proceed with the checking of the files to ensure that all requirements have been met. Geert Dancet, Executive Director of ECHA, said: “We at ECHA are very proud to have played our part in this important milestone for the safety of chemicals in Europe”.
Background

The main aims of REACH (Regulation No 1907/2006), which entered into force in 2007, are to ensure a high level of protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, the promotion of alternative test methods, the free circulation of substances on the internal market and enhancing competitiveness and innovation.
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/index_en.htm
2010-12-01
2010-IP-1654   identify greener and more efficient vehicles IP/10/1654
New website to identify greener and more efficient vehicles
The European Commission will launch tomorrow an easy-to-use website to help public authorities and anyone who cares about the environment choose the cleanest and most energy-efficient vehicles available. The Clean Vehicle Portal – available on http://www.cleanvehicle.eu – will be of great help as a new directive on the promotion of clean and energy efficient vehicles1 requires that from this month all purchases of vehicles for public transport services take into account energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions. It provides information on legislation for clean and energy-efficient vehicles on EU level and in all Member States; it provides access to technical data in the largest vehicle database in Europe; and it facilitates joint procurement.
Further information:
Clean Vehicle Directive:
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/urban/vehicles/directive/directive_en.htm
Clean Vehicle Portal:
 http://www.cleanvehicle.eu
Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI):
 http://ec.europa.eu/eaci/
2010-12-03
2010-IP-1667   Bee health IP/10/1667
Bee health: a Commission paper outlines need for more action in the EU
Healthy bees are important both for honey production and as pollinators of plants, such as fruit trees. In recent years, an increase in bee mortality has been reported in several countries around the world. To get a better understanding of the reasons behind the high bee mortality worldwide, the European Commission today set out its ideas on a series of specific actions. So far, scientific studies have determined neither the exact causes nor the precise extent of the problem. The Commission has launched a number of initiatives to address the concerns of the beekeeping sector, and other actions are already in the pipeline. Beekeeping is a widely-developed activity in the EU. There are about 700,000 beekeepers in the Union, most of whom enjoy beekeeping as a hobby. The paper adopted today will assist the efforts to find solutions to the problem.
・Tackling bee mortality
・The issue
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/liveanimals/bees/index_en.htm
2010-12-06
2010-IP-1692   Agricultural Product Quality Schemes Regulation IP/10/1692
An enhanced EU policy to help better communicate the quality of food products
Guaranteeing quality to consumers and a fair price for farmers are the twin aims of the "Quality Package" adopted today by the European Commission. This Quality Package sets up for the first time a comprehensive policy on certification schemes, value-adding terms for agricultural product qualities, and product standards. Until now these have been spread among numerous pieces of legislation. With this Package, the Commission covers all facets of quality, from compliance with minimum standards to highly specific products.
The Quality Package comprises:
A proposal for a new "Agricultural Product Quality Schemes Regulation", bringing coherence and clarity to the EU schemes: reinforcing the flagship scheme for protected designations of origin and geographical indications (PDOs and PGIs); overhauling the traditional specialities guaranteed scheme (TSGs), and laying down a new framework for the development of Optional Quality Terms to provide consumers with information they increasingly demand, such as 'free range'' and 'first cold pressing'.
A proposal to streamline adoption of marketing standards by the Commission, including the power to extend place of farming labelling in accordance with the specificity of each agricultural sector.
New Guidelines on best practices for voluntary certification schemes and on the labelling of products using geographical indications as ingredients.
Proposals
The first Commission legislative proposal aims at reinforcing the existing EU quality schemes  ・・・
 http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/policy/quality-package-2010/index_en.htm
2010-12-10
2010-IP-1699   global framework for climate action IP/10/1699
European Union welcomes Cancún Agreement as important step towards global framework for climate action
The European Union welcomes the positive results of the Cancún climate conference. The balanced and substantive package of decisions adopted today, known as the Cancún Agreement, represents an important further step on the road to building a comprehensive and legally binding framework for climate action for the period after 2012.
The Cancún Agreement builds on the decisions taken a year ago in Copenhagen and also sets out processes for making further progress in the future. It represents a well balanced compromise between different interests within the United Nations system. Key elements of the package include:
・Acknowledgement for the first time in a UN document that global warming must be kept below 2℃ compared to the pre-industrial temperature, and establishment of a process to define a date for global emissions to peak and a global emissions reduction goal for 2050;
・The emission pledges of developed and developing countries have been anchored in the UN process and a process set out to help clarify them. The text also recognises that overall mitigation efforts need to be scaled up in order to stay within the 2°C ceiling;
・Agreement to launch a process to strengthen the transparency of actions to reduce or limit emissions so that overall progress can be tracked more effectively;
・Confirmation of the goal that developed countries will mobilise US$ 100 billion in climate funding for developing countries annually by 2020, and establishment of a Green Climate Fund through which much of the funding will be channelled;
【以下略】
2010-12-11
2010-IP-1747   emissions from shipping IP/10/1747
Reducing emissions from shipping: Commission's Joint Research Centre sets out some options
Maritime transport causes about 4% of global man-made CO2 emissions which makes its carbon footprint approximately as high as Germany's. There is no regulation of international maritime transport emissions yet, but this is currently under discussion in the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In respect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, shipping is the most environmentally-friendly mode of transport. However, if no action is taken, it is estimated that emissions from ships will increase by 150-200% by 2050. At present, around 50,000 merchant ships transport 90% of global goods and make maritime transport indispensable for the world economy. A report published today by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), provides the first comprehensive overview of methodologies for estimating air emissions from shipping, describes technological solutions and analyses policy options for reducing carbon emissions and air pollution in this sector.
 http://ec.europa.eu/governance/impact/planned_ia/docs/2012_clima_001_greenhouse_maritime_transport_en.pdf
 http://ec.europa.eu/governance/impact/planned_ia/roadmaps_2011_en.htm#clim_act
 http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu/rr
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/transport/ships_directive.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/maritime/index_en.htm
2010-12-20
2010-IP-1772   Biofuels IP/10/1772
Biofuels: Commission adopts Report on indirect land use change
The Commission published today a report on indirect land use change related to biofuels and bioliquids. The report acknowledges that indirect land use change can reduce greenhouse gas emissions savings associated with biofuels, but also identifies a number of uncertainties associated with the available models. The report announces that the Commission will conduct an impact assessment, thereby taking into consideration potential changes to the existing legislation. If needed, the Commission will recommend to address this issue under a precautionary approach. In addition the Commission will continue to conduct work in this area in order to ensure that policy decisions are based on the best available science and to meet its future reporting obligations on this matter.
Should the forthcoming Impact Assessment come to the conclusion that legislative action is needed, the Commission will ensure that any future policy decision is based on the best available and most accurate science. The Impact Assessment will consider the following policy options:
a. take no action for the time being, while continuing to monitor;
b. increase the minimum greenhouse gas saving threshold for biofuels and bioliquids;
c. introduce additional sustainability requirements on certain categories of biofuels and bioliquids;
d. attribute a quantity of greenhouse gas emissions to biofuels reflecting the estimated indirect land use change impact.
Background:
 The 2009 Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality Directives set targets of a 10% share of renewable energy in the transport sector and a 6% greenhouse gas reductions for fuels used in the transport sector in 2020. The contribution from biofuels to these targets is expected to be significant.
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/biofuels/biofuels_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/studies/land_use_change_en.htm
2010-12-22
2010-IP-1776   common mobile phone charger IP/10/1776
Commission welcomes new EU standards for common mobile phone charger
 Following a mandate from the European Commission, the European Standardisation Bodies CEN-CENELEC and ETSI have now made available the harmonised standards needed for the manufacture of data-enabled mobile phones compatible with a new common charger. This is the most recent development in the process towards a global common mobile phone charger initiated by the European Commission. It follows the June 2009 agreement of fourteen leading mobile phone producers to harmonise chargers for data-enabled mobile phones (i.e. that can be connected to a computer) sold in the European Union.
 Incompatibility of chargers for mobile phones is not only a major inconvenience for users, but also a considerable environmental problem. Users who want to change their mobile phones must usually acquire a new charger and dispose of the old one, even if it is in good condition. In response to citizens' demand for a common charger, the Commission invited manufacturers to agree on a technical solution making compatible the chargers of different brands.
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/rtte/chargers/index_en.htm
2010-12-29
2010-Memo-0037   Sunbeds Memo/10/37
Questions and Answers on safety of sunbeds
【関連 : IP/10/158】
What was the objective of this joint action by Member States?
 The main objective was to verify that new sunbeds and sunbeds offered for use in services (e.g. tanning studios) are safe, especially with regard to the levels of UV radiation, and the availability of instructions for safe use. It was also an opportunity for surveillance authorities to highlight to suppliers and service providers their obligations to ensure the safety of consumers using their products. This action, which started in September 2008, was co-financed by the Commission under the Consumer Policy Programme (2007­13).
Who participated? 【略】
Why were these products and services chosen for investigation? 【略】
What were the main conclusions of the report? 【略】
So, more work remains to be done? 【略】
Which rules govern the safety of sunbeds and sunbed services? 【略】
【以下略】
2010-02-12
2010-Memo-0088   mobile phones on ships MEMO/10/88
Telecoms: Commission facilitates use of mobile phones on ships in European waters - Frequently Asked Questions
【関連: IP/10/326】
・What are mobile communication services on-board vessels (MCV services)?
 MCV services allow ship passengers and crews to send and receive phone calls and text messages (SMS) on-board ships using their own mobile phones.
 Cargo ships can also use MCV services for continuous monitoring of a container's temperature and humidity so that the quality of merchandise can be verified from a distance at any time.
・How does MCV work? 
 Sea travellers' phones are linked to on-board cellular base stations ("pico-cells") that use the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz radio wave bands (often referred to as 'GSM frequencies').
・Why is the European Commission involved in MCV? Could national authorities have dealt with these services?
・What has the Commission done?
【以下略】
2010-03-19
2010-Memo-0129   safety of toys MEMO/10/129
Questions and Answers on Toy Joint Action
THE PROJECT
 What was the objective of this joint action by product safety authorities in Member States?
 Who participated?
 Why were these products chosen for investigation?
 What are the main risks associated with small parts and heavy metals in toys? : Small parts, Heavy metals
 Which data exists on accidents and injuries linked to these kinds of toys?
ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS
 What were the main activities undertaken during the project?
 What were the main findings of the action?
 What was the origin of the tested toys?
RULES AND RESPONSIBILITY
 Which rules govern the safety of toys?
 What can parents do? : When choosing a toy, After buying a toy,
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/dyna/rapex/rapex_archives_en.cfm
Annex
 List of authorities participating in the joint action
2010-04-15
2010-Memo-0130   rapid information system for dangerous products (RAPEX) MEMO/10/130
Questions and answers on the Community rapid information system for dangerous products (RAPEX)
1. COMMUNITY RAPID INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR DANGEROUS PRODUCTS (RAPEX)
 What is RAPEX?
 What is the legal basis for RAPEX?
 When is RAPEX used?
 When is RAPEX used?
 What type of measures can be taken?
 What is covered by RAPEX?
 Where can I find updated RAPEX information on-line? http://www.ec.europa.eu/rapex
 What are the role and obligations of national authorities? 
 What are the role and obligations of producers and distributors?
 How can I find specific information on the notifications submitted by a particular Member State?
 How is information about the risks related to the use of a product provided to consumers? 
 What are the most significant developments with regard to RAPEX which took place in 2009 and 2010?
2. RAPEX DATA 2009
 How many dangerous products were notified in 2009 through the RAPEX system?
 Which EU countries notified most cases?
 Which products were most often notified? 
 What are the main risks detected through the RAPEX system? : hemical, Injuries, Choking, Electric shock, Strangulation
 What measures did the national authorities take in response to the dangerous goods that they found?
 Why have notifications for dangerous goods increased every year?
 What does it show when a country makes a lot of notifications - is it that there are more dangerous products on that particular market?
RAPEX China
 Is there an increase in the number of notifications on products of Chinese origin?
 What is the "RAPEX-CHINA" application?
 Does the Commission get feedback on how the Chinese authorities follow up on the information sent through the "RAPEX-CHINA" application?
 How many RAPEX notifications has AQSIQ investigated since the establishment of the "RAPEX-CHINA" application?
3. BUSINESS APPLICATION
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/rapex/guidelines_business_en.htm
4. JOINT ENFORCEMENT ACTION ON TOYS
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/projects/market_surveillance_enforcement_en.htm#surveillance_enforcement
5. JOINT ENFORCEMENT ACTION ON SUNBEDS
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/citizen/my_safety/sunbeds/index_en.htm
2010-04-15
2010-Memo-0153   green vehicles MEMO/10/153
Clean and energy-efficient vehicles - European strategy for the uptake of green vehicles
From economic crisis to a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy
Green vehicles, including those capable of using electricity, hydrogen, biogas and liquid biofuels in high blends can contribute significantly to the Europe 2020 priorities of promoting a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy.
The flagship initiative of 'Resource-efficient Europe' spelt out in the Europe 2020 strategy promotes new technologies to modernise and decarbonise the transport sector, including clean and energy-efficient vehicles and thus increases competitiveness.
Key elements of the strategy:
Action plan for green vehicles:
1. Continuing the measures for reducing the emissions of vehicles (Regulatory framework)
- Type approval of two- and three-wheelers and quadricycles:
- Implementing the Regulation on CO2 emissions from cars by 2011, including rules:
- Revision of test cycle to measure emissions:
- Noise emissions:
- Sustainability criteria for biofuels:
2. Supporting research and innovation in green technologies
3. Market uptake and consumer information
4. Global issues
5. Employment
6. Mid-term review of CO2 emissions legislation
7. Specific actions for electric vehicles
7.2. Standardisation
- Standardised charging interface:
- Global standards:
7.5.Recycling and transportation of batteries
- End of Life vehicles/Recycling of batteries:
- Research on Batteries:
8. Governance:
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/competitiveness-cars21/energy-efficient/index_en.htm
2010-04-28
2010-Memo-0215   greenhouse gas emission reductions MEMO/10/215
Climate change:
Questions and answers on the Communication Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage
What are the objectives of the Communication?
What are the key points of the Communication?
 Lower costs of meeting the 20% and 30% targets
 Reduced risk of carbon leakage
Where does the EU stand today on achieving its 20% reduction target?
How have the costs of achieving the 20% reduction target changed, and why?
What are the costs of moving to a 30% emissions reduction?
What are the benefits of moving to 30%?
How would a 30% greenhouse gas target be shared between sectors?
Where in the EU can the extra reductions needed for a 30% target be achieved, and what are the implications for funding such reductions?
What would a 30% target mean for the EU Emissions Trading System?
Why should the number of allowances auctioned be reduced under a 30% target?
Could the EU Emissions Trading System contribute further to innovation?
Is the EU in the lead on green technology?
What technical options are there to reduce emissions?
How can CO2 taxation help to achieve the 30% target?
Can we use the EU reduction better to leverage change in international crediting rules?
Could land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) contribute to achieving the 30% target?
What impact do the emission pledges made under the Copenhagen Accord have on the risk of carbon leakage?
If the GHG reduction target were raised to 30%, should additional or alternative measures be taken to prevent carbon leakage?
Are the pledges under the Copenhagen Accord enough to keep global warming below 2℃?
What are the next steps?
Where can I find further information?
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/future_action_com.htm
 http://www.unfccc.int/
2010-05-26
2010-Memo-0257   CE marking Memo/10/257
CE marking – what does it really mean?
Many products placed on the EU market have CE marking affixed to them. This marking is the visible symbol showing that the manufacturer has taken all necessary measures to ensure that the product complies with the applicable safety legislation. It plays a crucial part in the New Legislative Framework for the EU internal market for goods which entered into force at the beginning of 2010. The New Legislative Framework provides for the appropriate control of testing laboratories and certification bodies, and more importantly sets out a Union policy on surveillance of products on the market and of effective controls of products from third countries.
1. Improving the understanding of CE marking
2. Improved coherence and comparability of designation, operation and monitoring of Notified Bodies
3. Common legal framework to ensure an equivalent level of market surveillance throughout the EU
[More information]
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/single-market-goods/regulatory-policies-common-rules-for-products/new-legislative-framework/index_en.htm
http://www.ec.europa.eu/cemarking
2010-06-15
2010-Memo-0263   critical mineral raw materials Memo/10/263
Report lists 14 critical mineral raw materials
Two types of risks are considered:
a) the "supply risk" taking into account the political-economic stability of the producing countries, the level of concentration of production, the potential for substitution and the recycling rate;
and b) the "environmental country risk" assessing the risks that measures might be taken by countries with weak environmental performance in order to protect the environment and, in doing so, jeopardise the supply of raw materials to the EU.
List of critical raw materials at EU level (in alphabetical order) [表]
Production concentration of critical raw minerals materials : Map
Global demand of the emerging technologies analysed for raw materials in 2006 and 2030 related to today's total world production of the specific raw material (Updated by BGR April 2010) [表]
Recommendations
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/raw-materials/critical/index_en.htm
2010-06-17
2010-Memo-0291   Patents MEMO/10/291
Patents: Commission proposes translation arrangements for the EU patent - Frequently Asked Questions
Why does Europe need an EU patent?
What is a patent?
How do you currently apply for a patent in Europe?
What are the current costs involved to obtain a patent?
What is the London Agreement?
What is the history of the EU patent?
What is the aim of today's proposal?
How would the costs change with today's proposal on EU patent translations?
Why is this particular solution proposed?
Why not English only?
Why not translations into all European languages?
How is this proposal different from the Commission proposal of 2000?
What will the role of machine translations be?
How will the EU patent be enforced?
What will be the role of the new European Patent Court?
How many patents are granted a year?
Which countries patent the most?
And in what languages?
What happens next?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/indprop/patent/index_en.htm
2010-07-01
2010-Memo-0295   transporting animals, food imports MEMO/10/295
Holiday season:useful tips on transporting animals, food imports and other issues
Whether these concern travelling with a pet, thinking of importing non-EU food products into the EU or resolving travel disputes with an operator, these tips provide a useful insight into the ways in which the EU is working to help and assist EU travellers.
I'm planning to enjoy the sun and the sea at the French Riviera this summer.
 Can I take my dog with me?
I have been living permanently outside the EU and I'm now heading back home for the summer holiday this year.
 Can my pet cat join me?
I live in the EU. 
 Where can I get the pet passport?
My holidays in the Middle East are coming to an end and I would like to bring back some goat cheese from here. 
 Can I do that?
 What if I decide to bring that cheeseanyway?
How can I be sun safe this summer?
During my holidays, I have had problems with an airline, a car rental company or a tour operator.
 Who can help me?
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/empowerment/cons_networks_en.htm#national
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/ecc/index_en.htm
2010-07-02
2010-Memo-0325   Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) MEMO/10/325
Questions and Answers on the EU's new approach to the cultivation of GMOs
Why is the Commission adopting this package today and what does it include?
What are co-existence measures and what does the new Recommendation on co-existence change?
What is the current procedure for authorising the cultivation of GMOs?
What are the amendments to the current legislation proposed by the Commission?
Are any GMOs already cultivated in the EU?
What are the GM plants that are authorised in the EU for feed and/or food uses?
Have Member States already prohibited GMO cultivation?
Are there any other GMOs for cultivation on which the EU could take decision before the legal change is applicable?
What improvements have been made to the environmental risk assessment of GMOs since the Council’s request in December 2008?
When will the Commission finalise the report on the socio-economic implications of GMOs?
Can we anticipate a speeding-up of the authorization process of GMOs and a rising of surface of GM cultivated areas in the EU?
2010-07-13
2010-Memo-0338   Emissions trading [排出権取引] MEMO/10/338
Emissions trading: Questions and Answers on the EU ETS Auctioning Regulation
・What is the aim of emissions trading?
・Why are allowances being auctioned?
・Why is an Auctioning Regulation necessary?
・What is the scope of the Auctioning Regulation?
・How many allowances will be auctioned?
・What products will be auctioned?
・How will the auctions work in practice?
・When will the first auctions take place?
・How many auction platforms will there be?
・How frequently will auctions take place?
・What is the auction calendar? When and how will it be decided?
・Who can bid for allowances?
・How will bidders access the auctions?
・Who is the auctioneer? What is its role?
・What type of organisation will conduct the auctions? Where will the auctions take place?
・How will the common auction platform be chosen?
・How will opt-out auction platforms be approved?
・Will a Member State be able to give preferential treatment to its own industry? How is respect of the principle of non-discrimination ensured?
・How does the Regulation ensure fair and orderly auctioning?
・Will there be an independent monitor of the auctions? How will it be chosen? What would be its role?
・Who will supervise the auctions? How will this be done?
・Who will pay for the auction process and the auction monitor?
・Will Member States receive the revenue from the auctioning proceeds?
・What are the next steps towards adoption of the Auctioning Regulation?
・What happens after the Auctioning Regulation is adopted?
・Is it foreseen to review the Auctioning Regulation in the light of experience?
・Were the opinions of stakeholders considered? Has the Commission prepared an impact assessment?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/auctioning_en.htm
2010-07-16
2010-Memo-0343   road safety MEMO/10/343
Road Safety Programme 2011-2020: detailed measures
The Commission has today adopted an ambitious Road Safety Programme which aims to cut road deaths in Europe in half in the next decade. The programme sets out a mix of initiatives, at European and national level, focussing on improving vehicle safety, the safety of infrastructure and road users' behaviour.
Key figures:
・Road Safety is a major societal issue. In 2009, more than 35,000 people died on the roads of the European Union, i.e. the equivalent of a medium town.
・For every death on Europe's roads there are an estimated 4 permanently disabling injuries such as damage to the brain or spinal cord, 10 serious injuries and 40 minor injuries.
・The estimated economic cost to society is 130 Billion Euro a year.
There are Seven Strategic Objectives
1. Improved Safety Measures for Vehicles
2. Building safer road infrastructure
3. Boost Smart Technology
4. Strengthening education and training for road users
5. Better enforcement
6. Establishing a Road Injuries Target
7. A new focus on Motorcyclists
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/events-archive/2010_07_20_road_safety_2011_2020_en.htm
2010-07-20
2010-Memo-0344   road safety MEMO/10/344
Main findings of the road safety Eurobarometer
The Eurobarometer survey on road safety was conducted among more than 25,000 people aged 15 or over from all 27 Member States.
Perceptions about the seriousness of road safety problems
・People driving under the influence of alcohol was considered to be a major safety problem by 94% of EU citizens, followed by drivers exceeding speed limits (78%) and drivers/passengers not wearing seatbelts (74%).
Measures that national governments should focus on to improve road safety
・A slim majority of EU citizens (52%) said that road infrastructure safety should be improved as either a first or second priority.
2010-07-20
2010-Memo-0349   information management instruments MEMO/10/349
EU information management instruments
The Commission presents today a clear, comprehensive and transparent summary of instruments regulating the collection, storage or cross-border exchange of personal data for the purpose of law enforcement or migration management, setting out at the same time the core principles that should underpin the evaluation of information management instruments in the area of freedom, security and justice.
 Safeguarding fundamental rights, in particular the right to privacy and data protection:
・Schengen Information System (SIS)
・Schengen Information System II (SIS II)
・EURODAC
・Visa Information System (VIS)
・Advance Passenger Information System (API)
・Naples II Convention
・Customs Information System (CIS)
・"Swedish initiative"
・Prum Decision
・Data Retention Directive
・European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS)
・Financial Intelligence Unit cooperation (FIU.net)
・Asset Recovery Offices' (ARO) cooperation
・National and EU Cybercrime Platforms
・Europol
・Eurojust
・Passenger Name Records agreements with the US, Canada and Australia
・Terrorist Finance Tracking Program (TFTP) agreement with the US
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
2010-07-20
2010-Memo-0376   Financial Conglomerates Directive MEMO/10/376
Revision of the Financial Conglomerates Directive - Frequently Asked Questions
1) What are financial conglomerates?
2) How are financial conglomerates currently supervised?
3) What is supplementary supervision?
4) Why is the Commission now proposing a revision of the Financial Conglomerates Directive?
5) What is to change under the Commission's proposal?
6) When will these new rules come into force?
7) How does this proposal tie in with the wider work on crisis prevention and management the EU is doing? Will the European Financial Supervision Authorities be involved?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/financial-conglomerates/supervision_en.htm
2010-08-16
2010-Memo-0399   Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed : role and achievements MEMO/10/399
FAQ: Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed : role and achievements
What is RASFF?
Why do we need RASFF?
How does it work in practice?
What are the criteria for notification to the RASFF?
Who are the members of the RASFF system?
What are the main findings of the RASFF annual report 2009?
Does the increase in overall notifications signify that our food is less safe?
2010-09-10
2010-Memo-0400   REACH MEMO/10/400
The chemicals deadlines: REACH registration (30 November 2010) CLP notification (1 January 2011)
1. REACH Registration is needed to manage the risks that chemicals can pose
  http://guidance.echa.europa.eu/registration_en.htm
・Importers and producers of chemicals need to register
・Authorisation under REACH is necessary to control the risks linked to high risk substances and to progressively replace such substances
・REACH made easier
 http://echa.europa.eu/home_en.asp
2. Classification and Labelling of substances must be notified under CLP to establish an inventory
・The deadline for notification is 1 January 2011
・Notification by importers and manufacturers only for substances that were not registered under REACH
・Notification of classification and labelling made easier
  http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/classification/index_en.htm
2010-09-13
2010-Memo-0401   Maritime Safety MEMO/10/401
Maritime Safety: Commission prepares major improvement of technical inspections of ships in European ports
・What are the current rules of shipping inspection?
・Why is it important to change the rules of shipping inspections?
・What is the European Commission proposing?
・What is THETIS?
・Facts and figures on maritime accidents in EU waters
2010-09-13
2010-Memo-0404   Marine Knowledge 2020 MEMO/10/404
Marine Knowledge 2020
・Why a marine knowledge initiative?
・Why is action at an EU level necessary?
・How is the EU contributing?
・Which geographical areas are covered?
・How much will it cost?
・When will results be available?
・What will happen after 2013?
2010-09-13
2010-Memo-0421   railway package MEMO/10/421
Frequently asked questions on the proposals to recast the first railway package
1. What was the first railway package?
2. What are the main problems that need to be addressed?
3. What are the key elements of the new proposal?
4. Other issues
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/rail/market/market_en.htm
2010-09-17
2010-Memo-0428   explosives precursors MEMO/10/428
Marketing and use of explosives precursors
The regulation proposed today addresses the problem of the misuse of certain chemicals, which are widely available to the general public on the market, as precursors to home-made explosives. Home-made explosives, in turn, are tools used very frequently by terrorists and other criminals to perpetrate attacks. The main aim of the measures proposed is to reduce this risk by preventing access to selected highly concentrated chemicals by the members of the general public.
Recent terrorist attack and intended attacks with explosives in Europe 過去の事例
Main household and other downstream use of precursors
For more information
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
2010-09-20
2010-Memo-0431   Passenger Name Record (PNR) MEMO/10/431
The Passenger Name Record (PNR) - Frequently Asked Questions
What is PNR and what data does it contain?
Which third countries have PNR agreements with the EU?
What are PNR mainly used for?
Why do we need agreements with third countries on sharing the Passenger Names Record (PNR) data of air carriers?
What PNR data will be shared with third countries?
What about sensitive data?
Do third countries' authorities require access to PNR data on the types of meal that passengers request or on their medical condition?
How long can be the PNR data of the passengers retained?
What has been done so far?
Examples of PNR analysis yielding information for investigating serious cross-border crime
What are the basic principles for the protection of personal data that the requesting third countries should apply?
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/index_en.htm
2010-09-21
2010-MEMO-0464   motorcycle functional safety and emission performance MEMO/10/464
Substantial improvements of motorcycle functional safety and emission performance
The proposal tables by the European Commission today (See IP/10/1270) incorporates a number of vehicle functional safety improvements a wide range of vehicles such as two- or three-wheel powered cycles, two- or three-wheel mopeds, motorcycles with and without a side-car, tricycles, on-road quads and mini-cars. It sets ambitious emission requirements for these vehicles and foresees adaptation to the latest and anticipated near-future vehicle construction and propulsion technologies It waters down the current 15 Directives to just 5 Regulations.
1. Increased functional safety
2. Emission reduction [グラフ] HydroCarbon(tn and % of all road transport) / 2007-2020
3. Increased market surveillance
4. Legislative simplification
5. Adaptation to new technologies
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/documents/proposals/index_en.htm
2010-10-04
2010-MEMO-0482   Climate Change talks at UN Aviation Body MEMO/10/482
Breakthrough in Climate Change talks at UN Aviation Body
At the end of difficult negotiations during the 37th session of the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the 190 contracting states of the International Aviation Body were able to strike the first global governmental deal to commit the aviation sector to reduce greenhouse emissions from international aviation from 2020.
Global Goal: ICAO has agreed on a global medium-term collective goal of capping emissions from international aviation as of 2020, whilst recognising that States or regions such as the EU can act sooner and be more ambitious.In addition, aviation should become more fuel efficient at a rate of 2 % per year.
Market-based measures: ICAO recognises the important role of market-based measures, such as emissions trading, and has agreed to a range of guiding principles to be applied by States designing and implementing them.
 http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/10/480&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
2010-10-09
2010-MEMO-0486   Safety of Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration and Production MEMO/10/486
Safety of Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration and Production: Questions and Answers
Why do we need EU safety legislation for oil platforms?
Offshore accidents do not know borders. If a similar explosion would happen as the one in the Gulf of Mexico, this would have serious effects in many Member States. It is in the interest of citizens that the highest safety standard already existing in given company or Member States will become the standard throughout the European Union.
Although, oil platforms fall already under a series of existing EU legislation, loopholes exist: if a rig accident occurs within the zone of maximal 12 nautical miles from coast, the oil company has to pay for the water damage and take remedial actions under the EU Environmental Liability Directive. Beyond 12 miles, no such EU rules exist.
What is new?
・Granting permits
・Controls:
・Standards for safety equipment:
・Damages:
・International:
Have you learnt from the Gulf of Mexico? Will new EU rules prevent what went wrong there?
Which EU countries have oil drillings?

Out of the nearly 900 offshore installations operating in the EU, 486 are in the UK, 181 in the Netherlands, 61 in Denmark, 2 in Germany, 2 in Ireland, 123 in Italy, 4 in Spain, 2 in Greece, 7 in Romania, 1 in Bulgaria and 3 in Poland. Cyprus and Malta plan to start drilling activities in the near future [マップ有り Location of major offshore instllations].
2010-10-13
2010-MEMO-0489   Eurovignette Directive (charging heavy goods vehicles) MEMO/10/489
Review of the Directive on charging Heavy Goods Vehicles – "Eurovignette Directive" - Questions and Answers
What is the Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles that the Commission proposed to revise?
 The "Eurovignette" Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles for the use of infrastructure was originally adopted in 1999. It provides a framework for the levying of road charges on heavy goods vehicles for using the roads that are part of the trans-European network. The Directive authorises, but does not oblige, Member States to levy ‘user charges’ (time-based charges, eg per day, per week, per year) or tolls (distance-based charges e.g. per kilometre) on lorries above 3.5 tonnes - small lorries - provided that it does not result in any discrimination and that the charges are set at a level which does not exceed the recovery of costs of which are strictly necessary to maintain and replace the road infrastructure. The original aim of the Directive was to preserve the smooth functioning of the internal market – preventing any abusive and discriminatory charging by Member States (eg Member States imposing higher charges on lorries from other Member States). 11 Member States are currently applying tolls and 10 apply user charges, out of which 2 are considering to replace their user charges by tolls as shown by the attached map.
・What is the problem with the current Directive?
・What are the main elements of the Commission proposal and how would it solve the problem?
・What happens next?
BACKGROUND
・How and where tolls are levied in practice?
・What is the Eurovignette?
・What rules apply outside the trans-European network and motorways?
・History of the Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles
History of the Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles
2010-10-13
2010-MEMO-0513   Emissions trading MEMO/10/513
Emissions trading :Questions and Answers concerning the second Commission Decision on the EU ETS cap for 2013
・What is the EU ETS(EU Emissions Trading System) cap and why are two steps needed to set it?
In July 2010, the Commission adopted a decision that determined the cap for 2013 based on the current scope of the EU ETS, ie the installations covered in the 2008-2012 period.
The second decision, adopted today, takes into account the extended scope of the EU ETS as from 2013.
・Which new sectors and gases are covered under the extended scope?
As from 2013, the scope of the ETS will be extended to include other sectors and greenhouse gases.
Inter alia, more CO2 emissions from installations producing bulk organic chemicals, hydrogen, ammonia and aluminium will be included, as will N2O emissions from the production of nitric, adipic and glyocalic acid production and perfluorocarbons from the aluminium sector.
・What is the cap for 2013 and how has it been determined?
 CO2 emissions from petrochemicals, ammonia and aluminium,N2O emissions from the production of nitric, adipic and glyocalic acid production and perfluorocarbons from the aluminium sector.
・How have the various figures been established at the 2010 level?
・How have the emission data for the new sectors and gases been collected?
・Is the 2013 cap now final?
・What will happen to the cap after 2013?
・What happens if the EU increases its greenhouse gas reduction target for 2020 from 20% to 30%?
・Is aviation included in the decision?
 Aviation is not included in this decision. The cap to be allocated to aircraft operators will be determined by a separate decision of the Commission, as requested in the legislation3 which will bring aviation into the EU ETS as from 2012.
2010-10-22
2010-MEMO-0540   nuclear waste MEMO/10/540
Questions & Answers: Safety standards for nuclear waste disposal
・Why is the Commission proposing the Directive?
More than 50 years after the first nuclear power plant become operational (1956 Calder Hall, UK), there are still no final repositories for nuclear waste in the whole European Union. Some Member States such as Sweden, Finland and France are in the planning phase.
To minimize the risk of contamination, the EU is proposing high safety standards covering both the management of highly radioactive waste from nuclear power plants and waste generated in research, medicine and industry.
・What happens with highly radioactive waste at the moment?
・What is the best solution?
・What is the EU proposing?
・Do you propose how deep the geological deposit should be?
・Is the EU pushing nuclear energy with this proposal?
・Have Member States to decide on repositories sites within four years?
・Is there a deadline for repositories?
・What if the public is against building a repository close to them?
・Who has plans for repositories?
・Who should finance the repositories?
・When will the Directive be in force?
・Which Member States have nuclear power plants? And how many?
・How much nuclear waste from reactors needs to be disposed?
2010-11-03
2010-MEMO-0542   Data protection MEMO/10/542
Data protection reform – frequently asked questions
Why does the EU need to revise its approach to data protection?
What are the challenges of modern technology to data protection?
What is the added value of EU action in this field?
How will the new approach help individuals?
How will individuals and companies benefit from the consistent implementation of data protection rules?
What are the implications for national authorities?
What are the implications for national Data Protection Authorities?
What is the role of the Article 29 Working Party?
Will there be new legislation?
Does this mean the existing rules are no longer relevant?
What are the other main actions planned?
Is the Commission also reviewing the Data Retention Directive?
What about data protection in criminal matters? Do authorities need access to this data?
How can the EU prevent data being misused abroad?
What is the timetable now?
2010-11-04
2010-MEMO-0545   AIR CARGO SECURITY MEMO/10/545
AIR CARGO SECURITY
Ten EU airports are among the 20 top cargo hubs in the world. The security rules applied in the EU to cargo and mail thus have a considerable global security and economic impact. Recent events highlight the need for enhanced regulation and cooperation both at EU- and international level. Building on present legislation and security controls, the EU will develop an appropriate and balanced response that protects our citizens, follows an integrated approach including intelligence sharing and law enforcement cooperation, preserves an efficient air transport system and guarantees the crucial role of air transport in our economies.
The current EU legal framework
The secure supply chain
The security control of consignments
How is this controlled by authorities?
What role does EU customs play in ensuring cargo security?
Rules for flights coming to the EU
What about transfer cargo?
Additional information can be found on the following websites:
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/air/security/security_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/air/security/legislation_en.htm
2010-11-05
2010-MEMO-0615   Emissions Trading MEMO/10/615
Questions & Answers on Emissions Trading: Use restrictions for certain industrial gas credits as of 2013
1. What types of credits are proposed to be restricted, what kind of restriction will apply and when will the use restrictions enter into force?
2. Are these the first use restrictions applied in the EU ETS?
3. Why is the Commission proposing further use restrictions focusing on industrial gas credits?
4. How can use restrictions on industrial gas credits give new impetus to reform of the CDM and the creation of new sectoral market mechanisms at UN level?
5. How can use restrictions improve value for money?
6. Which countries are the main suppliers of industrial gas credits?
7. Why has the Commission made this proposal now, i.e. more than 2 years ahead of the start of the third trading period in the EU ETS?
8. Why is the Commission proposing full use restrictions rather than a multiplier?
9. What is the timeframe for the adoption of the use restrictions by the Climate Change Committee?
10. Are the proposed use restrictions not "retroactive"?
11. What will be the market impacts of these use restrictions?
12. Will the restrictions result in the fragmentation of the international carbon market?
13. Is this not a matter for the UNFCCC?
14. Isn't the CDM Executive Board also investigating HFC-23 credits?
15. Will the European Commission propose to apply further use restrictions beyond industrial gases for phase 3?
16. Are HFC-23 projects not crucial to create sufficient liquidity in the carbon market?
17. What is the "major overhaul" of the CDM that the EU is envisaging?
18. How could stakeholders contribute?
19. Do these restrictions bind also Member States when they buy international credits for compliance with non-ETS emissions?
2010-11-25
2010-MEMO-0627   UN climate conference in Cancún MEMO/10/627
Climate change: Questions and Answers on the UN climate conference in Cancún
1. Why another climate change conference?
2. What can the Cancún conference achieve? Will it produce the global climate deal that Copenhagen did not?
3. What does 'balanced' mean here?
4. Which issues should the Cancún package of decisions cover?
5. Does the EU favour establishing a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol?
6. What are the EU's conditions for agreeing to a second Kyoto commitment period?
7. What is the EU doing to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions?
8. How much financial support is the EU providing to help developing countries combat climate change?
9. What decisions does the EU want to see taken in Cancún regarding the mitigation of global greenhouse gas emissions?
10. What needs to be decided in Cancún regarding transparency of action?
11. What should Cancún decide on carbon market mechanisms?
12. What should Cancún do about tropical deforestation?
13. What about accounting rules for forest management in developed countries?
14. What should Cancún decide on adaptation to climate change?
15. What needs to be decided on the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund in Cancún?
16. What should Cancún decide on technology?
17. What should Cancún do about capacity building?
18. What about greenhouse gas emissions from aviation and shipping?
19. What should Cancún do about developed countries' surplus emission budgets?
20. Who will negotiate for the European Union in Cancún?
2010-11-29
2010-MEMO-0628   Climate Change Windows (CCW) MEMO/10/628
Q&A on Climate Change Windows
What exactly will the Climate Change Windows actually do?
Climate Change Windows (CCW) will have 3 main specific features:
1.They will be established in a way which will allow the EU to track in full transparency the projects related to climate change in the different sectors of intervention of the Investment Facilities, such as: clean energy, renewable energy, energy efficiency, transport, private sector, forest conservation etc. and to get all necessary statistics related to these projects.
2.It will allow the EU to clearly report on amounts related to all climate change projects financed whether on existing resources or on new fresh resources without any confusion between these two categories.
3.By using the system of blending grants from the EU Budget with loans from the different EU financing Institutions and of regional or local banks, the Climate Change Windows will increase the leverage of credits and the volume of investment projects related to climate change.
Is it new money?
Which countries will benefit from it?
How will this scheme help people in developing countries?
Examples of climate projects financed under the Facilities:
How is this initiative different to what the EU is already doing in this area?
Related Links:
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/piebalgs/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/hedegaard/index_en.htm
2010-11-29
2010-MEMO-0631   REACH MEMO/10/631
REACH system for safer use of chemicals – frequently asked questions
・What is REACH?
REACH, which stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, is a system for ensuring the safe use of chemicals within the EU. The system was set up by EU legislation which came into force on 1 June 2007, creating a single regulatory system for dealing with new and existing chemical substances. REACH seeks to close the knowledge gap that previously existed concerning the risks associated with particular chemicals and to encourage the progressive replacement of dangerous chemicals with safer ones by means of its authorisation system. REACH places greater responsibility on industry to manage the risk of chemicals and provide appropriate safety information to professional users and, as far as the most hazardous substances are concerned, also to consumers.
・What are the main benefits of REACH?
・What is the purpose of REACH registration?
・What is the scope of REACH?
・What are industry's obligations under REACH?
・Who did the 30 November deadline apply to?
・What happens to companies that did not register their substances in time?
・How long will it be until we know how many and which substances have been registered?
・What kind of information will we learn from this first registration?
・What happens once companies have successfully registered their substances?
・How has industry been affected by the registration process?
・What are the next registration deadlines?
・What is the REACH authorisation process and how will it work in practice?
・What is the Candidate List and how many substances are on it?
・What are the most dangerous substances?
・How will REACH promote innovation and development of safer substitutes?
・How much will REACH cost?
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/reach/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/reach/reach_intro.htm
 http://echa.europa.eu/home_en.asp
2010-12-01
2010-MEMO-0636   ESM (European Stability Mechanism) MEMO/10/636
European Stability Mechanism (ESM) – Q&A
A new permanent crisis mechanism, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), will be set up in the euro area as of mid-2013. Following a proposal by the European Commission, this was agreed by the euro area Ministers of Finance on 28 November 2010.
This agreement will be reflected in the proposal for an amendment to the Treaty that will be submitted by President Herman Van Rompuy to the European Council in December 2010.
・What is the ESM?
・When will it be operational?
・How will the ESM work?
・What form will private sector involvement take?
・What type of crises will be addressed?
・What happens in the extreme and unlikely case of insolvency?
・Will private sector involvement apply before 2013?
・Will CACs increase the risk of debt restructuring?
・Are CACs a new idea?
 http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ecofin/118050.pdf
2010-12-01
2010-MEMO-0645   clean and energy-efficient vehicles MEMO/10/645
Market support for clean and energy-efficient vehicles
Clean and energy-efficient vehicles are essential if the European Union is to achieve its 2020 targets for improving energy efficiency, increasing the market share of renewable energy sources, and reducing CO2 emissions. The directive on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (1), which applies to all procurements of vehicles for public transport services from this month, will broaden the market. This directive requires public authorities, when buying a vehicle, to take account of its energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions over the vehicle's lifetime.
What will this directive change?
How are lifetime costs of energy consumption and pollutant emissions calculated?
How will the clean vehicle portal help to identify cleaner and more efficient vehicles?
What is the role of public procurement?
What features does the clean vehicle portal have?
Why is it so important to also consider a vehicle's energy consumption and emissions?
Price versus lifetime cost of vehicles [表]
Further information:
 Clean Vehicle Directive:
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/urban/vehicles/directive/directive_en.htm
2010-12-03
2010-MEMO-0653   Honeybee health MEMO/10/653
Questions and Answers – Honeybee health in the EU
・Why is the health of bees important to me?
・Why are bees disappearing?
・How big is the problem of losses of bee colonies in the EU and worldwide?
・Are only bees disappearing?
・How is bee health different from that of farmed animals?
・What can we do to protect the bees?
・What is the Commission doing to protect the bees?
・How much does the EU spend on these?
・Should we have more rules to protect the bees?
・What happens in areas where the bees have disappeared?
[表:国別] Beehives / Financing of national programmes– in Euro.
2010-12-06
2010-MEMO-0669   Agricultural Product Quality Schemes Regulation MEMO/10/669
Background note: Quality package
・What are the PDO-PGI scheme, the TSG scheme and the quality terms scheme?
 Since 1992, the European Union has developed a scheme to identify and protect the names of quality agricultural products and foods as PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) for products with a strong link to the defined geographical area where they are produced or as PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) for agricultural products and foods linked to a geographical area where at least one production step has taken place. There are more than 950 names of agricultural products registered as PDO or PGI.
・Traditional Specialities Guaranteed (TSG)
・Optional quality terms : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/schemes/index_en.htm
・Registered PDO, PGI and TSG in the European Union : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/door/list.html
・What is the value of production of PDOs and PGIs? : [表] http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/schemes/newsletter-2010_en.pdf
・What are marketing standards?
・What is the study on certification schemes about?
Result of the study: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/certification/index_en.htm
2010-12-10
2010-MEMO-0673   Cancún Agreement on climate change Statements by the President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, and Connie Hedegaard, European Commissioner for Climate Action on the Cancún Agreement on climate change President Barroso said: "The Cancun Agreement on climate change struck today represents an important step towards a comprehensive and legally binding framework for global climate action. We congratulate the Mexican presidency of the Cancùn climate conference on this success.

Europe has worked throughout the year to save the United Nations process to tackle climate change and the prospect of a global climate deal. The Cancún Agreement shows that the multilateral process can deliver.

The EU has set itself ambitious climate and energy targets for 2020 but now we are looking to the long term action. Next spring the European Commission will present a strategy for completing the transition to a low-carbon economy by 2050. This will stimulate fresh economic growth, job creation and innovation while strengthening the EU's energy security."・・・
However, the difficult negotiations in Cancún have shown that we have a long and challenging journey ahead of us to reach a legally binding global climate deal. All parties should now take domestic action to reduce or limit their emissions so that we can keep global warming below 2℃. Europe is willing to do its fair share of this global effort."
2010-12-11
2010-MEMO-0696   energy labels for televisions, refrigerators, dishwashers and washing machines MEMO/10/696
Questions & Answers: new energy labels for televisions, refrigerators, dishwashers and washing machines
・What are the main differences between the old and the new label?
The new labelling system allows up to three classes (A+ to A+++) to be added on top of class A so as to provide consumers with more differentiation between products. If the majority of the market reaches the upper two classes (A++, A+++), the classification will be reviewed. However, it is expected that classes A+++ are close to the technological limit of possible efficiency improvements.
・Why does the energy label for televisions have seven classes from A to G while the energy label on refrigerators, dishwashers and washing machines goes up to class A+++?
・When will we have for TVs also labels showing classes other than A to G?
・How much money can I save?
・What is the impact of the energy label on prices? How can you be sure that companies do not raise prices once they get a good energy class on the label and offset the gains of energy efficiency?
・Does the introduction of these new labels ban some household equipment from the market?
・How will the new label be introduced at the point of sale? Is an old class A of a fridge, a dishwasher or a washing machine the same as the new one?
・What is the difference between energy labels, ecolabels and ecodesign?
・What will be the next appliances that will get new labels?
  http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/labelling/energy_labelling_en.htm
2010-12-20
2010-MEMO-0697   Emissions trading MEMO/10/697
Emissions trading: Questions and Answers on enhanced market oversight for the European carbon market
・What is market oversight and why is it important?
 The European carbon market has grown significantly both in size and sophistication during its first six years of operation, but it remains a relatively young market. The purpose of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is to ensure that the greenhouse gas emission reductions that are necessary in the participating sectors are made at least cost. It is therefore important to ensure that the market can continue to expand and be relied upon to give an undistorted carbon price signal. It follows that there needs to be an appropriate market oversight framework, the main purpose of which is to secure fair and efficient trading conditions for all market participants. This is achieved by way of transparency requirements as well as by preventing and sanctioning market misconduct, in particular insider dealing and market manipulation. However, the framework should be broader than that and also provide safeguards to minimise the risk that the carbon market is used as a vehicle for other illegal activities, such as VAT fraud (see also the reply to the last two questions).
・Why has the Commission issued a Communication on carbon market oversight?
・What is the Commission's conclusion at this stage?
・What are the next steps?
・How will stakeholders be involved?
・Will the Commission issue a legislative proposal and if so, when can it be expected?
・How does the work done on carbon market oversight relate to the work on energy market oversight and financial market oversight?
【以下略】
2010-12-21
2010-Pres-0046   CO2 emission allowance trading PRES/10/46
Council approves measure to clamp down on fraud in CO2 emission allowance trading
The Council today1 adopted a directive allowing member states to implement, on an optional and temporary basis, a reversal of liability for the payment of VAT (value-added tax) on greenhouse gas emission allowance trading
 http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/10/st05/st05984-re06.en10.pdf
 http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/10/st06/st06606-ad01.en10.pdf
The aim is to close off certain forms of tax fraud, in particular so-called carousel schemes whereby supplies are traded several times by different suppliers without VAT being paid to the tax authorities.
Applying a "reverse charge" principle, the draft directive will allow, until 30 June 2015, liability for the payment of VAT on emission allowances and services to be shifted from the supplier (as normally required by EU rules) to the customer.
The directive stems from a proposal from the Commission that covered not only CO2 and other greenhouse gas emission allowances, but also mobile phones and electronic circuit devices, which are also exposed to carousel fraud
【以下略】
2010-03-19
2010-STAT-0043   municipal waste recycled or composted STAT/10/43
Environment in the EU27 40% of municipal waste recycled or composted in 2008 Half a tonne of waste generated per person
In the EU27, 524 kg of municipal waste1 was generated per person in 2008.
40% of this municipal waste was landfilled2, 20% incinerated, 23% recycled and 17% composted.
Municipal waste generated per person varied from 306 kg in the Czech Republic to 802 kg in Denmark
【以下略】
2010-03-19
2011-BEI-0144   France-Spain power interconnector BEI/11/144
EIB, Inelfe, RTE and REE sign EUR 350m loan contract to finance construction of France-Spain power interconnector: first trans-European direct current link using innovative technology
・The European Investment Bank (EIB) has undertaken to participate in financing the France-Spain interconnector, the first trans-European direct current link using innovative converter technology, with a EUR 350 million loan to the two operators of the French and Spanish power grids, RTE and REE.
・The new power interconnector between France and Spain is unique:
 this is the first time in Europe that an electricity link of this power is using innovative VSC (voltage source converter) technology with the ability to convert alternating to direct current very rapidly.
 The major advantage of direct current compared to alternating current is the possibility of building a very long underground link.
 the new line will connect the municipalities of Santa Llogaia (near Figueras) and Baixas (near Perpignan) and will be laid entirely underground in 64.5 km of trenches (31 km and Spain 33.5 km in France).
 The primary purpose of this new interconnection is to double electricity exchange capacity between Spain and the rest of Europe from 1 400 to 2 800 MW.
関連用語説明有り
 European Investment Bank (EIB)、RTE、REE、Inelfe
2011-10-06
2011-C009-01   control of exports of military technology and equipment 2011/C 9/01
Twelfth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP Rep 12 参照】 OJ 2011 C009/001-417
2011-C009-01 Cor 2011-12   control of exports of military technology and equipment 2011/C 354/01
Corrigendum to the Twelfth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment (OJ C 9, 13.1.2011)
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP Rep 12 Cor 2011-12参照】 OJ 2011 C354/001-048
2011-C011-01   horizontal co-operation agreements 2011/C 11/01
Communication from the Commission - Guidelines on the applicability of Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to horizontal co-operation agreements
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Purpose and scope
 1. These guidelines set out the principles for the assessment under Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (*) ("Article 101") of agreements between undertakings, decisions by associations of undertakings and concerted practices (collectively referred to as "agreements") pertaining to horizontal co-operation. Co-operation is of a "horizontal nature" if an agreement is entered into between actual or potential competitors. In addition, these guidelines also cover horizontal co-operation agreements between non-competitors, for example, between two companies active in the same product markets but in different geographic markets without being potential competitors.
 2. Horizontal co-operation agreements can lead to substantial economic benefits, in particular if they combine complementary activities, skills or assets. Horizontal co-operation can be a means to share risk, save costs, increase investments, pool know-how, enhance product quality and variety, and launch innovation faster.
 3. On the other hand, horizontal co-operation agreements may lead to competition problems. 【略】
2. General Principles on the competitive assessment of information exchange
3. Research and Development Agreements
4. Production Agreements
5. Purchasing agreements
6. Agreements on Commercialisation
7. Standardisation Agreements
OJ 2011 C011/001-072
2011-C014-01   Community law in the field of agriculture have become obsolete 2011/C 14/01
Communication from the Commission establishing formal recognition that a certain number of acts of Community law in the field of agriculture have become obsolete
List of acts to be removed from the active acquis
1. Acts concerning trade in non-Annex I Goods prior to the accession of new Member States
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1473/2000 OJ L 171, 11.7.2000, p. 1.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1477/2000 OJ L 171, 11.7.2000, p. 44.
【略】
2. Export Refunds legislation for non-Annex I goods
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1152/71 OJ L 121, 3.6.1971, p. 11.
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 818/77 OJ L 99, 23.4.1977, p. 5.
【略】
3. Preferential imports of non-Annex I goods (Norwegian chocolate quotas)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2030/2005 OJ L 327, 14.12.2005, p. 13.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1797/2006 OJ L 341, 7.12.2006, p. 22.
【略】
4. Inward processing arrangements without prior examination of the economic conditions for the non-Annex I sector
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1739/2002 OJ L 263, 1.10.2002, p. 20.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 165/2003 OJ L 26, 31.1.2003, p. 10.
OJ 2011 C014/001-002
2011-C033-01   measuring instruments 2011/C 33/01
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2004/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on measuring instruments
(Publication of the references to normative documents drawn up by OIML and the list of the parts thereof corresponding to the essential requirements (in conformity with Article 16.1 of the Directive))
MI-005: Measuring systems for the continuous and dynamic measurement of quantities of liquids other than water :
in relation to: - OIML R 117-1 - 2007 [表]
MI-006: Automatic weighing instruments, Chapter II: Automatic catchweighing instruments
in relation to: - OIML R 51-1 - 2006 [表]
MI-010: Exhaust gas analyser
in relation to: - OIML R 99-1 & 2 - 2008 [表]
OJ 2011 C033/001-012
2011-C033-02   measuring instruments 2011/C 33/02
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2004/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on measuring instruments
(Withdrawal of the publication of the references to normative documents drawn up by OIML and the list of the parts thereof corresponding to the essential requirements (in conformity with Article 16.3 of the Directive))
The publication of the reference concerning capacity serving measures (MI-008, Chapter II) in relation to OIML R29, edition 1979, is withdrawn.
OJ 2011 C033/013
2011-C041-03   copyright protection of the common face design of the euro coins 2011/C 41/03
Communication from the Commission on copyright protection of the common face design of the euro coins
INTRODUCTION
In spring 1996, Member States decided that the euro coins intended for circulation will have a common face and a national face and gave a mandate to the Commission to organise a competition at European level to select the design for the common face of the euro coins. The winning designs of the European coin design competition were selected by the Heads of States or Government in June 1997. Euro coins intended for circulation include eight denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cent and 1 and 2 euro. 【略】
1. Holder of the copyright
 The copyright on the design of the common face of the euro coins belongs to the European Union represented by the Commission. The European Commission has assigned to each Member State that has adopted the euro all the Union's rights as regards the territory of such Member State. The Commission will assign the copyright to the other Member States once they adopt the euro.
2. Reproduction regime
The following common reproduction regime will be applied by the Commission and by the participating Member States, as defined in Regulation (EC) No 974/98, as regards their territory. Reproduction of all or part of the common face design of the euro coins is authorised without recourse to a specific procedure in the following cases:
- for photographs, drawings, paintings, films, images, and generally reproductions in flat format (without relief) provided they are in faithful likeness and are used in ways which do not damage or detract from the image of the euro,
- for reproduction with relief on objects other than coins, medals and tokens or any other objects which might be confused with coins,
- 【略】
3. Enforcement
4. Review of present arrangements
[ANNEX] List of designated authorities as mentioned in point 2 of the Communication
【国別記述】
OJ 2011 C041/004-006
2011-C049-05   energy labelling of household refrigerating appliances 2011/C 49/05
Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Commission delegated Regulation (EU) No 1060/2010 supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of household refrigerating appliances
1. Publication of titles and references of transitional methods of measurement ( 1 ) for the implementation of Commission delegated Regulation (EU) No 1060/2010 and, in particular, Annexes VI and VII thereof.
[表] Measured parameter / Organisation / Reference / Title
Terms, definitions, symbols and classification / CEN / Clauses 3 and 4 of EN 153. Where Clauses 3 and 4 of EN 153 conflict with the definitions set out in Article 2 and Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 643/2009, then that Regulation shall prevail / Methods of measuring the energy consumption of electric mains operated household refrigerators, frozen food storage cabinets, food freezers and their combinations, together with associated characteristics
General test conditions / CEN / Clause 8 of EN 153. Where Clause 8 of EN 153 conflicts with the conditions set out in Annex III, Part 1 of Regulation (EC) No 643/2009, then that Regulation shall prevail / 同上
【以下略】
2. Measurement method for wine storage appliances
(a) General test conditions
(b) 【以下略】
OJ 2011 L049/006-011
2011-C065-01   export and import of dangerous chemicals 2011/C 65/01
Communication from the Commission - Technical guidance notes for implementation of Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 - Publication made in accordance with Article 23 of Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals
1. INTRODUCTION
The European Union's chemical industry is one of the world's largest chemical producers. Its products include a wide range of substances for a multitude of purposes. Some substances are dangerous to human health and/or the environment and must be used under controlled conditions. Certain chemicals manufactured for export and use in other countries are banned or severely restricted within the European Union. 【略】
2. THE ROTTERDAM CONVENTION
3. REGULATION (EC) No 689/2008
4. THE EUROPEAN DATABASE ON EXPORT AND IMPORT OF DANGEROUS CHEMICALS
5. EXAMPLES
[ANNEX 1] Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council
Part 1: List of chemicals subject to export notification procedure
Part 2: List of chemicals qualifying for PIC notification
Part 3: List of chemicals subject to the PIC procedure under the Rotterdam convention
[ANNEX 2] Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 689/2008
[ANNEX 3] Annex V to Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 Chemicals and articles subject to export ban
[ANNEX 4] Flow charts on the main procedures
[ANNEX 5] Overview of exporters’ main tasks in order to comply with Regulation (EC) No 689/2008
[ANNEX 6] List of recommended languages for the labelling of exports to certain countries
[ANNEX 7] List of Designated National Authorities for Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 (Information as at 30 June 2010- For latest information check on EDEXIM or PIC websites)
[ANNEX 8] List of OECD countries to which waiver for explicit consent could be applied
OJ 2011 C065/001-064
2011-C073-01   guidance on minimising the risk of transmitting animal spongiform encephalopathy agents via human and veterinary medicinal products 2011/C 73/01
Note for guidance on minimising the risk of transmitting animal spongiform encephalopathy agents via human and veterinary medicinal products (EMA/410/01 rev.3)
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Scientific background
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are chronic degenerative nervous diseases characterised by the accumulation of an abnormal isoform of a cellular glycoprotein (known as PrP or prion protein). The abnormal isoform of PrP (PrP TSE ) differs from normal PrP (PrPc) in being highly resistant to protease and heat denaturation treatments. PrP TSE is considered to be the infective agent responsible for transmitting TSE disease.
TSE diseases in animals include:
- bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle,
- scrapie in sheep and goats,
- chronic wasting disease (CWD) in cervids (deer and elk),
- transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME) in farmed mink,
- feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE) in felids (specifically domestic cats and captive large cats), and
— spongiform encephalopathy of exotic ungulates in zoos.
In humans, spongiform encephalopathies include different forms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD), Kuru, Gerstmann- Sträussler-Scheinker Syndrome (GSS), and Fatal Familial Insomnia (FFI). 【略】
1.2. Regulatory Compliance
2. SCOPE
TSE-relevant animal species – Cattle, sheep, goats and animals that are naturally susceptible to infection with transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents or susceptible to infection through the oral route other than humans ( 7 ) and non-human primates are defined as 2TSE-relevant animal species" 【略】
3. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
4. RISK ASSESSMENT OF MATERIALS OR SUBSTANCES USED IN THE MANUFACTURE AND PREPARATION OF A MEDICINAL PRODUCT IN THE CONTEXT OF REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
5. BENEFIT/RISK EVALUATION
【以下略】
OJ 2011 C073/001-018
2011-C073-01 Cor 2011-06   guidance on minimising the risk of transmitting animal spongiform encephalopathy agents via human and veterinary medicinal products 2011/C 182/14
Corrigendum to the Note for guidance on minimising the risk of transmitting animal spongiform encephalopathy agents via human and veterinary medicinal products (EMA/410/01 rev. 3) (OJ C 73, 5.3.2011 : 2011/C 182/14
)
On page 4, Section 3.1 "Scientific principles for minimising risk": 【略】
on page 14, text to be included at the top of the Annex "Major categories of infectivity": 【略】
  ・・・・・・
on page 17, heading of the table 【略】
OJ 2011 C182/032
2011-C075-05   import or export controlled substances that deplete the ozone layer (laboratory and analytical uses) 2011/C 75/05
Notice to undertakings intending to import or export controlled substances that deplete the ozone layer to or from the European Union in 2012 and undertakings intending to request for 2012 a quota for these substances intended for laboratory and analytical uses
1. This Notice is addressed to undertakings that are concerned by the Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on substances that deplete the ozone layer (the Regulation) and which intend:
(a) to import or export to or from the European Union substances listed in Annex I of the Regulation in 2012; or
(b) to request a quota for laboratory and analytical uses of these substances for 2012.
2. Following groups of substances are concerned:
Group I: CFC 11, 12, 113, 114 or 115
  ・・・・・
Group IX: bromochloromethane
3. Any import or export of substances exempted from the general import or export ban requires a licence by the Commission, except in cases of transit, temporary storage, customs-warehousing or free zone procedure as referred to in Regulation (EC) No 450/2008, lasting not longer than 45 days. Furthermore, any production of controlled substances requires prior authorisation.
4. Imports for free circulation in the European Union are subject to quantitative limits, determined by the Commission on the basis of the import declarations for controlled substances for the following uses:
(a) laboratory and analytical uses (subject to a production/import quota and quantitative limitation);
  ・・・・・
【以下略】
OJ 2011 C075/004-005
2011-C086-01   Common military list 2011/C 86/01
Common military list of the European Union
(adopted by the Council on 21 February 2011)
(equipment covered by Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing the control of exports of military technology and equipment)
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP List 2011-02参照】 OJ 2011 C086/001-036
2011-C097-01   List of natural mineral waters 2011/C 97/01
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Member States
List of natural mineral waters recognised by Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and United-Kingdom
In accordance with Article 1 of Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters, the Commission is publishing in the Official Journal of the European Union the list of natural mineral waters recognised as such by the Member States.
[国別表] List of natural mineral waters recognised by Belgium
Trade description / Name of source /Place of exploitation
Amelbergabronnen / Amelberga / Mater
Bon-Val / Minval / Bavikhove
【以下略】
OJ 2011 C097/001-072
2011-C099-03   greenhouse gas emission allowance trading (free of charge to installations for electricity production) 2011/C 99/03
Communication from the Commission - Guidance document on the optional application of Article 10c of Directive 2003/87/EC
Communication from the Commission - Guidance document on the optional application of Article 10c of Directive 2003/87/EC
【略】
2. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF ALLOWANCES TRANSITIONALLY ALLOCATED FOR FREE AT MEMBER STATE LEVEL
3. ELIGIBLE INSTALLATIONS
4. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL PLAN
5. NON-TRANSFERABLE ALLOWANCES
6. MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT
[ANNEX I] Determination of the maximum number of free allowances
[ANNEX II] Gross final national consumption and the formula to calculate it
[ANNEX III] Specific pre-defined emerging technologies at the demonstration stage
[ANNEX IV] Infrastructure, clean technologies, diversification of energy mix and sources of supply
[ANNEX V] Types of eligible investments
[ANNEX VI] Model-based projections of carbon prices in the third trading period
[ANNEX VII] Template for the application pursuant to Article 10c(5)
[ANNEX VIII] Examples of compliance indicators
OJ 2011 C099/009-028
2011-C137-01   CNENs (explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature) 2011/C 137/01
Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union
[FOREWORD]
Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff ( 1 ) established a nomenclature, known as the "Combined Nomenclature" or abbreviated to the "CN", based on the International Convention on the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System ( 2 ), known as "the Harmonised System" or abbreviated to the "HS".
The HS has been supplemented by its own Explanatory Notes (HSENs). Those notes in English and French are issued and kept up to date by the:
WORLD CUSTOMS ORGANISATION (WCO) Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), Brussels, Belgium
By virtue of Article 9(1)(a), second indent, and Article 10 of Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87, the Commission adopts explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature (CNENs), following consideration by the Tariff and Statistical Nomenclature Section of the Customs Code Committee. Although the CNENs may refer to the HSENs, they do not take the place of the latter, but should be regarded as complementary to and used in conjunction with them.
A. General rules for the interpretation of the Combined Nomenclature : General Rule 5(b)
C. General rules applicable both to nomenclature and to duties : General Rule 3
【リスト pp.011〜397】
Section I : Live animals; animal products
Section II : Vegetable products
Section III : Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
Section IV : Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes
Section V : Mineral products
Section VI : Products of the chemical or allied industries
Section VII : Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof
Section VIII : Raw hides and skins, leather, furskins and articles thereof; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut)
Section IX : Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal; cork and articles of cork; manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork
Section X : Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard; paper and paperboard and articles thereof
Section XI : Textiles and textile articles
Section XII : Footwear, headgear, umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof; prepared feathers and articles made therewith; artificial flowers; articles of human hair
Section XIII : Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass and glassware
Section XIV : Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal, and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin
Section XV : Base metals and articles of base metal
Section XVI : Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
Section XVII : Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment
Section XVIII : Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; clocks and watches; musical instruments; parts and accessories thereof
Section XIX : Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof
Section XX : Miscellaneous manufactured articles
Section XXI : Works of art, collectors' pieces and antiques
OJ 2011 C137/001-397
2011-C172-01   guidance on the collection, verification and presentation of adverse event/reaction reports arising from clinical trials on medicinal products for human use ("CT-3") 2011/C 172/01
Communication from the Commission - Detailed guidance on the collection, verification and presentation of adverse event/reaction reports arising from clinical trials on medicinal products for human use ("CT-3")
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Legal basis
1. This detailed guidance is based on Article 18 of Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use ( 1 ) (hereinafter "Directive 2001/20/EC"), which provides that: 【略】
1.2. Scope
4. This detailed guidance addresses the collection, verification and reporting of adverse events and adverse reactions which occur in a clinical trial falling within the scope of Directive 2001/20/EC, i.e. a clinical trial as defined therein and performed in at least one EU Member State. 【略】
1.4. Interface with other guidance documents
2. INTERFACE WITH PHARMACOVIGILANCE RULES
3. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE INVESTIGATOR AND SPONSOR AS REGARDS MONITORING AND SAFETY REPORTING
4. REPORTING OF SERIOUS ADVERSE EVENTS BY THE INVESTIGATOR TO THE SPONSOR
  ・・・
9. FUNCTIONALITIES OF EVCTM
OJ 2011 C172/001-013
2011-C220-02   auctioning of greenhouse gas emission allowances ("the Auctioning Regulation") 2011/C 220/02
Implementation of Articles 35, 36, 43, 55 and 64 of Commission Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 on the timing, administration and other aspects of auctioning of greenhouse gas emission allowances ("the Auctioning Regulation") by the Member States and their relevance for the appointment of auction platforms pursuant to Article 26 of that Regulation — Transparency measures with regard to the documents relating to the call for tenders referred to in Article 92 of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities and Article 130(1) of its Implementing Rules exchanged between the Commission and the Member States in the appointment of the single auction monitor pursuant to Article 24 of the Auctioning Regulation and the appointment of the auction platforms pursuant to Article 26 of that Regulation
1. Introduction
The revision of the Emission Trading Scheme ("ETS") agreed as part of the climate and energy package in 2008 provides that the auctioning of allowances will be the rule rather than the exception as from the third trading period starting from 2013 ( 1 ). Moreover, 15 % of aviation allowances should be auctioned starting from 2012 ( 2 ). The Commission was charged with adopting a regulation on the timing, administration and other aspects of the auctioning of allowances ( 3 ). On 12 November 2010, the Commission adopted the said regulation ("the Auctioning Regulation") ( 4 ).
2. Procurement of a regulated market as an auction platform under the Auctioning Regulation
3. National implementation of other provisions of the Auctioning Regulation relevant for the appointment of a regulated market as an auction platform
4. List of Member States' implementation
5. Transparency measures with regard to the documents relating to the call for tenders for the procurement of the SAM and CAPs
OJ 2011 C220/012-015
2011-C221-06   medical and paramedical services 2011/C 221/06
Call for providers of medical and paramedical services (hospitals, clinics, laboratories, medical centres and natural persons exercising an activity in the medical or paramedical sector) and pharmacies to offer their services to the JSIS at prices applicable to JSIS members and beneficiaries
2. Subject of the call
All officials and agents of the European Union institutions and agencies and their dependants (beneficiaries) are insured against sickness. Specifically, the Joint Sickness Insurance Scheme (JSIS) common to the institutions of the European Communities, established by mutual agreement between the institutions, guarantees beneficiaries the reimbursement of costs incurred as a result of sickness, accident or maternity subject to the limits and conditions laid down in the relevant legislation and in the general implementing provisions (DGE). Members of the scheme are also entitled to receive health screening examinations for the purposes of preventive medicine (see Annex I for the relevant programmes).
3. Type
5. List categories
7. Criteria for placement on the list of operators
8. Documentation to be provided by operators
[ANNEX I] EUROPEAN UNION - JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE No 1
[ANNEX II] EUROPEAN UNION — JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE No 2
[ANNEX III] EUROPEAN UNION — JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE No 3
[ANNEX IV] EUROPEAN UNION — JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE No 4
[ANNEX V] EUROPEAN UNION — JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE IN CHILDREN
[ANNEX VI] EUROPEAN UNION — JOINT SICKNESS INSURANCE SCHEME EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE IN WOMEN
OJ 2011 C221/007-021
2011-C233-01   List of contact points for the protection of public figures 2011/C 233/01
List of contact points for the protection of public figures
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax OJ 2011 C233/001-004
2011-C233-02   List of national football information points (NFIPs) 2011/C 233/02
List of national football information points (NFIPs)
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax OJ 2011 C233/005-007
2011-C233-03   List of permanent contact points concerning public order 2011/C 233/03
List of permanent contact points concerning public order
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax OJ 2011 C233/008-010
2011-C233-04   List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime 2011/C 233/04
List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax OJ 2011 C233/011-013
2011-C260-01   cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws, concerning the competent authorities and single liaison offices 2011/C 260/01
Commission communication pursuant to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws, concerning the competent authorities and single liaison offices
As of 30 of June 2011, Member States have communicated to the Commission pursuant to Article 5(1) the following list of Competent Authorities and Single Liaison Offices.
[国別表] pp.001〜057
Member State: BELGIUM
Single liaison office / FOD Economie, KMO, Middenstand en Energie DG Controle en Bemiddeling Bureau Internationale Samenwerking SPF Économie, PME, Classes moyennes et Énergie Bureau Coopération Internationale
【以下略】
OJ 2011 C260/001-057
2011-C262-06   social security systems 2011/C 262/06
Decision No S8 of 15 June 2011 concerning the granting of prostheses, major appliances and other substantial benefits in kind provided for in Article 33 of Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 on the coordination of social security systems
[Article 1] The prostheses, major appliances, and other substantial benefits in kind that are referred to in Article 33(1) of Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 shall constitute benefits which:
- are tailored to specific personal needs, and
- are in the course of being provided, or have been granted but yet not provided, and
- 【略】
A non-exhaustive list indicating the benefits, which when fulfilling the criteria determined above shall be treated as such, is contained in the Annex to this Decision.
[ANNEX] Prostheses
(a) orthopaedic prostheses;
(b) visual aids such as ocular prostheses;
  ・・・・・
(n) any subsidy granted to cover part of the costs of the benefits listed above.
OJ 2011 L262/006-007
2011-C301-08   List of competent authorities (mutual assistance for recovery of claims relating to taxes, duties) 2011/C 301/08
List of competent authorities responsible for the implementation of Council Directive 2010/24/EU concerning mutual assistance for recovery of claims relating to taxes, duties, and other measures (Article 4(1) of Council Directive 2010/24/EU)
The "competent authority" is: 【国別記述】
ex. in the United Kingdom: the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs
OJ 2011 C301/007-009
2011-C358-02   eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS) 2011/C 358/02
Communication from the Commission - Establishment of the working plan setting out an indicative list of sectors for the adoption of sectoral and cross-sectoral reference documents, under Regulation (EC) No 1221/2009 on the voluntary participation by organisations in a Community eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS)
1. INTRODUCTION
2. INDICATIVE LIST OF SECTORS
2.1. The environmental impact of the sector within the Community
2.2. EMAS uptake
2.3. The potential for environmental improvements in the ‘value chain’ of the sector
3. CONCLUSION
The choice of priority sectors for which sectoral reference documents will be elaborated was established according mainly to the environmental impact of the sector, the EMAS uptake and the potential for environmental improvement in the value chain. 【略】
OJ 2011 C358/002-005
2011-C358-07   pet food labelling 2011/C 358/07
Notice on the Code of good labelling practice for pet food
Title: CODE OF GOOD LABELLING PRACTICE FOR PET FOOD, version of October 2011
Author: European Pet Food Industry Federation (FEDIAF): http://www.fediaf.org
Reference: http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/animalnutrition/labelling/index_en.htm
OJ 2011 C358/049
2011-C359-05   health gap 2011/C 359/05
Council conclusions on closing health gaps within the EU through concerted action to promote healthy lifestyle behaviours
RECOGNISES THAT:
1. The size of the health gaps within the EU is inconsistent with EU core values such as solidarity, equity and universality.
2. Health gaps are understood as being population differences in premature mortality, morbidity and disability between and within Member States, as well as between EU regions. These arise in part from the major unhealthy lifestyle behaviours (i.e. tobacco use, alcohol related harm, unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity) which are often linked to social determinants.
  ・・・・・
EXPRESSES ITS COMMITMENT TO:
WELCOMES:
CALLS ON MEMBER STATES TO:
CALLS ON MEMBER STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION TO:
CALLS ON THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION TO:
2011-C359/005-008
2011-C382-01   control of exports of military technology and equipment 2011/C 382/01
Thirteenth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment
【Posit 2008-0944 Rep 13 参照】 2011 C382/001-470
2011-CES-0099   emission reduction CES/11/99
25% emission reduction needed by 2020, says the EESC
The EU should reconsider a 25% emission reduction target by 2020 in order to achieve the agreed goal of an 80%-95% drop by 2050, said the European Economic and Social Committee in an opinion on the European Commission's roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, adopted yesterday at the plenary session.
These goals should be supplemented by indicative targets for a 40% reduction by 2030 and 60% by 2040 and go hand in hand with binding EU policies that are able to deliver them. Only ambitious medium-term goals will make it possible for the EU to achieve an 80-95% reduction by 2050, said the EESC. "Moreover, clarity on long-term goals gives stability to investors and decision-makers", said Josef Zboril (Employers' Group, Czech Republic), rapporteur of the opinion.
2011-09-23
2011-EO-016   permitted food contamination levels after Fukushima nuclear accident EO/11/16
Ombudsman: Commission clarifies permitted food contamination levels after Fukushima nuclear accident
The European Ombudsman, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, has welcomed the European Commission's clarifications concerning the maximum permitted levels of radioactive contamination for foodstuffs in the EU, following the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan. The Ombudsman had asked the Commission for these clarifications after several citizens complained about a lack of information concerning changes made to the maximum levels. In its opinion, the Commission explained that, immediately after the Fukushima nuclear accident, the maximum radiation levels permitted in foodstuffs imported from Japan to the EU were higher than those permitted in Japan itself, but were lowered to the Japanese levels a few weeks later.
・Complaints about lack of information concerning contamination levels
The Ombudsman commended the Commission's detailed explanations which he considers useful for European citizens. In the interest of providing citizens with a maximum of information on the matter, he decided to publish the Commission's opinion together with his decision. Both documents are available at:
 http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu/en/cases/decision.faces/en/10827/html.bookmark
関連情報 : http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu/
2011-09-13
2011-IP-0002   hazardous chemicals IP/11/2
Chemicals: More than three million classification and labelling notifications improve information on hazardous chemicals
 More than three million notifications on the classification of chemical substances in line with new EU rules have been received by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). All companies manufacturing or importing hazardous substances were required to classify them by 1 December 2010 and notify ECHA by 3 January 2011. Classification is essential to determine whether a chemical is dangerous for health and the environment, and will determine the information on the labels of chemicals that workers and consumers use. The new rules are laid down in the EU Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of chemicals (CLP) which aligns the EU classification system to the UN Globally Harmonised System, ensuring that the same hazards are described and labelled in the same way all around the world. The data will enable ECHA to establish the first European inventory of hazardous substances and harmonised classifications. 2011-01-04
2011-IP-0011   REACH IP/11/196
Chemicals/REACH: six dangerous substances to be phased out by the EU
Six substances of very high concern will be banned within the next three to five years unless an authorisation has been granted to individual companies for their use.
These substances are carcinogenic, toxic for reproduction or persist in the environment and accumulate in living organisms.
 Operators wishing to sell or use these substances will need to demonstrate that the required safety measures have been taken to adequately control the risks, or that the benefits for the economy and society outweigh the risks.
 Where feasible alternative substances or techniques exist, a timetable for substitution will also have to be submitted. Today's Commission decision follows the successful first phase of registration and notification of chemicals (see IP/10/1632, IP/11/2).
 It is part of REACH, Europe's initiative to make the use of chemicals safer.
 The following 6 chemicals are the first entrants in the Annex XIV: 5-ter-butyl-2,4,6-trinito-m-xylene (musk xylene), 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane (MDA), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), bis(2-ethylexyl) phthalate (DEHP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP).
・Background

Chemicals listed in Annex XIV are selected from a candidate list of substances of very high concern based on recommendations made by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). http://echa.europa.eu/home_en.asp
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/index_en.htm
2011-02-17
2011-IP-0014   Professional Qualifications Directive and a European Professional Card IP/11/14
Commission launches public consultation on the Professional Qualifications Directive and a European Professional Card
The Commission services have today launched a public consultation on the Professional Qualifications Directive (Directive 2005/36/EC). The consultation is an opportunity for stakeholders to highlight areas of the Directive they feel could be simplified and made more user-friendly. It also seeks views on how to better integrate professionals working in the Single Market, and raises the option of a European Professional Card. This Directive is key to enabling professionals to take full advantage of the potential of the Single Market in finding a job or extending their business in another Member State. Updating this Directive is one of the actions set out in the Single Market Act adopted in October 2010 (IP/10/1390) and follows Commission reports on how the Directive works in practice (IP/10/1367). The results of the Consultation will feed into an evaluation report and a Green Paper due this autumn. The Commission will come forward with a proposal for modernising the Directive in 2012. Stakeholders are invited to respond until 15 March 2011, and a public hearing is scheduled for 21 February 2011.
・What is the public consultation about?
・What are the next steps?
関連情報 : http://www.ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/evaluation_en.htm
2011-01-07
2011-IP-0042   Galileo and EGNOS IP/11/42
Commission presents midterm review of European satellite navigation programmes Galileo and EGNOS
Today, the European Commission presents its midterm review on the development of Europe's satellite navigation programmes Galileo and EGNOS. Recent progress in the development of Galileo, including the signature of four major contracts and the testing of the first four operational satellites, means the satellite navigation system will deliver initial services in 2014. It is expected to help secure a bigger share of the space technology market and bring European independence in a sector that is important for its economy and for the well-being of its citizens. There has also been considerable progress with the EGNOS programme which increases the accuracy of signals from satellite navigation systems. The promotion of satellite navigation technology is in line with Europe's 2020 strategy and contributes to sustainable economic development.
Achievements
EGNOS operational: EGNOS became officially operational on 1 October 2009. The increased accuracy of satellite navigation that EGNOS provides already benefits many users, notably in the domains of agriculture, rescue operations, geo-localisation and cartography. It will soon also be used in civil aviation.
Galileo in-orbit validation phase well underway: The two experimental satellites Giove A and Giove B are securing the frequencies and determining the reliability of the technology used. The building of the first four operational satellites, which are part of the in-orbit validation phase and will be launched in 2011–2012, is nearing completion as is the creation of the associated ground based infrastructure, including the ground control centres in Fucino, Italy, and Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany.
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/satnav/index_en.htm
2011-01-18
2011-IP-0062   iceberg forecasting and air quality monitoring (GMES) IP/11/62
GMES improves iceberg forecasting and air quality monitoring
Two important European Commission-funded projects were launched in January 2011 for the implementation of Europe's Global Monitoring system for Environment and Security, GMES, following the recent signature of two contracts worth €2 million each. The Icemar project paves the way, for example, for a shortened safe shipping line between Europe and China by bringing better iceberg forecasts to ships in the Arctic Ocean and the Baltic seas. The obsAIRve project will provide real time air quality information and alerts on levels of pollutant emissions, primarily Sulphur Oxides (SOx), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), Ozone (O3), Carbon Monoxide (CO), and Particulate Matter (PM), delivered directly to the user online, via smart phone platforms and SMS messages. Icemar and obsAIRve services will be available to citizens by the end of 2012.
・Iceberg forecasting: Icemar
・Observing air quality: obsAIRve
・For more information:
 GMES: http://ec.europa.eu/gmes
 European space research: http://ec.europa.eu/embrace-space
2011-01-25
2011-IP-0125   Guidelines on Colorectal Cancer Screening and Diagnosis IP/11/125
Cancer: New EU Guidelines on Colorectal Cancer Screening and Diagnosis
Today, on the eve of World Cancer Day, in an effort to improve the screening and diagnosis of colorectal cancer, the European Commission publishes the first edition of the European Guidelines for Quality Assurance in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Diagnosis. Colorectal cancer is the second most common newly diagnosed cancer in the EU. It is the second most common cause of cancer death in the EU, accounting for one in seven new cancers and one in eight cancer deaths. Improving diagnosis and screening is key to reduce the mortality rates from colorectal cancer.
・The use of the Guidelines
・Raising Standards
・Background to cancer screening in the EU
・Other EU-funded initiatives in the field of cancer control
関連情報
http://ec.europa.eu/health/major_chronic_diseases/diseases/cancer/index_en.htm#fragment1
http://ec.europa.eu/health/major_chronic_diseases/diseases/cancer/index_en.htm#fragment3
Questions and Answers on Breast Cancer Screening and Diagnosis
 http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/06/161&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
2011-02-03
2011-IP-0126   International Maritime Organization CO2 talks IP/11/126
Commission poised to push for success at International Maritime Organization CO2 talks
After meeting with a group of high-level experts, European Commission Vice-President Siim Kallas, responsible for transport, and Commissioner Connie Hedegaard, responsible for climate action, said: "We are convinced that the shipping sector must deliver on the fight against climate change. We discussed how Europe can best progress in order for the maritime sector to contribute to cutting greenhouse gas emissions if there is no international agreement. But there should be no doubt: Europe must make every effort to help the IMO agree this year on global measures to curb greenhouse gas emissions from ships – now and in the long term."
International maritime transport accounts for close to 3% of global CO2 emissions. Emissions from ships are expected to more than double by 2050. A UN specialized agency, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), started looking at climate issues in the mid-1990s. However, a comprehensive agreement on reduction measures has until now proven impossible to reach.
2011-02-03
2011-IP-0133   cars equipped with daytime running light IP/11/133
New cars equipped with daytime running lights as of today
From today onwards all new types of passenger cars and small delivery vans will have to be equipped with Daytime Running Lights (DRL). Trucks and buses will follow suit 18 months later, in August 2012. DRL lights are special lamps which automatically switch on when the engine is started. They are expected to increase road safety as they substantially raise the visibility of motor vehicles for other road users. They also have a low energy consumption rate compared with existing 'dipped-beam' head lights. In countries where DRL is already obligatory it has been hailed as a very positive development in the field of road safety.
European Commission Vice President Antonio Tajani, responsible for industry and entrepreneurship said: "Daytime running lights will make an important contribution to our goal of reducing casualties on European roads. This is also good news for environment protection as the lower energy consumption rates will reduce CO2 emissions compared to normal lights”.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/safety/daytime-running-light/index_en.htm
2011-02-07
2011-IP-0136   common mobile phone charger IP/11/136
Manufacturers deliver the common mobile phone charger
 Have you ever been annoyed for not being able to borrow a friend's or a colleague's mobile phone charger because it wasn't compatible with your phone? This era is coming to an end.
 A common charger compatible with mobile phones of all brands is the simple idea that the Commission has been pushing for many years.
 Thanks to the cooperation between fourteen companies and the European Commission the solution is there: onechargerforall.eu.
 New technical standards for data-enabled mobile phones were published on 29 December 2010.
 Today, Vice President Antonio Tajani receives a sample of a compatible common charger from Bridget Cosgrave, Director-General of DIGITALEUROPE, the largest Association of European digital technology industry.
 http://www.onechargerforall.eu/en/
関連 : 2011-MEMO-0075 及び 2010-IP-1776 (2010-12-29) 
2011-02-08
2011-IP-0203   Internal Market Information (IMI) system IP/11/203
Internal Market Information (IMI) system: Commission acts to make Single Market deliver better for business and citizens
 Today the Commission is taking action to help citizens and businesses to benefit fully from the opportunities offered by the Single Market by publishing a strategy to improve governance of the single market.
 The expansion of the Internal Market Information (IMI) system to other areas of EU law such as, potentially, gambling and e-commerce1 will help to achieve this.
 IMI is a multilingual online application that allows national, regional and local authorities to communicate quickly and easily with their counterparts elsewhere in the EU.
 By December 2010, nearly 6 000 authorities were using this system where they can assist each other in order to, for example, process applications from foreign professionals, grant permissions or check that cross-border service providers comply with security obligations.
・Key elements of the proposed strategy
・Next steps:
・Background
 What is IMI?
 How is IMI used in practice?
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/imi-net
2011-02-21
2011-IP-0204   Europe Advice and SOLVIT IP/11/204
Your Europe Advice and SOLVIT: two European services allowing business and citizens to take full advantage of the Single Market
Today the European Commission published the 2010 annual reports on Your Europe Advice and SOLVIT, two services that help European citizens and businesses understand and defend their rights in the EU. In 2010, Your Europe Advice received 12 000 questions from citizens asking about their rights, for example their health insurance or unemployment benefit entitlements when going to live and work abroad. This represents a 15% increase from the previous year. SOLVIT provided over 1 300 practical and timely solutions to citizens and businesses who encountered administrative obstacles, such as getting professional qualifications recognised in another Member State so they could work there. Both of these services have enabled thousands of European citizens and businesses to benefit from the opportunities afforded by the Single Market.
・Your Europe Advice
 The total number of enquiries received by Your Europe Advice (formerly known as the 'Citizen Signpost Service') reached an all-time high of 12 000 questions in 2010, a 15% increase from the previous year. Thanks to the explanations and advice from around 50 experts across the Member States, these individuals are now able to take full advantage of their rights in the Single Market.
・SOLVIT
 In 2010, SOLVIT helped 1 363 citizens and businesses who ran into difficulties getting their Single Market rights recognised by national public administrations.
関連情報: SOLVIT: http://ec.europa.eu/solvit
2011-02-21
2011-IP-0223   stress at work IP/11/223
Health and safety at work: workers' and employers' agreement is helping to deal with stress at work
Over the last ten years, work-related stress has increased in nine Member States and has only fallen in Sweden. Studies suggest that between 50% and 60% of all lost working days are related to stress. In France for example, the cost of stress has been reported to reach at least €2 to €3 billion each year. In the UK it's estimated that 10 million working days are lost due to anxiety, stress and depression linked to work. The direct costs related to stress at work are now estimated to be as high as 4% of EU GDP. In response to these developments, European workers' and employers' representatives reached an agreement in 2004 to ensure a minimum level of protection against stress at work. The European Commission has published an evaluation of this agreement, concluding that it has had positive effects where implemented. In particular, employers' and workers' efforts have led to policy developments in 12 Member States where little had been done before. Although the agreement has not been implemented evenly in all countries, 19 Member States now have legislation or binding collective agreements that address stress or other psychological risks at work.
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=148&langId=en 他
2011-02-24
2011-IP-0229   Bisphenol A: use in baby bottles IP/11/229
Bisphenol A: EU ban on use in baby bottles enters into force next week
A ban prohibiting the manufacture in the European Union of baby bottles containing Bisphenol A (BPA) substance enters into force next week, on March 1. BPA is widely used in the production of plastic baby bottles. The ban is foreseen in an EU directive (2011/8/EU) adopted in late January which also cover, on June 1, the placing on the market and import into the EU of baby bottles containing BPA. Meanwhile, the industry is voluntarily withdrawing from the market baby bottles containing BPA and replacing them with safer products. This voluntary action is expected to be completed by mid 2011. Member States now have to communicate to the Commission the national legal measures they take to comply with the provisions of the directive.
・What is BPA?
・関連指令 : Directive 2011/8/EU [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:026:0011:0014:EN:PDF]
2011-02-25
2011-IP-0259   historical emissions data on which allocations IP/11/259
Inclusion of aviation in the EU ETS: Commission publishes historical emissions data on which allocations will be based
The European Commission has, today, taken an important step in preparing for the full inclusion of aviation in the EU's emissions trading system (EU ETS) from 1 January next year. The European Commission has decided on the historical aviation emissions which will be used to calculate the number of aviation allowances to be available from 2012.
 The decision on historical aviation emissions of 219,476,343 tonnes of CO2 represents the average of the estimated annual emissions for the years 2004, 2005 and 2006 of all flights that would be covered by the EU ETS performed by aircraft operators to and from European airports. Based on this figure for average annual aviation emissions in 2004-2006, the number of aviation allowances to be created in 2012 amounts to 212,892,052 tonnes of CO2, and the number of aviation allowances to be created each year from 2013 onwards amounts to 208,502,525 tonnes of CO2.
Background
 EU emissions from aviation have increased fast – almost doubling since 1990. It is estimated that one passenger, flying from Brussels to New York and back in economy class generates in the order of 800 kg of CO2.
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/documentation/transport/aviation/index_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/index_en.htm 他
2011-03-07
2011-IP-0362   Food safety : controls on imports from Japan IP/11/362
Food safety: the EU reinforces controls on imports from Japan
In order to further limit possible risks to the safety of its Food Chain, the European Union decided today to reinforce controls on imports of food and feed from certain regions of Japan, where production could be affected by the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Member States endorsed, at a meeting of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH), a Commission proposal to impose special import conditions. The measures apply to all feed and food originating in or consigned from 12 prefectures of Japan,1 including the four most affected by the accident. All products from these prefectures have to be tested before leaving Japan and will be subject to random testing in the EU. Feed and food products from the remaining 35 prefectures will have to be accompanied by a declaration stating the prefecture of origin and will be randomly tested upon arrival in the EU. The Union will review these measures every month. 2011-03-24
2011-IP-0404   Corporate governance IP/11/404
Corporate governance framework for European companies: what needs to be improved?
One of the lessons of the financial crisis is that corporate governance, until now usually based on self-regulation, was not as effective as it could have been. It is important that companies are better run. If companies are better run, not only is a future crisis less likely but they should also be more competitive. The European Commission has launched today a public consultation that addresses the ways in which corporate governance of European companies can be improved. Corporate governance is traditionally defined as the system by which companies are managed and controlled. The consultation covers a number of issues such as how to improve the diversity and functioning of the boards of directors and the monitoring and enforcement of existing national corporate governance codes, and how to enhance the engagement of shareholders. The deadline for submitting contributions in response to the consultation is 22 July 2011.
・What does the public consultation cover?
・What are the next steps?
Background information:
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/company/modern/corporate-governance-framework_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2011/corporate-governance-framework_en.htm
2011-04-05
2011-IP-0477   GMO IP/11/477
GMOs : Commission publishes report on socio-economic aspects of GMO cultivation in Europe
A European Commission report presented today demonstrates the current limitations in assessing the socio-economic implications of cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops in the European Union. Specifically, the report to the European Parliament and the Council, which is based on information principally provided by Member States, reveals that the existing information is often statistically limited and that it is frequently based on already preconceived ideas about GMO cultivation. In the report, the Commission also presents an analysis of the socio-economic dimensions of GMO cultivation as reported in the international scientific literature and in the conclusions of research projects funded under the European Framework Programme for Research.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biotechnology/index_en.htm
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biotechnology/reports_studies/docs/socio_economic_report_GMO_en.pdf
2011-04-15
2011-IP-0484   Directive on retention of telecommunications data IP/11/484
Commission evaluates the Directive on retention of telecommunications data
Today the European Commission adopted an evaluation report of the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC) outlining the lessons learned since its adoption in 2006.
The Directive established data retention as a response to urgent security challenges, following major terrorist attacks in Madrid in 2004 and in London in 2005.
The report concludes that retained telecommunications data play an important role in the protection of the public against the harm caused by serious crime.
The evaluation report analyses how Member States have transposed the Directive and assesses the use of retained data and the impact on operators and consumers
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/archive/20110418_data_retention_evaluation_en.pdf
2011-04-18
2011-IP-0505   Emissions trading IP/11/505
Emissions trading: Commission adopts decision on how free allowances should be allocated from 2013
The European Commission today adopted a Decision on how free emission allowances should be allocated from 2013 to industrial installations covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). Although auctioning will become the main principle for allocating allowances as of 2013, a proportion of free allowances will still be given to industry until 2020, notably to reduce costs for installations in sectors deemed to be exposed to significant competition from outside the EU. The Decision sets out the rules, including the benchmarks of greenhouse gas emissions performance, to be used by the Member States in calculating the number of allowances to be allocated for free annually in these sectors.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/benchmarking_en.htm
2011-04-27
2011-IP-0510   Traditional herbal medicines IP/11/510
Traditional herbal medicines: more safety for products put on EU market
From tomorrow, EU citizens can be reassured that the traditional herbal medicines they buy in the EU are safe and effective. The expiry of the 7 year transition period set out in the 2004 Herbal Directive (2004/24/EC) means that only medicinal products which have been registered or authorised can remain on the EU market after 1 May 2011. The Herbal Directive introduces a simpler registration procedure than for other medicinal products, in respect of the long history of use of traditional herbal medicinal products. At the same time, the Directive provides the necessary guarantees of their quality, safety and efficacy.
・Simplified procedure
・Seven years to register
・The Herbals Directive:
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/herbal-medicines/index_en.htm
2011-04-29
2011-IP-0620   REACH (cadmium) IP/11/620
Chemicals/REACH: EU to ban cadmium in jewellery, brazing sticks and all plastics
Cadmium in jewellery, plastics and brazing sticks will be banned in the EU from December 2011. High levels of the harmful substance cadmium have been found in some jewellery articles, especially in imported imitation jewellery. Consumers including children risked being exposed to cadmium through skin contact or through licking. The new legislation prohibits the use of cadmium in all types of jewellery products, except for antiques. The ban also covers cadmium in all plastics and brazing sticks, which are used to join dissimilar materials as fumes that are released during this process are highly dangerous if inhaled.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/restrictions/index_en.htm
2011-05-20
2011-IP-0630   Intellectual Property Rights IP/11/630
Commission sets out "blueprint" for Intellectual Property Rights to boost creativity and innovation
Intellectual property rights (IPR), which comprise patents, trademarks, designs and geographical indications, as well as copyright (authors' rights) and rights related to copyright (for performers, producers and broadcasters), have been around for centuries. Often, without our even realising, they affect our daily lives: they protect the technology we use (cars, mobile phones, trains), the food we eat and the music we listen to or the films we watch. But in the last few years, technological change and, in particular, the growing importance of online activities, have completely changed the world in which IPR operate.
The existing mix of European and national rules are no longer adapted and need to be modernised. That is why the Commission has adopted today a comprehensive strategy to revamp the legal framework in which IPR operate.
The new rules will strike the right balance between promoting creation and innovation, in part by ensuring reward and investment for creators and, on the other hand, promoting the widest possible access to goods and services protected by IPR.
関連情報 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/top_layer/index_52_en.htm
関連情報 http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_controls/counterfeit_piracy/statistics/index_en.htm
2011-05-24
2011-IP-0640   nuclear power plant (after Fukushima) IP/11/640
After Fukushima: EU Stress tests start on 1 June
From 1 June 2011 onwards, all 143 nuclear power plants in the EU will be re-assessed using EU wide criteria. These are comprehensive tests as the Commission has called for which embrace both natural and man made hazards (i.e. effects of airplane crashes and terrorist attacks). The European Commission and the European Nuclear Safety Regulators' Group (ENSREG) agreed today on the criteria covered and the way controls will be done.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/safety/stress_tests_en.htm
2011-05-25
2011-IP-0668   better standards to boost European competitiveness and promote consumers' interest IP/11/668
Commission for better standards to boost European competitiveness and promote consumers' interest
Brussels, 1 June 2011. Standards are a decisive tool in international competition. Consumers should not be obliged to change several chargers for their electronic devices. And a mass diffusion of electric cars will not happen without common standards for their recharge. Mobile phone or software companies are publicly showcasing their battle for the leadership of their respective standards. No doubt, a good standard can ease consumers' life, promote sustainability, enhance European competitiveness and technological leadership in global markets. The European Commission proposes today a series of legislative and non-legislative measures to develop more and faster standards. Standards are sets of voluntary technical and quality criteria for products, services and production processes. Nobody is obliged to use or apply them but they help businesses work together and to save money for consumers. But in the past, it took several years to develop a European standard so that some standards have lagged too far behind rapidly evolving technologies. Consequently, certain sectors have been reluctant to engage in standardisation or are unable to benefit from the positive effects of standards. This should be changed with the package presented today. The European Council of 4 February, in its conclusions on the "Innovation Union", invited the Commission "to make proposals to accelerate, simplify and modernize standardization procedures, notably to allow standards developed by industry to be turned into European standards".
関連情報 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/standardisation-policy/index_en.htm
2011-06-01
2011-IP-0681   Road charging IP/11/681
Road charging: Heavy lorries to pay for costs of air and noise pollution
EU Transport Commissioner Siim Kallas welcomed the vote by European Parliament today, giving its final approval to proposals for new EU rules to allow Member States to charge heavy lorries, not only for the costs of infrastructure which is currently the case, but also to levy an additional charge to cover the cost or air and noise pollution The revision of the current "Eurovignette Directive" will also enable Member States to better manage problems of congestion, with a new flexibility to vary the charge for heavy lorries (by up to 175%) at different times of the day. Importantly the vote also provides for "earmarking" so new charging revenues ar set aside for investment to improve transport infrastructure (TEN-T) projects.
・The current rules
・The new proposals
・Next steps
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/strategies/2008_greening_transport_en.htm
2011-06-07
2011-IP-0704   protect workers from harmful electromagnetic fields IP/11/704
Commission proposes to revamp rules to protect EU workers from harmful electromagnetic fields
Brussels, 14 June 2011 – A proposal to update and improve EU rules to protect workers from electromagnetic fields in their daily tasks has just been put forward by the European Commission. The rules are to protect workers like doctors and nurses giving patients magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRI), people working with radar, welders and workers reparing power lines. The proposal would replace the current Directive (2004/40/EC).

The proposal takes account of the 2004 Directive on minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from electromagnetic fields. It would update the current exposure limits to take on board new scientific evidence - particularly in relation to exposure limits of MRI in hospitals. It would also include a number of provisions to help employers in their efforts to carry out the risk assessments required by EU law. The aim of the proposal is to balance the protection of workers' health and safety with appropriate flexibility and proportionality so as not to unduly hamper the use and development of industrial and medical activities.
・What's covered by the directive?
・Next steps
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=716&langId=en&intPageId=222
2011-06-14
2011-IP-0752   Specialized food products IP/11/752
Specialized food products : Commission's initiative to provide better information to consumers
Brussels, 20 June 2011 – The European Commission adopted today a draft regulation that will better inform consumers across the EU and achieving the aim of better and clearer legislation.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/nutritional/index_en.htm
For example, lactose-free food, slimming products or protein bars could be covered by the dietetic food legislation (Directive 2009/39/EC). The proposal repeals this directive and abolishes the concept of dietetic foods because its application differs significantly between Member States and creates distortions in the internal market. Dietetic foods will be solely covered by other already existing legislation, such as, for instance, the one on nutrition and health claims (Regulation 1924/2006) and/or the regulation on the addition of vitamins, minerals and other substances to foods.

The draft regulation strengthens and clarifies provisions for foods intended for vulnerable groups of the population who need particular protection – namely infants and children up to three years old, and people with specific medical conditions, such as cancer patients or individuals with metabolism disorders.
2011-06-20
2011-IP-0767   Professional Qualifications Directive IP/11/767
European Commission seeks to modernise Professional Qualifications Directive
Brussels, 22 June 2011 - In consultation with stakeholders, the European Commission is seeking to modernise the Professional Qualifications Directive (Directive 2005/36/EC).

Internal Market Commissioner Michel Barnier said "Updating the Professional Qualifications Directive is one of the priorities of the Single Market Act and will help make the European economy more competitive while encouraging growth and job creation. We need to make it easier for professionals to go to where job vacancies exist. We will consider a number of important issues during this process including the creation of a professional card for interested professions and improving the training requirements for certain professions."

The Green Paper outlines possible ways forward that build on past achievements while developing new approaches to enhance mobility:
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2011/professional_qualifications_directive_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/index_en.htm
2011-06-22
2011-IP-0797   greenhouse gases from ships IP/11/797
Reducing greenhouse gases from ships: time is ticking away
Brussels, 28 June 2011 - European Commission Vice-President Siim Kallas and Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard are meeting today with the shipping industry, Member States and the European Parliament to discuss how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping in the short, medium and long term. In particular, they will look at how international negotiations can be moved forward.
Participants are expected to call for the adoption of the Energy Efficient Design Index developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) at the next meeting of the IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee in July. The index contains technical requirements to improve the design of new ships in order to reduce both their fuel consumption and emissions. The adoption of the index would give a positive signal that international negotiations at IMO can deliver concrete contributions to combating climate change.
2011-06-28
2011-IP-0901   schemes for biofuels IP/11/901
First EU sustainability schemes for biofuels get the go-ahead
Brussels, 19 July 2011 - Biofuels can represent an environmentally-friendly replacement of fossil fuels. However, we need to make sure that tropical forests and carbon rich peatlands are not turned into oil palm or sugarcane plantations. We also have to guarantee that compared to fossil fuels biofuels used in the EU deliver tangible greenhouse gas savings. To this end, the sustainability of biofuels needs to be checked by Member States or through voluntary schemes which have been approved by the European Commission. Today the Commission recognised seven such voluntary schemes: ISCC, Bonsucro EU, RTRS EU RED, RSB EU RED, 2BSvs, RSBA, and Greenergy. This recognition applies directly in 27 EU Member States.
 After a detailed assessment made by the Commission and various improvements the following schemes were recognised:
・ISCC (German (government financed) scheme covering all types of biofuels)
・Bonsucro EU (Roundtable initiative for sugarcane based biofuels, focus on Brazil)
・RTRS EU RED (Roundtable initiative for soy based biofuels, focus on Argentina and Brazil)
・RSB EU RED (Roundtable initiative covering all types of biofuels)
・2BSvs (French industry scheme covering all types of biofuels)
・RSBA (Industry scheme for Abengoa covering their supply chain)
・Greenergy (Industry scheme for Greenergy covering sugar cane ethanol from Brazil)
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/biofuels/sustainability_schemes_en.htm
2011-07-19
2011-IP-0906   Nuclear waste IP/11/906
Nuclear waste: Commission welcomes adoption of radioactive waste directive
Brussels, 19 July 2011 - Will the EU have binding standards for managing radioactive waste in the EU? Including final repositories for nuclear waste from nuclear power plants? Will Member States have to notify detailed programmes on when and how they will build these repositories? The answer to all these questions is: Yes. Today, the Council has adopted the "radioactive waste and spent fuel management directive", proposed by the Commission on 3rd November 2010. With this adoption, the Directive will enter into force at the latest in September this year, and Member States have to submit the first national programmes in 2015.

"This is a major achievement for nuclear safety in the EU" said Energy Commissioner Günther Oettinger. "After years of inaction, the EU for the very first time commits itself to a final disposal of nuclear waste. With this directive, the EU becomes the most advanced region for the safe management of radioactive waste and spent fuel."
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/waste_management/waste_management_en.htm
2011-07-19
2011-IP-0937   car radar systems IP/11/937
Digital Agenda: Commission facilitates deployment of car radar systems to boost road safety
Brussels 29 July 2011 - Authorisation to use the 24 GHz radio frequency band for short-range anti-collision radar in cars has been extended until 2018 by a European Commission decision. This temporary extension will ensure short range car radar systems remain available on the market until manufacturers develop technology using the 79 GHz band, which was the operating frequency designated for such systems back in 2004.
Only 0.05 % of cars in Europe are equipped with such radar systems, which currently all use the 24 GHz band, and are mainly in luxury cars. Manufacturers have encountered difficulties in developing systems using the 79 GHz band, so that technology in the 79 GHz band has not developed as fast as initially predicted by the industry. As a result, 79 GHz-technology is not mature enough for commercial deployment in cars by 2013, when the use of the 24 GHz band by these systems had been due to end.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/ecomm/radio_spectrum/topics/transport/srr/index_en.htm
2011-07-29
2011-IP-0991   Electronic identification of bovines IP/11/991
Electronic identification of bovines to further strengthen food safety and animal health in the EU
Brussels, 30 August 2011 – The European Commission today adopted a proposal that will, when implemented, further enhance food safety and better safeguard animal health in the EU.
In particular, the Commission proposal provides the legal framework for the introduction, for the first time and on a voluntary basis, of an electronic identification system (EID) for bovine animals. Bovine EID is already used in several EU Member States on a private basis mainly for farm management purposes. Its implementation on a wider scale will strengthen the current traceability system for bovine animals and food products (e.g. beef) making it faster and more accurate. Finally, it may bring benefits to farmers and other stakeholders as it will reduce the administrative burden through the simplification of the current administrative procedures. Despite its voluntary character, the Commission proposal allows Member States to introduce a mandatory regime at national level.
In addition to EID, the Commission proposal introduces changes in relation to labelling, by repealing the current provisions on voluntary beef labelling. The main objective is to reduce unnecessary administrative burden.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/identification/bovine/index_en.htm
2011-08-30
2011-IP-1028   Animal Testing for Cosmetics IP/11/1028
Commission reports on Progress in the Development of Alternative Methods to Animal Testing for Cosmetics
Commission reports on Progress in the Development of Alternative Methods to Animal Testing for Cosmetics
 Brussels, 13 September 2011 - The European Commission presented today its yearly report on Alternative Methods to Animal Tests in the Field of Cosmetics to the European Parliament and Council.
 The Cosmetics Directive prohibits animal testing in the EU of finished cosmetic products since 2004, animal testing of ingredients of cosmetic products is prohibited since 2009.
 A marketing ban is also in place which prohibits selling in the EU cosmetic products containing ingredients which have been tested on animals irrespective of the place of the testing after March 2009.
 For many of the tests needed to ensure the safety of cosmetic products alternative methods are developed and validated by now. However, work continues to close the remaining gap for the small number of the most complex effects2 on health for which the marketing ban deadline comes into force in March 2013.
・What efforts have been made to find alternatives?
・What progress has been made?
・What next ?
 Report: http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/docs/annual_reports_animal_testing_13092011_en.pdf
2011-09-13
2011-IP-1065   European Day of Languages IP/11/1065
10th European Day of Languages: what's happening near you
Brussels, 23 September 2011 – 'You live a new life for every new language you speak; if you know only one language, you live only once.' This Czech proverb is one of the slogans for the 10th European Day of Languages, which will be marked on and around 26 September with events including conferences, quizzes, poetry readings and street games (full list here). The aim is to promote language learning and celebrate Europe's linguistic diversity, from the 23 'official' languages of the EU to its wealth of co-official, regional and minority languages and dialects.
 Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, will sign a joint declaration with Thorbjørn Jagland, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, to re-affirm their commitment to multilingualism.
 The EU's Polish Presidency has put language learning high on its agenda and is urging young people to learn two languages in addition to their mother-tongue to further their personal and professional goals
 "The benefits of speaking a language other than your native tongue are easy to see. Whether you're working abroad in Germany, studying in France or on holiday in Cyprus, it's a huge advantage to be able to communicate directly with the local population. Languages broaden the mind, open up new horizons and will increase your employability," said Commissioner Vassiliou.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/funding/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/languages/languages-mean-business/index_en.htm
2011-09-23
2011-IP-1077   emissions allowances to airlines IP/11/1077
European Commission sets the rules for allocation of free emissions allowances to airlines
Brussels, 26 September 2011 - Today the European Commission has taken an important step for the aviation industry to join other economic sectors in the fight against climate change. Aviation will become part of the EU's emissions trading system (EU ETS) from 2012. The European Commission has published the benchmark values which will be used to allocate greenhouse gas emission allowances free of charge to more than 900 aircraft operators.
Decision : http://www.acceptance.ec.europa.eu/clima/news/articles/news_2011092301_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/aviation/index_en.htm
2011-09-26
2011-IP-1089   travelling and staying in the EU Foreign students, school pupils, trainees and volunteers cannot fully exploit the advantages of travelling and staying in the EU According to a report issued by the Commission today, foreign students still experience difficulties coming to the EU to study, due to an uneven implementation of the relevant EU legislation. The first report on how Member States have implemented EU rules on the entry and residence of students, pupils, unremunerated trainees and volunteers from third countries suggests that the use of these forms of temporary migration could be further improved. In particular, the level of harmonisation achieved by the Directive and the rights it grants could be increased and strengthened.
Background
 Directive 2004/114/EC 2 establishes common rules of admission for non EU nationals to an EU Member State for the purposes of studies, pupil exchange, unremunerated training or voluntary service.
For more information
 http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/news/intro/docs/20110928/1_EN_ACT_part1_v6.pdf
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/index_en.htm
2011-09-28
2011-IP-1094   safer for consumers to shop for tickets online IP/11/1094
Buying on the internet : it's now safer for consumers to shop for tickets online following EU action
Brussels, 29 September 2011 - Buying tickets for music and sporting events on the internet is now much less likely to end in tears, following a crackdown on problematic websites which sold tickets to non-existent events or which failed to explain whether the buyer would get a refund or not, if the event was cancelled. 88% of the websites selling tickets for cultural and sporting events, checked for breach of EU consumer rules, now comply with EU law (compared with only 40% in 2010), and further improvements can be expected as cases are brought to the courts. The EU co-ordinated "Sweep" investigation was launched in September 2010 by national authorities in all Member States, Norway and Iceland. The problems identified included: incomplete or misleading information about the price of tickets; unfair terms and conditions; incomplete or misleading information about the trader. Sites have been corrected, usually voluntarily, but in some cases penalties were imposed.
関連: MEMO/11/644(2011-09-29)
2011-09-29
2011-IP-1171   information on prescription medicines IP/11/1171
Empowering the patient: European Commission wants clearer rules for information on prescription medicines
・Brussels, 11 October 2011 - Today, the European Commission adopted revised proposals clarifying the information that industry can supply to the public on prescription-only medicines.
 Patients are increasingly interested in learning more about the medicines they take and want more of a say in how they are treated.
 At the same time, patients are confronted with a growing volume of information from various sources and often find it difficult to identify reliable information about medicines. The increased use of the internet over recent years makes the need for clarity even more important. The increased use of the internet over recent years makes the need for clarity even more important.
 The proposals maintain the current advertising ban on the prescription-only medicines and foresee that:
・Only certain information on prescription-only medicines would be allowed.
・Information on prescription-only medicines would only be allowed through limited channels of communication.
・The information must fulfil recognised quality criteria.
・As a general principle, information which has not been approved before needs to be verified by competent authorities prior to its dessimination.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/information-to-patient/legislative-developments_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/pharmacovigilance/index_en.htm
2011-10-11
2011-IP-1202   nanomaterial IP/11/1202
What is a "nanomaterial"? European Commission breaks new ground with a common definition
 "Nanomaterials" are materials whose main constituents have a dimension of between 1 and 100 billionth of a metre, according to a recommendation adopted by the European Commission today. The announcement marks an important step towards greater protection for citizens, clearly defining which materials need special treatment in specific legislation.
・Nanomaterials are already being used in hundreds of applications and consumer products ranging from toothpaste to batteries, paints and clothing
・Developing these innovative substances is an important driver for European competitiveness, and they have significant potential for progress in areas like medicine, environmental protection and energy efficiency.
・But as uncertainties remain about the risks they pose, a clear definition is needed to ensure that the appropriate chemical safety rules apply.
 詳細情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/nanotech/index.htm
2011-10-18
2011-IP-1230   dioxin contamination in food and feed IP/11/1230
Member States endorse EU measures to better prevent dioxin contamination in food and feed
 Brussels, 21 October 2011 - The protection of consumers and industry against a possible dioxin contamination will soon improve significantly thanks to a Commission proposal, which was endorsed today by the Member States at the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH).
 In particular, four measures, which are to be implemented throughout the EU by mid next year, will further reduce the risk of contamination in the food chain
・The measures
- Feed businesses processing crude vegetable oils, manufacturing products derived from oils of vegetable origin and blending fats, will have to be approved, and not only registered, by the competent authority.
- Fats intended for feed and food will now be strictly segregated during their production and transport from fats intended for technical use for example in the chemical industry
- An EU harmonised plan with mandatory minimum testing for dioxin depending on the risk inherent to the products, will be introduced.
- All laboratories are obliged to directly notify the competent authorities of any excessive findings of dioxin.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/animalnutrition/contaminants/dioxins_en.htm
2011-10-21
2011-IP-1237   RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) IP/11/1237
Food Safety : Report documents growing importance of the EU's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed
Brussels, 25 October 2011 - The European Union's system for quick exchange of information on risks linked to food and feed - an invaluable tool especially at times of crisis - has further grown in importance during 2010, the system's annual report reveals.
The 2010 annual report of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF), notes that the number of notifications in RASFF rose to 8582 last year.
This is a record number and constitutes an increase of 8% compared to 2009, when the number of notifications was slightly under 8000.
・Safer imports
・Facts & figures
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/rasff
2011-10-25
2011-IP-1238   CSR, Transparency Directive IP/11/1238
More responsible businesses can foster more growth in Europe
Brussels, 25 October 2011
 A responsible approach to business means more, and more sustainable, economic growth.
 First, the Social Business Initiative will help this emerging sector to fulfil its unexploited potential
・Key elements of the package
 - Encouraging responsible business
 - Facilitating Social Entrepreneurship
 - Cutting red tape for SMEs
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/smact/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/social_business/index_en.htm
2011-10-25
2011-IP-1255   child sexual abuse IP/11/1255
European Parliament supports stronger legislation against child sexual abuse
 Brussels, 27 October 2011 – The European Parliament today approved the European Commission's proposal for a Directive on combating sexual abuse, sexual exploitation of children and child pornography.
 The Directive, including a number of amendments adopted in the Parliament today, closely reflects the Commission's proposal.
 It notably includes provisions not only on the prosecution of offenders, but also on the prevention of offences and protection of child victims. It provides for the right of employers to ask for information on criminal records, and for awareness raising campaigns and the training of professionals as preventive measures. The directive also introduces the obligation for Member States to remove child pornography pages hosted on the Internet in their territory and to take action to have them removed if hosted abroad.
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/index_en.htm
2011-10-27
2011-IP-1260   safety standards for offshore oil and gas operations IP/11/1260
Energy: Commission sets out new safety standards for offshore oil and gas operations
Brussels – 27 October. The likelihood of a major offshore accident in European waters remains unacceptably high. With a stringent safety regime it is possible to bring the risk of such an accident down to the absolute minimum. Damage done to the environment and coastal economies can be significantly reduced if an effective emergency response plan is put in place beforehand. This is why the European Commission has proposed today a new law which will ensure that European offshore oil and gas production will respect the world's highest safety, health and environmental standards everywhere in the EU.
 The new draft regulation sets clear rules that cover the whole lifecycle of all exploration and production activities from design to the final removal of an oil or gas installation.
・Licensing
・Independent verifiers
・Obligatory ex ante emergency planning
・Inspections
  ・・・・・
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/oil/offshore/standards_en.htm
2011-10-27
2011-IP-1285   GMO IP/11/1285
GMOs: EU's legislation on the right track, evaluation reports conclude
Brussels, 28 October 2011 – Two independent reports evaluating the European Union's legislation on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) conclude that there is broad support for the legislation's objectives and show that recent legislative Commission initiatives are heading in the right direction.
 The documents, published today, also note that some adjustments are necessary if we are to meet the objectives of the legislation -the protection of health and the environment and the creation of an internal market- and to ensure that the legislation is properly implemented.
・The reports
 The two reports were carried out by independent consultants on the Commission's behalf1. The first, a 238-page document, evaluates the EU's legislative framework in the field of GM food and feed. The second, a 137-page document, focuses on the legislative framework in the area of GMOs cultivation.
・The main findings
・On the right track – already delivered
・In the pipeline
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biotechnology/index_en.htm
2011-10-28
2011-IP-1292   digitisation of EU culture IP/11/1292
Digital Agenda: encouraging digitisation of EU culture to help boost growth
Brussels, 28th October 2011 – The European Commission has adopted a Recommendation asking EU Member States to step up their efforts, pool their resources and involve the private sector in digitising cultural material. This is essential to make European cultural heritage more widely available and to boost growth in Europe's creative industries. The digitised material should be made available through Europeana, Europe's digital library, archive and museum (see www.europeana.eu).
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/index_en.htm
 http://www.europeana.eu/portal/
2011-10-28
2011-IP-1330   Animal welfare IP/11/1330
Animal welfare: Protection during transport improved but more needs to be done, Commission report concludes
Brussels, 10 November 2011
-The protection of animals during transport has improved since the pertinent regulation (Regulation (EC) No. 1/2005) was applied on 1 January 2007, a European Commission report concludes. But the report also highlights a series of problems hampering further improvement in the transport conditions of these animals.
・Main findings
 The Report examines the impact of the Regulation on animal welfare, a comparison of the situation before and after its application.
This comparison revealed that the overall quality of animal transport has improved mainly because of improved transport vehicles and a better awareness of the needs of animals by the people involved.
The improvements relate primarily to long journeys.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/transport/index_en.htm
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/transport/docs/10112011_report_en.pdf
2011-11-10
2011-IP-1341   Food additives IP/11/1341
Food: new legislation to make the use of additives in the EU safer and more transparent
Brussels, 14 November 2011 - The use of additives1 in food will soon become even safer and more transparent than it currently is thanks to two pieces of legislation adopted by the European Commission.
・The two regulations establish two new lists.
- The first concerns additives in foodstuff and it will come into application in June 2013 (this grace period for the application was deemed necessary to allow the Union's food industry to adapt to the new rules). This list, which is also available in a database online (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/sanco_foods/?sector=FAD), will allow consumers, food business operators and control authorities to easily identify which additives are authorised in a particular foodstuff.
- The second list regards additives in food ingredients, such as other additives, enzymes, flavourings and nutrients and it will apply 20 days after its publication in the EU's Official Journal.
・Transparency
・What else changes by the new legislative provisions
・General background on additives
・Re-evaluation of additives
・Guidelines and instructions
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/fAEF/index_en.htm
2011-11-14
2011-IP-1342   cigarette ignited fires IP/11/1342
Consumers: EU move to reduce cigarette ignited fires to save hundreds of lives each year
Brussels, 14 November 2011 - Cigarettes left unattended are one of the leading causes of fatal fires in Europe. Evidence shows that the number of fatalities can be reduced by over 40% with the introduction of 'Reduced Ignition Propensity' (RIP) cigarettes. This means cigarettes which self extinguish when left unattended and which are thus less likely to cause fire. This safety measure is already in place in some countries globally (US, Canada, Australia), and, in the EU, in Finland since April 2010.
・Protecting citizens from fire hazard
 It must be stressed that tobacco is the largest avoidable health risk in Europe causing the death of more than an estimated half a million people in the EU each year. The Commission remains committed to a "smoke-free Europe" and address this issue via its on-going EU "Ex-smokers are unstoppable" campaign (see IP/11/710 and MEMO/11/405).
・New safety standards : how does it work
関連情報 :
 EN 16156:2010 Cigarettes - Assessment of the ignition propensity - Safety requirement; and EN ISO 12863:2010 Standard test method for assessing the ignition propensity of cigarettes
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/prod_legis/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/policy/index_en.htm
2011-11-14
2011-IP-1343   Aviation security IP/11/1343
Aviation security: Commission adopts new rules on the use of security scanners at European airports
Brussels, 14 November 2011 -The European Commission has adopted today a proposal for an European Union legal framework on security scanners. This legislation allows airports and Member States that wish to use security scanners for the screening of passengers to do so under strict operational and technical conditions.
 Member States have been trialling or testing security scanners1, since a terrorist attempted on 25 December 2009 to blow up a plane flying from Amsterdam to Detroit with plastic explosives he had hidden in his underwear. Until now the use of security scanners has been done under a patchwork of different national operational procedures and standards and in a limited way. As a common EU-wide framework, the new legislation legally allows Member States and airports to replace current security systems with security scanners. It also ensures the uniform application of security rules at all airports and provides strict and mandatory safeguards to ensure compliance with fundamental rights and the protection of health.
2011-11-14
2011-IP-1359   antimicrobial resistance IP/11/1359
Action Plan against antimicrobial resistance: Commission unveils 12 concrete actions for the next five years
Brussels, 17 November 2011
- With about 25,000 patients dying per year in the EU from infections caused by drug resistant bacteria and related costs of over 1.5 billion euros in healthcare expenses and productivity losses 1 , antimicrobial resistance is a growing health problem in the EU. Today, on the eve of European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Commission has tabled a comprehensive Action Plan on Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) which unveils12 concrete actions to be implemented in close cooperation with the Member States.
・Increasing resistance
・Key actions
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/antimicrobial_resistance/policy/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/research/health/infectious-diseases/antimicrobial-drug-resistance/index_en.html
 http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/amr.htm
 http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/Pages/home.aspx
2011-11-17
2011-IP-1362   electric vehicles IP/11/1362
International agreed rules to speed up introduction of electric vehicles
Brussels 17 November 2011
- The introduction of electrical cars will get a further boost with an international agreement promoted by the European Union, the United States and Japan in Geneva (Switzerland) today. The partners agreed to closely cooperate on convergence of regulatory obligations related to electric vehicles in the global context. This will lead to cost savings through economies of scale for automotive manufacturers. Currently they only produce relatively small volumes of electric vehicles in different world regions. The agreement is, therefore key in the context of economic recovery and general cost-sensitiveness of the industry. Taking into account that the rules for electro-mobility technologies are currently being developed on both sides of the Atlantic and Asia, the cooperation is particularly interesting as it offers a unique opportunity to develop common approaches.
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/technical-harmonisation/global-harmonisation/index_en.htm
2011-11-17
2011-IP-1366   Food safety (BTSF) IP/11/1366
Food safety: Training initiative celebrates five years of contribution to making food safer worldwide
Brussels, 18 November 2011
- Since its creation five years ago, the European Commission's Better Training for Safer Food initiative (BTSF) has trained almost 30.000 professionals worldwide, thus contributing significantly to making food in the EU safer than it has ever been. Effective official controls on food safety and veterinary issues are vital for protecting public, animal and plant health. Harmonisation in this area allows businesses across the EU and beyond to compete on a level playing field and reap the benefits of increased trade in safe food.
・Workshop in Malta
・History and benefits
 Concrete training within BTSF began in 2006 and during that first year seven programmes were organised on different subjects related to the initiative's overall areas of focus. Since then, BTSF has expanded considerably and 25 programmes are now run annually. Between 2006 and 2011, approximately 29 000 people have participated directly in training from some 180 countries worldwide for a total budget of EUR 68 million.
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/training_strategy/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/eahc/food/index.html
2011-11-18
2011-IP-1398   Erasmus for All IP/11/1398
Erasmus for All: 5 million in line for EU funding
Brussels, 23 November 2011
- Up to 5 million people, almost twice as many as now, could get the chance to study or train abroad with a grant from Erasmus for All, the new EU programme for education, training, youth and sport proposed by the European Commission today. Among them would be nearly 3 million higher education and vocational students. Master's degree students would also benefit from a new loan guarantee scheme set up with the European Investment Bank Group. The seven-year Erasmus for All programme, which would have a total budget of €19 billion, is due to start in 2014.
・Background
 Erasmus for All would bring together all the current EU and international schemes for education, training, youth and sport, replacing seven existing programmes 1 with one. This will increase efficiency, make it easier to apply for grants, as well as reducing duplication and fragmentation.
・Next steps
 This proposal is now under discussion by the Council (27 Member States) and the European Parliament who will take the final decision on the budgetary framework for 2014-2020.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus-for-all
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/vassiliou
2011-11-23
2011-IP-1450   Nuclear safety IP/11/1450
Nuclear safety: stress tests well on track
Brussels, 24 November
- The European stress tests of nuclear power plants are well on track and will further enhance nuclear safety and security in the EU, the Commission says in its very first Communication on the stress tests. Following the nuclear accident in Fukushima, the EU reacted swiftly and agreed on voluntary tests for all of its 143 nuclear power plants based on a set of common criteria. In its Communication published today, the Commission looks at first findings of these stress tests and points to some policy areas where new the EU nuclear safety framework can be strenghened with common standards. Results of the stress tests will be known next year once the tests are finalised.
 All 14 EU Member States which operate nuclear power plants (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom) and Lithuania, which is currently decommissioning its last nuclear power producing unit, are taking part in the stress tests. EU neighbours such as Switzerland and Ukraine also participate actively in the exercise, whereas other neighbouring countries confirmed their commitment to participate.
 The European Commission is already now drawing the first lessons from the tests, although the final results of the stress tests will only be known next year, when the tests are completed. The Communication identifies a number of policy areas where further action is deemed necessary, either through better coordination among Member States or by proposing new EU legislation on nuclear safety:
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/safety/stress_tests_en.htm
2011-11-24
2011-IP-1452   air traffic management IP/11/1452
Aviation: Progress reports show key targets for European air traffic management "at risk"
Brussels, 25 November 2011
- Progress reports published today on the Single European Sky – far-reaching proposals to put in place a pan-European air traffic management system by 2030 – "set alarm bells ringing."
・2012 is a critical year for the Single European Sky – there are four key deliverables:
 ・the performance scheme, setting key air traffic management (ATM) targets (to start early in 2012);
 ・the nine "functional airspace blocks" (to be operational by end-2012);
 ・the ATM network manager (already designated as Eurocontrol);
 ・the launch of the deployment phase of SESAR, the technological arm of the Single European Sky (from 2014), moving from the R&D phase to the rollout of new equipment and technology.
1. On the performance scheme:
2. On the functional airspace blocks (FABs)
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
ANNEX 1: European Commission "Traffic light assessment" of progress on functional airspace blocks. [空域図] 9 FABs
ANNEX 2: European Commission "traffic light assessment" of Member State performance plans for ATM cost and capacity (delays) [国別表]
2011-11-25
2011-IP-1455   Aviation safety IP/11/1455
Aviation safety: new EU-wide licences to make flying safer
Brussels, 25 November 2011
- The European Commission has published today a regulation harmonising qualification and medical requirements for pilots. This regulation will enable pilots holding a licence issued in one Member State to fly throughout the European Union without needing to fulfil any additional technical or medical requirements. The rules are based on international aviation safety standards set out in the Chicago Convention.
 Several new approaches have been included:
 ・New light aircraft pilot licences and related medical requirements are introduced, making it easier to engage in flying activities while ensuring a high level of safety;
 ・The creation of the first set of harmonised rules covering licenses for sailplanes, hot air balloons, airships and powered-lift aircrafts;
 ・Medical fitness of cabin crew is harmonised at EU level, improving existing EU rules (1).
関連 : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:311:0001:0193:EN:PDF
2011-11-25
2011-IP-1478   Galileo IP/11/1478
New way forward for Galileo satellite navigation
Brussels, 30 November 2011 – The European Commission has proposed today the new framework for the financing and governance of the two European satellite navigation programmes Galileo and EGNOS (GPS signal augmentation) for the period 2014-2020. The Commission proposes to earmark €7.0 billions to guarantee the completion of the EU satellite navigation infrastructure and to ensure the exploitation of the systems until 2020, such as the operations of the space and terrestrial infrastructures, the necessary replenishment/replacement activities, certification procedures, and notably the provision of services. The proposal also recalls that the Union remains the owner of the systems. Therefore the management of the programmes' exploitation should be delegated to the European GNSS Agency while management of the programmes' deployment should be delegated to the European Space Agency.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/satnav/galileo/index_en.htm
2011-11-30
2011-IP-1479   EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) IP/11/1479
European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) to create more innovation hubs
 Brussels, 30 November 2011
- The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is to significantly step up its efforts to drive innovation and entrepreneurship in the EU with the creation of six new cross-border innovation hubs, known as Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), in 2014-2020. The European Commission has allocated a budget of Euro 2.8 billion in the next financial framework to enable the EIT to expand and consolidate the development of its existing KICs which focus on climate change, sustainable energy and ICT.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/education/eit/eit-home_en.htm
 http://eit.europa.eu/
2011-11-30
2011-IP-1494   CARS 21 IP/11/1494
CARS 21 Group calls for action to keep auto industry fit
Brussels 2 December 2011
– The European vehicle industry has impressively recovered from a severe slump in the wake of financial crisis in 2008, in particular by profiting from growth on third markets. But today's weakened business confidence risks to worsen the good performance of the car industry again. Moreover competition from Asia is likely to put more pressure on EU industry in the years to come. Therefore, the CARS 21 High Level Group adopted today a first set of recommendations for the competitiveness and sustainable growth of the European automotive industry.
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/competitiveness-cars21/cars21/index_en.htm
2011-12-02
2011-IP-1516   Public Health IP/11/1516
Public Health: Commission proposes effective measures to better protect citizens from a wide range of cross-border health threats
Brussels, 8 December 2011.
 To better protect Europeans from a wide range of health threats, and provide for a fully co-ordinated response in the event of a crisis, the European Commission adopted today a legislative proposal on the means to address serious cross border health threats. Building on lessons learned with recent crises such as the H1N1 pandemic in 2009, the volcanic ash cloud in 2010 and the outbreak of E. coli in 2011, the Commission is proposing to beef up the means to prepare for and to address such crises.
 The main measures proposed include:
・to extend the existing co-ordination mechanism for communicable diseases to all heath threats caused by biological, chemical or environmental causes;
・to reinforce the mandate of the Health Security Committee;
・to strengthen preparedness for crises e.g. by enabling joint purchasing of vaccines;
・to provide the means to recognise a European "health emergency situation" for the purpose of making medicines available faster;
・and to agree on European wide emergency cross border measures when a crisis results in large scale mortality and national measures fail to stop the disease from spreading.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/preparedness_response/policy/index_en.htm
2011-12-08
2011-IP-1520   Vehicle noise IP/11/1520
Vehicle noise to be reduced
Brussels, 9 December 2011.
 The European Commission proposed today to reduce noise produced by cars, vans, buses, coaches, light and heavy trucks. Noise limit values would be lowered in two steps of each 2 dB(A) for passenger cars, vans, buses and coaches. For trucks the reduction would be 1 dB(A) in the first step and 2 dB(A) in the second step. The first step is to apply two years after the publication of the text once approved by the EP and Member States and the second step is foreseen three years thereafter. Altogether, these measures will reduce vehicle noise nuisance by some 25%. In addition, the Commission intends to introduce a new and more reliable test method to measure sound emissions. Moreover it is proposed that electric and hybrid electric vehicles can be fitted optionally with sound generating devices which would make these cars safer. Noise emissions limits have not changed since 1996 despite increasing traffic.
・New noise limits measured with a new test method
・Electric and hybrid electric vehicles
・A global benefit
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/environment/noise/index_en.htm
2011-12-09
2011-IP-1542   phosphates in consumer detergents IP/11/1542
EP supports ban of phosphates in consumer detergents
Brussels, 14 December 2011:
 The European Commission welcomes the adoption by the European Parliament of the proposal to ban the use of phosphates and to limit the content of other phosphorous containing compounds in consumer laundry detergents as of 30 June 2013. Similar restrictions will apply to automatic dishwasher detergents for consumers as of 1 January 2017. When excessively discharged into water, phosphates cause algae to grow at the expense of other aquatic life.
 Member States have the possibility to advance the date of applicability when certain conditions are fulfilled and the Commission has been tasked to review the situation before 31 December 2014. The Regulation aims to reduce the amount of phosphates found in waste water and to improve water quality.
 The Regulation does not affect detergents used by professionals as technically and economically feasible alternatives are not yet available throughout the EU.
関連
 Report on phosphates in detergents http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2007:0234:FIN:en:PDF
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/documents/specific-chemicals/detergents/index_en.htm
2011-12-14
2011-IP-1561   Anti-Fraud (Hercule III and Pericles 2020) IP/11/1561
Anti-Fraud: New anti-fraud programmes adopted to protect EU financial interests until 2020
Brussels, 19 December 2011,
 EU Anti-Fraud policy makes a substantial contribution to protecting the financial interests of the EU and Member States' budgets every year. It ensures that EU and national budgets are well protected, that the money is spent for its intended purposes and reaches its proper beneficiaries.
Hercule III
 The Hercule III programme is dedicated to fighting fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the EU. It focuses in particular on cooperation between the Commission, via the European Anti-fraud Office (OLAF), competent authorities in the Member States, and other European institutions and bodies.
Pericles 2020
 The Pericles 2020 programme is an exchange, assistance and training programme to strengthen the protection of euro banknotes and coins in Europe and worldwide.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/anti_fraud/programmes/
2011-12-19
2011-IP-1562   Professional Qualifications Directive IP/11/1562
Modernising the Professional Qualifications Directive will make it easier for professionals to find skilled jobs across Europe
Brussels, 19 December 2011
- As the working age population in many Member States shrinks1, demand for highly skilled people between now and 2020 is projected to rise by over 16 million jobs2. If Europe is to meet this demand, gaps in labour shortages need to be filled – for example through mobile and well qualified professionals from other EU Member States. They can be a key source of growth, but only if they can easily go to where jobs are and this requires their qualifications in the EU to be recognised in a fast, simple and reliable way. That is why the Commission has today adopted a proposal for modernising the Professional Qualifications Directive (Directive 2005/36/EC).
・Key elements of the proposal:
1. The introduction of a European professional card will offer to ・・・
2. Better access to information on the recognition of professional qualifications:
3. Updating minimum training requirements for doctors, dentists, pharmacists, nurses, midwives, veterinary surgeons and architects:
  ・・・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/policy_developments/index_en.htm
2011-12-19
2011-IP-1578   goods which could be used for capital punishment or torture IP/11/1578
Commission extends control over goods which could be used for capital punishment or torture
Brussels, 20 December 2011
- The European Commission decided today to extend the list of goods subject to export controls, to prevent their use for capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
 As of today, trade of certain anaesthetics, such as sodium thiopental, which can be used in lethal injections, to countries that have not yet abolished the death penalty, will be tightly controlled.
 Furthermore, the scope of the EU regulation has been enlarged to include other products such as spike batons that previously were not prohibited.
・Background:
 Council Regulation (EU) No 1236/2005 concerning trade in certain goods which could be used for capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment was adopted on 27 June 2005. It comprises an import and export ban for certain goods listed in Annex II and an export control regime for certain other goods listed in Annex III.
 In March 2010, Amnesty International published a report asking for a number of amendments to this Regulation. The European Parliament repeated these requests in a resolution adopted on 17 June 2010. Since then, the Commission has examined possible ways to move forward in order to respond to these calls.
 Today, the Commission adopted Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1236/2005 concerning trade in certain goods which could be used for capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. As a result:
 ・exports of short and medium acting barbiturate anaesthetic agents are subject to prior authorisation by national authorities;
 ・imports and exports of spiked batons are prohibited;
 ・imports and exports of electric shock sleeves and cuffs are prohibited (electric shock belts were already banned before).
2011-12-20
2011-MEMO-0007   Professional Qualifications Directive and a European Professional Card MEMO/11/7
Public consultation on the Professional Qualifications Directive and a European Professional Card - Frequently asked questions
1. What is the Professional Qualifications Directive about?
2. Why do we need a well-functioning system of recognition of professional qualifications?
3. How does the recognition of qualifications work in practice under the Directive?
4. Which professions are regulated in the EU?
5. Two concrete examples of how recognition works in practice:
6. What is the European Professional Card?
7. What other parts of the Directive could be improved upon?
8. What are the next steps?
関連情報 : http://www.ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/evaluation_en.htm
2011-01-07
2011-MEMO-0026   Galileo and EGNOS MEMO/11/26
The Mid-term Review of the European Satellite Radio Navigation Programmes Galileo and EGNOS: Questions and Answers
What is satellite navigation?
What is Galileo?
Why has the EU launched a satellite navigation programme?
What is EGNOS?
What has been achieved until now by the Galileo and EGNOS Programmes?
What are the economic benefits of Galileo and EGNOS?
How much have the Galileo and EGNOS Programmes cost?
How much money is required to complete the two Programmes?
Why does the Galileo budget need to be replenished?
When will Galileo and EGNOS be operational?
How much will EGNOS and Galileo cost to operate?
2011-01-18
2011-MEMO-0041   Alternative fuels for transport MEMO/11/41
Alternative fuels for transport
Transport has been the sector most resilient to efforts to reduce CO2 emissions due to its strong dependence on fossil energy sources and its steady growth despite the considerable efficiency gains that have already been made. Emissions can be reduced by improving energy efficiency, transport efficiency, and effective transport demand management. But the ultimate solution to decarbonising transport is the substitution of fossil fuels by CO2-lean energy supply to transport.
・What is the current situation of transport in relation to fuel supply and climate protection?
・How is the Commission addressing this situation?
・Is there a single-fuel solution covering all transport modes?
・What are the alternative fuel options for substituting oil in transport?
・Which options of alternative fuels for the different transport modes? [表]
・Biofuels
・Synthetic fuels
・Methane
・LPG
Report: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/urban/vehicles/road/clean_transport_systems_en.htm
関連(IP/11/61) : http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/11/61&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=fr
2011-01-25
2011-MEMO-0064   guidelines for quality assurance in colorectal cancer screening and diagnosis MEMO/11/64
Q&A: European guidelines for quality assurance in colorectal cancer screening and diagnosis
Today, the European Commission published new European guidelines on quality assurance in colorectal cancer screening. Similar guidelines have already been developed for breast and cervical cancer screening to promote safe, equitable, reliable and cost-effective services which maximise benefits to those attending screening whilst, at the same time, minimising adverse effects. The new EU Guidelines for colorectal screening and diagnosis will provide similar standards for colorectal screening. They provide guiding principles and evidence-based recommendations for quality assurance that should be followed when implementing screening in the Member States. Experience has shown that success of the screening exercise depends on the quality of the services provided at each step in the screening process.
・What is the current burden of cancer in the EU?
・Why colorectal cancer screening?
・Why is the EU publishing such guidelines on colorectal cancer screening?
・What is the recommended test and who is it for?
・What is an organised, population-based screening programme?
・Why is quality assurance so important?
・How do you implement screening programmes in line with the Guidelines?
・Background on EU Action on Cancer
For further information
http://ec.europa.eu/health/major_chronic_diseases/diseases/cancer/index_en.htm#fragment1
2011-02-03
2011-MEMO-0071   Herbal Medicinal Products MEMO/11/71
Q&A: Registration of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products
・What are Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products?
・Why did the EU decide to adopt specific legislation on traditional herbal medicinal products?
・What does the deadline of 30 April 2011 represent for manufacturers of traditional herbal medicinal products?
・Does the Herbal Directive impose new requirements for the placing on the market of traditional herbal medicinal products? Would these requirements be too burdensome for small and medium-sized enterprises and reduce access for Chinese and Ayurvedic medicinal products?
・What is the role of the European Medicines Agency for the registration of traditional herbal medicinal products after 30 April 2011?
・Are herbal products allowed to remain on the market as food or food supplements after 30 April 2011?
・Will all alternative therapies, plants and books on plants be banned after 30 April 2011 in the European Union?
2011-02-04
2011-MEMO-0075   common mobile phone charger MEMO/11/75
A common mobile phone charger – Questions and Answers
・What is the issue?
 There are an estimated 500 million mobile phones being used across the European Union today. The wide selection of makes and models available means that there are currently 30 different chargers on the market. Aside from the inconvenience that this causes to individuals having so many different types of chargers, it has a profoundly negative impact on the environment. The main issue is that whenever someone changes phone they are required to change their charger which leads to an incredible amount of waste. This process currently generates more than 51,000 tonnes of electric waste per year in the EU.
・What was the process leading up to a solution?
・What is the solution envisaged?
・Who will benefit and how?
・What will be the impact of the common charger on prices?
・Will all mobile phones be compatible with the common charger?
・【以下略】
 http://www.onechargerforall.eu/en/
関連 : 2011-IP-0136 及び 2010-IP-1776 (2010-12-29)
2011-02-08
2011-MEMO-0099   Internal Market Information (IMI) System MEMO/11/99
Internal Market Information (IMI) System: Frequently Asked Questions
・What is IMI?
 The Internal Market Information (IMI) system is a multilingual electronic tool that allows national, regional and local authorities to communicate quickly and easily with their counterparts in other Member States. IMI is accessible via the internet without the need to install any additional hardware or software.
 IMI is a free public service that was developed by the European Commission and has been operational since 2008. It assists Member States in their obligation of administrative cooperation. This cooperation is a crucial factor in making Single Market legislation work as intended for businesses and citizens.
 Today, IMI is used in the context of two Directives: the Directive on the recognition of professional qualifications (2005/36/EC) and the Services Directive (2006/123/EC).
 In these areas it currently offers 3 main functions:
・Who is using the system?
・What experiences have users had with IMI?
・Does IMI benefit only public authorities?
・Do you have concrete examples of cases in which IMI was used?
・What is the purpose of the Commission communication?
【以下略】
関連情報: http://ec.europa.eu/imi-net
2011-02-21
2011-MEMO-0100   Europe Advice and SOLVIT MEMO/11/100
Annual reports on Your Europe Advice and SOLVIT: Frequently asked questions:
・What is Your Europe Advice?
・In 2010 how many enquiries were made through Your Europe Advice and regarding what issues?
・How is Your Europe Advice beneficial for citizens and businesses?
・How does Your Europe Advice work in practice?
・What is SOLVIT?
・In 2010 how many enquiries were made through SOLVIT and regarding what issues?
・How is SOLVIT beneficial for citizens and businesses?
【以下略】
・Annex 1 EXAMPLE OF CASES FROM YOUR EUROPE ADVICE
・Annex 2 SUCCESS STORIES FROM SOLVIT
2011-02-21
2011-MEMO-0115   Interconnection of business registers MEMO/11/115
Interconnection of business registers: frequently asked questions
・What are business registers?
 Business registers provide information on a company's legal form, its seat, capital and its legal representatives. This information is essential for consumers and business partners.
・How are business registers currently organised, and how many registers are there in the EU?
・Why has the Commission put forward this proposal?
・What are the objectives of the Commission's proposal?
・Who will benefit from the proposal and why?
  ・・・・・
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/company/business_registers/index_en.htm
2011-02-24
2011-MEMO-0139   historic aviation emissions and the inclusion of aviation in the EU's Emission Trading System (EU ETS) MEMO/11/139
Questions & Answers on historic aviation emissions and the inclusion of aviation in the EU's Emission Trading System (EU ETS)
・Why are historic aviation emissions important for aviation's inclusion in the EU ETS?
 Historic aviation emissions are the basis for calculating the cap on aviation emissions applied when the sector is included in the EU ETS from January 2012. Today's decision by the European Commission publishes the mean average of the annual emissions for the years 2004, 2005 and 2006 of all flights that would be covered by the EU ETS performed by air carriers to and from European airports. Based on this average annual historical aviation emissions for the period 2004-2006, the number of aviation allowances to be created in 2012 amounts to 212,892,052 tonnes (97% of historic aviation emissions), and the number of aviation allowances to be created each year from 2013 onwards amounts to 208,502,525 tonnes (95% of historic aviation emissions).
・How were historic aviation emissions calculated?
・Why was the 2004-2006 period chosen as a baseline for aviation emissions?
・Why has there been a delay in publishing historic aviation emissions?
・How will allocations per aircraft operator be calculated?
・Will the cap on aviation emissions be affected by the Icelandic volcanic ash cloud in 2010?
・Which airlines and routes will be affected by the EU ETS?
  ・・・・・
・What are the next steps?
・Where can I find further information?
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/aviation/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/index_en.htm
2011-03-07
2011-MEMO-0225   Safety of food products imported from Japan MEMO/11/225
Questions and Answers: Safety of food products imported from Japan
Following a nuclear accident, what does the EU do as regards food safety?
What about EU legislation dealing directly with the Chernobyl aftermath setting different levels?
Why has the EU decided apply now the action levels established by the Japanese authorities instead of the maximum levels established by Regulation (Euratom) 3954/1987?
Will the EU revise the maximum levels established by Regulation (Euratom) 3954/1987?
What has been the EU's reaction to the Fukushima accident as regards safety of food products?
What are the measures endorsed by the Member States to reinforce the controls on imports from Japan?
 ・・・・・
Does the EU import a lot of food products from Japan?
[表] Maximum levels for foodstuffs (Bq/kg)
2011-04-08
2011-MEMO-0251   Data Retention Directive MEMO/11/251
Frequently Asked Questions: Evaluation report of the Data Retention Directive
Data concerning telecommunications traffic through telephone networks and through the internet is, to some extent, retained (stored) by telecommunication service providers for their own commercial purposes (e.g., for billing purposes). The Data Retention Directive seeks to harmonise certain aspects of national rules on such storage. It requires telecommunication service providers to store traffic and location data regarding fixed and mobile telephony, internet access, email and telephony, for a period of at least six months (and no more than two years), and to make it available on request to law enforcement authorities for the purpose of investigation, detection and prosecution of serious crime and terrorism.
・How was the evaluation carried out?
・What are the issues considered by the report?
・Which types of data are being retained under the Directive?
・How valuable is data retention for criminal justice systems and law enforcement?
  ・・・・・
2011-04-18
2011-MEMO-0258   Emissions trading MEMO/11/258
Questions and Answers on draft Commission Decision on free allocation rules for the ETS
・What is the subject matter of this Commission decision?
 The revised ETS Directive introduced the concept of an EU-wide, harmonised approach for the allocation of allowances. It provides that for the third phase of the ETS (2013-2020) full auctioning shall be the rule for the power sector and that a transitional system for free allocation, based on benchmarks, shall be put in place for other sectors.
・Who has been consulted in the process of determining the free allocation rules and the benchmarks?
・How does the methodology for allocating free allowances look like?
・Which products have been benchmarked and what were the criteria for their selection?
・How were the benchmark values derived?
・Are the benchmarks achievable in practice?
・Are the benchmarks not too demanding?
・Is there a special provision for district heating?
・How and when will the absolute number of allowances per installation be calculated?
2011-04-27
2011-MEMO-0276   exchange of rail data MEMO/11/276
Facilitating the exchange of rail data – Frequently asked questions
The European Commission has adopted today a regulation on standards in the field of telematics applications for rail passenger services. These standards, known to the rail sector as "technical specifications for interoperability" (TSI) relate to the subsystem "telematics applications for passengers" (TAP) of the trans-European rail system and define how stakeholders must interact with travel-related data in the field of rail transport.
・Why do we need common standards for rail travel data?
・What are these standards about?
・What is the main objective of this initiative?
・When can the first concrete results be expected?
・Will these standards suffice to issue a single ticket for a journey covering several European countries or several transport modes?
2011-05-05
2011-MEMO-0327   Intellectual Property Rights MEMO/11/327
Customs enforcement of intellectual property rights – Frequently Asked Questions
・What are Intellectual Property Rights?
・What are IPR infringing goods?
・What is the role of customs in IPR enforcement?
・What is the existing legal framework for customs to enforce IPR and why should it be replaced?
・How will customs enforcement of IPR be strengthened?
【以下略】
2011-05-24
2011-MEMO-0332   Intellectual Property Rights MEMO/11/332
Intellectual Property Strategy – Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are Intellectual Property Rights?
2. How do Intellectual Property Rights affect the EU economy?
3. Why an IPR Strategy?
4. What is the focus of the Strategy?
  ・・・・・
13. What are the next steps?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/top_layer/index_52_en.htm
2011-05-24
2011-MEMO-0339   Nuclear stress tests MEMO/11/339
Nuclear stress tests
・What are nuclear stress tests?
・What will be assessed in the stress tests?
・What about the power cuts?
  ・・・
・How will the test be carried out?
  ・・・
・What happens after the report is made?
2011-05-25
2011-MEMO-0369   standards to advance Europe's competitiveness MEMO/11/369
More and faster standards to advance Europe's competitiveness
The standardisation strategy presented today by Vice-President Antonio Tajani plays an important part in supporting the Europe 2020 Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Measures include actions to be taken by the Commission and a series of recommendations addressed to other actors in the European standardisation system. Funding to support standardisation activities will remain a major driver for the development of standards whose primary function is to support EU policy making. The following actions form the core of the standardisation communication.
・Standardisation as a strong support to industrial policy and innovation
・Standards are crucial to address key societal challenges
・An inclusive standards development process
・Standardisation and the European Single Market for services
・Standardisation, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and interoperability
・Standards aim to increase EU competitiveness in the global market
2011-06-01
2011-MEMO-0378   Road charging MEMO/11/378
Road charging: Heavy lorries to pay for costs of air and noise pollution
Member States look set to be able to charge heavy lorries, not only for the costs of infrastructure which is currently the case, but also to levy an additional charge to cover the costs of air and noise pollution, following a vote in the European Parliament today (Tues 7 June 2011). The new rules which revise the current "Eurovignette Directive" will also give Member States better tools to manage problems of congestion, with a new flexibility to vary the charge for heavy lorries (by up to 175%) at different times of the day. Importantly the new rules provide strong incentives to Member States for "earmarking" revenues i.e. to set aside new charging revenues for investment in sustainable transport infrastructure (TEN-T) projects.
The "Eurovignette" Directive - Frequently asked questions:
・What is the Directive on charging heavy goods vehicles that the Commission proposed to revise?
・What is the problem with the current Directive?
・What are the main changes proposed and how would they solve the problem?
・What happens next?
2011-06-06
2011-MEMO-0425   proposal framework legislation on dietetic foods MEMO/11/425
Questions and Answers on Commission proposal replacing current framework legislation on dietetic foods
・Why did the Commission decide to revise the legislation on dietetic foods?
・What are foods for particular nutritional uses or dietetic foods?
・Why is it proposed to abolish the concept of dietetic foods?
・What happens to special foods, such as sports foods, energy drinks, foods for elderly, certain slimming products, etc.?
・Why were specific rules for sports foods never adopted as it was foreseen in the framework legislation?
・Will products disappear from the market?
・Why does the draft Regulation cover only foods intended for infants and children up to three years old and medical foods?
・What will the benefits of these changes be?
・What about foods intended for people suffering from diabetes?
・When will the new rules apply?
2011-06-20
2011-MEMO-0438   Professional Qualifications Directive MEMO/11/438
Green Paper on the modernisation of the Professional Qualifications Directive – frequently asked questions
1. Why do we need a well-functioning system of recognition of professional qualifications?
2. What is the Professional Qualifications Directive about?
3. Which professions are regulated in the EU?
 ・・・・・
13. What are the next steps?
2011-06-22
2011-MEMO-0440   new Energy Efficiency Directive MEMO/11/440
The Commission's new Energy Efficiency Directive
・What is the objective?
 The aim is to save energy and to reach the target the EU has set itself: By 2020, the EU wants to cut energy consumption by 20 percent1. In absolute terms – calculated in million tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe)– this are 368 Mtoe in 2020 compared to projected consumption in that year of 1842 Mtoe. This needs to be achieved by the EU as a whole.
・What are the measures proposed?
・What exactly is planned for public buildings?
  ・・・・・
・What is proposed for district heating?
・Why not binding targets? What is the 'two steps approach'?
2011-06-22
2011-MEMO-0448   Toy Safety Directive MEMO/11/448
Toy safety is the European Commission’s priority
Brussels/Rotterdam 23 June 2011: Member States and economic operators will need to respect the substantially strengthened EU-rules on toy safety from 20 of July 2011. By this date all Member States will need to have incorporated all requirements set by the new Toy Safety Directive adopted in 2009.
This memo informs on:
・The new improved market surveillance, CE marking and obligations for economic operators
・The new safety requirements which Member States need to respect
・Figures and facts on the European toy industry, an important industry sector.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/toys/index_en.htm
2011-06-23
2011-MEMO-0450   Consumer Rights MEMO/11/450
Consumer Rights: 10 ways the new EU Consumer Rights Directive will give people stronger rights when they shop online
・Good news for consumers: new EU legislation will strengthen their rights in all 27 Member States. The European Parliament today adopted – by an overwhelming majority (615 for, 16 against, 21 abstentions) – the Consumer Rights Directive, which the European Commission proposed in October 2008 (IP/08/1474). The vote follows a deal reached between the three EU institutions (European Commission, European Parliament and the Council of Ministers), and clears the final hurdle before the new rules can become reality for consumers.
・The following are the 10 most important changes for consumers in the new Directive:
1) The proposal will eliminate hidden charges and costs on the Internet
2) Increased price transparency
3) Banning pre-ticked boxes on websites
  ・・・・・
10) Common rules for businesses will make it easier for them to trade all over Europe.
→【MEMO/11/675(2011-10-10参照】
2011-06-23
2011-MEMO-0471   CO2 emissions from new cars MEMO/11/471
Climate change: CO2 emissions from new cars continue steep descent in 2010
Average CO2 emissions from new cars in the EU dropped by almost 4% last year, the second biggest annual fall ever recorded, a database published today by the European Environment Agency shows.
Brussels, 29 June 2011 - The European Environment Agency today published provisional data on average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the EU in 2010, showing a 3.7% drop compared to last year. This is the second largest annual decline since the monitoring scheme began in 2000. The data are now available to car manufacturers for review before formal validation by the Commission
関連情報 http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/co2-cars-emission
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/publications/statistics/pocketbook-2011_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/documentation/transport/vehicles/index_en.htm
2011-06-29
2011-MEMO-0495   Emissions Trading MEMO/11/495
Questions & Answers on Emissions Trading: new registry rules
1. What is the role of registries in Emissions Trading?
2. Why needs the Registries Regulation to be amended?
3. When will the draft Regulation be adopted and become applicable?
4. What are the proposed new security measures and when will they apply?
5. What does the fungibility of allowances mean? What happens in case of theft, breach of contract or insolvency?
6. Does the draft Regulation harmonise the ownership of allowances?
7. What happens with the serial number of allowances?
8. What are the new provisions concerning the NER300?
9. What happens with Kyoto units, accounts and processes?
10. Will the draft Regulation be reviewed? What is the relation to the work on market oversight?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/lowcarbon/index_en.htm
2011-07-08
2011-MEMO-0512   sulphur emissions from maritime transport MEMO/11/512
Questions and Answers on the Commission proposal on sulphur emissions from maritime transport
・Why is the Commission proposing to change the legislation on marine fuels?
・What changes is the Commission proposing?
・What will be the effects of the proposal for European citizens?
・Emissions from maritime transport are also addressed at international level by the International Maritime Organisation. Does the proposed legislation transpose these international rules or does it go beyond them?
・What are SOx emissions control areas and why do stricter requirements apply there?
・Why are some of the EU sea areas designated as SECAs and others not?
・Operators of ferries compete with trucks for short distance transport. Will the proposed legislation move the transport of goods from sea to land?
2011-07-15
2011-MEMO-0522   schemes for biofuels MEMO/11/522
Memo: Certification schemes for biofuels
・What are voluntary schemes for biofuels?
・What are the main sustainability criteria that the schemes have to check?
・How are the schemes doing their controls in practice?
・Can biofuels produced outside the EU be included in these schemes?
  ・・・・・
・Can you give more information on the schemes recognised today?
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/biofuels/sustainability_schemes_en.htm
2011-07-19
2011-MEMO-0539   Reducing CO2 emissions from cars through eco-innovation MEMO/11/539
Climate Action: Reducing CO2 emissions from cars through eco-innovation
The automotive industry will have a greater incentive to invest in new technologies that reduce CO2 emissions from new cars, under legislation adopted by the European Commission today.

The Regulation enables motor manufacturers to receive CO2 emission credits if they fit new cars with approved "eco-innovations" which reduce emissions. The credits will help the industry meet the European target of limiting CO2 emissions from new cars to an average of 130 grams/km by 2015. Eco-innovations will count for up to 7 g CO2/km towards the target.
Under the Regulation, a technology can qualify as an eco-innovation if it is new to the market, contributes to significant CO2 savings and is not otherwise taken into account in determining the level of CO2 emissions from vehicles. The technology should also aim at improving vehicle propulsion or the energy consumption of devices that are mandatory, without compromising vehicle safety. This means, for instance, that solar panels converting sunlight into electric energy could potentially qualify as an eco-innovation but an energy-efficient in-car music system would not.
2011-07-25
2011-MEMO-0595   protection of copyright and certain related rights MEMO/11/595
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2006/116/EC on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights – Frequently Asked Questions
What are the main elements of the revised Directive?
 Copyright for performers extended from 50 to 70 years: The Directive narrows the gap between the copyright term of protection for authors (currently life plus 70 years after the authors' death) and the term of protection for performers (currently 50 years after the performance). Performers will now be guaranteed remuneration over a longer period of time.
Additional measures to improve performers revenue:
・The Directive also strengthens the position of performers with a number of accompanying measures. Since performers usually assign their rights to the record producers, these measures will ensure that performers will get additional revenue from the extension (session musicians' fund).
・Additionally, if record producers fail to market a recording, performers can of get their rights back and market it themselves ('use it or lose it' provision).
・Finally, record producers would be prevented from making deductions to the royalties they pay to featured performers after the initial 50 years are over (a 'clean slate').
Today's adoption of the Directive is one of the deliverables announced by the Commission in its Strategy on intellectual property rights adopted in May 2011:
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/docs/ipr_strategy/COM_2011_287_en.pdf
How does the extension of copyright to 70 years work in practice?
How will the accompanying measures to the term extension work in practice?
How many performers will be affected by the revised directive? Why was it urgent to change the current situation?
What about historical archives? Will they be available for online use?
What about performers who already transferred their rights to the record labels?
  ・・・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/term-protection/term-protection_en.htm
2011-09-12
2011-MEMO-0598   Food Waste Minimisation and Food Packaging Optimisation MEMO/11/598
Questions and Answers on Food Waste Minimisation and Food Packaging Optimisation
A) ON FOOD WASTE MINIMISATION
・What is food waste?
 Food waste concerns the loss of raw or cooked food materials before, during or after meal preparation in the household as well as food discarded in the process of producing, manufacturing, distribution, retail and food service activities.
・How big is the problem in the EU?
・Who is wasting all this food and why?
・How can food-waste minimisation be achieved?
・Does food waste minimisation have adverse effects on food safety ?
・What can I do in my daily life to limit food waste?
B) ON FOOD PACKAGING OPTIMISATION
・What does food packaging optimisation mean?
・Is bio-packaging a solution?
・How can food packaging help to reduce food waste?
・How does food packaging link to food safety? And what is the Commission doing to address it?
・What is the Commission doing to minimise food waste and to optimise food packaging?
・Why is the Commission raising this issue now?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/sustainability/index_en.htm
2011-09-14
2011-MEMO-0619   Digitisation and Making Available of Out-of-Commerce Works MEMO/11/619
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Key Principles on the Digitisation and Making Available of Out-of-Commerce Works – Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are out-of-commerce works?
 Out-of-commerce works are works that are still protected by copyright but are no longer commercially available because the authors and publishers have decided neither to publish new editions nor to sell copies through the customary channels of commerce. In the past works such as books were referred to as being either "in-print" or "out-of-print". Today, with the advent of electronic channels of commerce, the term "out-of-commerce" is used (with electronic publishing a book will be "in commerce" even if only available in electronic form).
2. What is the problem with out-of-commerce books in the EU? What does this have to do with copyright?
3. What is the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) about?
4. What are the main elements of the MoU?
  ・・・・・
12. What is the size of the EU book market?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/digital-agenda/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.fep-fee.be/documents/EUROPEANBOOKPUBLISHINGSTATISTICS2009websiteIEl.pdf
2011-09-21
2011-MEMO-0628   languages (translator) MEMO/11/628
Talking about languages – Commission translators on the ground across the EU
The European Commission runs a network of translators ("field officers") in its local offices in EU countries whose work is to adapt the Commission's written messages to local audiences and promote better understanding of EU policies and priorities on languages and language-learning. 【略】
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/translation/getintouch/localoffices/offices_en.htm
2011-09-23
2011-MEMO-0631   aviation in the EU's Emission Trading System (EU ETS) MEMO/11/631
Questions & Answers on the benchmark for free allocation to airlines and on the inclusion of aviation in the EU's Emission Trading System (EU ETS)
・How are the aviation allowances going to be distributed?
・How will the special reserve work?
・What is the value of the free allocation and the expected effect of inclusion of aviation in the EU ETS on the financial situation of airlines?
・What use will be made of revenue from auctioning aviation allowances?
・Which airlines and routes are affected by the EU ETS?
・How will this affect flights from countries outside the EU?
  ・・・・・
・Where can I find further information?
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/aviation/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/index_en.htm
・Annex I: Quantified information on the inclusion of aviation in the EU ETS
 Table 1: Estimated market value of allowances allocated for free
 Table 2: Projected change in aviation emissions
  ・・・・・
・Annex II: List of 98 States with no commercial carriers covered by the EU ETS
2011-09-26
2011-MEMO-0640   Financial Transaction Tax Common Rules for a Financial Transaction Tax - Frequently Asked Questions 1. General background
・Why has the Commission proposed a new tax on the financial sector?
 For two main reasons:
 1. the financial sector would make a fair contribution to the cost of the crisis after benefiting from very significant financial support from governments since the beginning of the current crisis
 2. a coordinated framework at EU level would help to create a stronger internal market for financial services by avoiding competitive distortions and discouraging risky trading activities. It would also be a strong signal to promote the introduction of such a tax at global level
・Why is a financial transaction tax necessary at EU level?
2. Definitions
・What is a financial transaction tax?
 A financial transaction tax (FTT) is a tax applied to financial transactions, usually at a very low rate. A financial transaction applies to the exchange of financial instruments between banks or other financial institutions. The financial instruments in question include securities, bonds, shares and derivatives.
 They do not include the transactions typically undertaken by retail banks in their relations with private households or businesses, except when they relate to the sale or purchase of bonds or shares.
・What is a financial institution?
3. How will the tax work?
・Who will be taxed?
 The main taxpayers would be financial institutions operating financial transactions, i.e. banks, investment firms, other financial institutions like insurance companies, stockbrokers, pension funds, undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities, alternative investment funds like hedge funds, etc.
・Which transactions will be covered?
【以下略】
2011-09-28
2011-MEMO-0644   safer to shop for tickets online MEMO/11/644
Frequently Asked Questions: Now safer to shop for tickets online following EU Sweep investigation
1. THE TICKETING SWEEP
・Why were online sales of tickets for cultural and sporting events picked for the fourth sweep investigation?
・Which product categories were concerned?
・When did this sweep take place and what did it involve?
・Which countries participated in the sweep?
 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/enforcement/sweep/online_ticket_sales/national_contact_points_en.htm
・What were the main problems found?
・What exactly was checked by the authorities in the first phase?
・What happened as a follow-up to the initial findings?
2. RESULTS
・Enforcement phase results
・What conclusions could you draw?
 Table 1: Summary、Table 2: Results per country、Table 3: Results by main problem categories
  ・・・・・
・What should consumers check when they go to buy tickets online?
・SWEEP PLUS
3. GENERAL BACKGROUND
・What is a sweep?
 An "EU sweep" is a joint EU investigation and enforcement action to check for compliance with consumer protection laws. It involves carrying out a targeted and coordinated check on a particular sector in order to see where consumer rights are being compromised or denied. National enforcement authorities then follow up on these findings, contacting the non-compliant companies and demanding that they come into line with the relevant requirements. Legal action can be taken against operators who violate EU consumer law.
・What are the EU consumer rules that companies need to comply with?  
 E-Commerce Directive 2000/31/EC、Unfair Commercial Practices Directive 2005/29/EC.、Unfair Terms and Conditions Directive 1993/13/EC、Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/e-commerce/index_en.htm
2011-09-29
2011-MEMO-0675   consumer rights MEMO/11/675
New EU rules on consumer rights to enter into force
・The new EU Consumer Rights Directive has been formally adopted today by Member States in the EU's Council of Ministers. The new legislation will strengthen consumers' rights in all 27 EU countries, particularly when shopping online. After publication in the EU's Official Journal, governments will have two years to implement the rules at national level. Today's approval follows an overwhelming vote to back the rules by the European Parliament on 23 June 2011 (MEMO/11/450). The European Commission put forward the proposal in October 2008 (IP/08/1474).
・Top 10 benefits for consumers in the new Directive:
1) The proposal will eliminate hidden charges and costs on the Internet
2) Increased price transparency
3) Banning pre-ticked boxes on websites
4) 14 Days to change your mind on a purchase
5) Better refund rights
6) Introduction of an EU-wide model withdrawal form
7) Eliminating surcharges for the use of credit cards and hotlines
8) Clearer information on who pays for returning goods
9) Better consumer protection in relation to digital products
10) Common rules for businesses will make it easier for them to trade all over Europe.
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/consumer-marketing/rights-contracts/directive/index_en.htm
2011-10-10
2011-MEMO-0677   Information to patients on prescription-only medicines MEMO/11/677
Q&A: Information to patients on prescription-only medicines
・What are the challenges of information on medicines in the EU?
・What does the Commission set out to achieve with these proposals?
・What 's new in these amended proposals?
・  ・・・・・
・What are the next steps?
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/information-to-patient/legislative-developments_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/pharmacovigilance/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/index_en.htm
2011-10-11
2011-MEMO-0698   Toy safety Directive MEMO/11/698
EU DOES NOT ban children from blowing up balloons
A number of recent media reports have made incorrect claims about the new Toy safety Directive, which entered into force on 20 July 2011 (IP/11/908). Several media have falsely claimed that the Directive would ban children under 8 from inflating balloons without adult supervision, because of the danger that young children could chew or swallow the balloon. Other inaccurate reports have stated that children under 14 would be banned from using paper blow outs. To correct these claims, below is the true scope of the Directive.
・Clarification of the case: EU toy safety rules on balloons
- Information reported by the media is not correct.
- In line with EU toy safety rules in place since 1998, balloons made of latex carry a warning aiming to prevent children from choking or suffocating by from inhaling or swallowing uninflated or broken balloons;
- Stronger balloons do not need to carry the warning;
- This warning recommends adult supervision, it does not forbid children under 8 from inflating balloons;
2011-10-13
2011-MEMO-0704   nanomaterial MEMO/11/704
Questions and answers on the Commission Recommendation on the definition of nanomaterial
・Why do we need a definition of the Term "nanomaterial"?
  Are nanomaterials Hazardous ?
  Why not use existing international definitions?
  Is it really possible to have only one single definition?
  Why is the number distribution threshold put at 50 % when SCENIHR suggested 0.15 %?
  Why not focus the definition on nano-specific properties instead of size, as this is done in other definitions, including some of the definitions in existing EU legislation and some definitions in non-EU countries?
2011-10-18
2011-MEMO-0706   EU core transport network MEMO/11/706
Connecting Europe: The new EU core transport network
・The Commission has today adopted a proposal to transform the existing patchwork of European roads, railways, airports and canals into a unified transport network (TEN-T).
 The new core network will remove bottlenecks, upgrade infrastructure and streamline cross border transport operations for passengers and businesses throughout the EU.
Taken as a whole, the new transport network will deliver:
 ・safer and less congested travel
 ・as well as smoother and quicker journeys.
 See http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm for core network maps, national maps, projects lists.
・Key facts and figures - Frequently Asked Questions
・The new core network - the figures
・What are the tougher requirements for the core network?
・How were the projects chosen to be on the core network?
・What exactly are corridors and why do we need corridors ?
2011-10-19
2011-MEMO-0729   RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) MEMO/11/729
Questions and Answers on the role and achievements of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed
・What is RASFF?
 Launched in 1979, the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) is primarily a tool for exchange of information between competent authorities on consignments of food and feed in cases where a risk to human health has been identified and measures have been taken, such as withholding, recalling, seizure or rejection of the products concerned.
・Why do we need RASFF?
・How does it work in practice?
・What are the criteria for notification to the RASFF?
・Who are the members of the RASFF system?
・Which other countries may join in the coming years?
・What are the main findings of the RASFF annual report 2010?
・Does the increase in overall notifications signify that our food is less safe?
2011-10-25
2011-MEMO-0730   CSR (Corporate Social Responsibilit) MEMO/11/730
Corporate Social Responsibility: a new definition, a new agenda for action
The European Commission’s new strategy on corporate social responsibility (CSR), part of a package of measures on responsible business (see IP/11/1238), aims to help enterprises achieve their full potential in terms of creating wealth, jobs and innovative solutions to the many challenges facing Europe's society. It sets out how enterprises can benefit from CSR as well as contributing to society as a whole by taking greater steps to meet their social responsibility.
・What is corporate social responsibility (CSR)?
・What EU policy actions will cover corporate social responsibility?
・Why is corporate social responsibility important today?
・What progress has been made at EU level and what challenges remain?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sustainable-business/corporate-social-responsibility/index_en.htm
2011-10-25
2011-MEMO-0734   Transparency Directive MEMO/11/734
Proposal for Directive on transparency requirements for listed companies and proposals on country by country reporting - frequently asked questions
The European Commission has proposed amendments to the existing Directive on transparency requirements for listed companies and to the Directives on accounting rules for annual accounts and consolidated accounts, inter alia to introduce country by country reporting, as part of a Responsible Business Initiative package of measures (see IP/11/1238).
1. What are the existing EU rules on transparency for listed companies?
2. Why is the Commission proposing to modify the existing Transparency Directive?
3. What are the main elements of the proposal to modify the Transparency Directive?
4. Would the requirement to publish quarterly financial information be abolished for all the companies listed in the EU markets?
5. Would suppressing the requirement to publish quarterly financial information reduce the transparency in the market and damage investors' protection?
6. What is the objective of the proposed country by country reporting requirement in the Transparency Directive?
7. What would be included in the new definition of financial instruments covered by the disclosure requirements?
8. What would be the rules for aggregation of holdings of shares with holdings of financial instruments?
9. Does the proposal provide for maximum harmonisation of the thresholds for notification of major holdings?
  ・・・・・
23. Why would the proposal not require the reporting of payments to governments where it would be a crime to do so?
関連情報
・http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/transparency/index_en.htm
・http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/accounting/sme_accounting/index_en.htm
2011-10-25
2011-MEMO-0735   Social Business Initiative MEMO/11/735
Social Business Initiative – Frequently Asked Questions
The European Commission has adopted a Social Business Initiative action plan as part of a package of measures entitled the Responsible Business Initiative (see IP/11/1238).
・Why is the European Commission proposing this initiative?
・What is a social business?
・What is the added value of doing this at a EU level rather than national level?
  ・・・・・
・What happens next?
2011-10-25
2011-MEMO-0740   safety of offshore oil and gas activities MEMO/11/740
Commission proposes new rules on the safety of offshore oil and gas activities
・Why do we need a specific EU legislation?
 Offshore accidents do not know borders. If a similar accident to the Gulf of Mexico were to happen in EU waters, this could have serious effects for the Member State concerned but also for neighbouring States. With the EU-level legislation the highest safety standards already followed in some Member States will be made mandatory everywhere across Europe. And currently the offshore industry in different Member States operates to different environmental, health and safety standards.
・What is new in the Regulation?
・Is the Commission taking any other action, in addition to the proposed legislation?
・How is an improved safety standard guaranteed?
  ・・・・・
・When will the new requirements take effect?
2011-10-27
2011-MEMO-0742   GMO MEMO/11/742
Questions and answers on the evaluation of the European Union's GMO legislation
・Why did the Commission carry an evaluation of the GMO legislation?
 As part of the continuous process of reviewing the existing legislation and the improvement of its implementation, the Commission carried out an evaluation of the Genetically Modified Organisms' (GMO) legislation between 2009 and early 2011. Two different consultancies addressed GMO cultivation and GM food and feed aspects. The main goal was to collect facts and opinions, particularly from stakeholders and competent authorities. The evaluations assessed the effectiveness and efficiency of the legislative processes and formulated options for the improvement and adjustment.
・What is the key finding of these evaluations?
・What are the reasons behind the "dysfunction" of the GMO legislation?
・What is needed to improve this situation for GMO cultivation?
・What is needed to improve the situation for imported products?
・What other concrete areas for improvement have been identified?
・How is the Commission addressing these findings?
・Is the Commission going to overhaul the GMO legislation?
・What is the present situation concerning the marketing of GM products in the EU?
関連情報 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/dyna/gm_register/index_en.cfm
2011-10-28
2011-MEMO-0745   cultural material and its preservation on line MEMO/11/745
Digital Agenda: Recommendation on the digitisation of cultural material and its preservation on line - frequently asked questions
・What is digitisation?
 Digitisation is the transformation into digital format of text and photos from paper, films from reels, music from vinyl or videos from tape, so it can be accessed from a computer and consulted online. For text and photos, this involves scanning. Digitisation is essential for the better dissemination of cultural content on the Internet.
・Why is digitisation of cultural works important?
・A Recommendation on this was already issued in 2006. Why do we need a new one?
・How has the Recommendation been influenced by the 'Comité des Sages' report 'The New Renaissance'?
・What progress have Member States made since 2006?
・What is Europeana?
Europeana rolls multimedia library, museum and archive into one website. It currently gives direct access to more than 19 million items covering digitised books, audio and film material, photos, paintings, maps, manuscripts, newspapers and archival documents that constitute an important part of Europe’s cultural heritage. Visitors to Europeana.eu can search and explore different collections from Europe's cultural institutions in their own language in virtual form, without having to visit multiple sites or countries.
・How does Europeana work?
・How many digital objects are available through Europeana and where do they come from?
 [国別表]
・What is new on Europeana?
  ・・・・・
・Who will benefit from the Recommendation?
2011-10-28
2011-MEMO-0783   Food Additives MEMO/11/783
Questions and Answers on Food Additives
・What are food additives?
 Additives are substances used for a variety of reasons -such as preservation, colouring, sweetening, etc.- during the preparation of food. The European Union legislation defines them as "any substance not normally consumed as a food in itself and not normally used as a characteristic ingredient of food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition of which to food for a technological purpose in the manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, packaging, transport or storage of such food results, or may be reasonably expected to result, in it or its by-products becoming directly or indirectly a component of such foods."
・What are additives used for?
・Are food additives safe?
・How is the safety of food additives evaluated?
・Is it possible to consume food additives at dangerously high levels?
・What are the conditions to authorise food additives?
・What are the benefits for the consumer?
  ・・・・・
・What were the approval conditions of Steviol glycosides?
関連 :
 https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/sanco_foods/?sector=FAD
 Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:0001:0006:EN:PDF)
 Directive 2000/13/EC (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:109:0029:0042:EN:PDF)
2011-11-14
2011-MEMO-0789   Working Time Directive MEMO/11/789
Review of the Working Time Directive
・What is the Working Time Directive?
 The Working Time Directive (2003/88/EC) is an important part of the EU’s health and safety laws to protect workers. It aims to set common minimum protective standards against the health and safety risks to workers (short and long term) posed by overwork or inadequate rest periods, while also providing flexibility for the needs of different sectors and activities. The present Directive codifies earlier Directives, going back to 1993.
・What are the Directive's main provisions?
・Are there any exceptions to these rules?
・What exactly is the 'opt-out', and how many Member States allow its use?
・What are the 'SIMAP-Jaeger' rulings?
・During 2010, the Commission launched a review of the Working Time Directive?
・Why does the Commission want to review the existing rules?
・How does the review process work?
  ・・・・・
関連 :
 Information related to the Working time Directive: (http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=706&langId=en&intPageId=205)
 Eurofound (EFWL) studies: Comparative analysis of working time in the European Union (2010) (http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=6417&langId=en)
2011-11-15
2011-MEMO-0792   Q&A: Antimicrobial Resistance MEMO/11/792
Q&A: Antimicrobial Resistance
・What are antimicrobial agents and antibiotics?
 Antimicrobial agents are substances produced synthetically and also naturally by bacteria, fungi or plants. They are used to kill or inhibit the growth of micro-organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. They can be used for a variety of purposes: to treat or prevent infections in humans and animals, to disinfect, to maintain hygiene, to preserve products, etc.
 Antibiotics are probably the best known antimicrobial agents. They are medicines used to treat bacterial infections. There are more than 15 different classes of antibiotics that differ in their chemical structure and their action against bacteria. An antibiotic may be effective against only one or multiple types of bacteria.
・What is antimicrobial resistance (AMR)?
 Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when micro-organisms develop mechanisms that render antimicrobials less effective or ineffective.
 Specific antibiotics are no longer able to kill or prevent the growth of certain bacteria. These bacteria have become resistant as a result of genetic changes. Other bacteria are naturally resistant to certain antibiotics.
 Over the past few decades, irresponsible and incorrect use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicines and the lack of new effective medicines have accelerated this trend.
・Why is the Action Plan on AMR important?
・What is the aim of the Action Plan?
・What has been done so far?
・What next in AMR research?
2011-11-17
2011-MEMO-0798   Food safety (BTSF) MEMO/11/798
Better Training for Safer Food: Commission marks fifth anniversary
・What is Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF)?
 BTSF is an initiative of the European Commission. The Executive Agency for Health and Consumers (EAHC) is responsible for its implementation. BTSF trains national-level control staff of EU Member States and third countries on food and feed law, animal health and welfare rules and plant health rules.
・Why was it launched?
・What are the benefits of the training?
・What about third countries?
・How long has BTSF been providing training?
・How is BTSF structured?
  ・・・・・
関連情報
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/training_strategy/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/eahc/food/index.html
2011-11-18
2011-MEMO-0818   Erasmus for All MEMO/11/818
Erasmus for All – Frequently Asked Questions
・What is Erasmus for All?
 Erasmus for All is the new programme proposed by the European Commission for education, training, youth and sport. It would start in 2014 and would significantly increase the funds allocated for the development of knowledge and skills. Erasmus for All is based on the premise that investing in education and training is the key to unlocking people's potential, regardless of their age or background. It helps them to increase their personal development, gain new skills and boost their job prospects.
・What will Erasmus for All support?
 Erasmus for All will have a streamlined structure which will improve effectiveness, which means more grants for students, trainees, teachers and others. The benefits for individuals will also bring benefits for the EU economy as a whole. 【略】
・How will Erasmus for All differ from the current programmes?
・Why do we need a new EU approach to education and training?
  ・・・・・
・Key figures: Erasmus for All (2014-2020) [表]
2011-11-23
2011-MEMO-0827   Nuclear stress tests MEMO/11/827
Nuclear stress tests – Commission Interim Report
・What are nuclear stress tests?
 The "stress tests" are a set of comparative criteria drawn up in the light of the nuclear accident in Fukushima. These EU wide tests will be in addition to existing the framework already applied at national level. Their aim is to assess whether the safety margins used in the licensing of nuclear power plants were sufficient to cover also extreme unexpected events.
 The aim is to learn from what happened in Japan and help p revent that a similar accident can happen in Europe. One of the most important lessons to be drawn is that the extreme situations such as two natural disasters can hit at the same time and knock out the electrical power supply system completely. In Japan, the power plant withstood the earthquake but the tsunami interrupted the power supply which is necessary to cool down fuel elements. If they are not cooled down, there is a risk of a core meltdown with leakage of radioactivity and radiation getting into the soil and the water.
・What is being assessed in the stress tests?
・What is the state of play of the stress tests?
・When will the EU present the results of the stress tests?
・What are Commission's initial impressions based on the national reports?
・How can the results be compared if the reports are different from each other?
・How about man-made risks, such as terrorist attacks?
  ・・・・・
・Does the Commission propose any concrete follow-up actions?
 In parallel, on the basis of initial findings, the European Commission is reviewing the EU nuclear safety legislation and envisaging ways for improvement.
 In particular the Commission is considering:
 ・Minimum technical safety requirements
 ・Licensing and checks
 ・Cross-border emergency response
 ・European liability schemes
関連: http://www.ensreg.eu/
2011-11-24
2011-MEMO-0831   Single European Sky progress report MEMO/11/831
Single European Sky progress reports
Section 1: Report on implementation of the Single European Sky legislation — "Time to deliver"
 The European Commission has today warned that Member States and stakeholders will need to do more to ensure the Single European Sky (SES) becomes a reality. The report on the implementation of the Single European Sky concludes that more is still required to achieve full and timely implementation of the first package of legislation adopted in 2004. The main concerns relate to insufficient steps towards cross-border air navigation service provision, the lack of interoperability of air navigation systems and the lack of resources for national supervisory authorities as well as their low level of activity in monitoring the air navigation service providers.
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0731:FIN:EN:PDF
Section 2: Report on the revision of targets contained in performance plans, with "traffic light" assessment of Member State performance plans.
2011-11-25
2011-MEMO-0851   EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) MEMO/11/851
European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) Strategic Innovation Agenda – Frequently Asked Questions
・What is the EIT?
 The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) was set up in 2008 at the initiative of the European Commission and is an autonomous EU body stimulating world-class innovation. It brings together excellent higher education institutions, research centres and businesses and aims to achieve its objective through a pioneering concept of cross-border public-private-partnerships known as Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). The EIT has its administrative headquarters (in Budapest) while the KICs operate from 16 sites throughout Europe, from Barcelona to Stockholm. To date, three KICs have been created, focusing on sustainable energy (InnoEnergy KIC), climate change (Climate KIC) and information and communication society (ICT Labs).
・What is the Commission's vision for the EIT?
・How much funding is the Commission proposing that the EIT will receive in 2014-2020?
・How will the EIT secure funding from other sources?
・What is the EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA)?
・The Commission is proposing to reduce the number of EIT governing board members. Why?
・What is being done to make the EIT more attractive for business, especially SMEs?
・How were the themes for the six new KICs selected? What criteria were used to define their scope?
・What is the role of the EIT within Horizon 2020?
2011-11-30
2011-MEMO-0862   CARS 21 MEMO/11/862
CARS 21 High Level Group – Key messages from Interim Report
 The Interim Report of the CARS 21 High Level Group contains policy recommendations on a limited number of topics. The key messages from this report, as stated in the Executive Summary are the following.
・Ensuring a favourable business environment
・Fostering business adaptation and employment transitions
・Improving environmental & market performance
・Improving competitiveness on global markets
・Preparing tomorrow's mobility solutions
2011-12-02
2011-MEMO-0867   Smart mobility challenge MEMO/11/867
Smart mobility challenge – questions and answers
 European citizens have been invited today to start voting for their favourite multimodal journey planner as part of the first European Mobility Challenge launched by the Vice-President Siim Kallas, Commissioner for Mobility and Transport. The idea behind the challenge was to raise awareness about and stimulate development of all-in-one journey planners, going beyond national borders and offering alternative transport modes. Now it is time for the public to have their say on the submitted planners.
・What is the smart mobility challenge?
 Journey planners are not new. They exist on a national and regional level across Europe. However, there are very few real integrated European journey planners – tools that allow Europeans to plan a journey across Europe regardless of the number of countries or transport modes involved. The technology for this already exists and the need is there. Multimodal travel is a key part of the European Commission’s strategy for the future of transport. Vice-President Siim Kallas, EU Commissioner for transport, has therefore launched the challenge to industry and stakeholders to make multimodal travel a reality for European citizens by developing or submitting ideas for Europe-wide journey planners.
・What is the problem with existing journey planners?
・What would be the advantages of having a multimodal journey planner?
・If a multimodal journey planner for Europe is such a good idea, why has no one done it yet?
・What criteria are the submissions to the challenge judged on?
・What happens next?
  http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
 12 journey planners short-listed for the e-vote:
 DB (Germany)、Eco-comparateur (France) 、EU Spirit (Germany, Denmark, Luxembourg, Sweden, France, Poland)、IDOS (Czech Republic)、INTEGRA (UK, France, Spain, Portugal) 、MULTICITY (France)、etc.
2011-12-05
2011-MEMO-0868   Health Claims MEMO/11/868
Questions and Answers on the list of permitted Health Claims
・Why has the EU tackled the issue of "health claims" on products?
 Consumers are looking for added value when purchasing food. They attach great importance to health and are more aware of its relationship with their diet and the food they eat. Health claims can therefore be an important source of information, and became a vital marketing tool. Concern that health claims could be less than informative or misleading, by accident or by design has given voice to calls for tighter controls.
 A 2006 Regulation on nutrition and health claims made on foods makes these controls possible. This so-called claims Regulation ensures a high level of protection for consumers. It facilitates the choice of products for a varied and balanced diet which is a prerequisite for good health. Claims must not mislead consumers; they must be, accurate, truthful, understandable and substantiated by science. Implementation of this Regulation requires the adoption of a list of permitted health claims, based on an assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) of the science substantiating the claimed effect, and compliance with the other general and specific requirements of the Regulation. Member States' endorsement of the list of permitted health claims on 5 December marks a significant step in implementing the claims Regulation.
・Why has the implementation taken from mid-2006 until late 2011?
・The list has 222 health claims – what happened to the other more than 4,000 claims from the consolidated list?
・What is the status of the claims not in the permitted list?
・Where can I find clear information on the status of all the claims?
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/claims/community_register/index_en.htm
・How are permitted health claims to be used?
【以下略】
2011-12-05
2011-MEMO-0884   Health Security MEMO/11/884
Q&A: Health Security in the EU
・Why does health security need to be strengthened in the EU?
 The Commission's assessment of past public health crises, such as the pandemic (H1N1) 2009, has revealed shortcomings in the current health security framework. Gaps have been identified in risk assessment, preparedness and response planning and crisis management capacities through EU level public health structures.
・How will the proposal address these challenges?
・What types of health threats will the new legislation cover?
・How will health emergencies confined to Europe be handled?
・What will the Member States' preparedness plans include?
  ・・・・・
関連 : GHSI : http://ec.europa.eu/health/preparedness_response/cbrn_threats/ghsi/index_en.htm
2011-12-08
2011-MEMO-0893   Regulation of a new Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) MEMO/11/893
Questions and answers on the proposal for a Regulation of a new Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)
 The Commission has adopted a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE). The proposal is part of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2014-2020 which sets out the budgetary framework and main orientations for delivering Europe 2020 strategy (the "MFF Communication)".
・Why a new LIFE programme?
 The main objective of the LIFE Programme is to improve the implementation of EU environment and climate policy and legislation. This requires significant financial resources (total environmental costs represent around 5.7 % of EU GDP).
 Environment and climate activities are supported through all major EU funding programmes, but these do not address all environmental and climate needs. 【略】
・What are the new elements in the new LIFE programme as compared to the past?
・Who can apply for LIFE funding?
・What is the budget of the LIFE programme?
・Why has a specific sub-programme been established for climate action?
  ・・・・・
・What role will LIFE National Contact Points play in the new LIFE programme?
関連 : COM(2011) 112 final : Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52011DC0112:EN:NOT
2011-12-12
2011-MEMO-0921   Hercule III and Pericles 2020 programmes (Anti-Fraud) MEMO/11/921
Questions and Answers: Commission adoption of Hercule III and Pericles 2020 programmes
【Hercule III】
・What is the main objective of the Hercule III programme?
 Hercule III is a financial programme specifically dedicated to fighting fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the EU. It provides for the collective procurement of specialised equipment and databases to be used by national law enforcement agencies and training for anti-fraud specialists.
 The programme covers the period 2014-2020. The overall budget is EUR 110 million or approximately EUR 15 million per year.
・What are the programme's operational objectives?
【Pericles 2020】
・What is the Pericles 2020 programme?
 The Pericles 2020 programme finances exchange, assistance and training initiatives in the area of the protection of the euro against counterfeiting by:
- supporting the organisation of multidisciplinary and transnational workshops, meetings and seminars, targeted placements and exchanges of staff from competent national authorities;
- providing technical, scientific and operational support;
- financing the purchase of equipment to be used by specialised anti-counterfeiting authorities.
 The programme covers the period 2014-2020. The overall budget is EUR 7.7 million or approximately EUR 1.1 million per year.
・What are the programme's main objectives?
2011-12-19
2011-MEMO-0923   Professional Qualifications Directive MEMO/11/923
Modernisation of the Professional Qualifications Directive – frequently asked questions
1. What is the Professional Qualifications Directive about?
 According to national laws or regulations, the practice of certain professions can be subject to having certain qualifications, e.g. for those who wish to become accountants, architects, engineers or physiotherapists. Training requirements for obtaining such professional qualifications can differ from country to country and may, therefore, make the exercise of a profession in another Member State quite difficult, even impossible.
 A few decades ago, a person who was a fully qualified professional in one EU country would not necessarily have met the requirements to practise in another EU country unless he/she had completed an entire training course in the latter (host Member State). European rules on mutual recognition of qualifications were introduced over the years to overcome this difficulty. These were consolidated into the Professional Qualifications Directive which came into force in 2005.
 The Professional Qualifications Directive (Directive 2005/36/EC) applies to EU citizens. Certain third-country nationals can also enjoy rights under other European legislation (which does not necessarily bind all Member States): family members of EU citizens (Directive 2004/38/EC), long term residents (Directive 2003/109/EC), refugees (Directive 2004/83/EC), “blue card” holders (Directive 2009/50/EC) and researchers (Directive/2005/71/EC).
2. How does the recognition of qualifications work in practice under the current Directive?
 A few decades ago, a person who was a fully qualified professional in one EU country would not necessarily have met the requirements to practise in another EU country unless he/she had completed an entire training course in the latter (host Member State). European rules on mutual recognition of qualifications were introduced over the years to overcome this difficulty. These were consolidated into the Professional Qualifications Directive which came into force in 2005.
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/docs/guide/users_guide_en.pdf
3. Which professions are regulated in the EU?
  ・・・・・
6. What are the main elements of the proposal?
  ・・・・・
15. How many citizens have sought to have their profession recognised?
2011-12-19
2011-MEMO-0938   ITER (international research to tackle a global issue) MEMO/11/938
European Commission proposes Supplementary Research Programme for ITER
The European Commission has today proposed to set up a "Supplementary Research Programme" under the Euratom Treaty for the EU contribution to the ITER project from 2014 to 2018. This responds to the Commission's Communication "A Budget for Europe 2020" that proposed to fund this contribution outside the Multi-annual Financial Framework ("MFF") after 2013. The Supplementary Research Programme will ensure that Europe is able to honour its international obligations to the ITER project.
 ITER aims to demonstrate fusion as a viable and sustainable source of energy. The project brings together seven parties that represent half of the world’s population – the European Union, Russia, Japan, China, India, South Korea and the United States. ITER is being built in Cadarache, France.
・What is being proposed for the management of ITER?
・Why is the Commission proposing to fund ITER outside the MFF after 2013, and not within Horizon 2020?
・How much money is necessary, and how will the funding outside the MFF work?
・Why invest in ITER?
・Why is ITER funded at the European level?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/euratom/fusion/iter/index_en.htm
2011-12-21
2012-BEI-0151   South Africa's first solar tower project BEI/12/151
European Investment Bank backs South Africa's first solar tower project
 The European Investment Bank, Europe's long-term lending institution, has agreed to provide EUR 50m for the Khi Solar One Project.
This is the first large concentrated solar power project in sub-Saharan Africa and one of the first private sector renewable energy projects in the country.
 The project will help South Africa meet renewable energy targets by increasing renewable energy output.
 The Khi Solar One project consists of a 200m high tower and more than 4,500 heliostat moving mirrors to reflect light onto the tower.
 It is located on a 600 hectare site close to Upington, in South Africa's Northern Cape Province. Jointly owned by Abengoa, the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) and the Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) program, the 50 MW project will be Abengoa´s third commercial solar tower and its first outside of Spain.
 The South African plant will have more than double the capacity than the last tower Abengoa built in Andalucia. Khi Solar One will use concentrated solar technology that harnesses solar radiation by focusing it onto a small area in order to produce steam, which drives a turbine and produces electricity. Advanced dry cooling technology will reduce water consumption by two thirds. ・・・
 It will be able to store thermal energy for 2 hours and will prevent approximately 183,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year.
2012-11-07
2012-BEI-0194   West African power networks BEI/12/194
Post-conflict West African power networks get EUR 75m European support
 Separate power networks in West Africa are set to be joined following a new regional electricity project backed by the European Investment Bank.
 Work to link power systems of Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea will progress following formal approval of EUR 75m support from the European Investment Bank to the government of Sierra Leone for a regional power line interconnecting these four countries.
 This is the first project financed by the European Investment Bank in Sierra Leone since 2003.
 The EIB is a key lender supporting infrastructure and private sector development in Africa.
 The EUR 370m scheme includes a new 1350km high-voltage transmission back-bone linking four states with a combined population of 40 million to improve reliable access to cost-effective electricity, and connect them to the West African Power Pool (WAPP). The transmission link will significantly reduce power costs in Liberia and Sierra Leone.
2012-12-11
2012-BEI-0195   sustainable energy (hydropower plant and long-distance transmission line) BEI/12/195
Zambian sustainable energy infrastructure gets EUR50m EIB support
 Energy users across Zambia and Southern Africa will benefit from a new 120 MW hydropower plant and long-distance transmission line to be financed with support from Europe’s long-term lending institution.
 The European Investment Bank will provide EUR 50m for the project that includes the construction of a hydropower plant at the existing Itezhi-Tezhi Dam and 291km transmission line to Lusaka that will connect the power station to the national grid and the Southern African Power Pool
2012-12-11
2012-C085-01   Common military list 2012/C 85/01
Common Military List of the European Union
(adopted by the Council on 27 February 2012) (Council Common Position 2008/944/CFS)
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP List 2012-02 参照】 OJ 2012 C085/001-036
2012-C100-01   Activity Report of the OLAF Supervisory Committee 2012/C 100/01
Activity Report of the OLAF Supervisory Committee (January 2011-November 2011)
1. INTRODUCTION
1. The Supervisory Committee (SC) of the European Anti- Fraud Office (OLAF) was established for the purpose of reinforcing OLAF's independence by the regular monitoring of its investigative function, whilst refraining from interfering with the conduct of investigations in progress. The SC also assists the Director-General of OLAF (hereinafter OLAF DG) in the discharge of his responsibilities, with the aim to support OLAF's work and to ensure that its investigations are carried out to the highest standards.
2. The SC discharges this role by delivering opinions to the OLAF DG, in which it makes recommendations to OLAF for improvement where it deems appropriate and necessary. The SC also submits annual reports to the EU institutions on its activities.
【以下略】
2. LEGAL GUARANTEES FOR OLAF’S INVESTIGATIVE INDEPENDENCE
3. MONITORING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OLAF’S INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTION
4. MONITORING THE IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT ON OLAF’S INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTION
CONCLUSIONS
[ANNEX I] CALENDAR OF SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE MEETINGS
[表] 2011 Month / Meeting date
[ANNEX II] List of opinions adopted by the SC between 1 December 2005 and 30 November 2011
[ANNEX III] OPINION No 1/2011 Access by OLAF to personnel data held by the Commission
[ANNEX IV] Opinion No 2/2011 Powers of the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) for the independent conduct of internal investigations within the EU institutions
[ANNEX V] Opinion No 3/2011 OLAF’s preliminary draft budget for 2012
[ANNEX VI] Opinion No 4/2011 on the amended proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) and repealing Regulation (Euratom) No 1074/1999 27
[ANNEX VII] Opinion No 5/2011 Transmission by OLAF to the institutions of final case reports drawn up following internal investigations closed without follow-up
OJ 2012 C100/001-041
2012-C135-06   Hercule II 2012/C 135/06
Hercule II - Call for proposals - OLAF/2012/D5/02 - Technical support for national authorities' use of special investigative tools and methods in the fight against fraud and corruption and technical support to strengthen inspections of containers and trucks at the EU's external borders, including the fight against cigarette smuggling and counterfeiting
1. Objectives and description
This notice of call for proposals is based on Decision No 878/2007/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2007 establishing a Community action programme to promote activities in the field of the protection of the Community's financial interests (Hercule II programme), OJ L 193 of 25 July 2007.
2. Eligible applicants
  ・・・・・
6. Further information
The technical specifications and the application form can be downloaded from the following site: http://ec.europa.eu/anti_fraud/about-us/funding/techn-assist/items/call_proposals_2012_en.htm
Question and/or requests for additional information in relation to this call have to be sent by e-mail to: OLAF-FMB-HERCULE-TA@ec.europa.eu
OJ 2012 C135-06
2012-C271-04   European emblem 2012/C 271/04
Administrative agreement with the Council of Europe regarding the use of the European emblem by third parties
1. General principle
Any natural or legal person ("user") may use the European emblem or any of its elements, subject to the following conditions of use.
2. Conditions of use
The use of the European emblem and/or any of its elements is allowed, irrespective of whether the use is of a non-profit or commercial nature, unless:
(a) the use creates the incorrect impression or assumption that there is a connection between the user and any of the institutions, bodies, offices, agencies and organs of the European Union or the Council of Europe;
(b) the use leads the public to believe erroneously that the user benefits from the support, sponsorship, approval or consent of any of the institutions, bodies, offices, agencies and organs of the European Union or the Council of Europe;
(c) the use is in connection with any objective or activity which is incompatible with the aims and principles of the European Union or of the Council of Europe, or which would be otherwise unlawful.
3. Trade mark and related issues
4. Legal responsibility
5. Right to pursue any abuse
OJ 2012 C271/005
2012-C310-03   NFIPs (national football information points) 2012/C 310/03
List of national football information points (NFIPs)
【国別表】 MS / Service / Address / Telephone/ Fax / E-mail
BE / Police fédérale Direction générale de la police administrative Direction des opérations et informations Sécurité intégrale football (SIF) / Rue Fritz Toussaintstraat 8 1050 Bruxelles / +32 26426019 +32 26426070 +32 26464940 (Fax) / ivv-sif@skynet.be
BG / National Information Centre — Sport Events Security Unit Criminal Police Department National Police Chief Directorate Ministry of Interior / Alexander Malinov blvd. 1 1715 Sofia / +359 29828610 +359 29316080 (Fax)
  ・・・・・
UK / UKFPU (United Kingdom Football Policing Unit) / PO Box 51997 London SW9 6TN / +44 2077857161-82 +44 2077857184 (Fax) / footballdesk@fpu.pnn.police.uk
Europol / / Visitors address: Eisenhowerlaan 73 2517 KK Den Haag NEDERLAND Postal address: Europol PO Box 908 50 2509 LW Den Haag NEDERLAND / +31 703531022 / O1@europol.europa.eu navarroj@europol.europa.eu
OJ 2012 C310/032-036
2012-C312-04   List of contact points for the protection of public figures 2012/C 312/04
List of contact points for the protection of public figures
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax
BE / Federal Public Service of interior Crisis Centre Directorate / Rue Ducale/Hertogstr. 53 1000 Bruxelles/Brussel / +32 25064814 +32 25064747 (24 h) +32 477315306 (mobile) +32 25064842 (Fax)
Alain.Lefevre@ibz.fgov.be
BG / National Service for Protection / "Cherni Vruh" blvd. 43 1407 Sofia / +359 28629188 +359 28685293 (Fax)
  ・・・・・
OJ 2012 C312/009-012
2012-C312-05   List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime 2012/C 312/05
List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax
BE / Federal Police — Vehicle Crime Unit — DJB/AUTOCRIM / Post address: Fritz Toussaintstraat 8 1050 Brussel Visiting address: Luchtmachtlaan 10 1040 Brussel / +32 26426592 +32 26448208 (Fax)
BE / Federal Police — Vehicle Crime Unit — DJB/AUTOCRIM / Post address: Fritz Toussaintstraat 8 1050 Brussel Visiting address: Luchtmachtlaan 10 1040 Brussel / +32 26426592 +32 26448208 (Fax)
  ・・・・・
OJ 2012 C312/013-015
2012-C312-06   List of permanent contact points concerning public order 2012/C 312/06
List of permanent contact points concerning public order
[国別表] MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax
BE / Federal Police PCN/DAO / Rue Fritz Toussaint 8 1050 Bruxelles / +32 26426380 +32 26464940 (Fax) / dga-dao@skynet.be
 / Ministry of the Interior, Crisis Centre / Hertogstraat 53 1000 Brussel / +32 25064711 +32 25064709 (Fax)
BG / Ministry of Interior National Police Chief Directorate Public Order Police Department Patrol Duty Unit Contact person: Mrs Penka Stoianova / Alexsander Malinov blvd. 1 1715 Sofia / +359 29829931 +359 29829168 (Fax)
  ・・・・・
OJ 2012 C312/016-018
2012-C325-02   [ELI] European Legislation Identifier 2012/C 325/02
Council conclusions inviting the introduction of the European Legislation Identifier (ELI)
I. INTRODUCTION
1. Article 67(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provides for the constitution of an area of freedom, security and justice with respect for fundamental rights and the different legal systems and traditions of the Member States.
2. A European area of freedom, security and justice in which judicial cooperation can take place requires not only knowledge of European law, but in particular mutual knowledge of the legal systems of other Member States, including national legislation.
3. The e-Law formation of the Working Party on e-Law is competent in matters of developments regarding the legal databases and information systems managed by the Publications Office of the European Union ( 1 ).
II. IDENTIFICATION OF THE NEEDS
4. The EUR-Lex and N-Lex portals should fulfil the objective of providing access to information about the EU and Member States’ legal systems and should serve as a useful tool for citizens, legal professionals as well as Member States’ authorities.
5. Knowledge on the substance and application of European Union law cannot be solely acquired from EU legal sources, but also from national sources, ・・・
III. IDENTIFICATION OF SOLUTIONS
IV. CONCLUSION
14. The Council welcomes the initiative of a number of Member States to develop, on a voluntary basis at the national level, the European Legislation Identifier (hereinafter referred to as ELI). ・・・
[ANNEX] ELEMENTS OF ELI
The following elements of ELI address these requirements on a technical basis. These components can be implemented independently of each other, but the combination of all of them will give the full benefits of ELI.
1. Identification of legislation — Ways to uniquely identify, name and access national and European legislati
2. Properties describing each legislative act
3. On national implementation
4. The ELI website
5. ELI within the EU
OJ 2012 C325/003-011
2012-C326-01   Treaty on European Union 2012/C 326/01
Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
・Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (pp.001〜012)
・Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union (pp.013〜046
・Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (pp.047〜200)
・Protocols (pp.201〜330)
・Annexes (pp.331〜336)
・Declarations annexed to the Final Act of the Intergovernmental Conference which adopted the Treaty of Lisbon, signed on 13 December 2007 (pp.337〜362)
・Tables of equivalences (pp.363〜390)
OJ 2012 C326/001-390)
2012-C326-02   Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 2012/C 326/02
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
・Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
[TITLE I] DIGNITY
[TITLE II] FREEDOMS
[TITLE III] EQUALITY
[TITLE IV] SOLIDARITY
[TITLE V] CITIZENS' RIGHTS
[TITLE VI] JUSTICE
[TITLE VII] GENERAL PROVISIONS GOVERNING THE INTERPRETATION AND APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER
OJ 2012 C326/391-407)
2012-C327-01   Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community 2012/C 327/01
Consolidated version of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community
[TITLE I] The tasks of the Community
[TITLE II] Provisions for the encouragement of progress in the field of nuclear energy
・CHAPTER 1 PROMOTION OF RESEARCH
・CHAPTER 2 DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION
・CHAPTER 3 HEALTH AND SAFETY
・CHAPTER 4 INVESTMENT
・CHAPTER 5 JOINT UNDERTAKINGS
・CHAPTER 6 SUPPLIES
・CHAPTER 7 SAFEGUARDS
・CHAPTER 8 PROPERTY OWNERSHIP
・CHAPTER 9 THE NUCLEAR COMMON MARKET
・CHAPTER 10 EXTERNAL RELATIONS
[TITLE III] Institutional and financial provisions
・CHAPTER 1 APPLICATION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION AND OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
・CHAPTER 2 THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE COMMUNITY
・CHAPTER 3 PROVISIONS COMMON TO SEVERAL INSTITUTIONS
・CHAPTER 4 THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE
[TITLE IV] Specific financial provisions
[TITLE V] General provisions
[TITLE VI] Provisions relating to the initial period (repealed)
Final provisions
[ANNEXES]
・ANNEX I FIELDS OF RESEARCH CONCERNING NUCLEAR ENERGY REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 4 OF THIS TREATY
・ANNEX II INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 41 OF THIS TREATY
・ANNEX III ADVANTAGES WHICH MAY BE CONFERRED ON JOINT UNDERTAKINGS UNDER ARTICLE 48 OF THIS TREATY
・ANNEX IV LIST OF GOODS AND PRODUCTS SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF CHAPTER 9 ON THE NUCLEAR COMMON MARKET
・ANNEX V INITIAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING PROGRAMME REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 215 OF THIS TREATY (REPEALED)
[PROTOCOLS]
・Protocol on the role of national parliaments in the European Union
・Protocol on the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union
・Protocol on the location of the seats of the institutions and of certain bodies, offices, agencies and departments of the European Union
・Protocol on the privileges and immunities of the European Union
・Protocol on Article 40.3.3 of the Constitution of Ireland
・Protocol on transitional provisions
OJ 2012 C327/001-107
2012-C358-02   combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW 2012/C 358/02
Thirteenth progress report on the implementation of the EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition (2012/I)
I. INTRODUCTION
The thirteenth progress report on the implementation of the SALW Strategy covers EU activities during the first half of 2012 (until 1 July 2012). The report was prepared by the EEAS Division for Weapons of Mass Destruction, Conventional Weapons and Space, Security Policy and Conflict Prevention Directorate, in cooperation with other relevant EEAS and European Commission services. During the reporting period, the EU continued to promote the issue of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in all multilateral fora and in its political dialogue with third countries in the context of relevant international instruments, such as the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. In particular, the EU actively participated in the preparations for the 2012 Review Conference on the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. Over the period, the EU also continued the implementation of several projects related to the prevention of SALW illicit trade and excessive accumulation, and started the elaboration of new initiatives to be further developed over the next months.
II. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN CONTAINED IN THE EU SALW STRATEGY
II.1. Effective multilateralism to develop universal, regional and national mechanisms to counter the supply and destabilising spread of SALW and their ammunition
II.2. SALW in the framework of political dialogue with third countries and regional organisations, SALW clauses
II.3. Specific EU project assistance to third countries and regional organisations
OJ 2012 C358/002-006
2012-C386-01   control of exports of military technology and equipment 2012/C 386/01
Fourteenth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP Rep 14 参照】 OJ 2012 C386/001-431
2012-C390-10   return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from a Member State 2012/C 390/10
List of central authorities nominated by the Member States to deal with the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from a Member State and applying Article 3 of Directive 93/7/EEC
【国別表】 Member State / Central authority OJ 2012 C390/009-018
2012-DOC-0002   TREATY ON STABILITY, COORDINATION AND GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC AND MONETARY UNION DOC/12/2
TREATY ON STABILITY, COORDINATION AND GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC AND MONETARY UNION
THE CONTRACTING PARTIES………..
CONSCIOUS of the obligation of the Contracting Parties, as Member States of the European Union, to regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern,
DESIRING to promote conditions for stronger economic growth in the European Union and, to that end, to develop ever-closer coordination of economic policies within the euro area,
【以下略】
[TITLE I] PURPOSE AND SCOPE
[Article 1]
1. By this Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree, as Member States of the European Union, to strengthen the economic pillar of the Economic and Monetary Union by adopting a set of rules intended to foster budgetary discipline through a fiscal compact, to strengthen the coordination of economic policies and to improve the governance of the euro area, thereby supporting the achievement of the European Union's objectives for sustainable growth, employment, competitiveness and social cohesion.
2. The provisions of this Treaty shall apply in full to the Contracting Parties whose currency is the euro. They shall also apply to the other Contracting Parties to the extent and under the conditions set out in Article 14.
[TITLE II] CONSISTENCY AND RELATIONSHIP WITH THE LAW OF THE UNION
[TITLE III] FISCAL COMPACT
[TITLE IV] ECONOMIC POLICY COORDINATION AND CONVERGENCE
[TITLE V] GOVERNANCE OF THE EURO AREA
[TITLE VI] General and final provisions
2012-02-01
2012-DOC-0003   ESM (EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM) DOC/12/3
TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM (ESM)
【2012-02-02時点 一部タイトルのみ 英文、本文は 仏文】
CHAPTER 1 MEMBERS AND GOAL
CHAPTER 2 DIRECTION
CHAPTER 3 CAPITAL
CHAPTER 4 OPÉRATIONS
CHAPTER 5 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
CHAPTER 6 RELATIVE GENERAL ARRANGEMENTS TO THE MY
CHAPTER 7 TRANSIENT ARRANGEMENTS
CHAPTER 8 FINAL ARRANGEMENTS
2012-02-01
2012-EDPS-0008   data protection safeguards before public sector information containing personal data can be re-used EDPS/12/8
EDPS calls for data protection safeguards before public sector information containing personal data can be re-used
 Today, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted his opinion on the Commission's Open Data Package, which includes a series of measures to facilitate a wider and innovative re-use of public sector information (PSI).
 The opinion highlights the need for specific safeguards for data protection whenever PSI contains personal data. It recommends that public sector bodies take a "proactive approach" when making personal data available for re-use.
 This would make it possible to make data publicly available, on a case by case basis, subject to conditions and safeguards in compliance with data protection rules.
2012-04-19
2012-EDPS-0009   ACTA (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement) EDPS/12/9
ACTA measures to enforce IP rights in the digital environment could threaten privacy and data protection if not properly implemented
 Today, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted his Opinion on the proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA).
 The Opinion shows that the lack of precision of the Agreement about the measures to be deployed to tackle infringements of intellectual property rights ("IP rights") on the Internet may have unacceptable side effects on fundamental rights of individuals, if they are not implemented properly. It underlines that many of the measures to strengthen IP enforcement online could involve the large scale monitoring of users' behaviour and of their electronic communications. These measures are highly intrusive to the private sphere of individuals, and should only be implemented if they are necessary and proportionate to the aim of enforcing IP rights.
 In his Opinion, the EDPS stresses in particular that:
- measures that allow the indiscriminate or widespread monitoring of Internet users' behaviour, and/or electronic communications, in relation to trivial, small-scale, not for profit infringement would be disproportionate and in breach of Article 8 ECHR, Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and the Data Protection Directive;
- many of the voluntary enforcement cooperation measures would entail a processing of personal data by ISPs which goes beyond what is allowed under EU law;
- ACTA does not contain sufficient limitations and safeguards, such as effective judicial protection, due process, the principle of the presumption of innocence, and the right to privacy and data protection.
関連 In February 2010, the EDPS issued an Opinion
http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/webdav/site/mySite/shared/Documents/Consultation/Opinions/2010/10-02-22_ACTA_EN.pdf
2012-04-24
2012-EDPS-0010   Smart meters EDPS/12/10
Smart meters: consumer profiling will track much more than energy consumption if not properly safeguarded, says the EDPS
On Friday 8 June 2012, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted his opinion on the Commission Recommendation on preparations for the roll-out of smart metering systems, which gives guidance to Member States to prepare for the roll-out of these systems.
 While the Europe-wide rollout of smart metering systems may bring significant benefits, it will also enable massive collection of personal data which can track what members of a household do within the privacy of their own homes, whether they are away on holiday or at work, if someone uses a specific medical device or a baby-monitor, how they like to spend their free time and so on.
 These patterns can be useful for analysing our energy use for energy conservation but together with data from other sources, the potential for extensive data mining is very significant.
 Patterns and profiles can be used for many other purposes, including marketing, advertising and price discrimination by third parties.
2012-06-11
2012-EO-0010   transparency concerning medicines for children EO/12/10
Ombudsman calls for more transparency concerning medicines for children
 The European Ombudsman, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, has called on the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to increase the transparency of its procedures for ensuring that children can benefit from new medicines. This follows a complaint from two pharmaceutical companies which were required by EMA to test the suitability for children of their heart failure medicine.
 They alleged unfair treatment because other pharmaceutical companies had been exempted from the obligation to test similar products. The Ombudsman concluded that EMA did not properly disclose its assessments in these cases. He called on the Agency to make its procedures more transparent in the future.
・Testing medicines to treat children suffering from heart failure
 In order to protect better the health of children, the EU adopted a Paediatric Regulation in 2006. The Regulation includes an obligation requiring pharmaceutical companies to conduct tests to determine whether and how their medicines can be used to treat children. EMA, based in London, is responsible for ensuring that pharmaceutical companies comply with their obligations under the Paediatric Regulation.
 http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu/en/cases/draftrecommendation.faces/en/11553/html.bookmark
2012-06-04
2012-IP-0088   reduce water pollution risks IP/12/88
Environment and Water: proposal to reduce water pollution risks
 Brussels, 31 January 2012
- Improvements in water quality in the EU could be at risk from new forms of chemical pollution. The Commission is proposing to add 15 chemicals to the list of 33 pollutants that are monitored and controlled in EU surface waters. This is another step towards improving the quality of our river, lake and coastal waters.
 The 15 substances include industrial chemicals as well as substances used in biocides, pharmaceuticals and plant protection products. They have been selected on the basis of scientific evidence that they may pose a significant risk to health.
 The update will be achieved through a revision of the Directive on priority substances in the field of water quality ( http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008L0105:EN:NOT).
 The newly proposed substances are the outcome of a review that considered the risks posed by some 2000 substances according to their levels in surface waters, and their hazardousness, production and use. For six of the 15 new priority substances the classification proposed would require their emissions to water to be phased out within 20 years. The proposal also includes stricter standards for four currently controlled substances, and a requirement to phase out the emissions of two others already on the list.
 The proposed 15 additional priority substances are:
Plant protection product substances: Aclonifen, Bifenox, Cypermethrin, Dicofol, Heptachlor, Quinoxyfen
- Substances used in biocidal products: Cybutryne, Dichlorvos, Terbutryn
- Industrial chemicals: Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD)
- Combustion by-products: Dioxin and Dioxin-Like PCBs
- Pharmaceutical substances: 17 alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), 17 beta-estradiol (E2), Diclofenac
2012-01-31
2012-IP-0113   Organic Wine IP/12/113
New EU rules for "Organic Wine" agreed
Brussels, 08 February 2012
- New EU rules for "organic wine" have been agreed in the Standing Committee on Organic Farming (SCOF), and will be published in the Official Journal in the coming weeks. With the new regulation, which will apply from the 2012 harvest, organic wine growers will be allowed to use the term “organic wine” on their labels. The labels must also show the EU-organic-logo and the code number of their certifier, and must respect other wine labelling rules. Although there are already rules for “wine made from organic grapes”, these do not cover wine-making practices, i.e. the whole process from grape to wine. Wine is the one remaining sector not fully covered by the EU rules on organic farming standards under Regulation 834/2007.
 The new regulation establishes a subset of oenological (wine-making) practices and substances for organic wines defined in the Wine Common Market Organisation (CMO) regulation 606/2009. For example, sorbic acid and desulfurication will not be allowed and the level of sulphites in organic wine must be at least 30-50 mg per litre lower than their conventional equivalent (depending on the residual sugar content). Other than this subset of specifications, the general wine-making rules defined in the Wine CMO regulation will also apply. As well as these wine-making practices, "organic wine" must of course also be produced using organic grapes – as defined under Regulation 834/2007.
2012-02-08
2012-IP-0123   hazardous substances (Classification and Labelling) IP/12/123
New Classification and Labelling Inventory opens way to safer use of hazardous substances
Brussels, 13 February 2012.
 A big step towards a safer use of hazardous chemicals was taken today with the publication of the first EU Classification and Labelling Inventory. Released by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), it lists the classification of all the chemical substances used in the EU which allows identifying those that are potentially hazardous and may damage health and the environment. The aim is to provide industry, and in particular small companies, with easy access to information on the hazardousness of a given substance, facilitating the task to correctly classify and label substances and mixtures, as well as substitution of hazardous substances with less damaging alternatives where feasible.
 ECHA : http://echa.europa.eu/clp/c_l_inventory_en.asp
・Towards harmonised classifications for all hazardous substances
2012-02-13
2012-IP-0141   radio spectrum IP/12/141
Digital Agenda: Commission welcomes step forward for wireless broadband with adoption of Radio Spectrum Policy Programme
 Brussels, 15 February 2012
- Radio spectrum supports 3.5 million jobs and more than €250 billion of economic activity each year in Europe, including incredibly popular services such as wireless broadband. The Commission therefore welcomes the European Parliament's adoption of the five-year Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP) which will allow sufficient spectrum to be made available for wireless applications and services such as high speed 4th generation (4G) wireless broadband.
 The RSPP also supports entertainment/culture (mobile TV or wireless electronic books), transport systems, health (such as medical appliances and devices to assist disabled persons), research, civil protection, the environment and energy (including smart energy grids and smart metering systems), without affecting the requirements of other policies such as defence.
・Specific steps to be taken by the EU Member States and the Commission before 1st July 2015 include:
 By the end of 2012, Member States should have authorised the use of the harmonised 2.5-2.69 GHz, 3.4-3.8 GHz and 900/1800 MHz bands for use by wireless broadband communications, including 3rd & 4th generation mobile communication services.
 By 1 January 2013, all Member States (unless an individual exemption has been obtained before that date), should have authorised the use of the 800 MHz band for wireless broadband communications. One of the main objectives here is to cover sparsely populated areas.
 By mid-2013 at the latest, the Commission, in cooperation with Member States, will set out the details for an inventory to analyse efficient spectrum use, in the 400 MHz to 6 GHz range, in the EU. This will form the basis of possible further action on the coordinated allocation of spectrum bands to specific uses, such as wireless broadband.
・Additional action by 2015 at the latest include:
 Spectrum trading between spectrum users in a set of harmonised bands where flexible use has already been introduced;
 The Commission and Member States ensuring sufficient harmonised spectrum becomes available for safety services and civil protection
Digital Agenda website : http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/digital-agenda/index_en.htm
2012-02-15
2012-IP-0197   Animal Welfare Strategy IP/12/197
Commission gathers international experts to drive new Animal Welfare Strategy 2012-2015 forward
Brussels, 29 February 2012
- Enhanced consumer empowerment and strengthening enforcement of existing rules are the main objectives of a two-day international conference on the new EU animal welfare strategy taking place in Brussels on 29 February – 1 March. Co-organised by the European Commission and the Danish Presidency of the EU, this high-level conference aims to drive forward an integrated approach to animal welfare.
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/seminars/index_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/actionplan/actionplan_en.htm
2012-02-29
2012-IP-0220   Environment IP/12/220
Environment: Better implementation will lower costs and improve the environment
Brussels, 7 March 2012
– Failing to implement environment legislation is thought to cost the EU economy around €50 billion every year in health costs and direct costs to the environment. In an effort to reduce that figure and deliver better environmental outcomes for people and businesses, the Commission today issued a communication on better implementation of EU environment law.
 Today's communication underlines the positive benefits of environment law, showing how preventing damage to the environment can cost far less than long-term remediation. Environment legislation can bring advantages to industry: full implementation of EU waste legislation would generate an additional 400,000 jobs, for example, with net costs that are €72 billion less than the alternative scenario of non-implementation.
Next Steps
 The Communication will be addressed to the European Parliament, Member States, their citizens and all actors in the area of implementation and enforcement. The outcome of discussions between the three EU institutions will prepare the ground for the 7th Environment Action Programme.
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/legal/law/compliance.htm
2008 Communication on implementing Environment Law
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52008DC0773:EN:NOT
2012-03-07
2012-IP-0258   EU Agency for large-scale IT systems Inauguration of the new EU Agency for large-scale IT systems Brussels, 21 March 2012
- A new agency for managing large-scale EU information systems will be inaugurated tomorrow in Tallinn, Estonia, with the attendance of Home Affairs Commissioner Cecilia Malmström.
 Its main task will be to en­sure that the Visa Information (VIS) and EURODAC systems operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The Agency is due to become fully operational as of December 2012.
・Background
 The Regulation establishing the Agency (Regulation 1077/2011) was adopted in October 2011.
・Homepage of Cecilia Malmström, Commissioner for Home Affairs
 http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
・Homepage DG Home Affairs:
 http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/index_en.htm
2012-03-21
2012-IP-0309   climate adaptation policy-making IP/12/309
CLIMATE-ADAPT: a new tool for climate adaptation policy-making
Brussels, 23 March 2012
- The European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT), an interactive web-based tool on adaptation to climate change, goes online today at the European Environment Agency (EEA) in Copenhagen.
 Connie Hedegaard, European Commissioner for Climate Action, joined Ida Auken, Denmark's Minister for the Environment, and the EEA's Executive Director Jacqueline McGlade for the launch.
 CLIMATE-ADAPT has been developed with the support of the European scientific and policy making community, and will help users to access, disseminate and integrate information on:
・Expected climate change in Europe
・The vulnerability of regions, countries and sectors now and in the future
・Information on national, regional and transnational adaptation activities and strategies
・Case studies of adaptation and potential future adaptation options
・Online tools that support adaptation planning
・Adaptation-related research projects, guideline documents, reports information sources, links, news & events.
European Climate Adaptation Platform:
 http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu
Adaptation to climate change:
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/adaptation/index_en.htm
OJ 2012-03-23
2012-IP-0310   Environment (ship breaking) IP/12/310
Environment: Commission proposes tighter laws on ship breaking
Brussels, 23 March 2012
– The European Commission today proposed new rules to ensure that European ships are only recycled in facilities that are safe for workers and environmentally sound.
 More than 1000 large old commercial ships, such as tankers and container vessels, are recycled for their scrap metal every year, but many European ships end up in substandard facilities on the tidal beaches of South Asia.
 These facilities mostly lack the environmental protection and safety measures needed to manage the hazardous materials contained in end-of-life ships. These include asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), tributyl tin and oil sludge.
 This leads to high accident rates and health risks for workers and extensive environmental pollution.
・Next Steps
 The Council and the European Parliament will now discuss the Commission proposal.
・Further information:
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/ships/index.htm
2012-03-23
2012-IP-0316   Small enterprises Shift to green economy IP/12/316
Small enterprises: Shift to green economy underway, but not at full speed yet
Brussels, 27 March 2012.
– According to the Eurobarometer survey on "SMEs, resource efficiency and green markets" published today, 37% of EU SMEs have at least one full or part-time green employee. Green jobs are largely created in SMEs as opposed to large firms: In 2012, 1 in 8 employees of small and medium-sized firms had a green job or almost 13% of all SME jobs (in large firms it was only 1 in 33 equivalent to 3% of all large company jobs). Green jobs in SMEs are also estimated to expand dynamically with a rate of 35% in the next 2 years.
・Green SMEs: Strong at home, but weak abroad
・Customer demand plays a major role
・SMEs reduce energy and resources consumption
・Policy measures can help unleash the 'green growth engine'
・Administrative simplification would boost green products
・Green public procurement still a challenge
・Background
2012-03-27
2012-IP-0317   EU Cybercrime Centre IP/12/317
An EU Cybercrime Centre to fight online criminals and protect e-consumers
 Brussels, 28 March 2012
– It is estimated that, worldwide, more than one million people become victims of cybercrime every day. The cost of cybercrime could reach an overall total of USD 388 billion worldwide.
 Today, the European Commission proposed to establish a European Cybercrime Centre to help protect European citizens and businesses against these mounting cyber-threats. The centre will be established within the European Police Office, Europol in The Hague (The Netherlands). The centre will be the European focal point in fighting cybercrime and will focus on illegal online activities carried out by organised crime groups, particularly those generating large criminal profits, such as online fraud involving credit cards and bank credentials.
関連 : MEMO/12/221
Homepage of Cecilia Malmström, Commissioner for Home Affairs
http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/malmstrom/welcome/default_en.htm
Homepage DG Home Affairs:
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/index_en.htm
2012-03-28
2012-IP-0327   aviation's greenhouse gas IP/12/327
Inclusion of aviation into the EU ETS
 Following a recent media report about the inclusion of aviation into the ETS, it would be useful to recall the following: the EU has consistently been clear that it will review its legislation only if and when a global agreement to address aviation's greenhouse gas emissions is found in ICAO.
 Pending this global agreement, the EU legislation will continue to apply to all aircraft operators using airports in the EU territory.
2012-03-28
2012-IP-0349   registering a car in another Member State IP/12/349
Commission slashes unnecessary burden for registering a car in another Member State
Brussels, 4 April 2012.
 Each year, EU citizens and companies have to move some 3.5 million vehicles to another Member State, and need to get them registered according to the national legislation. However, what should be a simple registration procedure in the 21st century Single Market remains a cumbersome and lengthy administrative procedure because of the diversity of rules and the various conflicting requirements. It takes on average 5 weeks to complete the procedure and the cost is estimated at €400 for citizen and for businesses. Moreover, these problems also represent a significant barrier to the free movement of goods, services and workers, and therefore for growth and jobs creation in Europe. This is why the European Commission is acting today to dramatically reduce this unnecessary administrative burden. The proposal presented by Vice-President Antonio Tajani would lead to a very substantial administrative simplification with total savings of at least € 1.5 billion per year for businesses, citizens and registration authorities.
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/single-market-goods/motor-vehicle-registration/index_en.htm
・Formalities for re-registering a car in another EU country will be radically reduced
・Next steps
 The proposal will now be discussed by the European Parliament and the Council. Once it will be approved Member States will be given one year to prepare for the new procedures, such as software for data exchange etc. ・・・
2012-04-04
2012-IP-0358   Generation 1992 "Generation 1992": European Commission reaches out to young people with a creativity competition on the single market Brussels, 11 April 2012
- Having grown up in a world where the free movement of people, goods, services and capital between the 27 countries of the European Union has always been a fact of life, young adults born in 1992 are in a unique position of being able to offer a fresh perspective on the European single market.
For this reason, the European Commission is targeting this "Generation 1992" with a creativity competition aimed at tapping into the views, experiences, insights and expectations of what the single market means to young Europeans today.
 The competition, which is being launched today, is open to all European citizens born between 1 January and 31 December 1992.
 Entrants can submit an original essay, video, photograph, cartoon or smart phone application and can chose to focus on one of four categories: education and citizenship; jobs and entrepreneurship; culture and leisure and consumers and environment.
・Generation 1992 Website: www.generation1992.eu
・20th anniversary website: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/20years/
2012-04-11
2012-IP-0360   IoT (Internet of Things) Digital Agenda: Commission consults on rules for wirelessly connected devices - the "Internet of Things" Brussels, 12 April 2012
– The "Internet of Things" (IoT) is a future in which everyday objects such as phones, cars, household appliances, clothes and even food are wirelessly connected to the Internet through smart chips, and can collect and share data.
 The European Commission wants to know what framework is needed to unleash the potential economic and societal benefits of the IoT, whilst ensuring an adequate level of control of the devices gathering, processing and storing information.
 The information concerned includes users' behavioural patterns, location and preferences.   The Commission wants to ensure that the rights of individuals are respected and is launching a public consultation inviting comments by 12th July 2012.
 Today, an average person has at least 2 objects connected to the Internet and this is expected to grow to 7 by 2015 with 25 billion wirelessly connected devices globally. By 2020 that number could double to 50 billion. This means a possible future in which many everyday things are linked. For example, if a university teacher cancels a morning lecture because they are sick, students' alarm clocks and coffee machines could automatically be reset, giving them an extra hour in bed. If an elderly person forgets to take an essential pill, a warning text message could be sent to a close family member, or even to a local emergency centre, so that somebody could call round to check that everything was ok.
・consultation document http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/ipm/forms/dispatch?form=IoTGovernance
・RFID http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/rfid/index_en.htm
2012-04-12
2012-IP-0381   China (Education & culture) IP/12/381
Education & culture: EU and China launch people-to-people dialogue
Brussels, 18 April
- The European Union and China are taking their co-operation to a new level with the launch of a "people-to-people" dialogue covering education, culture, youth, research and multilingualism. Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, and Liu Yandong, Chinese State Councillor, today signed a joint declaration in which the EU and China commit to strengthening contacts and exchanges between their peoples in order to deepen understanding and trust.
 The new EU-China High-Level People-to-People Dialogue represents a 'third pillar' in relations between the two partners, building on two previous cooperation agreements - the High-Level Economic and Trade Dialogue ("first pillar") and the High-Level Strategic Dialogue ("second pillar").
 The people-to-people dialogue will enjoy the same status as the other agreements and will have flexible structure with very low financial implications
Background
 EU-China cooperation on education, training, culture, research, youth and multilingualism has developed rapidly over the past decade.
 More than 2000 Chinese students have benefitted from Erasmus Mundus grants to study in the EU, with 200 EU students going to China.
 In addition, around 550 Chinese researchers have received funding for research work abroad through the EU's Marie Curie Actions since 2007, some working on large scale international projects (worth a total of €314 million) and others involved in smaller schemes (worth €3.8 million Euro). More than 60 Chinese universities participate in EU exchanges.
 The Chinese government offers support to EU primary and secondary school educators and students who want to learn Chinese through the China-EU Language Exchange Project.
 In recent years EU-China Schools of Business, Law and Renewable Energy have been launched with EU funding support. The EU-China International Business School (CEIBS), established in Shanghai in the mid-1990s, has received €33 million and is ranked among the global top 30 by the Financial Times.
・Policy dialogue with China – education, training, culture, multilingualism and youth
 http://ec.europa.eu/education/external-relation-programmes/china_en.htm
・EU-China Year of Intercultural Dialogue
 http://ec.europa.eu/culture/eu-china/intercultural-dialogue-2012_en.htm
2012-04-18
2012-IP-0418   electronic money activities IP/12/418
Internal Market: Commission acts to ensure implementation of EU rules in the area of electronic money activities
Brussels, 26 April 2012
- Belgium, Spain, France, Cyprus, Poland and Portugal have been asked to notify to the European Commission within the next two months the measures they are taking to update their national legislation in conformity with the latest Directive on e-money.
 The Directive aims at facilitating market entry, as well as at the taking up and pursuit of the business of electronic money issuance.
 These rules, including their prudential dimension, are tailored to the specificities of electronic money activities and markets (2009/110/EC).
 Electronic money is a digital equivalent of cash, stored on an electronic device or remotely at a server. One common type of e-money is the 'electronic purse', where users store relatively small amounts of money on their payment card or other smart card, to use for making small payments. But e-money can also be stored on (and used via) mobile phones or in a payment account on the internet.
 The deadline for implementing the rules in question was 30 April 2011.
・What is the aim of the EU rule in question?
・How are Member States not respecting this rule?
・How are businesses suffering as a result?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/company/simplification/index_en.htm
2012-04-26
2012-IP-0452   RAPEX (safety of products) Consumers: latest report on safety of products shows fewer dangerous items reaching the EU market Brussels, 08 May 2012
- EU consumers want to be sure that the products – whether produced in the EU or imported from third-countries - are safe. The good news is that thanks to the increasing effectiveness of the EU's rapid alert system for non-food dangerous products ("RAPEX") dangerous products are detected earlier and more effectively and are more promptly removed from the EU market. This process involves a chain of actions including upstream efforts to design out risks at source, better risk assessment and close co-operation between EU authorities, notably customs, to identify risks at the points of entry.
・RAPEX : a rapid alert system to keep EU consumers safe
 RAPEX has matured significantly since 2004 (when the General Product Safety Directive was transposed into national law). Member States have spent up to 100 million € and employed up to 6000 inspectors to work on product safety enforcement. The 2011 report highlights the achievements:
・RAPEX 2011 Report: what about the countries of origin:
関連: http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/news/index_en.htm
2012-05-08
2012-IP-0471   Road charging IP/12/471
Transport: Road charging plans must be fair to all drivers
Brussels, 14 May 2012
- The European Commission has today issued guidelines warning that under EU law road charging schemes must not discriminate against foreign drivers. The aim is to assist Member States who are considering introducing new charging schemes for private cars.
・The current situation
 Seven Member States — Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia — have time-based "vignette" charging schemes for private cars. Belgium is current working to introduce one. The Netherlands and Denmark have discussed introducing road charging systems, including for private cars.
 The EU's "Eurovignette directive" sets out a transparent list of costs that can be charged for heavy goods vehicles, such as the cost of the infrastructure and externalities such as air pollution and noise. For private cars, there are no such rules. However, the basic Treaty provisions prohibiting any discrimination on grounds of nationality apply.
・The Commission guidelines
 Table 1. Average Daily Price [国別表]
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road/road_charging/charging_private_vehicles_en.htm
・Annex
Current Road user charges (vignettes) for passenger vehicles ≤ 3.5 t in the EU [表]
2012-05-14
2012-IP-0477   Emissions trading IP/12/477
Emissions trading: annual compliance round-up shows declining emissions in 2011
Brussels, 15 May 2012
- Emissions of greenhouse gases from installations participating in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) decreased by more than 2% last year, according to the information provided by Member State registries.
 Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said: ''ETS Emissions decreased by more than 2% in 2011 despite an expanding economy recovery. This good result shows that the ETS is delivering cost-effective emissions reductions.
 It also emphasizes why the ETS remains the engine to drive low-carbon growth in Europe. However, there is still a growing buffer of unused allowances.
 This is why the Commission, as announced last month, is now reviewing the time profile of phase 3 auctions with a view to reducing the number of allowances for auction in the early years of phase 3''.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ets/
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/citl_en.htm
2012-05-15
2012-IP-0479   health claims on Food IP/12/479
Food: Commission adopts landmark list of permitted health claims
Brussels, 16 May 2012
- Health claims on food labelling and in advertising, for example on the role of calcium and bone health or vitamin C and the immune system, have become vital marketing tools to attract consumers' attention. Therefore EU consumers expect accurate information on products they buy, in particular on the health claims the products may put forward.
 Today, a list of 222 health claims has been approved by the Commission. This list is based on sound scientific advice, will be used throughout the EU and will also help to remove misleading claims from the market before the end of the year.
 Claims for which the authorisation process is complete will be listed in the Union Register of nutrition and health claims made on foods, as required by Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods.
 This Union Register is an interactive database and is on the Commission's website.
・http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/claims/index_en.htm
・http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/
2012-05-16
2012-IP-0541   assessing toxic chemical mixtures IP/12/541
Environment: A new approach to assessing toxic chemical mixtures
Brussels, 31 May 2012
– The Commission undertakes to address potential risks associated with chemical mixtures are properly understood and assessed.
 Every day, we are exposed to mixtures of chemical substances, and these combinations may affect us in ways that the individual substances do not.
 EU laws set strict limits for the amounts of particular chemicals allowed in food, water, air and manufactured products, but the potentially toxic effects of these chemicals in combination are rarely examined.
 Under the new approach, the Commission will identify priority mixtures to be assessed, ensure that the different strands of EU legislation deliver consistent risk assessments for such priority mixtures, and fill in gaps in the scientific knowledge needed to assess the mixtures.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/effects.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/environmental_risks/docs/scher_o_155.pdf
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/pdf/report_Mixture%20toxicity.pdf
2012-05-31
2012-IP-0571   Renewables IP/12/571
Renewables: Commission confirms market integration and the need for growth beyond 2020
The European Union is committed to achieving a 20% share of renewable energy by 2020.     This goal can be reached only in a cost-efficient manner if all policies currently in place are implemented across all Member States and if support schemes converge.
 In the Communication adopted today, the Commission is therefore calling for a more coordinated European approach in the establishment and reform of support schemes and an increased use of renewable energy trading among Member States.
 Moreover, the fact that investors need regulatory certainty makes crucial to start discussing the future and building a solid framework beyond 2020.
・New goals for GHG (Greenhouse gas emissions) but no goals for renewable energy. ETS would be the main instrument to cut down on CO2 emissions.
・Three national targets: Renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG.
・EU wide targets: Renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG goals.
The Communication on Renewables : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/communication_2012_en.htm
2012-06-06
2012-IP-0573   orphan medicinal product IP/12/573
1,000th designation of an orphan medicinal product: improving the lives of patients
Over 30 million European citizens suffer from a rare disease.
 The small numbers of patients affected by a single disease and the fragmentation of knowledge about rare diseases translates into difficulties for people to get the right diagnosis, the right medical advise and the right medicine.
 In many cases, the medicine they need has not yet been developed. Today's 1000th designation of an orphan medicinal product marks a tremendous success in improving this situation.
 Orphan medicines relate to diseases which affect not more than 5 persons in 10.000 in the EU. As a consequence, the economic potential of such medicines is very limited which hampers the development of new medicines.
[Background]
1. What are rare diseases?
 Rare diseases are life-threatening or chronically debilitating diseases of such a low prevalence (affecting not more than 5 persons in 10 000 in the EU) that specific R&D efforts are needed to address them. The diseases can have very different causes, treatments, curability and expected evolution.
2. What is the role of the Regulation on orphan medicinal products?
3. What is the role of support for research and innovation ?
4. What is the role of the European Medicines Agency?
関連 :
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:018:0001:0005:en:PDF
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/documents/community-register/html/alforphreg.htm
 http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/
 http://ec.europa.eu/research/health/medical-research/rare-diseases/irdirc_en.html
2012-06-07
2012-IP-0582   Airport noise IP/12/582
Airport noise: Member States support revision of EU rules
Siim Kallas, European Commission Vice-President in charge of transport, thanked the Danish Presidency for its energetic management of the Better Airports proposals, which has now seen agreement reached by the Council both for groundhandling (on 22 March) and today for noise.
 He said: "Transport ministers have been able to reach a general approach on this politically sensitive issue which is an important step. Decisions on noise restrictions will remain clearly for Member States, but I am also conscious of the impact of restrictions on the aviation network.
 So we have to ensure a process which is fair and which respects international rules."
・The initial Commission proposal
 On 1 December 2011 the Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on noise-related operating restrictions, in the context of the "Better airports package", together with proposals on groundhandling and airport slots (see IP/11/1484 and MEMO/11/857). On noise-related operating restrictions, the Commission proposed to repeal "Directive 2002/30/EC" and to replace it by a "new regulation".
・The transport ministers endorsed the main thrust of the Commission proposal:
 ・The new rules will more clearly identify all actors in the noise assessment process with their respective rights and obligations. ・・・
 ・Competent authorities should be able to focus on the noisiest aircraft of the fleet (the so-called 'marginally compliant aircraft') and ・・・
 ・The Commission will have a right to review the quality of the decision-making process to ensure that ・・・
 ・The Commission will be empowered to update the noise standards in view of international developments within ICAO ・・・
・Next steps
 The proposal must still be voted by the European Parliament in first reading. The proposed regulation on noise-related operating restrictions is the second of three legislative proposals of the "Better airports package". Further to today's discussion the Commission expects the Council to work on the third element, slots, under CY Presidency.
2012-06-07
2012-IP-0602   Passenger rights (disabled air travellers) IP/12/602
Passenger rights: unfair refusals 'still a problem' for disabled air travellers says Commission
 Many disabled and reduced mobility air travellers still face problems of unjustified refusals, and other unfair demands when attempting to travel.
 As thousands of disabled Paralympians and spectators prepare to travel to London for the 2012 Olympic Games, the Commission has published guidelines to clarify their rights when travelling by air.
1. Pre-notification: The guidelines highlight the importance of pre-notification. In order to allow service providers (airports or airlines) to arrange the required assistance, it is essential that disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility notify their needs at least 48 hours before the published time of departure.
2. Unjustified refusals: Passengers report recurring problems with refusals and inconsistent requirements for medical certificates and for passengers to be accompanied.
3. Problems with medical and mobility equipment
2012-06-14
2012-IP-0612   Sustainable Energy IP/12/612
EU Sustainable Energy Week: Commission will present financing opportunities for renewables
 Between 18 and 22 June 2012, an estimated 150,000 people across Europe will discuss energy efficiency and renewables during the seventh edition of the EU Sustainable Energy Week. The European Commission is organising a high-level policy conference in Brussels which would allow for a first public debate on the issue of investing in higher energy efficiencies and a wider use of renewable energy sources.
 This year's main theme is the recently adopted Communication on the Renewable Energy Strategy which explores the policy options for the integration of renewables into the European system post 2020. Announcing the Week ahead, EU Commissioner for Energy Günther Oettinger said: "Sustainable energy is at the heart of the Europe 2020 Strategy for sustainable growth and employment. It constitutes an economic opportunity. While Europe is already investing highly in more intelligent energy use, it is time for Europe to step up efforts in informing its citizens about the benefits of it, and ensure that renewable energy can become a competitive player in the European energy market."
 http://www.eusew.eu/energy-days-europe
2012-06-18
2012-IP-0679   language learning IP/12/679
Eurobarometer: 98% say language learning is good for their children, but tests highlight skills gap
 Almost nine out of ten EU citizens believe that the ability to speak foreign languages is very useful and 98% say that mastering languages will be good for the future of their children, according to a new Eurobarometer opinion poll on EU citizens' attitudes towards multilingualism and foreign language learning.
 However, a separate European Commission study, the first European Survey on Language Competences, highlights that there is a gap between aspirations and reality when it comes to foreign language skills in practice: tests carried out among teenage pupils in 14 European countries show that only 42% are competent in their first foreign language and just 25% in their second. A significant number, 14% in the case of the first foreign language and 20% in the second, do not achieve even the level of "basic user".
 "This Eurobarometer shows that multilingualism and language learning matter a great deal to people and that is something we should rejoice in. But we must also do more to improve the teaching and learning of languages.
・Special Eurobarometer 386 "Europeans and their languages" : http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb_special_399_380_en.htm#386
・http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb_special_en.htm
・Eurobarometer executive summary : http://ec.europa.eu/languages/documents/eurobarometer/e386summary_en.pdf
2012-06-21
2012-IP-0706   organic logo IP/12/706
EU organic logo fully up and running from 1 July 2012
 The two-year transition period for the organic food sector to comply with new EU labelling rules is reaching its end.
 As from 1 July 2012, the EU organic logo will be obligatory on all pre-packaged organic food products produced in EU Member States which meet the necessary standards.
 The logo will stay optional for non-packed and imported organic products.
 Other private, regional or national logos will continue to be allowed to appear alongside the EU label.
 http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/home_en
 http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/eu-policy/logo_en
2012-06-28
2012-IP-0727   Short selling IP/12/727
Short selling: Commission adopts technical standards
 The European Commission has today set out the detailed rules aimed at reducing the risk of settlement failures linked to naked short selling, as well as the means by which market participants should disclose significant short positions to the market. The technical standards adopted today by the Commission are based on the work of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA). They notably specify the details of the so-called "locate rule," which ensures that short sales do not result in a failure to deliver. The new rules also detail how ESMA is to determine the shares which are exempt from the Short Selling Regulation1 by virtue of their principal trading venue being outside the Union. Together with the Short Selling Regulation that they implement, the regulations adopted today will create a more transparent, orderly and stable market by reducing the risks tied to short selling.
Background
 The Implementing Regulation details technical rules on the following issues to ensure the consistent application of the Short Selling Regulation:
関連 : 2012-MEMO-0508
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/short_selling_en.htm
2012-06-29
2012-IP-0771   reduce CO2 emissions from cars and vans IP/12/771
Further CO2 emission reductions from cars and vans: a win-win for the climate, consumers, innovation and jobs
 The European Commission today put forward proposals to implement targets that will further considerably reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new cars and light commercial vehicles (vans) by 2020.
 The proposals will cut average emissions from new cars to 95 grams of CO2 per km (g CO2/km) in 2020 from 135.7g in 2011 and a mandatory target of 130g in 2015.
 Emissions from vans will be reduced to 147g CO2/km in 2020 from 181.4g in 2010 (the latest year for which figures are available) and a mandatory target of 175g in 2017.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/cars/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/vans/index_en.htm
 http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/monitoring-co2-emissions-from-new
2012-07-11
2012-IP-0772   Copyright (music licensing) IP/12/772
Copyright: Commission proposes easier music licensing in the Single Market
 The European Commission has today proposed measures to modernise collecting societies and put in place incentives to promote their transparency and efficiency.
 New digital technologies are opening up great opportunities for creators, consumers and businesses alike. Increased demand for online access to cultural content (e.g. music, films, books) does not recognise borders or national restrictions. Neither do the online services used to access them. This is where collecting societies come into play, in particular in the music sector, where they collectively manage the licensing of copyright-protected music tracks for online use on behalf of composers and lyricists and collect and redistribute to them corresponding royalties.
 However, some collecting societies struggle to adapt to the requirements of the management of rights for online use of musical works, in particular in a cross-border context. As a result of today’s proposal, those collecting societies willing to engage in the multi-territorial licensing of their repertoire would therefore have to comply with European standards. This would make it easier for service providers to obtain the necessary licences for music to be distributed online across the EU and to ensure that revenue is correctly collected and fairly distributed to composers and lyricists.
・Key elements of the proposed Directive
Today's proposal pursues two complementary objectives:
 ・To promote greater transparency and improved governance of collecting societies through strengthened reporting obligations and rightholders’ control over their activities, so as to create incentives for more innovative and better quality services.
 ・Building upon this – and more specifically – to encourage and facilitate multi-territorial and multi-repertoire licensing of authors' rights in musical works for online uses in the EU/EEA.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/top_layer/intellectual-property/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/smact/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/management/index_en.htm
2012-07-11
2012-IP-0780   Road Safety IP/12/780
Road safety: Tougher vehicle testing rules to save lives
 Vehicle checks are fundamental to road safety. More than 5 people die on Europe's roads every day in accidents linked to technical failure. So today the European Commission has adopted new rules to toughen up the testing regime and widen its scope.
 Technical defects contribute heavily to accidents. They are responsible for 6% of all car accidents, translating into 2,000 fatalities and many more injuries yearly. 8 % of all motorcycle accidents are linked to technical defects.
・The new proposals
 The new proposals aim to save more than 1,200 lives a year and to avoid more than 36,000 accidents linked to technical failure.
・Key elements of the new proposals include
 ・Compulsory EU wide testing for scooters and motorbikes. ・・・
 ・Increasing the frequency of periodic roadworthiness tests for old vehicles. ・・・
 ・Increasing the frequency of tests for cars and vans with exceptionally high mileage. ・・・
 ・Improving the quality of vehicle tests ・・・
 ・Making electronic safety components subject to mandatory testing.
 ・Clamping down on mileage fraud, with registered mileage readings.
関連
 Directive 2009/40/EC, Directive 2000/30/EC, Directive 1999/37/EC
2012-07-13
2012-IP-0794   new Biocides Regulation IP/12/794
Environment: Safer regulation for biocidal products
 New rules on biocides enter into force today. They will bring a significant boost to the protection of human health and the environment. Biocidal products are necessary for the control of organisms that are harmful to human or animal health or that cause damage to materials.
 But as their properties can also pose risks to humans, animals and the environment, they need careful regulation.
 The new regulation on biocidal products will increase the safety of these chemical products and simplify their authorisation on the EU market, improving their free movement on the internal market.
 Biocidal products are part of everyday life. They include disinfectants used at home or in hospitals, rat poison, insect repellents, anti-mould sprays and paints, water purification tablets and many other products. These products have been subject to EU law since 1998, and since that time almost one thousand products have been authorised under the biocidal products directive.
 The new provisions also reduce animal testing by making data sharing compulsory and encouraging a more flexible and integrated approach to testing. A dedicated IT platform (the Register for Biocidal Products) will be used for submitting applications as well as recording decisions and disseminating information to the public.
関連 http://echa.europa.eu/regulations/biocidal-products-regulation
2012-07-17
2012-IP-0795   Clinical Trials Regulation IP/12/795
Fostering EU's attractiveness in clinical research: Commission proposes to revamp rules on trials with medicines
 Boosting clinical research in Europe by simplifying the rules for conducting clinical trials is what today's proposal from the Commission is about.
 Clinical trials are tests of medicines in humans and give patients access to most innovative treatments.
 At the same time, clinical research with over 20 billion Euros of investment per year in the EU makes a significant contribution to the growth policy of the Europe 2020 agenda.
 Clinical trials are vital to develop medicines and to improve and compare the use of already authorised medicines.
 The data generated in clinical trials are used by researchers in publications, and by pharmaceutical companies applying for marketing authorisations Once implemented, the measures proposed today will speed up and simplify the authorisation and reporting procedures, while maintaining the highest standards of patient safety and robustness and reliability of data.
 The measures will also better differentiate the obligations according to the risk-profile of the trial, and improve transparency including on trials done in third countries.
 The proposed Regulation, once adopted, will replace the 'Clinical Trials Directive' of 2001.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/clinical-trials/index_en.htm
2012-07-17
2012-IP-0806   RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) IP/12/806
Food: Latest Report shows EU Controls ensure our food is safe
 A European Commission report published today shows that thanks to the EU's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) many food safety risks have been averted or mitigated and safety controls ensure our food is safe. RASFF plays a key role in ensuring safety from "farm to fork", by triggering a rapid reaction when a food safety risk is detected. All members of the RASFF system1 are swiftly informed of serious risks found in food or feed so that together they can react to food safety threats in a coordinated way to protect the health of EU citizens.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/rapidalert/index_en.htm
2012-07-20
2012-IP-0850   Emissions Trading IP/12/850
Emissions Trading: Commission prepares for change of the timing for auctions of emission allowances
・The European Commission initiated in mid-April the review of the auction time profile of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and proposes today a Decision to clarify the provisions of the EU ETS Directive on the timing of auctions of emission allowances.
 Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said: "The EU ETS has a growing surplus of allowances built up over the last few years. It is not wise to deliberately continue to flood a market that is already oversupplied. ・・・
 In phase three of the EU ETS – running from 2013 to 2020 – a large amount of allowances will be auctioned, with the revenues accruing to Member States.
 The main changes in the third trading phase are:
 ・Transition from caps set at Member State level to one single EU-wide cap per sector;
 ・Transition from mainly free allocation to more than half of the allowances being auctioned;
 ・Harmonisation of free allocation rules based on ambitious EU-wide benchmarks
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/index_en.htm
2012-07-25
2012-IP-0888   waste management IP/12/888
Environment: a new medals table for waste management
【廃棄物処理状況 国別評価】
 A new report on how Member States manage their municipal waste shows startling differences across the EU.
 The report grades the 27 Member States against 18 criteria, using green, orange and red flags in areas such as total waste recycled, pricing of waste disposal, and infringements of European legislation. The resulting scoreboard forms part of an on-going study that will help Member States improve their waste management performance. Top of the table are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden, none of which have more than 2 red flags. But the pattern is reversed at the other end of the scale, where green flags are scarce.
 The Member States with the largest implementation gaps are Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. Failings include poor or non-existent waste prevention policies, a lack of incentives to divert waste from landfills, and inadequate waste infrastructure.
 Heavy reliance on landfilling means that better waste management options such as re-use and recycling are consistently underexploited. The outlook is accordingly poor.
 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden by contrast have comprehensive waste collection systems and landfill less than 5 % of their waste. They have well developed recycling systems, sufficient treatment capacity, and they perform well with biodegradable waste. Typically, they blend legal, administrative and economic instruments to good effect in their waste management policies.
 A number of Member States have made rapid progress from reliance on landfilling to its virtual elimination. But even the best performers face a number of challenges such as stepping up waste prevention and addressing overcapacity in the incineration sector, which may hamper recycling and require imports of waste to feed incinerators.
・For the Screening Report, see:
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/studies/pdf/Screening_report.pdf
2012-08-07
2012-IP-0897   Better information for citizens about major accident risks IP/12/897
Environment: Better information for citizens about major accident risks
 New rules that enter into force today will see EU citizens better informed about major threats posed by industrial plants in their immediate vicinity.
 The rules are part of an otherwise technical update of the Seveso Directive( http://ec.europa.eu/environment/seveso/index.htm ) , a key instrument in industrial risk management, which is being adapted to reflect recent changes in the international and European classification of chemicals.
 The Directive obliges Member States to draw up emergency plans for areas surrounding industrial installations where very large quantities of dangerous substances are to be found.
 In addition to the technical updates to take account of changes in EU chemicals classification, the main improvements for citizens are:
・Better access for citizens to information about risks resulting from activities of nearby industrial installations, and about how to behave in the event of an accident; this will also increase confidence in the functioning of these companies
・More effective rules on participation, by the public concerned, in land-use planning projects related to Seveso plants
・Access to justice for citizens who have not been granted appropriate access to information or participation
・Stricter standards for inspections of establishments to ensure more effective enforcement of safety rules.
2012-08-13
2012-IP-0898   e-waste (WEEE) IP/12/898
Environment: New rules on e-waste to boost resource efficiency
 Improved rules on the collection and treatment of e-waste enter into force today.
 E-waste (i.e. waste electrical and electronic equipment, or WEEE) is one the fastest growing waste streams, and it offers substantial opportunities in terms of making secondary raw materials available on the market.
 Systematic collection and proper treatment is a precondition for recycling materials like gold, silver, copper and rare metals in used TVs, laptops and mobile phones.
 The new Directive is a clear step forward in terms of environmental protection and a major boost to resource efficiency in Europe.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm
2012-08-13
2012-IP-0927   European Heritage Days IP/12/927
European Heritage Days: 50 countries open rarely seen sites
 Over the coming month, more than 20 million people are expected to take advantage of free access to thousands of rarely opened sites and special events as part of the European Heritage Days, which take place every September in 50 countries across Europe.
 "The European Heritage Days provide a wonderful opportunity for people to discover cultural treasures which are often right on their doorstep. Some they may not even be aware of, while others are seldom accessible to the public. By opening their doors, these sites open our eyes and minds to the shared and diverse cultural heritage that is the jewel in Europe's crown," said Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth.
List of events : http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/heritage/ehd/National_Events/map_en.asp
European Heritage Days : http://ec.europa.eu/culture/our-programmes-and-actions/heritage-days/european-heritage-days_en.htm
2012-09-03
2012-IP-0929   radio spectrum IP/12/929
Digital Agenda: Commission moves to foster wireless innovation through sharing of radio spectrum
 The European Commission today unveiled plans to deal with the exponential growth in mobile and wireless data traffic by enabling wireless technologies, including broadband, to share the use of the radio spectrum.
 With new technologies it is possible to share radio spectrum amongst several users – such as internet providers – or use the spectrum available between TV frequencies, for example, for other purposes. National spectrum regulation often does not reflect the new technical possibilities, leaving mobile and broadband users at risk of poor service as demand grows, and preventing a single market for investment in such communications markets
 As the first measure of the EU's new Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (IP/12/141), today the Commission calls for:
1) Regulators to support wireless innovation by monitoring and potentially extending the harmonised internal market bands in which no licence is required (so-called licence-exempt bands) through appropriate measures under the Radio Spectrum Decision (676/2002/EC),
2) Fostering consistent regulatory approaches across the EU for shared rights of use that give incentives and legal certainty to all users (current and new) who can share valuable spectrum resources.
参考 : 2012-MEMO-0636, 2012-IP-0141
2012-09-03
2012-IP-0943   road toll payment system IP/12/943
Road transport: serious delays in establishing a pan-European road toll payment system
 The European Commission has warned that Member States will need to do more to ensure that the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) deployment is on track.
 The EU decided in 2004 to implement EETS in order to reduce the hassle for truckers and, later, for all road users by facilitating toll payments across the European Union by means of a single on-board unit and a single service contract.
 This will result in fewer cash transactions at toll stations and the elimination of cumbersome procedures for cross-border users, thereby improving traffic flow and reducing congestion. European interoperability will reduce the cost of future tolling equipment.
・What is the report saying?
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Result.do?T1=V5&T2=2012&T3=474&RechType=RECH_naturel&Submit=Search
2012-09-07
2012-IP-0961   CNOSSOS-EU (Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe) IP/12/961
Environment: Speaking the same language on noise exposure
 Quantifying noise exposure will be significantly easier thanks to a new set of common noise assessment methods published today.
 Comparable data on noise exposure in Europe is a prerequisite to set up EU policies to reduce noise pollution, a growing health and economic concern all over Europe.
 The new methods – known as Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe (CNOSSOS-EU) – were drawn up by the European Commission’s in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre.
 They assess noise from road, rail and air traffic and from industry, and will provide consistent and comparable data on the noise levels to which people are exposed. Member States will have to start using the new methods for the next round of EU-wide strategic noise mapping in 2017.
 The European Commission will use the common set of noise assessment methods developed by the JRC as a basis for the common methodology to obtain comparable figures on traffic (road, railway, aircraft) and industrial noise by end 2013.
 A common framework for noise assessment methods will allow comparable and reliable information to be gathered on noise levels and the associated health implications to which EU citizens are exposed.
 It will also facilitate the preparation of detailed action plans to prevent and reduce exposure to harmful levels of noise.
 The Environmental Noise Directive(2002/49/EC : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/noise/directive.htm), introduced in 2002, requires Member States to determine the exposure to environmental noise through strategic noise mapping and elaborate action plans for noise reduction.
 The first EU-wide noise mapping exercise in 2007 found considerable differences in assessment methods, data collection and quality.
関連
http://ihcp.jrc.ec.europa.eu/our_activities/public-health/env_noise/new-report-by-jrc-common-framework-to-assess-noise/
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/noise/home.htm
http://ihcp.jrc.ec.europa.eu/our_activities/public-health/env_noise
2012-09-14
2012-IP-0992   pollen in honey IP/12/992
Food: Commission proposes clearer rules on status of pollen in honey
 A proposal to amend rules on honey to clarify the true nature of pollen following a European Court of Justice preliminary ruling was adopted today by the European Commission.
 In line with international WTO standards, the proposal defines pollen as a natural constituent of honey and not as an ingredient.
 The Court of Justice based its interpretation on the honey directive dating back to 2001 and qualified pollen as an ingredient in honey arguing that the pollen is found in honey mainly due to intervention by the beekeeper. However, the Commission proposal recognises that pollen is a natural constituent and not an ingredient of honey; it enters into the hive as a result of the activity of the bees and is found in honey regardless of whether the beekeeper intervenes. Consequently, since pollen is considered as a natural constituent of honey, EU labelling rules requiring a list of ingredients would not apply.
 The Commission's proposal will not affect the conclusion of the Court as regards the application of the GMO legislation to GM pollen in food. In particular it does not alter the Court conclusion that honey containing GM pollen can be placed on the market only if it is covered by an authorisation under the legislation. Furthermore, the labelling rules on GMO in food will also be applicable3. The proposal also aims to align the existing Commission implementing powers in the Honey Directive 2001/110/EC with those introduced by the Lisbon Treaty
関連 : http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2011-09/cp110079en.pdf
2012-09-21
2012-IP-1002   air pollutants IP/12/1002
Environment: many Europeans still exposed to harmful air pollutants
 Almost a third of Europe's city dwellers are exposed to excessive concentrations of airborne particulate matter (PM). Particulate matter is one of the most important pollutants in terms of harm to human health as it penetrates sensitive parts of the respiratory system. The EU has made progress over the past decades to reduce the air pollutants which cause acidification, but a new report published today by the European Environment Agency (EEA) shows that many parts of Europe have persistent problems with outdoor concentrations of PM and ground level ozone.
 Key findings
・Particulate matter (PM) is the most serious air pollution health risk in the EU,leading to premature mortality.・・・
・Ozone (O3) can cause respiratory health problems and lead to premature mortality.・・・
・Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a major cause of eutrophication (excessive plant and alal growth in water) and acidification, and also contributes to the formation of PM and O3. ・・・
・Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is a carcinogen. ・・・
・Sulphur dioxide (SO2) is a big success story: ・・・
・Carbon monoxide, benzene and heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, nickel, lead) concentrations in outdoor air are generally low, ・・・
 National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive(Directive 2001/81/EC) : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Notice.do?val=261604:cs&lang=en&list=261604:cs,&pos=1&page=1&nbl=1&pgs=10&hwords=
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/index.htm
2012-09-24
2012-IP-1005   Languages IP/12/1005
European Day of Languages: multilingual magic, from speak-dating and cocktails to fun in the library 'bath'
 No-one will be lost for words: from a multilingual 'speak-dating' session in Prague, to a world café in Sofia, a rap challenge in Åarhus, European languages cocktail bar in Budapest, foreign language poetry evening in Cardiff and a "linguistic bath" at 30 libraries in Berlin – these are just a few of the highlights of the European Day of Languages, taking place at venues throughout Europe tomorrow, 26 September (see list of events).
 http://ec.europa.eu/languages/orphans/european-day-of-languages_en.htm
 The European Commission will mark the occasion by hosting a special event in Limassol (Cyprus), where more than 400 delegates will look at ways to improve language learning and discuss the role of languages in a globalised world.
 Erasmus for All, the European Commission's proposed new education, training and youth programme for 2014-2020, will boost support for language teaching and learning.
  http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus-for-all/index_en.htm
2012-09-25
2012-IP-1011   medical devices IP/12/1011
Safer, more effective and innovative medical devices
 Ranging from simple sticking plasters to the most sophisticated life-supporting machines, medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices are central to our health and quality of life.
 To ensure that these devices serve the needs and ensure the safety of European citizens, the European Commission today proposed two Regulations which are fit for purpose, more transparent and better adapted to scientific and technological progress.
 The new rules aim to ensure that patients, consumers and healthcare professionals can reap the benefits of safe, effective and innovative medical devices.
 The medical device sector is highly innovative, particularly in Europe and has an estimated market value of around Euro. 95bn .
・Who will benefit? Patients and consumers, Healthcare professionals, Manufacturers
・Main elements of the proposals include:
・The revised regulatory framework for medical devices is comprised of the following:
詳細 :
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/medical-devices/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/health/medical-devices/documents/revision/index_en.htm
関連 [2012-MEMO-0710]
2012-09-26
2012-IP-1029   methamphetamine and heroine precursors IP/12/1029
Tighter EU controls of methamphetamine and heroine precursors
 Stronger controls on drug precursors used in heroin and methamphetamine production have been proposed by the Commission today.
 Drug precursors are legal chemicals contained in a wide range of products, including pharmaceuticals, perfumes and plastics, but which can also be illegally diverted to produce narcotics.
 The two proposals adopted today seek to close loopholes in current legislation on drug precursors that could be exploited by illegal drug producers.
 They reinforce the controls on specific chemicals, both within the Single Market and at the EU borders through Customs.
 In doing so, the proposed new rules can contribute to early stage prevention of illicit drug manufacturing, which is an important pillar of the EU drug strategy.
関連 【2012-MEMO-0715】
 http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_controls/drugs_precursors/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/specific-chemicals/drug-precursors/index_en.htm
2012-09-27
2012-IP-1045   list of approved flavouring substances IP/12/1045
Enhancing Food Safety: EU adopts list of approved flavouring substances
 Flavouring substances in food will become even safer and more transparent thanks to two pieces of legislation adopted today by the European Commission. Only those flavouring substances featuring on the approved lists will be permitted for use by the food industry.
 Used to alter the taste and/or odour of food, flavourings substances have a long history of safe use in a wide variety of foods, such as soft drinks, confectionery, cereals, cakes and yoghurts, and have now been evaluated at EU level.
 These two new pieces of legislation will clarify and harmonise the use of flavouring substances within the single market:
 The first Regulation(Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 872/2012) provides for a new EU wide list of flavouring substances which can be used in food and will apply from 22 April 2013, giving time for the EU food industry to adapt to the new rules. All flavouring substances not in the list will be prohibited after a phasing out period of 18 months.
 The second Regulation(Commission Regulation (EU) No 873/2012) concerns transitional measures for other flavourings such as flavourings made from non-food sources and will apply from 22 October 2012.
 The new list includes over 2,100 authorised flavouring substances. A further 400 will remain on the market until EFSA concludes its evaluation. These have been used for a long time and have already been assessed as safe by other scientific bodies.
・Increased Transparency
・Conditions for authorising flavouring substances
・Enforcement
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/fAEF/index_en.htm
 https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/sanco_foods/?sector=FFL
 [2012-MEMO-0723]
2012-10-01
2012-IP-1050   Nanomaterials IP/12/1050
Nanomaterials: Case by case safety approach for breakthrough technology
 Nanotechnology is delivering major advances today and also has the potential to allow "game changing" technological breakthroughs and rekindle economic growth. In recognition of this fact, the European Commission today adopted a Communication on the Second Regulatory Review on Nanomaterials, which also includes the Commission's plans to improve EU law to ensure the safe use of nanomaterials.
 The Communication underlines nanomaterials' diverse nature and types, ranging from everyday materials that have been used safely for decades (e.g., in tyres or as anticoagulants in food) to highly sophisticated industrial materials and tumour therapies. There is an increasing body of information on the hazard properties of nanomaterials, which are difficult to generalize and justify specific risk assessments.
・Nanomaterials require assessment
 In the light of current knowledge and opinions of the EU Scientific and Advisory Committees and independent risk assessors, nanomaterials are similar to normal chemicals/substances in that some may be toxic and some may not. Possible risks are related to specific nanomaterials and specific uses. Therefore, nanomaterials require a risk assessment, which should be performed on a case-by-case basis, using pertinent information. Current risk assessment methods are applicable, even if work on particular aspects of risk assessment is still required.
参考 : [RECOM 2011-0696] definition of nanomaterials
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32011H0696:EN:NOT
・REACH is best framework for nanomaterials management
関連 [2012-MEMO-0732]
 http://ec.europa.eu/nanotechnology/index_en.html
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/nanomaterials/index_en.htm
2012-10-03
2012-IP-1081   Maritime Agenda IP/12/1081
New Maritime Agenda for growth and jobs adopted
 A European agenda for creating growth and jobs in the marine and maritime sectors was adopted today by European Ministers for maritime policy and the European Commission, represented by President Jose Manuel Barroso and Commissioner Maria Damanaki at a conference in Limassol organised by the Cypriot Presidency.
 Five years after the launch of the EU Integrated Maritime Policy, the Member States and the Commission reaffirmed that a dynamic and coordinated approach to maritime affairs enhances the development of the EU's "Blue Economy" while ensuring the health of seas and oceans.
 The declaration proposes a marine and maritime agenda to back the Europe 2020 strategy.  As highlighted in the Commission's recent Blue Growth initiative on opportunities for marine and maritime sustainable growth (IP/12/955), the agenda focuses on promising maritime sectors where there is a great potential for new jobs and growth.
 These sectors are: marine renewable energy, aquaculture, blue biotechnology, coastal tourism and sea bed mining.
 Background
・Why does the EU need a Maritime agenda for growth and jobs? Why now?
・How were the five targeted maritime sectors selected?
・What's the next step?
関連 Maritime Affairs website:
 http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/blue_growth/index_en.htm
2012-10-08
2012-IP-1083   deep-sea fishing opportunities IP/12/1083
Little increase in deep-sea fishing opportunities 2013-2014
 The European Commission proposed today fishing opportunities for the deep-sea fish stocks in EU and international waters of the North-East Atlantic for 2013-2014.
 In line with the scientific advice, the Commission proposes to increase total allowable catches (TACs) for 3 stocks, a decrease for 13 stocks, and maintain TACs at the current level for 8 stocks (including zero TACs for 6 stocks), compared to 2012.
 For 2013 the Commission proposes to increase by 77% the TAC for roundnose grenadiers west of the British Isles (to 4,500 tonnes). Fishing at these levels should permit to bring this stock to sustainable levels by 2015 (so called maximum sustainable yield (MSY)). The Commission also proposes to increase by 20% and 5% the TACs for two black scabbard fish stocks in western waters (West of Scotland/Ireland). Also for these stocks the scientific advice indicates how to achieve MSY in 2015.
 TACs for the remaining stocks of black scabbard fish and roundnose grenadier are proposed to be cut or maintained unchanged.
 Taking the precautionary approach, the Commission proposes to cut by 20% the red seabream and blue ling TACs, as the conservation status of these stocks is not fully assessed.
 The Commission recently proposed a new management system for deep-sea fisheries in order to ensure better protection of deep-sea stocks and their habitats (see IP/12/813)


関連 Map of fishing areas:
  http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/publications/cfp_factsheets/fishing_areas_en.pdf
2012-10-09
2012-IP-1088   food waste IP/12/1088
Retailers take action to prevent food waste
 Retailers have committed to take voluntary action in waste prevention, particularly on food waste.
 At the Retail Forum in Brussels yesterday they confirmed their continued belief in the need to move to a resource efficient economy in spite of the challenging economic situation.
 Looking to the sustainability goals they had set themselves in key areas in precious years, such as selling more green products, they noted strong progress.
 Retailers in the Forum pledge to carry out specific environmental actions to contribute to sustainable consumption and resource efficiency. The number of environmental commitments has increased by 30% in one year to over 500, made in 3 categories ("what we sell", "how we sell" and "communication").
 The Retail Forum was launched in March 2009 as a voluntary multi-stakeholder platform. Membership is open to all retailers who join the Retailers' Environmental Action Programme (REAP) and also to civil society organisations. It was set up to facilitate dialogue between the European Commission, retailers and key stakeholders, to generate a better understanding of the practical measures needed to promote sustainable consumption.
・The Retail Forum: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/industry/retail/index_en.htm
・Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe: http://ec.europa.eu/resource-efficient-europe/
2012-10-10
2012-IP-1109   R&TTE IP/12/1109
Commission proposes to update radio equipment rules
 The European Commission has today proposed to update the Radio Equipment Directive.
 The proposal aims to make sure all market players comply with the rules regarding the avoidance of interference, so that consumers do not have problems when opening car doors, monitoring their babies or listening to radio.
 The Commission also proposes to clarify and simplify the Directive, to facilitate its application and to eliminate unnecessary burden ultimately increasing all stakeholders' confidence in the regulatory framework.
・The Commission proposes:
 ・to strengthen the level of compliance with the Directive, ensuring that citizens have access to radio products which operate without interference. For example, market surveillance and customs officers could better check the safety of products using more effective tools.
 ・to clarify the directive, in particular clearly spelling out the obligations for every market player, be it manufacturer or importer, and also by limited adaptations of scope.
 ・to simplify the directive, including through suppression of notification of certain products and other administrative obligations. The new directive would be aligned with the New Legislative Framework for products (IP/11/1385), which makes the overall regulatory framework for products more consistent and easier to apply.
・The proposal would also introduce some specific requirements, such as:
 ・ensuring that software can only be used with radio equipment after the compliance of that particular combination of software and the radio equipment has been demonstrated;
 ・interoperability with accessories such as chargers, and/or work via networks with other radio equipment.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/rtte/documents/legislation/review/index_en.htm
R&TTE Directive
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31999L0005:en:NOT
2012-10-17
2012-IP-1112   biofuel production IP/12/1112
New Commission proposal to minimise the climate impacts of biofuel production
 Today, the Commission published a proposal to limit global land conversion for biofuel production, and raise the climate benefits of biofuels used in the EU.
 The use of food-based biofuels to meet the 10% renewable energy target of the Renewable Energy Directive will be limited to 5%.
 This is to stimulate the development of alternative, so-called second generation biofuels from non-food feedstock, like waste or straw, which emit substantially less greenhouse gases than fossil fuels and do not directly interfere with global food production. For the first time, the estimated global land conversion impacts – Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) – will be considered when assessing the greenhouse gas performance of biofuels.
proposal : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/fuel/documentation_en.htm
関連 :
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/biofuels/land_use_change_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/targets_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/fuel/index_en.htm
2012-10-17
2012-IP-1114   Inland waterways IP/12/1114
Inland waterways and nature protection: New guidelines
 The Commission is issuing new guidelines on inland navigation and nature protection to assist this important sector in applying EU environmental legislation.
 The guidelines – "Inland waterway transport and Natura 2000(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/index_en.htm) – sustainable inland waterway development and management in the context of the EU Birds and Habitats Directives" – explain how best to ensure that activities related to inland navigation are compatible with EU environmental policy in general and nature legislation in particular.
 The document also emphasizes the significance of the inland navigation for securing long-term sustainability of EU transport network and highlights the achievements of this sector in integrating nature protection into its activities to date. ・・・
 This document is the fourth guidance document on application of EU nature legislation in the context of strategic EU sectors. Previously published guidelines concerned wind energy(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/docs/Wind_farms.pdf), non-energy mineral extraction(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/docs/neei_n2000_guidance.pdf) industry and developments in ports and estuaries(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/docs/Estuaries-EN.pdf).
・Guidance document on inland waterway transport and Natura 2000:
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/docs/IWT_BHD_Guidelines.pdf
・Guidance documents for the Management of Natura 2000 sites:
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/guidance_en.htm
・More information about recent policy developments in the inland waterway transport sector:
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/inland/promotion/doc/2012_0168_final_swd.pdf
2012-10-18
2012-IP-1158   rules on environmental impact assessments of projects IP/12/1158
Environment: Commission to streamline rules on environmental impact assessments of projects
 The European Commission today outlined new proposals to streamline legislation on environmental impact assessments.
 The proposals are intended to lighten administrative burdens and make it easier to assess the potential impacts of major projects, without weakening existing environmental safeguards.
 Current levels of environmental protection will be strengthened, and businesses should enjoy a more harmonised regulatory framework
 The EIA Directive(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:026:0001:0021:EN:PDF) entered into force more than 25 years ago.
 The proposed changes include:
・Adjusting the procedure that determines whether an environmental assessment is needed. This will ensure that only projects with significant environmental impacts are subject to such an assessment. Projects adapted to reduce their impacts and small–scale projects with local impacts should be approved more swiftly at lower cost, leaving authorities more time to focus on assessments of major projects with large-scale environmental impacts.
・Strengthening rules to ensure better decision-making and avoid environmental damage. Ιmpacts from alternative proposals will need more systematic consideration, and competent authorities will need to explain the reasons behind their decisions more clearly.
・Streamlining the various stages of the EIA process, by introducing timeframes and a new mechanism to ease the process when several assessments are required and several authorities involved. These changes will bring more legal certainty and accelerate the process, without compromising the quality of the assessment.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/home.htm
2012-10-26
2012-IP-1169   Car Safety IP/12/1169
Cars safer from 1 November 2012
 Europe takes a major step forward in vehicle safety on 1 November 2012 as a basket of new safety requirements for new types of motor vehicles comes into force.
 Measures which become mandatory include safety belt reminders, safety requirements for electric vehicles, easier child seat anchorages (ISOFIX), better protection of passengers against the displacement of luggage in case of the accident and tyre pressure monitoring system. In addition, cars will be also equipped with gear shift indicators to help drivers save fuel and reduce CO2 emissions.
 These new features are required under the General Safety Regulation[Regulation (EC) No 661/2009], adopted in 2009.
 This one regulation replaced more than 50 directives without weakening any safety standard.
 It thus constitutes a sweeping simplification of European legislation and reduction of regulatory and administrative burden for the vehicle industry.
 The effects of the new safety requirements
・The driver seat will have to be fitted with a safety belt reminder. ・・・
・Electric cars will have to fulfil strict electric safety requirements, ensuring that car users cannot get an electric shock from parts in the vehicle or engine compartment.
・Cars will have to be fitted with at least two ISOFIX child seat anchorage points, which have to be ・・・
・In addition, cars will be fitted with new labels, warning against the placement of rearward facing child restraint systems on a seat protected by an active frontal airbag.
・The rear passenger seats in front of the luggage compartment will now have to be made strong enough to protect against the displacement of luggage in the boot, in case of a frontal car crash. ・・・
・Tyres of passenger cars will have to be fitted with an on-board tyre pressure monitoring system detecting loss of air pressure and signalling this to the driver. ・・・
・Finally, new types of passenger cars will also have to be fitted with gear shift indicators aiding drivers to achieve better fuel economy by adopting a more environmentally friendly driving style.
2012-10-31
2012-IP-1180   Climate action IP/12/1180
Climate action: Commission proposes significant reduction in emissions of climate-warming fluorinated gases
 The European Commission took an important step today towards long-term climate objectives by presenting a proposal to significantly reduce emissions of fluorinated gases (F-gases).
 Emissions of F-gases, which have a warming effect up to 23,000 times more powerful than carbon dioxide, have risen by 60% since 1990, while all other greenhouse gases have been reduced.
 The proposed Regulation aims to reduce F-gas emissions by two-thirds of today's levels by 2030. It also bans the use of F-gases in some new equipment, such as household fridges, where viable more climate-friendly alternatives are readily available.
 F-gases are commonly used in refrigeration and air conditioning, as well as in electrical equipment, insulation foams, aerosol sprays and fire extinguishers. They leak into the atmosphere from production plants, from appliances they are used in, and when such appliances are thrown away.
 Today's proposal introduces a phase-down measure that from 2015 limits the total amount of the most significant group of F-gases - Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) – that can be sold in the EU and reduces this in steps to one fifth of today's sales by 2030.
 This measure will build on the successful phasing out of ozone-depleting substances which was achieved in the EU 10 years ahead of the schedule agreed internationally.
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/index_en.htm
http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/potent-greenhouse-gases
http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/pressroom/data-and-maps/data/data-viewers/greenhouse-gases-viewer
2012-11-07
2012-IP-1208   Emissions trading IP/12/1208
Emissions trading: Commission presents options to reform the European carbon market
 The European Commission is taking two important steps to address the growing supply-demand imbalance of emission allowances in the EU emissions trading system (EU ETS).
 As an immediate first step to address the rapid build-up of the surplus of emissions allowances, the Commission made a formal proposal to revise the auction time profile and delay ("back-load") the auctioning of 900 million allowances in the third phase of the EU ETS starting next year.
 The Commission also adopted today a report on the state of the European carbon market which sets out a range of possible structural measures that can be taken to tackle the surplus.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/auctioning/third/documentation_en.htm
2012-11-14
2012-IP-1209   Safer vehicles IP/12/1209
Safer vehicles through international harmonisation
 The European Commission has today agreed with international partners on new internationally harmonised rules on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) and Lane Departure Warning Systems (LDWS) for commercial vehicles.
 EU legislation already sets out dates for the obligatory introduction of these safety enhancing technologies in the EU.
 To promote safety internationally and help the European automotive industry export trade, it is important that these systems are based on globally harmonised standards.
 At the United Nations' World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations, the Commission actively contributed to these and other measures, including the adoption of rules for a new generation of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) called "i-Size" and rules covering the safety of batteries fitted in electric vehicles.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/documents/unece/index_en.htm
2012-11-14
2012-IP-1221   marine litter IP/12/1221
Environment: EU aiming to be at the forefront of efforts to reduce marine litter
 Marine litter is a serious threat to the coastal and marine environment around the globe.
 Marine habitats are contaminated with man-made garbage and other waste, posing growing environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problems.
 The European Commission is raising awareness about this global problem, in line with commitments made in Rio this summer to reduce the incidence and impacts of such pollution on marine ecosystems.
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/good-environmental-status/descriptor-10/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/eu-coast-and-marine-policy/implementation/scoreboard_en.htm
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/eu-coast-and-marine-policy/marine-strategy-framework-directive/index_en.htm
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/
2012-11-16
2012-IP-1314   food supply chain IP/12/1314
Improving the functioning of the food supply chain
 Every day, numerous operators (EU and non-EU) of the food supply chain deliver safe and diverse foodstuffs and beverages to over 500 million European consumers, representing an average of 15 % of household expenditure.
 The agro-food sector is a vital economy driver in the EU which encompasses 17 million enterprises in agriculture, the food processing industry and related services.
 The High Level Forum for a Better Functioning Food Supply Chain, established in 2010, has presented its report today.
 It shows that around 80 % of the initiatives contained in the Forum's Roadmap have been satisfactorily implemented.
 The Forum looks forward to a consensus yet to be reached on the best way to implement the principles of good practice put forward last year to improve business-to-business relationships (IP/11/1469).
 All parties showed their clear willingness to continue discussions in a constructive way and the Commission encourages stakeholders to put forward a satisfactory solution at the earliest opportunity.
 In parallel the Commission will assess all possible options for tackling unfair trading practices in the food chain, including legislation, and will launch an impact assessment.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/food/competitiveness/forum_food/index_en.htm
2012-12-05
2012-IP-1320   E-commerce (unfair terms) IP/12/1320
E-commerce : when purchasing games, books, videos or music on-line, look out for unfair terms, warns the EU
 Just in time for the holidays and gifts shopping season, the European Commission today publishes the results of an EU wide screening of websites selling games, books, videos and music which can be downloaded to a computer or mobile device.
 The check shows that over 75% of these websites do not appear to comply with consumer protection rules.
 This is all the more worrying when vulnerable consumers, i.e. children, are targeted. Users have to click their way through a maze of contract terms, to find out how much they will eventually have to pay and children are frequently lured into purchasing items related to supposedly free games. In case of a problem, reaching the after-sales service is often difficult as contact information is missing in more than one third of the websites. National enforcement authorities will now contact the companies concerned to enable them to clarify their position or correct their website.
 The main problems were:
・Unfair terms: contract terms must be clearly indicated and fair. A total of 230 websites (69%) contained terms considered unfair, e.g. i) ・・・
・The right of withdrawal: due to the nature of downloads, the consumer loses his right of withdrawal from the contract when downloading has begun with the consumer's agreement (in other words, the downloaded product cannot be returned); however ・・・
・Missing information on the trader's identity and address: ・・・
・No information about geographical restrictions: ・・・
・Games advertised as "free" often involve some payment at a later stage: ・・・
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/enforcement/sweeps_en.htm
2012-12-06
2012-IP-1345   Copernicus (European Earth Observation Programme) IP/12/1345
Copernicus: new name for European Earth Observation Programme
 Copernicus is the new name of the European Commission's Earth Observation Programme, previously known as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security).
 The new name was announced today by Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani during the Competitiveness Council.
 In a world facing an increased risk of natural and other disasters Copernicus aims to monitor the state of the environment on land, at sea and in the atmosphere and also to improve citizens' security.
 At the same time, Copernicus is a driver for economic growth and employment, with the potential to create up to 85 000 new jobs over the period 2015-2030, according to a recent study
・Why rename GMES? Why choose the name Copernicus?
関連 : http://www.copernicus.eu/
2012-12-11
2012-IP-1391   Tobacco products IP/12/1391
Tobacco products: towards bigger health warnings and ban of strong flavourings
 Today, after years in the making, the European Commission has adopted its proposal to revise the Tobacco Products Directive.
 The proposed legislation consists of new and strengthened rules on how tobacco products can be manufactured, presented, and sold.
 More specifically, it bans the use of cigarettes, roll-your-own tobacco (RYO) and smokeless tobacco products with characterising flavours and makes the use of large pictorial health warnings mandatory on cigarettes and RYO.
 It regulates cross border internet sale and foresees technical features to combat illicit trade. Moreover, measures are proposed for products that were not specifically regulated so far such as e-cigarettes and herbal products for smoking. Chewing and nasal tobacco will be subject to specific labelling and ingredient regulations.
 The existing ban for oral tobacco (snus) shall be maintained.
・Why a revision of EU law?
・Main elements of the proposal:
- Labelling and Packaging
- Ingredients
- Smokeless tobacco:
- Extension of the scope of the Directive
- Cross border distance sales
- Illicit trade:
・Process and Timelines
 As a next step, the proposal will be discussed in the European Parliament and in the Council of Ministers. It is expected to be adopted in 2014. It would come into effect from 2015-2016.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/products/index_en.htm
[関連] MEMO/12/1005
2012-12-19
2012-IP-1405   renewable energy and water plant in Djibouti IP/12/1405
EU announces major support to pioneering renewable energy and water plant in Djibouti
 The European Union will support a project to build a desalination plant which will use renewable energy to provide water to 200,000 inhabitants, one-fourth of the country's population, in some of Djibouti's poorest areas. The announcement was made today by Development Commissioner, Andris Piebalgs, and Djiboutian Prime Minister, Mr Dileita Mohamed Dileita, during his visit to Brussels.
・Project details
 The new facility, which will have a capacity of 22,500 m3 per day, easily extendable to 45,000 m3 per day; will be powered by renewable energy and a wind farm is planned as part of the second stage of the PEPER project. Seawater desalination is the only viable way for Djibouti to be able to tackle its water scarcity in the short run. However, such a strategy requires low cost energy to be readily available, which is where the wind farm can contribute.
・Factsheet on PEPER Project:
 http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/acp/country-cooperation/djibouti/djibouti_en.htm
2012-12-19
2012-MEMO-0019   greenhouse gas emissions from ships MEMO/12/19
Commission launches consultation to address greenhouse gas emissions from ships
Today the European Commission launched an on-line public consultation on possible measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships. All interested stakeholders can send their contributions until 12 April 2012.
 The EU committed itself to reducing total greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 by at least 20% across all sectors. The 2008 legislation provides that if no international agreement was approved which included international maritime emissions before the end of 2011, the Commission should make a proposal to include these in the EU reduction commitment.
参照 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/consultations/0014/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/shipping/index_en.htm
2012-01-19
2012-MEMO-0020   WEEE MEMO/12/20
Statement by Commissioner Potočnik on the new directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik welcomed the overwhelming support given by the European Parliament to an updated Directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
A vast majority of MEPs voted in favour of a deal which reflects a similar level of ambition to the Commission's original proposal. This means a major boost to resource efficiency in Europe for the years to come. 【略】
 Currently only one third of electrical and electronic waste in the European Union is reported by EU Member States to be separately collected and appropriately treated. The existing binding EU collection target is 4 kg of WEEE per capita, representing about 2 million tons per year, out of around 10 million tonnes of WEEE generated per year in the EU. 【略】
 The new WEEE Directive will also give EU Member States the tools to fight illegal export of waste more effectively. Illegal shipments of WEEE disguised as legal shipments of used equipment, in order to circumvent EU waste treatment rules, are a serious problem in the EU.  The new Directive will force exporters to test and provide documents on the nature of their shipments when the shipments run the risk of being waste.
 A further improvement is the harmonisation of national registration and reporting requirements under the Directive. Member States' registers for producers of electrical and electronic equipment will now have to be integrated more closely. In collaboration with them, the Commission will adopt a harmonised format to be used for the supply of information. Administrative burdens are consequently expected to decrease by around EUR 66 million per year.
参考 : Recast of the WEEE Directive http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm
2012-01-19
2012-MEMO-0025   Safety of passenger ships MEMO/12/25
Safety of passenger ships – Costa Concordia accident and Commission review of safety legislation
 Vice-President Siim Kallas, European Commissioner for Transport has asked that the currently ongoing review of EU passenger ship safety legislation take fully into account any lessons to be learnt from the Costa Concordia tragedy.
 The review will prioritise, in particular, the issues of: design and stability of passenger ships, technological developments in the sector, crew training and safe operation, including emergency evacuation procedures.
・Costa Concordia
・European Passenger Ship Safety Legislation –the current rules
・Questions to be prioritised in the review include the following:
 Stability, Design of ships and technical evolution, Evacuation, Scope of EU Legislation, Qualifications and training of crew
・What happens next?
・What are passenger ships, what does it the term cover?
・Who sets the safety rules for Passenger Ships?
1. The International Rules (IMO)
2. The EU rules
3. Safety operations of passenger ships
・Other relevant EU law includes provisions on:
2012-01-20
2012-MEMO-0031   Overseas Countries and Territories MEMO/12/31
Q&A on EU relations with its Overseas Countries and Territories
・What are OCTs?
 The OCTs are 25 countries and territories - mainly small islands – outside mainland Europe, which have constitutional ties with one of the following Member States: Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
 Although their nationals are in principle EU citizens, these territories are not part of the EU and not directly subject to EU law.
 They have a special "associate" status, designed to help their economic and social development.
・Why do the OCTs have a different status?
 There are significant differences between the OCTs themselves in terms of their degree of autonomy from the Member States, to which they are linked, but also in economic and social areas, and with regard to their geographical characteristics and climate.
 However, they do share common characteristics: none of them is a sovereign country, all are parliamentary democracies, all are islands, the size of their populations is very small and their ecological richness is extraordinary compared to continental Europe. They are all relatively vulnerable to external shocks and are in general dependent on a narrow economic base that mostly revolves around services. The OCTs are also facing many challenges such as: remoteness, vulnerability to economic shocks and climate change, difficulties to build and maintain infrastructure, or sustainable energy supply.
・Which OCTs receive funding from the European Commission?
・What is the annual OCT-EU Forum? What will be on the agenda?
・What form do EU-OCT relations take?
  ・・・・・
・What is the EU financial support to OCTs?
2012-01-23
2012-MEMO-0052   Emissions Trading (airlines) MEMO/12/52
Emissions Trading: Partial activation of the Union Registry for airlines
 Today another step was taken in the implementation of the inclusion of aviation in the EU's emissions trading system (EU ETS): the European Commission has partially activated the new Union registry to enable access for aircraft operators.
・The single Union Registry
 The Union registry operated by the Commission will ensure the accurate accounting of all emission allowances issued under the EU ETS and keep track of the ownership. Currently, allowances are held in accounts in electronic registries administered by Member States. The revised ETS Directive adopted in 20091 provides for the centralisation of operations in a single Union registry. The partial activation of the Union Registry for airlines is a first step towards the full activation of the Union Registry, which will not take place before June 2012. Until then, existing national registries remain operational, in particular for allocation and for the completion of compliance activities for stationary installations.
・What does it mean for aircraft operators?
・What are the next steps for aircraft operators?
・Can aircraft operators trade allowances before the Union registry is fully operational?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/registries/index_en.htm
2012-01-30
2012-MEMO-0059   Priority Substances in the field of water quality MEMO/12/59
Proposal for a revised directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Priority Substances in the field of water quality
・What are Priority Substances?
 Priority Substances are chemical pollutants that pose a significant risk to (or via) the aquatic environment at EU level. There are currently 33 of these Priority Substances listed in Annex X of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Member States have to monitor their concentrations in surface waters and meet the Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) set for them within a certain timeline, unless they meet conditions that allow them to apply exemptions.
 One of the environmental objectives of the Water Framework Directive is to achieve "good chemical status" for EU waters. In practice this means achieving the EQS for priority substances and for eight "other pollutants" already regulated under earlier legislation.
・What are Priority Hazardous Substances?
 Priority Hazardous Substances are a subset of Priority Substances, of which they are the most dangerous. They are characterised by their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity, or by an equivalent level of concern. Because of these dangerous properties, the WFD requires their emissions to the aquatic environment to be phased out within 20 years of their designation as "priority hazardous".
・How were the additional substances in the proposal selected?
・What are the additional substances used for and why are they of concern?
 17 alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2) / 17 beta-estradiol (E2) / Aclonifen / Bifenox / Cybutryne (Irgarol®) / Cypermethrin / Dichlorvos / Diclofenac / Dicofol / Dioxins (and dioxin-like PCBs) / HBCDD / Heptachlor/Heptachlor epoxide / PFOS / Quinoxyfen / Terbutryn
・What action would have to be taken as a result of the proposal?
・What happens next?
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-dangersub/pri_substances.htm
2012-01-31
2012-MEMO-0081   Organic Wine MEMO/12/81
MEMO on Organic Wine rules - Frequently Asked Questions
・What does "organic" mean?
 "Organic" farming relates to agricultural production systems that seek to provide the consumer with fresh, tasty and authentic food while respecting natural life-cycle systems.   Typical organic practices include: strict limits on chemical pesticides and fertilisers, appropriate livestock farming practices (e.g. free range or open air systems, primarily organic feed), a strict ban on the use of Genetically-Modified Organisms, limits on processing aids and food additives.
・What share of EU agriculture production is organic?
・What share of EU grape production is organic?
・Do we not already have rules for organic wine?
・Why do we need to harmonise these rules at EU level? What would happen if we don’t have EU-wide rules?
  ・・・・
・What CAP subsidies are available for organic wine production?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/home_en
2012-02-08
2012-MEMO-0096   hazardous substances (Classification and Labelling) MEMO/12/96
Classification and labelling Inventory - Questions and Answers
The CLP Regulation requires all importers and manufacturers of hazardous substances placed on the EU market to notify the classification and labelling of their substances to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). All substances on the EU market on 1 December 2010 should have been notified before the 3 January 2011 and new substances should be notified within one month of placing on the market. As of now, ECHA has received well over 3 million notifications for more than 100.000 substances and the database grows every day. Based on the information received, ECHA will maintain a Classification and Labelling (C&L) Inventory holding all the notified information and make certain elements of the database publicly accessible (the so-called Public C&L Inventory). The Inventory will also contain the information regarding classification and labelling submitted as part of registration dossiers under REACH. ECHA will extract the relevant information directly from the registration dossiers.
1. What is the Classification & Labelling Inventory and what can it be used for?
 The Classification & Labelling (C&L) Inventory is a database which will contain classification and labelling information on substance notified under the CLP Regulation and registered under the REACH Regulation. It will also contain the list of legally binding harmonised classifications (Annex VI to the CLP Regulation). It will be established and maintained by ECHA.
 The C&L Inventory serves multiple purposes: 【略】
2. What is the content of the Public Classification and Labelling (C&L) Inventory?
3. Why are there differing classifications for the same substance?
4. What is NOT in the Public C&L Inventory?
5. What did we have before the CLP Regulation?
  ・・・・・
12. Why is the harmonised list according to DSD criteria (Table 3.2 of Annex VI to CLP) not part of the Public C&L Inventory?
 ECHA : http://echa.europa.eu/
2012-02-13
2012-MEMO-0157   Fukushima accident MEMO/12/157
What has the EU done after the Fukushima accident?
Nuclear safety: stress tests
 Following last year's triple disaster in Japan, the EU decided to take a critical look at its nuclear power production and re-assess the safety and security of all nuclear power plants in the EU. All 14 Member States that operate nuclear power plants (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom) and Lithuania, which is decommissioning its nuclear power producing units, agreed to participate in these voluntary stress tests.
 The stress tests go beyond safety evaluations performed during normal licensing process and periodic reviews. They assess whether nuclear power plants can also cope with extreme unexpected events. The Fukushima accident showed us that two natural disasters can happen at the same time: the nuclear power plant could withstand the earthquake but could not cope with an up to 20 meter high tsunami wave which followed and cut off the power supply to the plant.
・What is assessed by the nuclear stress tests?
1) Natural disasters: earthquakes, flooding, extreme cold, extreme heat, snow, ice, storms, tornados, heavy rain and other extreme natural conditions.
2) Man-made failures and malevolent actions. These events may include airplane crashes, fires and explosions close to nuclear power plants, whether accidental or resulting from terrorist attacks.
・What is the state of play of the stress tests?
・Which experts are members of these multinational teams? How does it work?
・How do you make sure that results are credible?
・It is now a year after Fukushima. Why are there no results available yet?
・When will the final results of the stress tests be known?
・Will the Commission propose any concrete action?
・Are the results of the stress tests public? http://www.ensreg.eu/
・What will happen if a plant fails the tests?
・What was the EU's action as regards the controls on food products imported from Japan?
・What relevant research is the European Commission funding?
関連 : http://erc.europa.eu/
2012-03-06
2012-MEMO-0159   environment legislation MEMO/12/159
Communication on Implementing EU environment legislation - Questions & Answers
・The Commission published a Communication on implementing EU environment law in 2008. Why do we need another one in 2012?
 The two communications are complementary but distinct. The 2008 Communication centred round the strategic use of enforcement powers by the Commission to tackle breaches of EU environment law. The focus of the 2012 Communication is about how to improve implementation at Member State level and collectively achieve better environment on the ground. The new Communication contains ideas that will help Member States improve their performance and is an expression of the Environment Commissioner's wish to be "strictly helpful, helpfully strict".
・Can the focus on implementing EU environment legislation be really justified in a time of austerity?
・What happens next? The Communication mentions the 7th Environmental Action Programme (EAP) – what is the link? Will the Commission move forward with specific legislative proposals?
・One of the two main themes of the Communication is knowledge. What does this mean, why is it important and how can it be improved?
  ・・・・・
・What are partnership implementation agreements?
2012-03-07
2012-MEMO-0197   Agency for managing large-scale IT systems New EU Agency for managing large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice ・Why a new EU Agency?
 The European Commission is responsible for managing a number of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice. These systems facilitate information exchange between national authorities, thereby contributing to a secure environment and guaranteeing adequate protection of fundamental rights.
 These systems need to be continuously available and kept technologically up-to-date. The Commission, the European Parliament and the Council decided that a dedicated Agency would be best equipped to contribute with the right balance of institutional relevance, specialisation and legitimacy towards end users.
 The Regulation establishing the Agency (Regulation 1077/201) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in October 2011.
・What will be the tasks of the new Agency?
・Who will run the Agency?
・Which IT systems will be managed by the Agency?
 EURODAC, Visa Information System (VIS) , second-generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)
・Where will the Agency be located?
・When will it be operational?
・A medium term vision for the Agency
2012-03-21
2012-MEMO-0208   intellectual property rights office MEMO/12/208
Adoption by Council of Regulation strengthening the intellectual property rights office
Background:
 The adoption of this Regulation by the European Parliament and the Council is the first legislative delivery from the Commission's IPR Strategy of May 2011, "Towards a single market for intellectual property rights".
 IPR infringements are a growing threat to the economy. Between 2005 and 2010, the number of registered cases at the EU borders of goods suspected of infringing IPR increased from 26,704 to over 80,000. The OECD has estimated that the annual loss to the world economy of this problem is around EUR 200 billion.
 To respond to this phenomenon of IPR infringements, the European Observatory on Counterfeiting and Piracy was set up within the Commission in 2009, as a platform for coordinating actions to protect intellectual property rights across Europe. It is composed of representatives from the public and private sectors. Under the terms of this Regulation, the Observatory is renamed the "European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights", covering all IP rights, and its management is now entrusted to the Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market
The tasks and activities of the OHIM under this Regulation include:
・Enhancing understanding of the value of intellectual property
・Improving understanding on the impact of infringements of IPR (e.g. by establishing a transparent methodology for the collection of independent and reliable data)
・Assisting in raising citizens' awareness of the impact of IPR infringements
・Developing training programmes for people involved in the enforcement of IPR, including in non EU countries
・Disseminating information regarding best practices.
2012-03-22
2012-MEMO-0221   European Cybercrime Centre MEMO/12/221
Frequently Asked Questions: the new European Cybercrime Centre
 Today, the European Commission adopted a Communication on a European Cybercrime Centre, to be established within the EU law enforcement agency, Europol. The Centre is to become the focal point in the fight against cybercrime in the Union.
・Why do we need a European Cybercrime Centre?
 The benefits of cyberspace have changed our lifestyles and the way business is conducted. Almost three quarters of European households have Internet access, about a third of the citizens in the Union use home banking. The Internet – started just a mere 30 years ago – makes an immense collective knowledge available to those who connect. The digital economy, with innovative business ideas, holds the promise of growth, important in this current period of economic strain. ・・・
・What is the impact of Cybercrime?
・How will the European Cybercrime Centre go beyond what is already being dealt with by Europol?
・What will the new Centre do?
・What else is being done to combat cybercrime?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/policies/crime/crime_cybercrime_en.htm
関連 : IP/12/317
2012-03-28
2012-MEMO-0242   registering a car in another Member State MEMO/12/242
Making life easier for citizens when moving with their cars to another EU Member State
The diversity of rules and the various conflicting requirements for cars registered across the EU still constitute a considerable impediment for the cross border transfer of vehicles already registered in one Member State. These problems also represent a significant barrier for cross-border workers, citizens, car dealers, car-rental companies and all people who buy or sell a car in another EU country. As a consequence EU citizens are frequently faced with cumbersome registration formalities and paperwork when buying a car in another Member State or transferring it due to change of residence. These problems occur also in car rental business, when companies are trying to relocate their fleets from one Member State to another depending on seasonal variation in demand.
1. Less paperwork and formalities when moving with a car
2. Current problems when registering a car in another EU Member State [図表]
3. Estimation of the costs of the current system [図表]
2012-04-04
2012-MEMO-0251   GreenBuilding and GreenLight Awards MEMO/12/251
Winners of 2012 GreenBuilding and GreenLight Awards
 GreenBuilding promotes improved energy efficiency through several measures such as thermal insulation, efficient heating and cooling, intelligent control systems and solar panels.
 The programme currently has 364 partners with 616 buildings, which achieved energy savings of 514 000 MWh in 2011.
 GreenLight, which promotes highly efficient lighting, has currently 710 partners, who achieved total energy savings of 304 000 MWh in 2011.
 This year's jury was composed of Barbara Cuniberti, an Italian architect specialised in energy efficiency in buildings; Marion Elle, a German energy efficiency expert and the JRC programme manager, Paolo Bertoldi.
・Winners GreenBuilding Award 2012 [表]
・Winners GreenLight Award 2012 [表]
関連: http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/energyefficiency
2012-04-18
2012-MEMO-0258   PNR (Passenger Name Record) MEMO/12/258
Frequently Asked Questions: Passenger Name Record
・What is a Passenger Name Record (PNR)?
 Passenger Name Record (PNR) is data provided by passengers when booking their flights. PNR are collected by air carriers to handle ticket reservations.
・Why do the United States authorities require PNR data?
・Why do we need the international agreement on PNR transfers to the US?
・For what purposes may the U.S. authorities use PNR data?
・Is the EU-U.S. PNR agreement important for security in the EU?
・How will the agreement improve data protection for individuals?
・Does the PNR agreement protect EU citizens?
・How long is PNR data stored?
・How do air carriers transfer data to the US authorities?
・What are the means of redress for EU citizens in case his or her rights are violated?
・May the U.S. authorities use sensitive data (revealing race, religion, health status)?
・What does the Agreement say about onward transfers of PNR data from the U.S. to third countries?
・Is the Agreement better than the existing EU-U.S. PNR Agreement from 2007?
・Is the EU-U.S. PNR Agreement compatible with the EU Treaties and EU data protection laws?
2012-04-19
2012-MEMO-0259   PNR (Passenger Name Record) Agreement MEMO/12/259
Statement by EU Commissioner Malmström on the European Parliament plenary vote on the Passenger Name Record (PNR) Agreement with the United States of America
"I welcome today's vote of the European Parliament giving its consent to the new Passenger Name Record (PNR) Agreement with the United States of America. This is an agreement the three EU institutions can be proud of: it provides stronger protection of EU citizens' right to privacy and more legal certainty for air carriers than the existing EU-U.S. PNR Agreement from 2007. At the same time, it fully meets the security needs of the United States of America and the EU. Under the new agreement, data of passengers travelling to the United States of America will be used to fight serious transnational crime and terrorism. It will be made anonymous six months after a passengers' flight. EU citizens will be informed about the use of their data, and will be able to access and request the correction or deletion of their PNR data. The new agreement is a substantial improvement on the existing Agreement from 2007, and I am pleased that the European Parliament has recognised this today."
【2012-MEMO-0258 参照】
2012-04-19
2012-MEMO-0270   Safety of passenger ships MEMO/12/270
Safety of passenger ships – frequently asked questions
 ・・・ The stakeholder conference included keynote speakers from industry, academia, regulatory authorities and passenger representatives.
 It will focus on three themes: operational issues - safety drills, evacuation, communication and training; passenger ship stability; and innovation in maritime safety
・What is the Commission's passenger ship safety review?
 The Commission's work to revise the current EU passenger ship safety legislation has been ongoing since 2010 which should result in a number of proposals at the end of this year. Additionally, in the light of the recent tragic accident of the Costa Concordia, the Commission considered it appropriate to review as an element of continuous safety improvement issues such as damage stability, orderly evacuation, communication and training.  These issues are therefore included in the stakeholder conference.
 The public consultation1 will end on 5 July 2012, following which a workshop is planned to summarise the input received.
・The Commission's priorities
・The legislative proposals
・Future considerations
・Enforcement and implementation
・Voluntary Industry Commitments
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/maritime/safety/passenger_ships_en.htm
関連 : 2012-MEMO-0025
2012-04-24
2012-MEMO-0309   RAPEX Questions and answers - RAPEX in 2011 1. What is RAPEX?
 RAPEX is a European rapid alert system for dangerous products. It ensures that information about dangerous products withdrawn from the market and/or recalled from consumers anywhere in Europe is quickly circulated between Member States and the European Commission, so that appropriate action can be taken everywhere in the EU. Thirty countries currently participate in the system. The participating countries are all the European Union countries and the EFTA/EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
2. RAPEX in 2011
 What were the most significant developments in 2011?
3. RAPEX results 2011
 What were the main findings in 2011?
4. Safety at Source
 Is 'safety at source’ a primary objective?
5. Safety at point of entry – cooperation with customs
 What in particular is being done at point of entry?
6. Cooperation with China
7. RAPEX data 2011: Safety of goods in a professional context and other risks
8. GPSD business application
 What is the "GPSD Business Application"?
9. Other policy development impacting RAPEX
 What is the impact of the new Toy Safety Directive on the functioning of the RAPEX system?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/news/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.ec.europa.eu/rapex
2012-05-08
2012-MEMO-0322   non-discriminatory vignette systems for car MEMO/12/322
Guidelines for non-discriminatory vignette systems for cars – key questions and answers
・What are the White Paper strategy goals?
 The general objective of the European Union's Transport Policy presented in the White Paper on Transport is "to help establish a system that underpins European economic progress, enhances competitiveness and offers high-quality mobility services while using resources more efficiently". A modern road pricing system contributes to the achievement of the White Paper goals by:
- Contributing to fair competition between modes of transport.
- Preventing any direct or indirect discrimination among users depending on their nationality or place of residence.
- Promoting the principles of sustainable development by applying harmonised, transparent mechanisms for charging external costs like emissions, noise, congestion, accidents, etc.
 - Contributing to finance high quality infrastructure.
・What are the current rules on road charges for light vehicles?
・Why a Communication on charges for light vehicles?
・What is the Commission proposing?
・What are the benefits?
・What are the next steps?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road/road_charging/charging_private_vehicles_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/strategies/2011_white_paper_en.htm
2012-05-14
2012-MEMO-0346   Health Claims on food products MEMO/12/346
Questions and Answers on the list of permitted Health Claims on food products
・Why has the EU tackled the issue of "health claims" on food products?
 Consumers are looking for added value when purchasing food. They attach great importance to health and are becoming increasingly aware of its relationship with their diet and the food they eat. Health claims can therefore be an important source of information, and became a vital marketing tool used by food business operators to attract consumer attention and influence choice. Concern that health claims could be less than informative or be misleading, by accident or by design, has given voice to calls for clear rules on authorisation and tighter controls.
 The so-called claims Regulation from 2006 ensures a high level of protection for consumers while in parallel ensures legal clarity and fair competition for food business operators. Claims must not mislead consumers; they must be, accurate, truthful, understandable and substantiated by science. Implementation of this Regulation requires the adoption of a list of permitted health claims, based on an assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) of the science substantiating the claimed effect, and compliance with the other general and specific requirements of the Regulation. This list of permitted health claims is today adopted by the Commission after scrutiny by the European Parliament and the Council and will be published in the Official Journal.
・Why is this particular list so important?
・Why has the implementation taken from mid-2006 until mid-2012?
・What was the role of the European Parliament and Council in the process of adopting the permitted list?
・The list has 222 health claims – what happened to the other claims from the consolidated list?
・What is the status of the claims not in the permitted list?
・Where can I find clear information on the status of all the claims?
  ・・・・・
・Are all claims in the list of non authorised claims not true?
・What claims are on hold?
2012-05-16
2012-MEMO-0373   European Competition Network (food sector) MEMO/12/373
Antitrust: European Competition Network reports shows competition enforcement across the EU benefits all parts of the food sector - frequently asked questions
・Why is this report published now?
 The ECN report on the food sector responds to requests by Members of the European Parliament for explanations about the actions taken by Competition Authorities in the food sector and ultimately to the Commission's Communication of 28 October 2009 on a better functioning food supply chain. The Communication called for a common approach among competition authorities within the ECN to better detect endemic problems specific to food markets and promptly coordinate future actions. The Commission established a High Level Forum for a Better Functioning Food Supply Chain to follow-up the implementation of the different policy initiatives of this Communication of October 2009, where the report will be discussed.
 The report provides detailed information and findings on how competition works in the food sector on the basis of the most recent activities carried out by the European competition authorities in this sector. It is therefore also intended to positively contribute to the ongoing discussions on the improvement of the food supply chain and the reform of the Common Agriculture Policy.
・What is the ECN?

The ECN (European Competition Network) consists of the European Commission and the competition authorities of the 27 Member States. It was established during the modernisation reform of the EU antitrust rules as a forum for discussion and cooperation of Member States competition authorities in cases where Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty are applied. The ECN ensures an efficient division of work and an effective and consistent application of EU competition rules. More information about ECN and its activities can be found at the Europa website: http://ec.europa.eu/competition/ecn/index_en.html.
・How has the report been produced?
・What are the main findings of the report?
・Food prices have being rising over the last years in Europe. Is competition indeed working in the food sector?
・Which food sectors have been investigated the most by the competition authorities? Have they also focussed on any particular levels of the chain?
・What types of anticompetitive practices have the competition authorities investigated the most?
・How many mergers in the food sector have been found problematic and in which specific sectors?
  ・・・・・
・What's next? Will the food sector continue being a priority for the competition authorities?
2012-05-24
2012-MEMO-0392   oxic chemical mixtures MEMO/12/392
Questions & answers on toxic chemical mixtures
・Why is the Commission putting forward this Communication now?
 In the European Union, as in other parts of the world, chemicals legislation tends to look at chemical substances one by one.
 Substances are assessed to see if they can be allowed on the market or if they can be used in products such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and toys, and under which conditions.
 This approach is very systematic and has ensured a high level of protection for man and the environment.
 However, EU legislation does not routinely assess and control unintentional chemical mixtures.
・Who is affected by chemical mixtures?
・How did the Commission prepare its communication?
・What did the assessment of potential risks of chemical mixtures show?
・Is there a basis for banning chemicals because of their combined negative effect on health or environment?
・Is REACH involved in this process?
・What is ECHA's role?
・What will the Commission do now?
2012-05-31
2012-MEMO-0422   Passenger rights (disabled air travellers) MEMO/12/422
Passenger rights: what passengers with reduced mobility need to know when travelling by air
・What is the problem?
 EU legislation on passengers' rights has been in force for more than four years now. However, some practical problems and uncertainties remain for air carriers and airports on the one hand and for disabled passengers and passengers with reduced mobility on the other.
 There are still too many instances where passengers suffer unjustified refusal or restrictions on reservations or boarding based on unclear safety reasons (see below).
 A significant number of passengers are not aware of their rights;
 Only a limited percentage (around 40%) of passengers pre-notify their assistance needs before travelling. This is a central problem for airports and air carriers in trying to provide assistance;
・What are the current rules?
・What are we proposing?
・Who is a passenger with reduced mobility?
・What is the problem with the definition?
・What does pre-notification mean and why is it so important?
・Can passengers with reduced mobility be obliged to provide a medical certificate to get free assistance? No.
  ・・・・
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passengers/air/doc/prm/2006_1107_national_enforcement_bodies.pdf
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passengers/air/prm_en.htm
2012-06-14
2012-MEMO-0445   Sustainable Energy MEMO/12/445
EU Sustainable Energy Week 2012: FAQ and programme
・What is the EUSEW?
 Now in its seventh edition, the EU Sustainable Energy Week (18 to 22 June 2012) is the core annual event of the Sustainable Energy Europe Campaign, which features activities dedicated to energy efficiency and renewable energy solutions.
 It aims to demonstrate to businesses, decision-makers and the wider public that sustainable energy technologies are viable, cost-effective and good for the environment and our economy.
 Through a series of happenings the EUSEW puts the emphasis on latest innovations in smart energy solutions and renewable energy technologies
 http://www.eusew.eu/
・Who are the actors involved?
・What is this year's theme?
・How does the EUSEW promote the EU's sustainability agenda?
・Why does the EUSEW focus on Energy Efficiency and Renewables?
・What is at stake behind the EUSEW?
・What sectors should be primarily targeted?
 グラフ : Final energy savings potential in EU 27 in 2020 (as percentage of the projections done in 2007)
・What is in it for consumers?
 http://www.eusew.eu/images/pdf/info2012/EUSEW2012-MediaHighlights.pdf
2012-06-18
2012-MEMO-0492   Tackling tax fraud and evasion MEMO/12/492
Tackling tax fraud and evasion in the EU – frequently asked questions
・Why has the Commission put forward a Communication on concrete ways to tackle tax evasion and fraud in EU?
 In the current economic climate, Member States need every euro that they are due for fiscal consolidation and to rebuild their economies. Member States have, in some cases, almost reached the limit in the expenditure they can cut and taxes they can raise, while honest tax-payers must carry the burden of austerity.
 Meanwhile, substantial amounts of euros are lost from public finances due to tax evasion and avoidance, with the shadow economy estimated to be around one fifth of GDP on average (2 trillionユーロ).
・Why is EU coordination in this area so important?
・What is the scale of tax evasion and fraud in the EU?
・Does the Communication address the problem of tax avoidance by companies and wealthy individuals?
・What measures are already in place in the EU to tackle tax evasion and fraud?
・What does the Communication say needs to be done to strengthen the efficiency of current EU measures?
・What new measures at EU level are set out in the Communication?
・What should be done at national level to combat tax evasion and fraud?
・What improvements could be made in relations with non-EU countries as part of the fight against evasion and fraud?
・What is the timing for delivering on the ideas set out in the Communication?
2012-06-27
2012-MEMO-0508   Short selling MEMO/12/508
Short selling: technical standards – Frequently asked questions
・What is short selling?
 Short selling is the sale of a security that the seller does not own, with the intention of buying back an identical security at a later point in time in order to be able to deliver the security. Short selling can be divided into two types:
1."Covered" short selling is where the seller has borrowed the securities, or made arrangements to ensure they can be borrowed, before the short sale.
2."Naked" or "uncovered" short selling is where the seller has not borrowed the securities at the time of the short sale, or ensured they can be borrowed.
 The technical standards issued today are designed to ensure that any short selling that takes place on the EU's financial markets is "covered".
・What risks does it present?
・How is it currently regulated in the EU?
・What restrictions are provided for in the Short Selling Regulation on naked short selling?
・What do the technical standards adopted today cover?
  ・・・・・
・What are the rules on uncovered short selling of sovereign debt?
  ・・・・・
Regulation (EU) 236/2012 : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:086:0001:0024:en:PDF
2012-06-29
2012-MEMO-0514   Key Information Documents (KIDs) for packaged retail investment products MEMO/12/514
Key Information Documents (KIDs) for packaged retail investment products - Frequently asked questions
1. What are Packaged Retail Investment Products (PRIPs)?
PRIPs are at the core of the retail investment market.
 They cover a range of investment products that are marketed to retail investors which, taken together, make up a market in Europe worth up to €10 trillion. These are the investment products retail investors would typically be offered by their bank when they want to make an investment, e.g. to save for retirement or some other target like buying a house or paying for their children's education.
 Although there is no rigid definition of PRIPs and they take a variety of legal forms, they can be distinguished by the broadly comparable functions they perform for retail investors.
 They typically combine exposures to multiple underlying assets; they are designed to deliver capital accumulation over a medium- to long-term investment period; they entail a degree of investment risk, although some provide capital guarantees; and they are normally marketed directly to retail investors. Broadly speaking, they can be categorised into four groups: investment funds, insurance-based investment products, retail structured securities and structured term deposits.
2. What problems are being addressed?
3. What are Key Information Documents (KIDs) and what will they include?
 KIDs are short, plainly-worded documents – no more than a few pages long – that will provide investors with answers to the key questions they have about the features, risks, and costs of investment products.
 They are designed for the retail investor rather than the professional. They will help the retail investor make a more informed decision on whether an investment is right for them.
4. Why do we need KIDs?
5. Why is the EU taking action on KIDs rather than leaving the issue to the Member States?
6. What investments will the KIDs cover?
7. Why are some direct investments or simple savings not covered?
  ・・・・・
17. Are there any examples of the problems the KID will tackle?
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/finservices-retail/investment_products_en.htm
 
2012-07-03
2012-MEMO-0516   IMD [Insurance Mediation Directive] MEMO/12/516
Revision of the Insurance Mediation Directive - Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is insurance mediation?
 Insurance mediation means:
・the act of advising on, proposing, or carrying out any other work preparatory to the conclusion of insurance contracts, or of concluding such contracts, and
・the act of assisting in the administration and performance of insurance contracts, in particular in the event of a claim.
2. What is the Insurance Mediation Directive (IMD) about?
 The current IMD regulates the selling practices of all insurance products.
 It covers the regulation of general insurance products such as motor insurance as well as life insurance policies including those which contain investment elements such as unit-linked life insurance products.
3. Why does it need to be revised?
4. How is this revision relevant for the economy?
5. What exactly will change?
6. What does a seller of insurance products need to disclose? How will the transparency rule work in practice?
  ・・・・・
13. Tangible Changes: examples of how IMD will help consumers
関連 http://www.aviva.com/customers/consumer-attitudes-survey/
2012-07-03
2012-MEMO-0520   railway package MEMO/12/520
Background: Frequently asked questions on the recast of the first railway package
1. What was the first railway package?
 The first railway package consists of three directives (2001/12/EC, 2001/13/EC and 2001/14/EC) which were substantially amended in 2004 (second package) and 2007 (third package).
 Its purpose was to revitalise railway transport (still largely in the hands of state monopolies confined to their national markets) by gradually opening it to competition at Europe-wide level.
 The market for rail freight transport has been completely opened since 2007 and for international passenger services since January 2010.
2. What are the main problems that need to be addressed?
(a) A low level of competition
(b) Inadequate regulatory oversight
(c) Low levels of public and private investment
3. What are the key elements of the recast?
4. Other issues
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/rail/market/market_en.htm
 
2012-07-03
2012-MEMO-0545   copyright (multi-territorial licensing) MEMO/12/545
Proposed Directive on collective management of copyright and related rights and multi-territorial licensing – frequently asked questions
1. What is copyright and what are the related rights?
 These are rights granted to authors (copyright) and to performers, producers and broadcasters (related rights) to ensure that those who have created or invested in the creation of music, or other content such as literature or films, can determine how their creation can be used and receive remuneration for it. Copyright is both an incentive to and a reward for creativity.
 Copyright and related rights include so-called "economic rights" which enable rightholders to control (license) the use of their works and other protected material (such as performances, records, audiovisual productions and broadcasts), and be remunerated for their use. These rights normally take the form of exclusive rights and include the right to copy or otherwise reproduce any kind of work and other protected subject matter; the right to distribute copies to the public and the right to communicate to the public performances of such works and other protected subject matter. These rights are, to a large extent, harmonised at EU level. ・・・
2. How important are copyright and related rights for the European economy?
3. What is the collective management of copyright and related rights?
4. What is a collecting society?
5. How many collecting societies are there in the EU?
  ・・・・・
12. Who would benefit from the proposed Directive?
  ・・・・・
21. What is a multi-territorial licence of authors' rights in musical works for online uses?
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/management/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/video-channel/online_music_en.htm
 http://www.ip-watch.org/weblog/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/WIPO-Copyright-Economic-Contribution-Analysis-2012-FINAL-230-2.pdf
2012-07-11
2012-MEMO-0548   reduce CO2 emissions from cars and vans MEMO/12/548
Climate action: Questions and Answers on the proposals to reduce CO2 emissions from cars and vans further by 2020
The proposals put forward by the Commission today would amend existing regulations on CO2 emissions from light duty vehicles (cars and vans). Questions and answers about the existing regulations can be found on the following pages:
 Cars: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/cars/faq_en.htm
 Vans: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/vans/faq_en.htm
・How much will the 2020 mandatory targets save consumers in lower fuel bills?
 The 2020 target for cars of 95 g CO2/km implies reductions in annual fuel consumption to private users and business owners of 27% compared with the 2015 mandatory target of 130g.  For an average car, it is estimated the consumer will save some €340 in the first year, and a total of €2904-3836 (depending on the price of fuel) over the car's lifetime (13 years), as compared with the 2015 target. The higher the oil price, the greater the overall savings will be.
 For vans, the 2020 target leads to savings in annual fuel consumption of 16% compared with the 2017 target of 175 g CO2/km. For an average van, this means estimated fuel cost savings of around €403 in the first year or €3363-4564 (depending on the price of fuel) over a van's lifetime (also 13 years) as compared to retaining the 2017 target.
・Will the tighter emission targets be bad for the economy?
・Will older vehicles have to be taken off the road?
・How do the 2020 targets compare with current emission levels?
 The 2020 mandatory target for cars of 95g CO2/km is 27% lower than the 2015 target of 130 g/km and 30% below last year's average level of 135.7g/km.
 The 2020 mandatory target for vans of 147g CO2/km is 16% lower than the 2017 target of 175 g/km and 19% below the 2010 average of 181.4 g/km
・How have the 2020 targets been set?
・CARS REGULATION
 Why has the Commission based its proposal on a vehicle's mass rather than other possible parameters?
  ・・・・・
・VANS REGULATION
 Why has the Commission based its proposal on a vehicle's mass rather than other possible parameters?
  ・・・・・
2012-07-11
2012-MEMO-0555   Road Safety MEMO/12/555
Road Safety: The Roadworthiness Package – Tougher vehicle checks to save lives
・What is in the new Roadworthiness Package?
 There are three parts to the roadworthiness package: periodic roadworthiness tests; technical roadside inspections of commercial vehicles; and vehicle registration.
・Periodic Roadworthiness Tests - the main improvements
 The current rules: Directive 2009/40/EC fixes minimum standards for the periodic roadworthiness tests of motor vehicles - these are the regular vehicle checks required by law.
 The Directive applies to passenger cars, buses and coaches and heavy goods vehicles and their trailers, but not to scooters and motorbikes.
・Under the new proposals
1. The scope of vehicles to be tested shall be extended to the highest risk group of road users, the powered two or three wheelers (motorcycles and mopeds) and light trailers (under 3.5 tons). These two categories of vehicles are currently excluded from the obligation under EU law.
 The proposal further defines the limits of the scope of the exemptions from testing Member States may grant to certain vehicles e.g. agricultural vehicles and certain vehicles that are not used in intercommunity traffic with a design speed of less than 40 km/h.
 These exemptions include also vehicles of historic interest, which have now been more precisely defined.


2. As regards the frequency of testing two aspects have to be considered, age and yearly mileage. Therefore the test frequency of older cars shall be increased and vehicles with high mileage will be subject to annual testing as it is already the case for taxis and ambulances. ・・・
 Cars first inspection after 4 years, then after 2 years and later annually
(moving to 4-2-1 instead of the current 4-2-2 minimum standard)
 Cars and light commercial vehicles up to 3.5 tonnes which reach at the date of first inspection (after 4 years) a mileage of more than 160.000 km shall be inspected annually after the first test (4-1-1 instead of the existing 4-2-2)
New vehicle testing 4 - 2 - 1 and changes for private motorists [国別表]
2012-07-13
2012-MEMO-0566   Clinical Trials Regulation MEMO/12/566
Proposal for a Clinical Trials Regulation - Questions and answers
・What are clinical trials?
 Clinical trials are a vital step in the development of new and safe medicines and in improving medical treatment.
 Human volunteers are enrolled in a clinical trial for the following reasons: to test the safety and effectiveness of new medicines, to test new indications for existing medicines or to compare two standard treatments.
 The data generated in clinical trials are published in medical journals. These data can be used by companies applying for marketing authorisations. Published data also add to the knowledge base upon which medical professionals can base their decisions. For example, based on published data of a clinical trial, a doctor may prescribe a patient medicine shown to be more effective or have fewer side effects than the one currently taken.
・Who conducts clinical trials?
・What legislation is in place to regulate clinical trials?
・Why is the Commission proposing to replace this legislation?
・What are the main changes proposed by the Commission?
・How are risks to clinical trials subjects addressed in the new legislation?
・What about clinical trials conducted outside the EU?
・Why is transparency important for clinical trials?
・What's next?
関連 IP/12/795
2012-07-17
2012-MEMO-0571   new Biocides Regulation MEMO/12/571
Questions and Answers on the new Biocides Regulation
 The new regulation on the use and placing on the market of biocidal products will repeal and replace the current directive on biocides (98/8/EC). It will enter into force on 17 July 2012. The date of applicability of the Regulation is 1 September 2013.
・What are biocidal products?
 Biocidal products are used against harmful organisms such as pests and bacteria. They include household products such as disinfectants, rodenticides, repellents, and insecticides. Others are used in more industrial applications as wood and material preservatives, anti-fouling paints, and embalming products.
 Biocidal products are used to control organisms that are harmful to human or animal health, or cause damage to natural or manufactured products. Due to their intrinsic properties and uses, such products may themselves pose health risks and be harmful to the environment. It is vital therefore to ensure that only biocidal products safe for use are placed on the market.
Biocidal products contain or generate active substances which act against harmful organisms.
・What are the aims of the new Regulation?
 The objective of the new Regulation is to improve the functioning of the internal market in biocidal products whilst ensuring a high level of environmental and human health protection.
 The new Regulation will also remedy a number of weaknesses that were identified during the 11 years of implementation of the current Directive 98/8/EC.
・What are the main differences between the new regulation and the previous one?
・What are the key features of the new Regulation?
・What are the implications for ECHA, the chemicals agency?
・What are the savings for industry?
・What will this mean for animal testing?
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/biocides/index.htm
2012-07-17
2012-MEMO-0583   RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) MEMO/12/583
FAQ: Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) - role and achievements
・What is RASFF?
 Launched in 1979, the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) is primarily a tool to exchange information between competent authorities on consignments of food and feed in cases where a risk to human health has been identified and measures have been taken. Measures include: withholding, recalling, seizing or rejecting products. This rapid exchange of information allows all Member States, in real time, to check whether they are also affected and if urgent action is needed. If a risky food or feed product is already on the market and should not be consumed, the Member States' authorities have the power to take an array of emergency measures, including giving direct information to the public.
・Why do we need RASFF?
・How does RASFF work in practice?
・Who are the members of the RASFF system?
・What are the criteria for sending a notification via RASFF?
・What are the main findings of the RASFF annual report 2011?
・Does the overall increase in notifications mean that our food is less safe?
・What is covered by the top notifications? [表]、[国別表]
  ・・・・・
その他 [国別表]、[図データ]
2012-07-20
2012-MEMO-0586   protection for deep-sea fish stocks MEMO/12/586
Better protection for deep-sea fish stocks and their habitats : Questions and Answers
1. Which fisheries are concerned by the measures proposed and which fisheries are not concerned by those measures?
Which regions and fishing industries are concerned?
 Vessels directly involved are mainly French, Spanish and Portuguese. These vessels operating in deep-sea fisheries are not only large trawlers off the West of the British Islands (Hatton and Rockall banks) but also carrying out small-scale fisheries with longlines, which do not use bottom trawls, in some of the EU's outermost regions (e.g. Azores, Madeira, Canaries). The big trawlers are mainly based in Britanny and Normandy (France) and in Galicia, Asturias and the Basque Country (Spain).
 The Commission believes that the overall economic importance of deep-sea catches is small: ・・・ In the regional context, the picture might be different but the impact of a phase-out of bottom trawls and bottom-set gillnets remains limited.
2. Is this initiative the prelude of a total bottom trawling banning in EU waters?
3. Which efforts are already underway to research and manage deep sea fisheries?
4. Why do trawls cause concern in deep sea fisheries and how can they be replaced by more environmentally friendly fishing techniques? How about bottom-set gillnets?
5. If the fishermen have been responsible in contributing better data and as a result the science improves, and if indeed there is a chance even to fish more than in the past, does it make sense to propose phasing deep trawling out?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/fishing_rules/technical_measures/index_en.htm
2012-07-19
2012-MEMO-0600   Emissions Trading MEMO/12/600
Q&A Emissions Trading: Commission prepares to change the time profile for auctions of emission allowances
・Question 1: What has the Commission presented today?
 The Commission adopted a proposal to clarify a specific provision in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) Directive1 related to the timing of the auctions of emission allowances. In parallel, it also transmitted a draft for a possible future amendment of the Auctioning Regulation2, which is an implementing act, for consultation to the Climate Change Committee. Finally, it released a Staff Working Document3 that contains analytical information.
・Question 2: Why has the Commission proposed a Council and Parliament Decision to clarify the ETS Directive and what is needed to adopt this Decision?
 The Commission is considering a change of the auction time profile for phase 3 allowances. This is done by amending the Auctioning Regulation. Such a change has already been done on one occasion with the effect of advancing the timing of auction volume (see ).
・Question 3: What is the current time profile for auctions?
・Question 4: Why should the auction time profile be changed?
・Question 5: What is the status of the draft for a future amendment of the ETS Auctioning Regulation transmitted to the Climate Change Committee and when will this amendment be decided?
・Question 6: How can stakeholders express their views?
・Question 7: Is the Commission preparing an impact assessment?
・Question 8: How many allowances (and credits) are put on the market year by year? [グラフ]
・  ・・・・・
2012-07-25
2012-MEMO-0636   radio spectrum MEMO/12/636
Digital Agenda: Maximising radio spectrum efficiency by sharing it
・What is being proposed to foster wireless innovations?
 Using economies of scale made possible by a common approach to encourage the shared use of the radio spectrum in the EU. This would work by identifying beneficial sharing opportunities (BSO) in spectrum bands and by enabling regulators to define shared spectrum access rights (SSAR) to create the necessary economic incentives. With these tools, spectrum access can be granted to innovators who deploy technologies that facilitate sharing. Innovators could use the information provided in the spectrum inventory to identify beneficial sharing opportunities (BSO) in both licensed and licence-exempt spectrum bands and apply for access. Regulators could encourage contracts between users, who would all have shared spectrum access rights. Incumbent spectrum holders could use their resources more efficiently by sharing them on a contractual basis.
・Why is there a need to act now?
・Why is this EU initiative necessary, spectrum sharing is an old concept?
・What are the examples for shared use of spectrum and who will benefit?
・Why would stakeholders be interested in sharing spectrum?
・Why would incumbent spectrum holders – such as mobile operators – be interested to share their spectrum, if they have paid significant sums to acquire exclusive spectrum licences?
・Are there concrete proposals for more spectrum or what is the process?
・Is this the same approach as the one being proposed in the US?
・Why is the Commission focusing on licensed shared access (LSA), if licence-exemption works well and stimulates innovations?
参考 : 2012-IP-0929, 2012-IP-0141
2012-09-03
2012-MEMO-0649   EETS (European Electronic Toll Service) MEMO/12/649
The European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) ensures interoperability of road toll systems — frequently asked questions
・What is EETS?
 It can be summarised as "one vehicle, one contract, one on-board unit".
 EETS will enable road users to pay tolls throughout the European Union (EU) with one subscription contract with one service provider and one on-board unit. The EETS will be available on all infrastructure with electronic tolls, such as motorways, tunnels, bridges, ferries, etc. It will ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire EU road network, limit cash transactions at toll stations and eliminate cumbersome procedures. This will improve traffic flow and reduce congestion.
・Why EETS?
・How does EETS work in practice?
・What does EETS mean for road users?
・What does it mean for EETS providers?
・What does it mean for toll chargers?
・What are the EETS milestones?
2012-09-07
2012-MEMO-0667   robots MEMO/12/667
Digital Agenda: Europeans welcome use of robots in an increasingly complex world
 More than two-thirds of EU citizens (70%) have a positive view of robots, according to a new EU Eurobarometer survey; the majority agree that robots "are necessary as they can do jobs that are too hard or too dangerous for people" (88%) and that "they are a good thing for society because they help people" (76%).
 The survey found that people who have some personal experience with robots are more likely to have a positive view (88%) than the wide majority who lack this experience (68%).
 The more interested in science people are, the more positive they tend to be towards robots (86% of EU citizens who are very interested in science and technology hold positive views about robots, compared to only 42% of those who are not interested).
 EU citizens have clear views about the areas where robots should operate: they should work in areas that are too difficult or too dangerous for humans, like space exploration (52% consider this a priority), manufacturing (50%), military and security uses (41%) and search and rescue tasks (41%).
・Eurobarometer survey "Public attitudes towards Robots" and Country Sheets 
 http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb_special_399_380_en.htm#382
2012-09-14
2012-MEMO-0674   ESS (European Statistical System) MEMO/12/674
European Statistics: FAQ
・When was Eurostat created and what is its relation with the European Commission?
 Eurostat was established in 1953 to meet the requirements of the Coal and Steel Community. Over the years its task has broadened and when the European Community was founded in 1958 it became a Directorate-General (DG) of the European Commission.
 Eurostat's key role is to supply statistics to the Commission and European Institutions, so they can define, implement, monitor and analyse EU policies.
・What system is in place for the production of statistics within the EU?
 Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union. Its primary role is to provide statistics at European level. It also coordinates the European Statistical System (ESS), comprised of national statistical institutes of the Member States, and other authorities responsible at national level for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics. The ESS ensures the harmonisation and comparability of national statistics. The ESS in turn coordinates its work with international organisations such as the OECD, the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
・What is the role of Eurostat in the production of EU statistics?
 Eurostat steers the activities of the ESS. Its role is to provide high quality statistics on Europe that enable comparisons between countries and regions. These statistics can then be used to feed into decision-making and policy formulation at EU and national level, as well as to gauge the effects and results of policy decisions. For example, Eurostat produces indicators to monitor the development of key strategies such as Europe 2020, sustainable development, and employment and social policy. It also publishes data on a wide range of other policy areas, from trade to transport to taxation.
・What rules govern EU statistics?
・What is in the European Statistics Code of Practice?
・Why is it necessary to strengthen EU rules on statistics?
・Why is a new Decision on Eurostat necessary?
・What will change with the new Decision on Eurostat?
・What role do statistics play in EU economic governance?
・What does the Six Pack say about statistics?
・Given the current economic climate, how will it be possible to provide better and more statistics without additional resources?
2012-09-17
2012-MEMO-0703   Languages MEMO/12/703
FAQs on multilingualism and language learning
・What does "multilingualism" mean?
 The ability to speak and master several languages;
 A policy requiring an organisation, a company or an institution to use more than one language for its internal and/or external communication.
・What are the official languages of the EU?
 The 23 official languages of the EU institutions are: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish.
・Who decides the EU's official languages?
・How many regional languages are spoken in Member States?
・What status do regional languages have in the EU institutions?
・Does EU law protect the use of languages?
・Does the EU plan to reduce the number of official languages?
・Why does the European Commission promote multilingualism?
  ・・・・・
・Who is the most multilingual person in the European Commission?
2012-09-25
2012-MEMO-0710   medical devices MEMO/12/710
Questions and answers: Commission tables proposals for a new EU Regulatory Framework for Medical Devices and In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices
・What are medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices?
 They cover a huge spectrum of products, from home-use items like sticking plasters, contact lenses and pregnancy tests to dental filling materials, x-ray machines, pacemakers, breast implants, hip replacements and HIV blood tests. There are around 500,000 or more different types of devices on the market. They are classified in different risk classes as outlined in the following table: [表]
・Why are medical devices different from medicinal products?
 Medical devices should not be mixed up with medicinal products (often referred to as pharmaceuticals) which are subject to a separate regulatory framework.
 The main difference between medical devices and medicinal products is the product's principal mode of action, typically physical for a medical device (e.g. mechanical action, physical barrier, replacement of or support to organs or body functions ...).
・Why is the Commission proposing new rules?
・What are the main changes proposed by the Commission?
・What about medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices imported from outside the EU?
・What are the next steps?
関連 [2012-IP-1011]
2012-09-26
2012-MEMO-0715   methamphetamine and heroin precursors MEMO/12/715
Tighter control of methamphetamine and heroin precursors – Frequently Asked Questions
・What are drug precursors?
 Drug precursors are chemicals that are primarily used for the legitimate production of a wide range of products, like pharmaceuticals, perfumes, plastics, cosmetics etc. However, they can also be misused for the production of illicit drugs such as methamphetamines, heroin or cocaine.
・What are the EU rules that govern drug precursors?
 The EU legislation on drug precursors is based on the 1988 United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (http://www.incb.org/incb/en/convention_1988.html) and a set of three EU Regulations (http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_controls/drugs_precursors/legislation/index_en.htm) which were put in place in 2005 to monitor trade in drug precursors both within the EU and between the EU and the rest of the world.
 The EU legislation contains a list of 23 drug precursors that can be subject to customs controls at EU borders.
・Why is the Commission proposing new rules?
・What will change with the new proposals?
・How big is the legal and illegal drug precursor market?
・What is the EU drugs strategy?
・What is the international framework for control of drug precursors?
関連 【2012-IP-1029】
 http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_controls/drugs_precursors/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/specific-chemicals/drug-precursors/index_en.htm
2012-09-27
2012-MEMO-0723   list of approved flavouring substances MEMO/12/723
FAQ: Food: EU adopts list of approved flavouring substances
・What are flavourings and what are they used for?
 Flavourings are not intended to be consumed as stand-alone products but rather are products added to food in order to impart or modify odour and/or taste of food. Flavourings are normally used to give taste to food and have a long history of safe use in a wide variety of foods, such as confectionery, soft drinks, cereals, cakes and yoghurts. They are used in small amounts so that consumer exposure is relatively low.
The legislation divides flavourings into six different categories:
 flavouring substances – these are chemically defined substances with flavouring properties such as citral which gives lemon taste to citrus drinks. They can be natural or non-natural.
 flavouring preparations - these are products other than flavouring substances which meet the definition of flavouring and which are obtained from food or other material of vegetable, animal or microbiological origin such as orange oil or vanilla extract. They are always natural.
 thermal process flavourings – these flavourings are obtained by heating processes of a blend of amino containing ingredients (nitrogen sources) and a reducing sugar. During the process intense flavours develop, as is the case when roasting meat or baking bread. They are used to flavour bouillons, instant soups, gravies and sauces.
 smoke flavourings - these are flavourings obtained by fractionation and purification of a condensed smoke and used mainly to impart a smoky taste to food such as meat or fish as an alternative for traditional smoking processes.
 flavour precursors - are products such as carbohydrates, oligopeptides and amino acids that are intentionally added to food for the purpose of producing flavour by breaking down / reacting with other components during processing of the food,.
 other flavourings – these are flavourings that are added to food to provide odour and/or taste but do not fall under any other flavouring category as mentioned above, for example grill flavour or rum ether.
・What flavourings are authorised in food?
・What are the changes introduced by the new rules on flavourings?
・Are flavouring substances safe?
・How is the safety of flavouring substances evaluated?
・What are the conditions to authorise flavouring substances?
・Can any substance be used as flavouring substance?
・What is an FL-number?
・Is there a list of authorised flavouring substances?
・When does the Commission authorise flavourings other than flavouring substances?
・What is the procedure for the authorisation of flavourings?
・How is the consumer informed about the use of flavourings?
・What happens if a flavouring substance is found to be on the EU market which is not authorised?
関連 [2012-IP-1045]
2012-10-01
2012-MEMO-0732   Nanomaterials MEMO/12/732
Nanomaterials: Commission proposes case by case approach to assessment
・Why a second regulatory review for Nanomaterials?
 Both the potential of nanomaterials to create major new technological breakthroughs1 as well as concerns about their safety have attracted considerable attention. The regulatory review is a systematic analysis of all relevant EU legislation to determine whether current legislation is appropriate to ensure the safe use of nanomaterials, whether and what regulatory gaps need to be filled, and how this can be done without jeopardizing their contribution to innovation, growth and job creation for the European economy.
 The Commission Communication on the Second Regulatory Review is an update of the 2008 Regulatory Review2 and responds to a 2009 European Parliament Resolution, which criticised the 2008 review on a number of aspects and called for further information and analysis; as well as to a 2010 call by the Council to evaluate the need to develop specific nanomaterials measures relating to risk assessment and management, information and monitoring.
 The Communication is accompanied by a Staff Working Paper on nanomaterial types and uses, including safety aspects, which gives a detailed overview of available information on nanomaterials on the market.
・The Review's main conclusions: Nanomaterials are similar to normal chemicals/substances
・What are nanomaterials and which definition is applied?
・Three groups of nanomaterials
 1. "Traditional” high volume nanomaterials
 2. Nanomaterials currently attracting most attention in the public debate
 3. Different nanomaterial substances and new uses
・Why do we need nanomaterials, and what are their benefits?
・Europe is still competitive, but China is catching up
・Should we be concerned about nanomaterials? Are they hazardous? Should we apply the precautionary principle?
  ・・・・・
・How many nanomaterials are on the European market and how many have been registered under REACH?
・What other legislation is in place to ensure safety of nanomaterials? Are there gaps?
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/nanomaterials/index_en.htm
2012-10-03
2012-MEMO-0743   Orphan Works Directive MEMO/12/743
Orphan works – Frequently asked questions
1. What are orphan works and why is a directive to deal with them needed?
 Orphan works are works like books, newspaper or magazine articles, or films that are still protected by copyright but for which the copyright holders cannot be located in order to obtain copyright permissions. Orphan works are found in the collections held by European libraries and cultural institutions.
 The digitisation and dissemination of orphan works pose a particular cultural and economic challenge: the absence of a known right holder means that cultural institutions are unable to obtain the required authorisation, to digitise a book, for example. Orphan works represent a substantial part of the collections of Europe's cultural institutions (e.g. the British Library estimates that 40 per cent of its copyrighted collections – 150 million works in total - are orphan works).
 That is why common rules on how to deal with such works are needed in order to proceed with large-scale digitisation projects, such as the Commission's Europeana portal. http://www.europeana.eu/portal/
 As part of its Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Strategy (see IP/11/630), the Commission adopted on 24 May 2011 a proposal to establish common rules on the digitisation (the conversion of analogue data, for example images, video, and text into digital form) and online display of so-called 'orphan works'.
 Following the trilogue agreement by the European Parliament and the Council on 6 June 2012 (see MEMO/12/421) and the formal approval by the European Parliament on 13 September 2012, the Directive has finally been adopted today by the Council. It will enter into force by the end of the year. Member States will then have two years to transpose the Directive at national level.
2. What organisations will benefit from the Directive?
 The new Directive applies to
 ・publicly accessible libraries, educational establishments, museums,
 ・archives,
 ・film heritage institutions
 ・public service broadcasters.
 Provided that all the conditions set out in the Directive are fulfilled, these cultural organisations will be entitled to digitise orphan works and make them publicly available on-line in all Member States on the basis of an exception to copyright applicable in the whole EU.
3. What works are covered by the Directive?
 The Directive applies to following categories of works first published in the EU who are still protected by copyright but whose authors or other right holders cannot be anymore identified and located:
 ・works in the print sector (books, journals, magazines and newspapers)
 ・embedded images in those print works
 ・cinematographic and audio and audio-visual works.
 The Directive also applies to unpublished works (such as letters, manuscripts, etc) under certain conditions.
4. What are the main elements of the new Directive?
5. What more can be done to promote digital libraries?
詳細 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/copyright-infso/copyright-infso_en.htm
2012-10-04
2012-MEMO-0744   Orphan Works Directive MEMO/12/744
Commissioner Barnier welcomes final adoption of the Orphan Works Directive by the Council
 "Today's adoption of the Orphan Works Directive is a significant achievement in our efforts to create a digital single market. It will enable easy online access for all citizens to our cultural heritage. The swift and successful outcome of the legislative process and the broad consensus reached both in the Council and the Parliament prove that by working together we can agree on measures to ensure that the EU copyright rules are fit for purpose in the digital age. Alongside other achievements such as the European Memorandum of Understanding to facilitate the mass digitisation of out-of-commerce books, this Directive is one more step in making licensing and online access to cultural content easier."
・Background

Orphan Works are works which are protected by copyright but whose creators cannot be identified or found. The new Directive on Orphan Works will provide Europe's libraries, archives, film heritage institutions, public broadcasters and other organisations acting in the public interest with the appropriate legal framework to provide on-line cross-border access to orphan works contained in their collections. The Directive is a central element of the Commission's strategy to create an enabling framework for the use of intellectual property announced in its intellectual property strategy adopted in May 2011 (see IP/11/630 and MEMO/12/743).
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/orphan_works_en.htm
2012-10-04
2012-MEMO-0787   ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) MEMO/12/787
Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC)
・What are biofuels?
 Biofuels are liquid or gaseous transport fuels made from biomass. The most important biofuels today are bioethanol (made from sugar and cereal crops) used to replace petrol, and biodiesel (made mainly from vegetable oils) used to replace diesel.
 There are two distinctive categories of biofuels:
 Conventional (first generation) biofuels:
 First generation or conventionally produced biofuels are biofuels produced from food crops, such as sugar, starch and vegetable oils. They are produced from land using feedstock which can also be used for food and feed.
 Advanced (second and third generation) biofuels:
 Second and third generation or advanced biofuels are produced from feedstock that do not compete directly with food and feed crops, such as wastes and agricultural residues (i.e. wheat straw, municipal waste), non-food crops (i.e. miscanthus and short rotation coppice) and algae.
 Total biofuel consumption in the EU represented about 4,7% of transport fuel consumption in 2010, mainly first generation biofuels. Biofuel consumption differs significantly across Member States.
・What are bioliquids?
・Why do we need biofuels?
・What is indirect land use change (ILUC)?
・What is new in the legislative proposal?
・What are ILUC factors?
・Why are these changes necessary?
・Does that mean that EU has radically changed its policy in this field?
  ・・・・・
2012-10-17
2012-MEMO-0809   environmental impact assessments MEMO/12/809
Questions and Answers on the Commission's proposal for the revision of EU law on environmental impact assessments
1. What are the shortcomings of the current legislation?
 Under the Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) Directive, any project that is likely to have significant effects on the environment has to be studied carefully before it is approved. This helps minimise any negative impact on the environment, and avoids problems in the longer term. The Directive needs to be updated to reflect the lessons learned over the past 25 years. ・・・
 Three shortcomings in particular need to be addressed:
・Insufficient operation of the screening process (a mechanism which determines whether an environmental impact assessment is required for projects listed in Annex II to the Directive). ・・・
・Insufficient quality and analysis of assessments: the ability to make valid decisions on the environmental impact of a project depends to a large extent on the quality of the information used in the EIA report and the quality of the EIA process. ・・・
・Risks of inconsistencies (within the EIA process itself and in relation to other legislation). As the EIA Directive has not been significantly adapted since 1997, there are risks of overlaps with assessments required under other EU law (e.g. Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), Habitats Directive, Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive), ・・・
2. Why does action have to be taken by the EU?
3. What are the objectives of the revised directive?
4. What is the Commission proposing in the new legislation on Environmental impact assessments for projects? What exactly will change?
5. Who will benefit from the changes proposed and how?
6. What are the expected environmental and health benefits of the proposal?
7. What is the expected impact of the proposal on the simplification and reduction of administrative burden?
8. When is the proposal likely to enter into force?
9. What are the objectives and provisions of the current EIA Directive?
10. Are there any concrete examples of environmental benefits related to EIAs?
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/eia-support.htm
2012-10-26
2012-MEMO-0840   reduce emissions of climate-warming fluorinated gases MEMO/12/840
Questions and Answers on the Commission proposal to reduce emissions of climate-warming fluorinated gases
1. What is the European Commission proposing?
 The Commission has put forward a proposal to replace the existing Regulation 1 on fluorinated greenhouse gases with the aim of significantly reducing emissions of the gases in the European Union. By setting the right legal framework, the EU hopes to spur the development of more climate-friendly alternatives and to stimulate new global action to reduce F-gas emissions.
2. What are fluorinated gases?
 2. What are fluorinated gases?

Fluorinated gases (F-gases) are a family of powerful greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. They are used in several types of products and appliances, mainly as substitutes for ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and halons which are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol.
 The three major groups are hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). While F-gases do not deplete the ozone layer, their warming effect on the atmosphere is up to 23,000 times stronger than carbon dioxide (CO2). F-gases, which can remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years, account for 2% of the EU's overall greenhouse gas emissions.
3. Why do we need legislation?
Emissions of F-gases in the EU27 (1990-2010) in million tonnes (CO2) equivalent (Source: EEA) [グラフ]
4. What does the existing legislation already do?
5. Why is this new proposal necessary?
6. What exactly is being proposed?
7. What will the main benefits of the proposal be?
8. Why is it so important to act now?
9. Why do we need action at EU level?
10. What is the EU doing at international level?
関連
COM(2011) 581 final. http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/docs/report_en.pdf
2012-11-07
2012-MEMO-0861   Emissions Trading MEMO/12/861
Q&A Emissions Trading: Commission outlines two-step process to reform the European carbon market
1 What has the Commission presented today regarding the EU emissions trading system (EU ETS)?
 The Commission has adopted a report on the state of the European carbon market which shows that the carbon market is faced with the build-up of a large surplus of allowances, mainly because of the economic crisis.
 Not only does the magnitude of the surplus affect the EU ETS up to 2020 and beyond, but the rapid build-up is also of concern in the short term, i.e. in the transition from phase 2 (2008-2012) to phase 3 (2013-2020).
 The report launches a debate on structural measures to sustainably address this large surplus and sets out six options for measures which could do so.
 The report also underlines the need for the draft amendment to the EU ETS Auctioning Regulation1 submitted by the Commission earlier this week as an immediate measure to tackle the rapid build-up of the surplus and improve the orderly functioning of the ETS.
 The amendment would postpone the auctioning of 900 million emission allowances from 2013-2015 to 2019-20120 (an approach known as 'back-loading').
 The draft amendment has been sent to the EU Climate Change Committee, which has been invited to give its opinion before the end of the year.
2 Why should the timing of auctions within phase 3 be revised?
3 How many allowances should be back-loaded in 2013-2015?
4 Will back-loading affect the total number of allowances auctioned in phase three?
5 Why did the Commission not submit a higher or lower amount?
6 Will the auction calendar for 2013 already take into account a reduced auction volume?
  ・・・・・
17 What does the proposed two-step approach mean for investment decisions?
2012-11-14
2012-MEMO-0869   EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) MEMO/12/869
FAQ: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) @ 10 years
 This week EFSA celebrated its 10th anniversary. To mark this occasion which also coincides with 10 years of EU General Food law, EFSA in collaboration with the European Commission organised a high level conference in Parma, Italy on 13 November 2012 titled "Ready for the challenges of tomorrow". Gathering international experts in the field, the conference aimed to mark this anniversary by looking back over past achievements and reflected on the best ways to handle the challenges that lie ahead.
・Why did the EU decide to create a food safety Agency?
 During the 1990s, the EU was faced with a number of food-related crises, such as BSE, Salmonella and dioxins that had undermined consumer confidence in the food production and distribution system and demonstrated shortfalls in the system that was then in place.
・What was the Commission's response to these food crises?
・Does EFSA's work duplicate the activities of national food agencies?
・What is the role of EFSA?
  ・・・・・
2012-11-16
2012-MEMO-0900   Protecting businesses against misleading marketing practices MEMO/12/900
Questions and Answers: Protecting businesses against misleading marketing practices and ensuring effective enforcement
・What is a marketing practice?
 A marketing practice is any representation or communication made by a trader in order to promote goods and services. It can be a TV commercial or press article, information on the website, an e-mail, or even direct marketing through a telephone call. It is similar to the concept of advertising, but includes also certain practices that are not easily recognised as advertising because the commercial intent is hidden (for example fake invoices that are in fact offers to conclude a contract).
・What are the most common misleading marketing practices affecting businesses?
 Most common are the practices of misleading directory companies who send out forms asking businesses to update details in their directories, seemingly for free. If the targeted traders sign the form, they are then told that they have signed a contract and will be charged a yearly sum.
・Who is affected by misleading marketing practices?
・What is the scale of such business-to-business practices in Europe?
  ・・・・・
・Why is the Commission only addressing businesses? What about consumers?

Consumers are protected in Europe by a different piece of legislation, namely Directive 2005/29/EC( http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2005:149:0022:0039:EN:PDF ) on Unfair Commercial Practices.
2012-11-27
2012-MEMO-0930   EU-Japan Free Trade Agreement MEMO/12/930
EU-Japan Free Trade Agreement: Commissioner De Gucht welcomes Member States' green light to start negotiations
・Remarks by EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht following the Foreign Affairs Council (Trade)
 I am delighted that the Council has today decided to give the Commission "the green light" to start trade negotiations with Japan. We now have a clear mandate – confirmed by all the Member States - which sets out Europe's objectives.・・・
・Trade talks with Canada
・Trade talks with Singapore
・Southern Mediterranean
・Legislative files - Regulation on Financial Responsibility in Investor-State dispute settlements
2012-11-29
2012-MEMO-0941   food supply chain MEMO/12/941
Better functioning of food supply chain
・What is the mandate of the Forum?
 In 2010, the Commission tasked the Forum to help with the implementation of the recommendations of the former High Level Group on the Competitiveness of the Agro-Food Industry and of the initiatives announced in the 2009 Commission Communication "A Better Functioning Food Supply Chain in Europe" (COM(2009) 591).
 The Forum's mandate, as set out by Commission Decision 2010/C 210/03, expires on 31 December 2012.
・What has been achieved so far?
 The report the Forum adopted today shows that the initial roadmap is very well under way, with 80 % of the initiatives either fully implemented or having gone through major advances (see IP/12/1314).
・What does the Forum propose to improve business-to-business relationships?
・98% of food legislation is harmonised
  ・・・・・
・What comes next?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/food/competitiveness/forum_food/index_en.htm
2012-12-05
2012-MEMO-0945   Sweep (E-commerce, unfair terms) MEMO/12/945
Questions & answers – Sweep on on-line games, books, videos and music
・Why were digital content websites selected for this Sweep?
 The use and sale of on-line games, books, videos and music which can be downloaded ("digital content") have become popular among European consumers. A 2011 study indicated that 79% of total respondents across a sample of EU countries have used on-line music services within the previous 12 months and 60% on-line games. ・・・
・What are the results of the investigation?
 Of the 333 websites checked, only 24% (79) passed the first test for compliance with the relevant EU consumer rules and 76% of sites (254) were flagged for further investigation.
・Why does the Sweep take place simultaneously across the EU?
 Deceptive online selling practices often concern operators located in several Member States. Ill-intentioned operators can be detected and tackled more effectively thanks to EU wide co-operation. Under the Consumer Protection Cooperation (CPC) Regulation, European authorities co-operate to suppress illegal practices which spread over several Member States. Compliance checks carried out simultaneously in a specific sector across the EU enhance the overall effectiveness of controls and demonstrate the EU willingness to tackle seriously such problems. Cooperation reduces fragmentation in the European internal market, for the benefit of both consumers and reputable businesses.
  ・・・・・
・What EU rules is the Sweep based upon?
 Directive 2005/29/EC – Unfair Commercial Practices:
 Directive 2000/31/EC – Electronic commerce
 Directive 97/7/EC – Distance Selling Directive
Table 1. Number of websites checked during the sweep and flagged for further investigation 【国別表】
Table 2. Most common problems found in the Sweep [表]
Table 3. Problems found in the study [表]
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/justice/consumer-marketing/files/empirical_report_final_-_2011-06-15.pdf
http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/enforcement/sweeps_en.htm
2012-12-06
2012-MEMO-1005   new EU law on Tobacco Products MEMO/12/1005
Questions and answers: Towards a new EU law on Tobacco Products
 Today, the European Commission has adopted a landmark proposal to revise the Tobacco Products Directive. The proposal is a substantial revision of the current EU law and proposes new and strengthened rules on tobacco products.
・What is regulated in the current Tobacco Products Directive?
 The current Tobacco Products Directive, adopted in 2001, replacing the original Directive of 1989, foresees measures on the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco products. Tobacco Products include cigarettes, roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco, pipe tobacco, cigars, cigarillos as well as various forms of smokeless tobacco. The Directive sets maximum limits for tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide yields of cigarettes and obliges manufacturers to report on the ingredients they use. It bans oral tobacco and the use of misleading descriptors such as ‘light’, ‘mild’, or ‘low tar’. Health warning messages have to appear on tobacco products. A library of pictorial warnings has been developed to complement the textual warnings and is being used by an increasing number of Member States.
・Why is the Commission revising the Tobacco Products Directive?
・Is tobacco a major health issue in the EU and worldwide ?
・What is the main content of the revision?
- Ingredients
- Labelling and Packaging
- Smokeless tobacco
- Extension of the product scope of the Directive
- Cross border distance sales
- Illicit trade
・What are the rules for pipe tobacco, cigars and cigarillos?
・Will cigarette packages be different in the future?
・Is the Commission proposing to keep the ban on snus (oral tobacco)?
・Will the new law ban flavourings – like menthol – and other ingredients?
・Will the new Tobacco Products Directive increase the fight against illicit trade?
  ・・・・・
・What are the next steps?
[関連] IP/12/1391
2012-12-19
2012-PRES-0208   sulphur content of marine fuels PRES/12/208
Brussels, 23 May 2012 Council and the European Parliament reach a provisional agreement on the sulphur content of marine fuels
 The Committee of Permanent Representatives endorsed today the compromise proposal agreed between the Council and the European Parliament regarding the directive amending directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels
 Emissions from shipping due to the combustion of marine fuels with a high sulphur content contribute to air pollution in the form of sulphur dioxide and particulate matter, which harm human health and contribute to acidification.
 The directive aims therefore to reduce these emissions considerably and to provide a high level of protection for human health and the environment by rendering the most recent International Maritime Organisation (IMO) rules on marine fuel standards mandatory in the EU, thereby amending Directive 1999/32/EC.
 The key elements of the agreement are:
・In line with the Annex VI of the MARPOL Convention, the limits for the sulphur content of marine fuels used in designated SO2 Emission Control Areas (SECAs)1 will be 1% until 31 December 2014 and 0.1% as from 1 January 2015. ・・・
・Aid for investment costs.  ・・・
・As part of the effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties to be set ・・・
・In relation to reporting and review, the Commission should,  ・・・
関連 : Opinion 2012-C068-13
2012-05-30
2012-STAT-0177   portable devices available to staff ICT usage in enterprises in 2012
Almost half of enterprises in the EU27 made portable devices such as smartphones or laptops available to staff
Nowadays, enterprises1 have the possibility to provide portable devices2, such as portable computers or smartphones, to members of staff, which allow them to connect to the internet while on the move and work from places outside the office. In January 2012, 48% of enterprises in the EU27 reported that they provided some type of portable device to at least some of their staff for business use. This was the case for 88% of large enterprises1, compared with 71% of medium and 43% of small enterprises.
Enterprises providing portable devices by size class, January 2012 (% of enterprises) 【国別表】
Type and use of portable devices, January 2012 【国別表】
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ict
2012-12-11
2013-BEI-0005   The European Investment Bank (EIB) has granted a loan of € 500 million to the largest offshore wind farm to date in the German Baltic Sea; EnBW Baltic 2. The project is being realised by EnBW Erneuerbare Energien GmbH. The financing contract was signed today in Karlsruhe.

The position and scale of EnBW Baltic 2 make it particularly demanding. The 80 wind turbines will be developed on an area of 27 square metres, 32 km north of the island of Rügen. The sea can be 44 metres deep in this area, which means that special foundation structures, so-called jackets, are required. With a capacity of 288 megawatts, EnBW Baltic 2 will achieve an annual output of 1.2 billion kilowatt hours. This means around 340,000 households can be supplied annually and around 900,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide can be saved in this way.

The project operator is the company EnBW Baltic 2 GmbH, which was founded for this purpose. EnBW Baltic 2 is already the second offshore wind farm in the German Baltic Sea for EnBW. The energy company also operates the offshore wind farm EnBW Baltic 1, which is situated in a more southerly location. However, EnBW Baltic 2 surpasses its predecessor by far in terms of scale and output: it will have four times as many turbines and generate six times more electricity. The turbines should be put into operation in 2014.
BEI/13/5
Offshore wind power: EIB finances EnBW Baltic 2 with € 500 million
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has granted a loan of 500 million Euro to the largest offshore wind farm to date in the German Baltic Sea; EnBW Baltic 2. The project is being realised by EnBW Erneuerbare Energien GmbH. The financing contract was signed today in Karlsruhe.
 The position and scale of EnBW Baltic 2 make it particularly demanding.
 The 80 wind turbines will be developed on an area of 27 square metres, 32 km north of the island of Rugen. The sea can be 44 metres deep in this area, which means that special foundation structures, so-called jackets, are required.
 With a capacity of 288 megawatts, EnBW Baltic 2 will achieve an annual output of 1.2 billion kilowatt hours. This means around 340,000 households can be supplied annually and around 900,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide can be saved in this way.
 The project operator is the company EnBW Baltic 2 GmbH, which was founded for this purpose. EnBW Baltic 2 is already the second offshore wind farm in the German Baltic Sea for EnBW. The energy company also operates the offshore wind farm EnBW Baltic 1, which is situated in a more southerly location. However, EnBW Baltic 2 surpasses its predecessor by far in terms of scale and output: it will have four times as many turbines and generate six times more electricity. The turbines should be put into operation in 2014.
2013-01-20
2013-C030-01   List of national contact points (transmission of samples of controlled substances) 2013/C 30/01
List of national contact points as referred to in Article 3(1) of the Council Decision on the transmission of samples of controlled substances (2001/419/JHA)
[各国別表] 国名、機関名、所在地、連絡先など OJ 2013 C030/001-003
2013-C083-08   Russian Vodka 2013/C 83/08
Main specifications of the technical file for "Russian Vodka"
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS OF THE TECHNICAL FILE FOR ‘RUSSIAN VODKA’
1. Name: "Russian Vodka" (Русская водкa)
2. Category of spirit drink: Vodka (category 15 of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 110/2008)
3. Description: Colourless spirit drink produced by the fermentation and distillation of wheat and rye
4. Physical, chemical and organoleptic characteristics:
The main physical and chemical properties of "Russian Vodka" are:
- Alcoholic strength by volume: minimum 37,5 %, maximum 56 %
- Methanol content: not more than 0,01 %
- Aldehyde content: not more than 8 mg/dm 3
- Fusel oil content: not more than 8 mg/dm 3
- Alkalinity, i.e. the volume of hydrochloric acid (HCL) at a concentration of 0,1 mol/dm 3 , used for titrating 100 cm 3 of vodka: not more than 3 cm 3
- Compound ester content: not more than 20 mg/dm 3
Taste and flavour: mellow and pure taste with a subtle cereal/bread flavour
5. Geographical area: Russian Federation
6. Method of production:
7. Geographical link:
7.1. History/Origin:
7.2. Raw materials:
7.3. National production traditions:
8. Requirements of the national legislation:
9. Applicant:
10. Supervisory authority:
OJ 2013 C083/011-013
2013-C090-01   Common military list 2013/C 90/01
Common Military List of the European Union
(adopted by the Council on 11 March 2013)
【CP 2008-0944-CFSP List 2013-03 参照】 OJ 2013 C090/001-037
2013-C167-07   quantifying harm in actions for damages based on breaches of Article 101 or 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning 2013/C 167/07
Communication from the Commission on quantifying harm in actions for damages based on breaches of Article 101 or 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
1. COMPENSATION FOR VICTIMS OF COMPETITION LAW INFRINGEMENTS: THE CHALLENGE OF QUANTIFYING THE HARM SUFFERED
 1. Infringements of Article 101 or 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("TFEU"), hereafter the "EU competition rules", cause great harm to the economy as a whole and hamper the proper functioning of the internal market. In order to prevent such harm, the Commission has the power to impose fines on undertakings and associations of undertakings for infringing EU competition rules.
 The objective of the fines imposed by the Commission is deterrence, i.e. sanctioning the undertakings concerned (specific deterrence) and deterring other undertakings from engaging in, or continuing, behaviour that is contrary to Articles 101 and 102 TFEU (general deterrence).
2. INTERPLAY OF RULES AND PRINCIPLES OF EU LAW AND NATIONAL LAW
2.1. Acquis communautaire
2.2. National law and its interaction with the principles of EU law
3. GUIDANCE ON THE QUANTIFICATION OF HARM
OJ 2013 C167/019-021
2013-C168-04   dual careers for athletes 2013/C 168/04
Conclusions of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, on dual careers for athletes
WELCOMING:
The EU Guidelines on Dual Careers of Athletes, which were prepared by the Member States and the Commission Expert Group on Education and Training in Sport upon a proposal from the ad-hoc group of experts on dual careers and which encourage a number of policy actions in support of dual careers in sport ( 1 ),
CONSIDERING THAT:
1. For the purposes of these Council conclusions the term "athlete" should be understood to mean a "talented athlete" or an "elite athlete", both male and female, including disabled athletes respecting the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 【略】
IN THIS CONTEXT, INVITE THE EU MEMBER STATES, SPORT ORGANISATIONS AND STAKEHOLDERS, ACTING WITHIN THEIR COMPETENCES AND AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY HAVING REGARD TO THE AUTONOMY OF SPORTS ORGANISATIONS, TO: 【略】
HAVING REGARD TO THE AUTONOMY OF SPORTS ORGANISATIONS CALL ON SPORTING ORGANISATIONS TO: 【略】
INVITE THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION TO: 【略】
OJ 2013 C168/010-012
2013-C212-04   combating terrorism 2013/C 212/04
Notice for the attention of the persons, groups and entities on the list provided for in Article 2(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 2580/2001 on specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities with a view to combating terrorism (see Annex to Council Regulation (EU) No 714/2013)
 The following information is brought to the attention of the persons, groups and entities listed in Council Regulation (EU) No 714/2013.
 ・・・
 The persons, groups and entities concerned may submit a request to obtain the Council's statement of reasons for maintaining them on the abovementioned list (unless the statement of reasons has already been communicated to them), to the following address:
 Council of the European Union (Attn: CP 931 designations) ・・・
OJ 2013 C212/003-004
2013-C212-05   combating terrorism 2013/C 212/05
Notice for the attention of the 'Hizballah Military Wing' (a.k.a. 'Hezbollah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Hizbullah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Hizbollah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Hezballah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Hisbollah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Hizbu'llah Military Wing' a.k.a. 'Hizb Allah Military Wing', a.k.a. 'Jihad Council' (and all units reporting to it, including the External Security Organisation)), included on the list provided for in Article 2(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 2580/2001 on specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities with a view to combating terrorism (see Annex I to Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 714/2013)
 The Council has decided to include the abovementioned group in the list of persons, groups and entities provided for in Article 2(3) of Regulation (EC) No 2580/2001.
 The group concerned may submit a request to obtain the Council's statement of reasons for including it on the abovementioned list to the following address:
 Council of the European Union General Secretariat (Attn: CP 931 designations ・・・
OJ 2013 C212/005
2013-C229-02   de minimis aid 2013/C 229/02
Draft Commission Regulation (EU) No …/… of 17 July 2013 on the application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to de minimis aid
[Article 1] Scope
1. This Regulation applies to aid granted to undertakings in all sectors, with the exception of:
(a) aid granted to undertakings active in the fishery and aquaculture sectors, as covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 ( 1 );
(b) aid granted to undertakings active in the primary production of agricultural products;
(c) aid granted to undertakings active in the processing and marketing of agricultural products, in the following cases: ・・・
  ・・・・・
[Article 3] De minimis aid
[Article 4] Calculation of gross grant equivalent
[Article 5] Cumulation
[Article 7] Transitional provisions
[Article 8] Entry into force and period of validity
This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2014 and shall apply from 1 January 2014 until 31 December 2020.
OJ 2013 C229/001-009
2013-C322-01   List of contact points for the protection of public figures 2013/C 322/01
List of contact points for the protection of public figures
【国別表】 MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax / E-mail
BE / Federal Public Service of Interior Crisis Centre Directorate / ・・・
BG / National Service for Protection / ・・・
  ・・・・・
OJ 2013 C322/001-004
2013-C322-02   List of national football information points (NFIPs) 2013/C 322/02
List of national football information points (NFIPs)
【国別表】 MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax / E-mail
BE / Police fédérale Direction générale de la police administrative Direction des opérations et informations Sécurité intégrale Football (SIF) / ・・・
BG / National Information Centre — Sport Events Security Unit Criminal Police Department National Police Chief Directorate Ministry of Interior / ・・・
  ・・・・・
OJ 2013 C322/005-007
2013-C322-03   List of permanent contact points concerning public order 2013/C 322/03
List of permanent contact points concerning public order
【国別表】 MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax / E-mail
BE / Federal Police PCNIP/DAO / ・・・
 / Ministry of the Interior, Crisis Centre / ・・・
BG / Ministry of Interior National Police Chief Directorate Public Order Police Department Patrol duty unit Contact person: Ms Penka Stoianova / ・・・
  ・・・・・
OJ 2013 C322/008-010
2013-C322-04   List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime 2013/C 322/04
List of national contact points for tackling cross-border vehicle crime
【国別表】 MS / Service / Address / Telephone/Fax / E-mail
BE / Federal Police DJB/Organised Crime & Art Section Car Idenfication / ・・・
BG / Motor vehicle related crime unit Criminal Police Department Criminal Police Chief Directorate Ministry of Interior / ・・・
  ・・・・・
OJ 2013 C322/011-014
2013-CES-0015   large retailers' abuse (agro-food sector) CES/13/15
Stop large retailers' abuse, says the EESC
 Retailers' abusive practices are hastening the decline of the agro-food sector.
 A distorted market affects consumers as well as suppliers. On 13 February, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) endorsed an opinion to put an end to these dramatic shifts which are exacerbated by the economic crisis.
 "It is a fact that a handful of retailers control most of the market and impose their own terms on suppliers. Contractual freedom is a notion that exists only on paper.
 This is an illegal oligopoly which is causing a distortion of the market, with a widespread abuse of buyer power.  The EESC wants to put a stop to this situation", says Igor Šarmír (Employers' Group, Slovakia), rapporteur of the EESC opinion on the Large retail sector.
 Even though the Commission set up a High Level Forum for a Better Functioning Food Supply Chain, the stakeholders in the agro-food chain have been unable to agree on basic principles for combating disloyal practices. Self-regulation has not worked at either EU or national level.
 The EESC therefore calls for a binding legal text to be drafted as a matter of urgency, for fair competition to be encouraged and for action to be taken against illegal oligopolies.
The full text : http://eescopinions.eesc.europa.eu/viewdoc.aspx?doc=ces/nat/nat571/en/ces1887-2012_00_00_tra_as_en.doc
2013-02-18
2013-CES-0037   real overall cost of intermittent renewable energy CES/13/37
The real overall cost of intermittent renewable energy(風力、メガソーラ等) must be better assessed and revealed, urges the EESC(経済社会評議会)
 The debate on the overall cost of electricity from intermittent renewable energy sources must be completely transparent and the data publicly available, said the European Economic and Social Committee at Wednesday's Informal Meeting of Energy Ministers in Dublin.
 The EESC argues that a sustainable energy system – comprised largely of renewables – is the only long-term solution to our energy future but transparency and a more open debate on costs' related issues are essential for paving the way, maintaining the strong support of citizens and preparing the required policy decisions.
 Transparency about the cost of various energy systems will go a long way towards ensuring that energy decisions consider the real costs of the required complete system, said the EESC when it presented its opinion on the economic effects of electricity systems created by increased and intermittent supply from renewable sources. This opinion was requested by the Irish Presidency.
 "An increase in electricity production from intermittent renewable energy sources will inevitably lead to significantly higher costs for electricity users, both industrial and domestic," said the opinion's rapporteur, Mr Gerd Wolf (Germany, Various Interests' Group).
 According to the EESC, the cost of feeding energy output into the grid from intermittent RES is estimated to represent roughly only half of the total cost. Beyond a certain share of the energy mix, intermittent RES require additional components of the energy system to be put in place: grid extensions, storage facilities, and reserve capacities.
 If these components are not made available, it will lead to an inefficient use of the installed facilities, as well as threats to the security of energy supply and to a viable European energy market, warned the EESC.
OJ 2013-04-26
2013-CES-0080   card-based payment abuse CES/13/80
Stop card-based payment abuse, says the EESC
 On 11 December, the EESC plenary session backed the Commission's proposals on card-based payments, but wants EU citizens to be able to make basic electronic payments cheaply and easily over the internet, both nationally and across borders.
 Debit cards, credit cards and all manner of mobile and electronic payment schemes are coming to dominate trade, but EU regulations on payments have struggled to keep up with the rapid pace of change. "The argument on how to start dismantling the high cost structure imposed by the card payment services that dominate the plastic money market has been going on for far too long. In addition, the same cost structure is rapidly becoming more frequent in mobile payment services", says Vincent Farrugia (Employers Group, Malta), rapporteur for the EESC opinion on Payment services.
・Lower interchange fees
 The new payments package, which introduces a cap on interchange fees and updates, will go some way towards improving transparency and security, removing national divergences and aligning legal rules in the payment system.
 However, the Committee recommends that caps for both credit and debit payments be lower than those proposed. Furthermore, scrapping interchange fees altogether for debit cards would further open up e-commerce in Europe and benefit consumers and the economy. "Capping interchange charges should be made effective immediately for payments using credit cards and debit cards in the domestic market, and not merely for cross-border purchases", adds Vincent Farrugia.
 The EESC also wants to include the same level of caps for commercial or business cards.
2013-12-11
2013-CJE-0119   partial refund of the price of their train ticket in the event of significant delay CJE/13/119
Rail passengers are entitled to a partial refund of the price of their train ticket in the event of significant delay, even where that delay is attributable to force majeure
 Carriers cannot rely on rules of international law which exempt them in cases of force majeure from paying compensation for loss suffered as a result of delay to avoid their obligation to refund
 The regulation on rail passengers' rights and obligations [Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007] provides that the liability of railway undertakings in the case of delay is governed by the Uniform Rules concerning the Contract for International Carriage of Passengers and Luggage by Rail, subject to the applicable provisions of the regulation.
 In accordance with the Uniform Rules, which are part of international law and are reproduced in the annex to the regulation, the railway carrier is liable to the passenger for the loss or damage resulting from the fact that, by reason of the late running of a train, his journey cannot be continued or continuation of the journey could not reasonably be required the same day.
 However, the carrier is exempt from liability where the delay is attributable to force majeure, namely, inter alia, circumstances not connected with the operation of the railway which the carrier could not avoid.
 The regulation provides that a passenger facing a delay of an hour or more may request a partial reimbursement of the price paid for the ticket from the railway undertaking. The amount of that compensation is at least 25% of that price in the event of a delay of between 60 and 119 minutes and 50% in the event of a delay of 120 minutes or more. The regulation provides for no exception to that right to compensation where the delay is attributable to force majeure.
2013-09-26
2013-ECA-0027   support for private forests ECA/13/27
EU support for private forests: no tangible results, say EU Auditors
 The situation in the forestry sector in the EU was not specifically analysed so as to justify specific financial support aimed at improving the economic value of forests, according to a report issued by the European Court of Auditors (ECA) today.
 Member States used the measure to support operations which did not correspond to the programme's goals and which would be more appropriately financed by other measures with different eligibility requirements and aid financing rates, usually lower
 The specific measure 122 “improvement of the economic value of forests” was first introduced for the EU budget period of 2007-13. The total amount allocated for the measure amounted to € 535 million in the period 2007-13.The ECA’s audit revealed deficiencies in the programme across the board - the design, implementation and monitoring of the measure. The EU auditors concluded that the Commission and the Member States did not manage the audited aspects of the support for the improvement of the economic value of forests efficiently and effectively. Considering that this support programme is proposed to be maintained for the next budget period 2014-20, the ECA has proposed a number of improvements to make sure that the programme provides EU added value.
関連 : Report 2013-0008
2013-09-19
2013-ECA-0041   agricultural support 26/11/2013 Court of Auditors
"Weaknesses in the implementation framework of specific agricultural support ", say EU Auditors
・"Weaknesses in the implementation framework of specific agricultural support ", say EU Auditors
 A report published today by the European Court of Auditors (ECA) reveals that there is insufficient evidence in the Member States that the measures introduced under Article 68 are necessary or relevant
 At the introduction of the Single Payment Scheme in 2003, Member States were allowed to earmark up to 10 % of their national Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) ceilings to pay out specific support and, notably, to continue to apply certain production- linked support measures for farmers. This specific support was extended by Article 68 of Regulation No 73/2009 which increased the number of objectives or activities for which aid could be granted.
・Notes to the editors:
関連 : Report 2013-0012
2013-11-26
2013-EDPS-0004   data protection EDPS/13/4
"Smart, sustainable, inclusive Europe": only with stronger and more effective data protection
 The lobbying surrounding the current review of the EU data protection law by organisations both from Europe and elsewhere has been exceptional.
 Following the presentation of his Annual Report of activities for 2012 to the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) at the European Parliament today, the EDPS warned the EU legislator to guard against undue pressure from industry and third countries to lower the level of data protection that currently exists and instead seize the opportunity to ensure stronger and more effective protection to individuals across the EU.
 The current legislation for data protection was adopted 18 years ago at a time when the internet barely existed.
 An update is long overdue and the EDPS is closely involved in the ongoing work on the reform.
 The review process has attracted enormous attention from industry alleging that data protection rules are a hindrance to innovation.
[Some EDPS key figures in 2012]
・ 71 prior-check opinions adopted, 11 non prior check opinions
・ 86 complaints received, 40 admissible
・ 27 consultations received on administrative measures
 15 on-the-spot inspections and 6 visits carried out
・ 1 Guideline published on processing of personal information in the area of leave and flexitime
・ 33 legislative opinions issued on, ・・・
・ 15 sets of formal comments issued on, ・・・
・ 37 sets of informal comments issued
関連 : http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/webdav/site/mySite/shared/Documents/Consultation/Comments/2013/13-03-15_Comments_dp_package_EN.pdf
 ADDITIONAL EDPS COMMENTS ON THE DATA PROTECTION REFORM PACKAGE
関連 : http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/webdav/site/mySite/shared/Documents/EDPS/Publications/Annualreport/2012/AR2012_EN.pdf
2013-05-29
2013-EDPS-0009   data protection EDPS/13/9
An important and welcome step towards stronger and more effective data protection in Europe
 The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) welcomes the outcome of the vote last night by the European Parliamentary Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) on the data protection reform package.
 The current goal is to adopt the package before the European Parliament elections in Spring 2014 and the EDPS urges the legislator to adopt the package as soon as possible as a new Parliament may mean that examination of the proposals would have to begin afresh.
 The importance of these proposals has become more apparent to individuals all over Europe since the Edward Snowden revelations.
 Now more than ever, it is clear that we are facing an existential challenge to our fundamental rights and liberties.
 Individuals should be able to rely on authorities and governments and once adopted, these proposals will give citizens better enforceable rights to privacy and data protection: citizens should expect to be given clear information on how their personal information will be used by companies.
 They will also have the right to ask companies to erase their data unless such a request conflicts with freedom of expression and of the press.
 For industry, the one-stop-shop approach - through the appointment of a lead authority to monitor their activities across all member states - will help to ensure consistency and speed up the process in cases of complaints.
関連 : MEMO/13/923
2013-10-22
2013-IP-0013   European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) IP/13/13
European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) opens on 11 January
 As from 11 January the new European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) will be up and running to help protect European citizens and businesses from cyber-crime. EU Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmström will participate in the official opening of the Centre established at the European Police Office, Europol in the Hague (the Netherlands).
 "The Cybercrime Centre will give a strong boost to the EU's capacity to fight cybercrime and defend an internet that is free, open and secure. Cybercriminals are smart and quick in using new technologies for criminal purposes; the EC3 will help us become even smarter and quicker to help prevent and fight their crimes", said Commissioner Malmström.
関連 : infographics
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/e-library/docs/infographics/cyber-crime/european_cybercrime_centre_infographics.pdf
関連 : https://www.europol.europa.eu/ec3
関連 : [2013-MEMO-0006]
2013-01-09
2013-IP-0025   Driving Licence IP/13/25
Road Transport: New European Driving Licence
 From January 19th 2013, all new driving licences issued across the EU will be in the form of a plastic "credit card," with a standard European format and tougher security protection. The new European licence will progressively replace the more than 100 different paper and plastic models currently in use by more than 300 million drivers across the EU. It is part of a broader package of measures (3rd EU Driving Licence Directive) coming into force designed to enhance free movement, tackle driving licence fraud and improve road safety across the EU.
 The main changes which will come into force on January 19th 2013 are as follows:
・A standard European format
 All new European driving licences will be issued according to a new format, a plastic "credit card", with a photo and standard information requirements - easy to recognise and read across the EU (see photo below). All new licences will be issued in this format from January 19th 2013.
 Existing licences are not affected, but will be changed to the new format at the time of renewal or at the latest by 2033. The European driving licence can be adapted to incorporate national symbols as decided by each Member State.
・Enhanced security
 The new driving licence includes a number of security features to make it "tamper proof" and to avoid falsification.  ・・・
・The Regular Renewal of Licences
・Protection of vulnerable drivers
・Minimum standards for driving examiners
【免許証画像(表裏)有り】
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0010
2013-01-18
2013-IP-0040   clean fuel strategy IP/13/40
EU launches clean fuel strategy
 The European Commission today announced an ambitious package of measures to ensure the build-up of alternative fuel stations across Europe with common standards for their design and use. Policy initiatives so far have mostly addressed the actual fuels and vehicles, without considering fuels distribution. Efforts to provide incentives have been un-co-ordinated and insufficient.
 Clean fuel is being held back by three main barriers: the high cost of vehicles, a low level of consumer acceptance, and the lack of recharging and refuelling stations. It is a vicious circle. Refuelling stations are not being built because there are not enough vehicles. Vehicles are not sold at competitive prices because there is not enough demand. Consumers do not buy the vehicles because they are expensive and the stations are not there. The Commission is therefore proposing a package of binding targets on Member States for a minimum level of infrastructure for clean fuels such as electricity, hydrogen and natural gas, as well as common EU wide standards for equipment needed.
・Electricity: the situation for electric charging points varies greatly across the EU. ・・・
・Hydrogen: Germany, Italy and Denmark already have a significant number of hydrogen refuelling stations although some of them are not publically accessible. ・・・
・Biofuels: already have nearly 5% of the market. They work as blended fuels and do not require any specific infrastructure. A key challenge will be to ensure their sustainability.
・Natural Gas (Liquefied (LNG) and Compressed (CNG): LNG is used for waterborne transport both at sea and on inland waterways. LNG infrastructure for fuelling vessels is at a very early stage, with only Sweden having a small scale LNG bunkering facility for sea going vessels, ・・・
・LNG: Liquefied natural gas is also used for trucks, but there are only 38 filling stations in the EU. ・・・
・CNG: Compressed natural gas is mainly used for cars. One million vehicles currently use this fuel representing 0.5% of the fleet ・・・
・LPG: Liquefied petroleum gas. No action is foreseen for LPG, the core infrastructure is already established.
【国別表】Electric charging Points/vehicles per Member State
2013-01-24
2013-IP-0047   air quality IP/13/47
Environment: a fresh legal approach to improving air quality in Member States
 Ambient air quality is poor in many EU Member States – despite an obligation for governments to ensure good air quality for citizens. The situation is so serious that the Commission is currently taking action against 17 States with a consistent record of poor air quality.
 Today, as part of a fresh approach to the problem, Bulgaria, Latvia and Slovenia are being asked to urgently address an on-going issue that kills more citizens than road traffic accidents every year.
 The problem concerns tiny particles known as PM10s, which can cause respiratory problems, lung cancer and premature death. Poor air quality is a direct threat to citizens exposed to pollution from fine particles (PM10), which originates from sources such as road traffic, industrial activity and domestic heating. According to the latest research, a majority (56 %) of Europeans believe that air quality has deteriorated in the last 10 years (see IP/13/6).
Background
 Airborne particles (PM10) are mainly present in pollutant emissions from industry, traffic and domestic heating. They can cause asthma, cardiovascular problems, lung cancer and premature death. Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe requires Member States to limit the exposure of citizens to these particles. The legislation sets limit values for exposure covering both an annual concentration value (40 μg/m3), and a daily concentration value (50 μg/m3) that must not be exceeded more than 35 times in a calendar year.
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/legislation/time_extensions.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/community_law/infringements/infringements_en.htm
 
2013-01-24
2013-IP-0085   REACH IP/13/85
REACH: Chemicals in Europe have become safer
 The use of chemicals in Europe has become considerably safer since the REACH regulation entered into force, according to a European Commission report published today.
 More readily available information about chemical substances on the market and better targeted risk management measures mean that risks from substances registered under REACH have significantly decreased.
 The trend is expected to continue, as industry is continuously working towards finding substitutes for the most hazardous chemicals.
 Five years after REACH's entry into force, implementation is in full swing. Companies have now registered 30,601 files with the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) describing the uses and properties of 7,884 chemical substances manufactured or placed on the market. According to a Eurobarometer survey published today, 61% of Europeans think that chemicals are now safer than 10 years ago.
Reach review : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/documents/reach/review2012/index_en.htm
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/index.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/reach/index_en.htm
2013-02-05
2013-IP-0094   Cybersecurity IP/13/94
EU Cybersecurity plan to protect open internet and online freedom and opportunity
 The European Commission, together with the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, has published a cybersecurity strategy alongside a Commission proposed directive on network and information security (NIS).
 The cybersecurity strategy – "An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace" - represents the EU's comprehensive vision on how best to prevent and respond to cyber disruptions and attacks. This is to further European values of freedom and democracy and ensure the digital economy can safely grow. Specific actions are aimed at enhancing cyber resilience of information systems, reducing cybercrime and strengthening EU international cyber-security policy and cyber defence.
 The strategy articulates the EU's vision of cyber-security in terms of five priorities:
 ・Achieving cyber resilience
 ・Drastically reducing cybercrime
 ・Developing cyber defence policy and capabilities related to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)
 ・Developing the industrial and technological resources for cyber-security
 ・Establishing a coherent international cyberspace policy for the European Union and promoting core EU values
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0071
Proposal for a Directive : http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/news-redirect/9589
2013-02-07
2013-IP-0111   Safer products and a level playing field IP/13/111
Safer products and a level playing field in the internal market
 The European Commission proposed today new rules to improve the safety of consumer products circulating in the Single Market and to step-up market surveillance concerning all non-food products, including those imported from 3rd countries. This will contribute both to strengthening consumer protection and to creating a level playing field for businesses. Unsafe products should not reach consumers or other users and their improved identification and traceability will be a key improvement that will help to take them quickly out of the market. Once adopted by the European Parliament and by the Council the new rules will be enforced by the national market surveillance authorities in the Member States which will benefit from strengthened cooperation and enhanced tools to carry out controls.
The two legislative proposals are complemented by a multi-annual plan for market surveillance setting out 20 concrete actions to be undertaken from now to 2015 to improve market surveillance under the current regulatory framework and until the new rules come into effect.
・Improved product safety and market surveillance
 ・Alignment of the general obligations of economic operators to ensure the safety of all consumer products with clearer responsibilities for manufacturers, importers and distributors.
 ・More effective tools to enforce safety and other product-related requirements and ・・・
 ・Improved traceability of consumer products throughout the supply chain – enabling a swift and effective response to safety problems (e.g. recalls). ・・・
 ・Creation of a more cooperative system of market surveillance across the EU.
 ・Streamlined procedures for the notification of dangerous products, and synergies between the existing Rapid Alert Information System (RAPEX) and the Information and Communication System for Market Surveillance (ICSMS).
・Who will benefit and how?
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0093
2013-02-13
2013-IP-0123   Guide on services of general economic interest (SGEI) IP/13/123
State aid: Commission publishes updated Guide on services of general economic interest (SGEI)
 The European Commission services have published an updated guide to explain how EU rules in the fields of state aid, public procurement and the internal market apply to services of general economic interest (SGEI).
 The guide provides simple and comprehensive answers to the most frequent questions asked by public authorities, service users and providers and other stakeholders.
 Originally published in 2010, it has now been revised to take account of the new state aid rules on SGEI that the Commission adopted in December 2011 and April 2012 (see IP/11/1571, MEMO/11/929 and IP/12/402) - the so-called "Almunia" Package.
The guide : http://ec.europa.eu/competition/state_aid/overview/public_services_en.html
2013-02-18
2013-IP-0147   Exposure to second hand smoke IP/13/147
Tobacco in the EU : Exposure to second hand smoke reduced, but still too high, says Commission report
 Protection from second hand smoke has improved considerably in the EU, according to a report published by the Commission today. 28% of Europeans were exposed to second hand smoke in bars in 2012 – down from 46% in 2009.
 The report is based on self-reporting by the 27 Member States, following the 2009 Council Recommendation on Smoke-free Environments (2009/C 296/02), which called upon governments to adopt and implement laws to fully protect their citizens from exposure to tobacco smoke in enclosed public places, workplaces and public transport.
 The report dispels concerns about smoking bans impacting negatively on the revenues of bars and restaurants, by showing that the economic impact has been limited, neutral and even positive over time. However, the report also illustrates that some Member States are lagging behind, in terms of comprehensive laws protecting public health, and enforcement.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/smoke-free_environments/index_en.htm
2013-02-22
2013-IP-0158   workers' protection against exposure to hazardous chemicals IP/13/158
Health and Safety: Commission proposes to improve workers' protection against exposure to hazardous chemicals
 The European Commission has proposed to better protect workers from risks linked to exposure to chemicals at the workplace.
 In particular, the Commission has proposed to amend five existing EU health and safety Directives on protection of workers from exposure to harmful chemicals to align them with the latest rules on classification, labelling and packaging of chemicals (Regulation (EC) 1272/2008).
 The proposal would ensure that manufacturers and suppliers of chemical substances and mixtures would have to provide harmonised labelling information on hazard classification, alerting the user to the presence of hazardous chemicals, the need to avoid exposure and the associated risks.
 Employers use this information when carrying out workplace risk assessments.
 This allows employers to put in place appropriate risk management measures to protect workers' health and safety, such as process enclosure, ventilation systems and the use of personal protective equipment. Every day millions of EU workers are potentially exposed to hazardous chemicals in a wide range of employment sectors including manufacturing and service industries, agriculture, health care and education.
2013-02-26
2013-IP-0175   timber regulation IP/13/175
Environment: New timber regulation comes into force
 On 3 March, new legislation comes into effect to counter the trade in illegal timber.
 The new EU Timber regulation will affect everyone in the wood trade.
 It prohibits the placing of illegally harvested timber on the European market in an effort to tackle the problem of illegal logging across the world. Illegal logging has severe economic, environmental and social impacts: it is associated with deforestation and climate change, it can undermine the efforts and livelihoods of legitimate operators, and it can also contribute to conflicts over land and resources.
 The new law[Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32010R0995:EN:NOT ] affects both imported and domestically produced timber and timber products, and it covers an extensive range of products, from paper and pulp to solid wood and flooring. The aim is to put in place procedures to minimise the risk of illegal wood being traded. Anyone who first places a timber product on the EU market must apply "due diligence" to ensure that the wood they are trading is legal. Traders who buy or sell timber already on the market are required to keep adequate records so that the wood they deal in can be easily traced.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eutr2013/
2013-03-01
2013-IP-0178   Passenger rights IP/13/178
Passenger rights: better protection for bus and coach travellers in the EU
 Today, Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 on bus and coach passenger rights becomes applicable, providing bus and coach travellers throughout the EU with new rights.
 The regulation lays down travellers' basic rights, and imposes a number of obligations on bus and coach companies and terminal managers concerning their responsibility towards the passengers. Every year around 70 million passengers travel by buses and coaches in the EU.
 The bus and coach regulation lays down passenger rights similar to those for air, train and boat transport.
These new rights include:
・Non-discrimination based on nationality regarding tariffs and other contract conditions;
・non-discriminatory treatment for disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility. Specifically, free-of-charge assistance both at designated bus terminals and on board buses and coaches, as well as financial compensation for loss of or damage to their mobility equipment;
・ ・・・・・
Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Notice.do?val=560618:cs&lang=en&list=560618:cs,&pos=1&page=1&nbl=1&pgs=10&hwords=
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passenger-rights/index.html
2013-03-01
2013-IP-0199   New symbol [▼] to identify medicines undergoing additional monitoring IP/13/199
Pharmaceuticals: New symbol [▼] to identify medicines undergoing additional monitoring
 An inverted triangle will shortly appear on the inside leaflet of certain medicinal products on the EU market, following a legal act adopted by the European Commission today.
 The symbol will allow patients and health care professionals to easily identify medicinal products that are undergoing additional monitoring, and its accompanying text will encourage them to report unexpected adverse reactions through national reporting systems.
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0172
2013-03-07
2013-IP-0210   animal testing for cosmetics IP/13/210
Full EU ban on animal testing for cosmetics enters into force
 Today the last deadline to phase out animal testing for cosmetic products in Europe enters into force. As of today, cosmetics tested on animals cannot be marketed any more in the EU.
 A Communication adopted by the Commission today confirms the Commission's commitment to respect the deadline set by Council and Parliament in 2003 and outlines how it intends to further support research and innovation in this area while promoting animal welfare world-wide.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/sectors/cosmetics/animal-testing/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/188
2013-03-11
2013-IP-0222   sustainable management of marine and coastal areas IP/13/222
Commission takes initiative to support Blue Growth through sustainable management of marine and coastal areas
 Today the Commission launched a proposal to improve the planning of maritime activities at sea and the management of coastal areas.
 The proposal – which takes the form of a draft directive – aims to establish a common European framework for maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal management in EU Member States, with a view to ensuring that the growth of maritime and coastal activities and the use of resources at sea and on coasts remain sustainable.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/iczm/home.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/maritime_spatial_planning/index_en.htm
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0210
2013-03-13
2013-IP-0328   safer and more environmental lorries IP/13/328
New EU rules for safer and more environmental lorries
 The European Commission proposed today new rules to allow manufacturers to develop more aerodynamic lorries which will reduce fuel consumption by 7-10%, cut emissions of greenhouse gases, and also enhance the safety of vulnerable road users.
 The proposal will allow cabins with a rounded shape and for the use of aerodynamic flaps at the back the trailer. These measures will considerably improve the aerodynamics of vehicles, saving approximately € 5,000 per year in fuel costs for a typical long-distance lorry covering 100,000 km. This represents a 7–10% cut in greenhouse gas emissions (or 7.8 tonnes of CO2 for the same long-distance lorry covering 100,000 km). At the same time, the field of vision of the driver will be improved, helping to save the lives of 300 to 500 vulnerable road users such as pedestrians or cyclists every year.
The main advantages of the proposal are:
・Better environmental performance:
・Better road safety
・Better for hauliers
・Industrial opportunity for vehicle manufacturers
・More consistent controls and reduced road damage
・Promoting intermodal transport
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/road/weights-and-dimensions_en.htm
現指令 : Directive 96/53/EC http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:1996L0053:20020309:EN:PDF
関連 : 2013-MEMO-0329
2013-04-16
2013-IP-0339   CAP transition rules in 2014 IP/13/339
Commission proposals for CAP transition rules in 2014
 The European Commission has today published proposals to provide transitional arrangements in 2014 for certain Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) rules, notably the system of Direct Payments.
 Although the Commission is working intensively with the European Parliament and the Council to reach a political agreement on CAP reform – and remains optimistic that this can be concluded before the end of June – so that the new legal regulations can be in place from January 1, 2014, it is not realistic for Member States to have all the necessary administrative procedures in place by the start of next year.
 In order to ensure continuity, transitional rules are therefore required for some elements of policy, most obviously for the system of direct payments.
 This would mean that the existing rules of the Single Payment Scheme, the SAPS (Single Area Payment Scheme) system and payments targeted under "Article 68"will continue in the 2014 claim year. New rules, for example those relating to Greening, would therefore not apply until the start of 2015, thereby allowing Paying Agencies more time to prepare for these changes.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/newsroom/114_en.htm
Proposal : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cap-post-2013/legal-proposals/transitional/com2013-226_en.pdf
2013-04-18
2013-IP-0358   Internet on TV, TV on Internet IP/13/358
Internet on TV, TV on Internet: Commission seeks views on rapidly converging audiovisual world
 Millions of Europeans catch up with their favourite TV series on a smartphone on the way to work, watch online content on their living room TV, or put their own user-generated content online. There are more than 40.4 million "connected TVs" in Europe, and they could be in the majority of EU households by 2016. These changes are sweeping away traditional boundaries between consumers, broadcast media and the internet. The Commission wants to explore what this convergence of technology and content could mean for Europe's economic growth and innovation, cultural diversity, and consumers (especially those that may need protection, such as children.)
 A Green Paper [ https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/sites/digital-agenda/files/convergence_green_paper_en_0.pdf ]adopted by the Commission today invites stakeholders and the wider public to share their views between now and the end of August 2013, on issues such as:
1. The rules of the game.
2. Protecting European values
3. Single market and standards.
4. Financing
5. Openness and media pluralism.
関連 2010/13/EU : Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD)
関連 MEMO/13/371 Frequently Asked Questions
2013-04-24
2013-IP-0400   safer food IP/13/400
Smarter rules for safer food: Commission proposes landmark package to modernise, simplify and strengthen the agri-food chain in Europe
 The European Commission has today adopted a package of measures to strengthen the enforcement of health and safety standards for the whole agri-food chain. Food safety is essential to ensure consumers' confidence and sustainability of food production.
 The package of measures provide a modernised and simplified, more risked-based approach to the protection of health and more efficient control tools to ensure the effective application of the rules guiding the operation of the food chain.
 The package responds to the call for better simplification of legislation and smarter regulation thus reducing administrative burden for operators and simplifying the regulatory environment. Special consideration is given to the impact of this legislation on SMEs and micro enterprises which are exempted from the most costly and burdensome elements in the legislation.
 The current body of EU legislation covering the food chain consists of almost 70 pieces of legislation. Today's package of reform will cut this down to 5 pieces of legislation and will also reduce the red-tape on processes and procedures for farmers, breeders and food business operators (producers, processors and distributors) to make it easier for them to carry out their profession.
 Main Elements of the Proposal
  Official controls
  Animal health
  Plant health
  Plant reproductive material (including seeds)
 Next steps
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/animal-plant-health-package
関連 : MEMO/13/398
2013-05-06
2013-IP-0403   reducing pedestrian fatalities in urban areas IP/13/403
European Road Safety Day, dedicated to reducing pedestrian fatalities in urban areas
 The European Road Safety Day – May 6 – is the Commission's contribution to the United Nations Global Road Safety Week, whose theme this year is "pedestrian road safety". Today, Commission Vice-President Siim Kallas, responsible for transport, opened the European Road Safety Day conference, followed by public road safety demonstrations and a "long short walk" in Brussels
 Of the 30 000 people killed on European roads per year (28 000 in 2012), on average 21% are pedestrians, 7% are cyclists and 18% are riders of motorcycles and mopeds. 70% of the pedestrians who die are killed within urban areas. There is cause for concern because, during the past 10 years, the number of pedestrians killed in road accidents has not decreased to the same extent as the total number of road deaths. Almost half of all road deaths in urban areas involve a pedestrian or a cyclist. The Commission is working on several measures specifically linked to the safety of vulnerable road users and urban area road safety. Among these measures are:
・The new proposed EU rules for the design of truck cabins, including an improved field of vision for the driver, a deflecting shape and a crumple zone in the front of the cabin, which will help to save the lives of 300 to 500 vulnerable road users such as pedestrians or cyclists every year (see IP/13/328)
・The up-coming Urban Mobility Package with provisions for planning safe and sustainable urban transport (http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/urban_mobility/index_en.htm)
・The CIVITAS initiative, in which cities test innovative measures for more sustainable urban mobility, including improved safety for vulnerable users (www.civitas.eu)
・Work on the further deployment of modern technologies and in-vehicle safety systems such as pedestrian detection/emergency braking systems (http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/road/action_plan/its_and_vulnerable_road_users_en.htm)
・The new initiative on serious road traffic injuries (http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/topics/serious_injuries/index_en.htm)
・Awareness raising actions e.g. via the Road Safety Charter (http://www.erscharter.eu)
 The programme of the European Road Safety Day:
2013-05-06
2013-IP-0420   maritime strategy for the Atlantic IP/13/420
European Commission unveils maritime strategy for the Atlantic
 The European Commission has today adopted an Action Plan to revitalise the marine and maritime economy in the Atlantic Ocean Area.
 The Action Plan follows from the Atlantic Strategy the Commission adopted in 2011 (see IP/11/1456).
 It aims to show how the EU's Atlantic Member States, their regions and the Commission can help create sustainable growth in coastal regions and drive forward the "blue economy", which has the potential to provide 7 million jobs in Europe by 2020.
 At the same time, the environmental and ecological stability of the Atlantic Ocean must be preserved.
 The Action Plan considers ・・・
 ・Promote entrepreneurship and innovation;
 ・Protect, secure and enhance the marine and coastal environment;
 ・Improve accessibility and connectivity;
 ・Create a socially inclusive and sustainable model of regional development;
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/sea_basins/atlantic_ocean/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/417
2013-05-13
2013-IP-0422   Emergency Response Centre IP/13/422
Emergency Response Centre: for a faster and more efficient European response to disasters
 The European Commission is launching its Emergency Response Centre (ERC) today, which will provide a better coordinated, faster and more efficient European response to disasters in Europe and the world.
 The ERC will be operational on a 24/7 basis, capable of dealing with up to three simultaneous emergencies in different time zones. It will receive and analyse appeals for assistance from affected countries and serve as a hub to support coordination at various levels: Commission, Member States, the affected country, humanitarian partners and civil protection teams deployed to the field.
 The ERC will dispatch assessment and coordination experts to disaster areas, provide early warning about upcoming disasters, and facilitate the transport of Member States' assistance in response to major emergencies. This will ensure that European assistance is meeting priority needs on the disaster scene with no unnecessary and expensive duplication of efforts
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/georgieva/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/427
2013-05-15
2013-IP-0430   information services for motorists IP/13/430
Road transport: Commission speeds up roll-out of information services for motorists
 The European Commission today adopted two regulations to promote the roll-out of "intelligent information services", such as real-time warnings about dangerous road conditions ahead and information on safe and secure parking places for truck drivers.
 They can be provided through different means such as variable road signs, the radio and mobile phone applications.
 The new regulations do not make the roll-out of information services mandatory. However, if and when Member States, operators and service providers want to develop and deploy such services, they will have to comply with the regulations' requirements.
1. Traffic information on road hazards ahead
 The first regulation brought forward by the Commission today will ensure that all drivers receive timely information at no extra cost. They will be warned on hazards ahead, such as an unprotected accident site or dangerous road conditions. ・・・
2. Safe parking for trucks and commercial vehicles
 The second regulation will improve the information to truck drivers about safe and secure parking places. ・・・
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/436
2013-05-15
2013-IP-0438   RAPEX (consumer safety) IP/13/438
Stronger EU cooperation leads to higher consumer safety
 In 2012, a total of 2,278 measures against dangerous non-food products, were taken by Member States and reported in the EU Rapid Information system (RAPEX). This indicates a 26% rise in alerts when compared to 2011 figures, an increase that could be attributed to the improved enforcement work carried out by the authorities in EU countries.
 RAPEX is the EU rapid alert system between Member States and the Commission on non-food products. Its role is to disseminate information quickly on potentially dangerous consumer products. This allows for earlier identification and earlier removal from EU markets of products that could pose a risk to consumers, such as children's clothing, textiles and electrical appliances which do not meet safety standards.
・Which products are posing risks?
 In 2012, clothing, textiles and fashion items (34%), followed by toys (19%), were the main product categories for which corrective measures had to be taken. Among the most frequently notified risks caused by these products were chemical risks, risk of strangulation and risk of injury.
・Where are they coming from?
・RAPEX 2012 in numbers
 2,278 number of notifications
 30 number of participating countries (EU +Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein)
 5 most frequently notified product categories in 2012:
 34% Clothing, textiles and fashion items;
 19% Toys;
 11% Electrical appliances and equipment;
 8% Motor vehicles;
 4% Cosmetics
 Notifications by country of origin of the notified product:
 58% China including Hong Kong;
 17% EU-27 and EEA countries;
 11% unknown;
 14% other
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/news/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/438
2013-05-16
2013-IP-0457   Bee Health IP/13/457
Bee Health: EU-wide restrictions on Pesticide use to enter into force on 1 December
 A restriction on the use of three pesticides belonging to the neonicotinoid family was today adopted by the Commission.
 These pesticides (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiametoxam) were identified as being harmful to Europe’s honeybee population. This restriction will enter into force as from 1 December 2013 and will be reviewed, at the latest, within two years.
 It targets pesticides used in the treatment of plants and cereals that are attractive to bees and pollinators.
Next steps
 Member States must withdraw or amend existing authorisations to comply with the EU restrictions by 30 September 2013. They can allow the use of existing stocks until 30 November at the latest. National authorities are responsible for ensuring that the restrictions are correctly applied.
 As soon as new information is available, and at the latest within 2 years, the Commission will review this restriction to take into account relevant scientific and technical developments.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/liveanimals/bees/neonicotinoids_en.htm
関連 : http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/beehealth.htm?wtrl=01
2013-05-24
2013-IP-0466   eGovernment IP/13/466
eGovernment improving but citizens ask for more
 Almost half of EU citizens (46%) now go online to look for a job, use the public library, file a tax return, register a birth, apply for a passport or use other eGovernment services. 80% say online public services save them time, 76% like the flexibility and 62% say they save money. But these users are more satisfied with online banking (8.5 satisfaction rating on a scale of 0 to 10), and online shopping (7.6) than with public services online (6.5).
 The eGovernment Benchmark 2012 report surveyed 28 000 internet users across 32 countries. Among the key findings:
 詳細 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/pillar-7-ict-enabled-benefits-eu-society
2013-05-28
2013-IP-0469   Earth Observation Programme IP/13/469
Copernicus: The EU Earth Observation Programme - good for jobs and the environment!
 In a world facing an increased risk of natural and other disasters the new Copernicus programme will ensure the regular observation and monitoring of the atmosphere, oceans, and continental surfaces, providing reliable, validated and guaranteed information to support a broad range of environmental and security applications and decisions.
 At the same time, it is a driver for economic growth, encouraging small and medium-sized enterprises to develop user-driven services - thereby creating growth and jobs in a sector of the economy that is clearly future-oriented.
 Therefore, the European Commission today proposed the new earth observation programme called Copernicus1, with a budget of €3.786 bn for the period 2014 – 2020.
 This amount will be needed to pay for the development, launch and operations of a series of satellites (the 'Sentinels') and to establish six operational services which will transform satellite imagery into readily usable information products (MEMO/13/482).
 関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/space/copernicus/index_en.htm
・Important services for environment and security
 ・a land monitoring service
 ・a marine service
 ・an atmosphere service
 ・an emergency response support service
 ・a security support service
 ・a climate change service
・Huge potential for innovation and business development
2013-05-29
2013-IP-0471   create new jobs and businesses IP/13/471
Best social innovation ideas. New ways to create new jobs and businesses
 Social innovation can stimulate new business models addressing unmet social needs.
 Today, José Manuel Durão Barroso, President of the European Commission, has awarded the first Social Innovation prizes for three ground-breaking ideas that seek new ways to create more and better jobs in Europe.
 The winning projects aim to reduce youth employment by sharing jobs among young and older employees, to extend the reach and quality of small-scale social care and health services via an app, and to improve access to the job market for economically deprived by making their skills widely visible.
・Jobs for the economically deprived - three outstanding ideas
 ・Extending the reach and impact of sustainable, small-scale social care and health services
  http://socialinnovationcompetition.eu/420/
 ・Improve access to the job market for economically deprived by making their skills widely visible
  http://socialinnovationcompetition.eu/399/
 ・Reduce youth unemployment by job sharing among young and older employees
  http://socialinnovationcompetition.eu/408/
2013-05-29
2013-IP-0477   repatriation of illegally removed national treasures IP/13/477
Easier repatriation of illegally removed national treasures
 The European Commission is taking new action to help Member States recover national treasures which have been unlawfully removed from their territory.
 European Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani proposed today to strengthen the possibility for restitution available to Member States, since the current legislation is not proving sufficiently effective in achieving the recovery of unlawfully removed national treasures.
 The changes would ensure that more cultural goods will be recovered, the deadline for restitution claims will be extended, any possessor of an object requiring compensation for returning the object would be required to prove it was not knowingly acquired illegally, and information sharing between national authorities on the movement of culturally significant objects will be improved.
 The loss of cultural objects, classified as "national treasures of artistic, historic or archaeological value" is a particularly severe form of illicit trafficking of cultural property.
 It deprives citizens of their history and identity and endangers the preservation of Member States' cultural heritage.
関連 : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31993L0007:en:HTML
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/single-market-goods/internal-market-for-products/cultural-goods/index_en.htm
2013-05-30
2013-IP-0491   Health and safety at work IP/13/491
Health and safety at work: Commission opens public consultation on future EU policy framework
 The European Commission has launched a public consultation to gather insights and contributions from the public further to results of the evaluation of the European Strategy on Safety and Health at Work 2007-2012.
 This should help identify current and future challenges in the occupational safety and health area, and identify solutions to address these challenges.
 All citizens and organisations are welcome to contribute to this consultation, which will be open from 31 May 2013 to 26 July 2013.
 Contributions are particularly sought from representatives of Member States' public authorities, organisations representing employees and employers, and stakeholders and experts with an interest in the area of occupational safety and health.
 The 2007-2012 Strategy set an ambitious goal for all Member States: to reduce accidents at work by 25 %. In addition, a number of specific objectives were identified, such as:
 ・improving and a better implementing the EU regulatory framework on occupational safety and health
 ・adapting the framework to changes in the workplace
 ・developing coherent national strategies adjusted to the specific context of each Member State and
 ・encouraging changes in behaviour and promotion of a preventive culture addressing all parts of society
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=699&consultId=13&furtherConsult=yes
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10016&langId=en
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=148
2013-05-31
2013-IP-0520   Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed IP/13/520
Keeping dangerous food off the shelves : Commission publishes annual report on EU's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed
 An annual report published today on Europe’s Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) revealed that in 2012 almost 50% of notifications related to food and feed rejections at EU borders due to the risk they posed to food safety.
 Launched more than 30 years ago, RASFF is an IT tool that facilitates the cross-border flow of information between national food safety authorities and plays a key role in ensuring a high level of food safety for Europe's citizens.
・Results: making imports safer
 In 2012 the number of RASFF notifications reached a total of 8,797, representing a 3.9% decrease compared to 2011. Of those, 3,516 were original notifications (40 %) and 5,281 were follow-up notifications (60%). These figures represent a 7.8% decrease in original notifications and a 1.2% decrease in follow-up notifications. A total of 526 alert notifications reporting on serious risks found in products on the market, which marked decrease of 14% compared to 2011.
・Origin of the notifications
 Of the 3,516 original notifications transmitted in RASFF in 2012, 332 concerned feed (9.4%) and regarding food contact materials, 299 notifications were counted (8.5%). These figures are in line with what was reported in 2011. 2,885 original notifications were related to food.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/rapidalert/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/524
2013-06-10
2013-IP-0522   food for infants, young children and food for specific medical purpose IP/13/522
New strengthened rules for food for infants, young children and food for specific medical purpose
 Today, the European Parliament gave its green light on a set of clearer rules protecting specific groups of consumers such as infants and young children.
 The aim is to better protect consumers on the content and marketing of these "special" food products, and to provide a better environment for businesses, as well as better application of rules.
・New Regime
 More and more food products exist on the market that target specific groups of the population. The EU rules in force for these products are complex and fragmented since different sets of rules and concepts can overlap and create confusion for businesses and national authorities who apply the rules.
 This new Regulation on food for specific groups will streamline the rules that apply throughout the EU, by eliminating those that are unnecessary and contradictory and by replacing them with a new, simplified Framework. The new Framework will cover:
 ・food for infants and young children;
 ・food for people with specific medical conditions;
 ・food for weight control that replace the totality of the daily diet.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/nutritional/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/528
2013-06-11
2013-IP-0530   automatic exchange of information (Tax) IP/13/530
Fighting tax evasion: Commission proposes widest scope of automatic exchange of information within the EU
 Today, the Commission has proposed extending the automatic exchange of information between EU tax administrations, as part of the intensified fight against tax evasion.
 Under the proposal, dividends, capital gains, all other forms of financial income and account balances, would be added to the list of categories which are subject to automatic information exchange within the EU (see MEMO/13/533). This paves the way for the EU to have the most comprehensive system of automatic information exchange in the world.
 Two key pieces of legislation already provide for the automatic exchange of information within the EU.
 The EU Savings Tax Directive ensures that Member States collect data on the savings of non-resident individuals, and automatically provide this data to the tax authorities where those individuals reside. This system has been in place since 2005. A proposal is on the table in Council to strengthen this Directive, and enlarge its scope. At the European Council in May 2013, Member States committed to adopting the revised Savings Directive before the end of the year.
 The Administrative Cooperation Directive foresees the automatic exchange of information on other forms of income from January 1 2015. These are: employment, directors' fees, life insurance, pensions and property. Today's proposal seeks to revise the Administrative Cooperation Directive, so that automatic information exchange will also apply to dividends, capital gains, other financial income and account balances from that date.
 Today's proposal, together with the above-mentioned provisions on automatic exchange, will mean that Member States share as much information amongst themselves as they have committed to doing with the USA under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA).
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/taxation/tax_cooperation/mutual_assistance/direct_tax_directive/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/common/publications/com_reports/taxation/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/taxation/tax_fraud_evasion/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/533
2013-06-12
2013-IP-0534   eCall (automated emergency call) IP/13/534
eCall: automated emergency call for road accidents mandatory in cars from 2015
 To help mitigate the consequences of serious road accidents across the EU, today the European Commission adopted two proposals to ensure that, by October 2015, cars will automatically call emergency services in case of a serious crash.
 The "eCall" system automatically dials 112 - Europe's single emergency number - in the event of a serious accident.
 It communicates the vehicle's location to emergency services, even if the driver is unconscious or unable to make a phone call. It is estimated that it could save up to 2500 lives a year (MEMO/13/547).
 This draft legislation will ensure that from October 2015, all new models of passenger cars and light duty vehicles would be fitted with 112 eCall and the necessary infrastructure would be created for the proper receipt and handling of eCalls in emergency call response centres - ensuring the compatibility, interoperability and continuity of the EU-wide eCall service.
・How eCall works
 eCall is activated automatically as soon as in-vehicle sensors detect a serious crash. Once set off, the system dials the European emergency number 112, establishes a telephone link to the appropriate emergency call centre and sends details of the accident to the rescue services, including the time of incident, the accurate position of the crashed vehicle and the direction of travel (most important on motorways and in tunnels). An eCall can also be triggered manually by pushing a button in the car, for example by a witness to a serious accident.
・Proposals for legislation to create a mandatory eCall system
 The Commission is proposing two pieces of legislation to help create and implement the system:
 ・A Regulation concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall system (and amending the related Directive 2007/46/EC) – making the vehicle fit for eCall; and
 ・A Decision on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall – making the public infrastructure fit for eCall.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/safety/ecall/index_en.htm
関連 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/ecall-time-saved-lives-saved
関連 :
2013-06-13
2013-IP-0588   Medicines for children IP/13/588
Medicines for children: more research, more availability and more information compared with 5 years ago
 Today, the Commission publishes a progress report on medicines for children covering the five years since the Paediatric Regulation came into force.
 This preliminary snapshot points to improvements in the paediatric medicines landscape: better and safer research, more medicines for children on the EU market and more information for parents and health professionals. Although it will take at least another five years for the full impact of the legislation to be understood, due to the long development cycles for medicines, the EU commitment to better medicines for children is clear.
・Key objectives of the Paediatric Regulation:
・Better and safer research
・More medicines available to children
・More information on medicines used in children
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/human-use/paediatric-medicines/index_en.htm
2013-06-24
2013-IP-0595   passenger rights IP/13/595
Vice-President Kallas launches new passenger rights information campaign
 For the first time, millions of holiday-makers travelling in the EU this summer will be protected by comprehensive passenger rights – whether travelling by air or rail, and now also by ship, bus and coach.
 But research shows that two-thirds of passengers are not aware of their rights.
 For this reason, the Commission is launching a new campaign to inform the many people gearing up to travel this summer about their passenger rights, and how to claim them if needed.
 From 25 to 28 June, launch events will take place in Brussels, Athens-Piraeus and Sofia and an air passenger rights information day will be held in Warsaw.
・How to find out your passenger rights?
 http://ec.europa.eu/passenger-rights
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passengers/index_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passenger-rights/index.html
関連 : MEMO/13/608
2013-06-25
2013-IP-0622   Maritime transport IP/13/622
Maritime transport: first step to reduce emissions
 The European Commission today took the first step towards cutting greenhouse gas emissions from the shipping industry. It proposed legislation which will require owners of large ships using EU ports to monitor and report the ships' annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.   The Commission also published a Communication setting out its strategy to address and reduce these emissions, preferably through measures at global level.
・Focus on emissions from large ships
 The proposal1 will create an EU-wide legal framework for collecting and publishing verified annual data on CO2 emissions from all large ships (over 5 000 gross tons) that use EU ports, irrespective of where the ships are registered.
 Ship owners will have to monitor and report the verified amount of CO2 emitted by their large ships on voyages to, from and between EU ports. Owners will also be required to provide certain other information, such as data to determine the ships' energy efficiency.
 A document of compliance issued by an independent verifier will have to be carried on board ships and will be subject to inspection by Member State authorities.
 It is proposed that the rules apply from 1 January 2018.
・Towards a global system
関連 : Memo/13/626
2013-06-28
2013-IP-0635   construction products IP/13/635
Finishing touches to single market for construction products
 Construction companies wishing to expand their business to another EU Member State need to know the challenges they might face.
 Employment, environmental and safety requirements may differ for construction materials and products.
 Yesterday the new Construction Products Regulation【Regulation (EU) No 305/2011】 started to iron out the remaining unjustified regulatory and technical obstacles to the free circulation of construction products in the European Economic Area.
 The construction industry, including construction products, has an enormous importance for Europe's economic well-being. It accounts for about 9.5 % of GDP and 10 % of the EU’s workforce.
 The sector is facing difficult times during the economic crisis and would benefit from a transparent and well functioning internal market.
 The Construction Products Regulation (CPR), adopted in 2011 and fully in force since 1 July 2013, will enhance the EU's internal market.
 It will help construction product manufacturers to market their products in a simplified and common European legislative framework using CE Marking to demonstrate reliability of the declared product performance.
 The CPR also introduces specific measures to make life easier for small manufacturers and micro-enterprises.
・CPR provides common technical language
・Manufacturers (and micro enterprises) to benefit from simplified CE marking procedures
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/construction/index_en.htm
2013-07-02
2013-IP-0651   Single Market Scoreboard website IP/13/651
Single Market Scoreboard website launched – new figures are now available online
・Single Market Scoreboard website launched – new figures are now available online
 With today's launch of the online only Single Market Scoreboard ( http://ec.europa.eu/single-market-scoreboard ), a more comprehensive and user-friendly reporting system has been put in place. The Single Market Scoreboard incorporates comprehensive reports on 13 governance tools including monitoring the correct transposition of EU directives, analysis of infringement proceedings, administrative cooperation networks and various information and problem-solving services.
 The Single Market Scoreboard 2012/2013 aims at giving an overview of the actual situation on the ground. It covers the results that have been achieved by the Member States, but also provides examples of the difficulties citizens and businesses still face in exercising their EU rights.
 Many barriers remain in the areas of social security, rights of residence, recognition of professional qualifications and registration of motor vehicles. The Single Market Scoreboard reflects on the strengths and weaknesses and shows where further action is needed in each of the Member States.
・Main conclusions
 The following "traffic light chart" shows at glance how the individual Member States performed for the governance tools where monitoring was implemented.
[図] ( http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/scoreboard/performance_overview/index_en.htm )
2013-07-04
2013-IP-0652   Blue Belt (shipping transport) IP/13/652
Blue Belt: Commission eases customs formalities for ships
 The Commission has today set out plans to ease custom formalities for ships – reducing red tape, cutting delays in ports and making the sector more competitive.
 Today, freight forwarders and exporters complain that if they chose to send goods across Europe by short sea shipping, the heavy administrative burden at ports causes additional costs and significant delays - ships can wait for hours and sometimes days in ports for customs clearance.
 These make the maritime sector less attractive compared to other forms of transport, especially road, unnecessarily bringing more trucks on our already congested roads.
 With today's new Commission proposals, shipping transport will face less administrative hurdles and therefore be able to be used to its full potential in the EU internal market and beyond.
1. Easing customs formalities for intra-EU shipping
2. Easing customs formalities for ships that call in third country ports
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/news/bluebelt_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/658
2013-07-08
2013-IP-0658   recycling (phosphorus) IP/13/658
Environment: How can we use phosphorus more efficiently and create opportunities for recycling?
 The Commission is launching a consultation on how to use phosphorus in a more sustainable way.
 Phosphorus is widely used in agriculture and is an essential component in fertiliser and animal feed, but it is a resource which has no substitute.
 Supplies are limited, prices have been volatile and much phosphorus is currently wasted, creating concerns about the cost and availability of future supplies in the EU and worldwide.
 The consultation asks how to ensure that reserves are available for future generations, and about ways to minimise the undesirable side effects phosphorus use can have on the environment.
 Phosphorus run-off from farm fields to watercourses, for example, can lead to increased growth of aquatic plants and algae, a phenomenon known as eutrophication.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/consultations/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/natres/phosphorus.htm
関連 : http://www.phosphorusplatform.eu/
2013-07-08
2013-IP-0677   combating misleading information and putting safer cosmetics IP/13/677
From today new EU Rules are combating misleading information and putting safer cosmetics on EU shelves
 As of today, cosmetics on shop shelves, both manufactured in the EU and imported from third countries, should be fully compliant with the Cosmetics Regulation ensuring strengthened safety standards and providing better information for the consumers.
 The most significant changes introduced by the Cosmetics Regulation adopted by Council and Parliament in 2009 include:
 ・Strengthened safety requirements for cosmetic products: 【略】
 ・Introduction of the notion of "responsible person": 【略】
 ・Centralized notification of all cosmetic products placed on the EU market: 【略】
 ・Introduction of reporting of serious undesirable effects: 【略】
 ・New rules for the use of nanomaterials in cosmetic products: 【略】
 In addition, a new Commission Regulation adopted today sets out common criteria for cosmetic claims: ・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/sectors/cosmetics/index_en.htm
2013-07-11
2013-IP-0688   future for our food system IP/13/688
Environment: What future for our food system? Let us know what you think.
In Europe we waste about 89 million tons of food every year.
 Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik said: "This is morally and economically unacceptable and is all the more horrific when you consider the true scale of the resources required to produce those 89 million tons! We are also wasting all those resources. There's something wrong with the system."
Food is essential to life. It forms an important part of our cultural identity, and plays an important role in the economy, but a growing number of analyses question the long-term sustainability of current trends in the production and consumption of food.
The food system has a significant impact on the environment through, for example, greenhouse gas emissions, the use of land and water resources, pollution, depletion of phosphorus, and the impact of chemical products such as herbicides and pesticides.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/consultations/food_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/food.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/resource_efficiency/about/roadmap/index_en.htm
2013-07-15
2013-IP-0690   Aviation safety IP/13/690
Aviation safety: Member States support the revision of aircrew fatigue rules
 The Member States voted today strongly in support of a draft proposal made by the Commission aimed at revising the current EU safety rules governing the fatigue of aircrew, commonly called "flight and duty limitations and rest requirements" (or "flying time limitations"- FTL).
 The revision aims at consolidating, clarifying, complementing - and making more stringent – the current rules, taking into consideration the available scientific, operational and international information.
 The current FTL rules are contained in Subpart Q of Annex III to Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91, which applies since July 2007.
 As for all aviation safety fields, Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 requires the Commission to adopt an implementing regulation to transfer the current FTL rules to the legislative and institutional framework of this Regulation, and to revise the existing rules in line with the latest scientific evidence and technical developments. The aim is to ensure a coherent safety regulatory system at EU level.
 In the case of night duties, Member States welcome the Commission proposal to reduce the maximum night time duties from the current 11 hours 45 minutes to 11 hours, and supported the proposed requirement to manage actively duty rosters including night duties longer than 10 hours using fatigue management principles, which should ensure safe air operations in the most proportionate manner.
関連 : http://www.easa.europa.eu/agency-measures/opinions.php
2013-07-12
2013-IP-0708   Bee Health IP/13/708
Bee Health: EU takes additional measures on pesticides to better protect Europe's bees
 A Commission proposal to restrict the use of Fipronil, an insecticide which has recently been identified as posing an acute risk to Europe’s honey bee population, was backed by Member State experts meeting today in the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.
 This proposal follows a scientific risk assessment carried out by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) that was published on 27 May 2013 which identified that seeds treated with pesticides containing Fipronil pose an acute risk to Europe’s honey bee population.
・The measures:
 ・Restricts the crops where Fipronil can be used as a seed treatment;
 ・Authorisations may be granted for the treatment of seeds that will only be sown in greenhouses. However, this exception does not apply to leeks, shallots, onions and brassica vegetables (such as Brussel sprouts, cauliflower or broccoli), where treated seeds can also be sown in the field, as the harvest of these crops takes place before flowering;
 ・The treatment of maize and sunflower seeds will no longer be authorised.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/liveanimals/bees/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/3158.htm
2013-07-16
2013-IP-0718   Consumer Scoreboard IP/13/718
Consumer Scoreboard: more action needed for a true single market for consumers
 Protection of consumer rights still varies greatly between EU countries.
 Only 35% of Europeans are confident buying online from sellers in other EU countries and seven out of ten consumers do not know what do to when they receive products that they did not order.
 These are among the results of the 2013 Consumer Conditions Scoreboard published today by the European Commission.
 The results show that a fresh impetus is needed to ensure that consumers can buy with equal confidence and ease across the EU, whether online or offline.
 One key finding is the decrease in consumer trust matched by an increase in the use of redress.
・The main findings of the scoreboard are:
 E-commerce is growing, especially domestically
 Consumer conditions differ considerably across the EU
 There are important socio-demographic differences too
 Illegal commercial practices persist
 Knowledge of consumer rights remains worryingly low
 Green purchases on the rise
Full Scoreboard : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/consumer_research/editions/cms9_en.htm
2013-07-23
2013-IP-0732   EUSF (European Union Solidarity Fund) IP/13/732
Making the EU Solidarity Fund faster and simpler for support after disasters
 European Commissioner for Regional Policy, Johannes Hahn has today presented a proposal to reform the EU Solidarity Fund.
 The plans, adopted today by the European Commission, will make the fund more responsive and simpler to use with clearer criteria as to who can benefit.
 Since its creation in 2002, the Solidarity Fund has responded to 52 disasters across Europe including earthquakes, forest fires, drought, storms and floods.
 23 countries have been supported with more than Euro3.2 billion.
 If today's proposals are approved by the European Parliament and EU member states, disaster-hit countries and regions can expect significant improvements to the way the Solidarity Fund works.
 Key reforms:
・To clarify the scope of the Solidarity Fund limiting it to natural disasters and extending it to drought.
・Clearer rules on eligibility for regional disasters, introducing one single damage threshold for aid - 1.5% of regional gross domestic product
・Possibility of advance payments for the first time: 10% of anticipated contribution, capped at €30 million
・Shorter administrative procedure by merging two stages of approval and implementation into one agreement
・Introduction of measures to encourage disaster risk prevention strategies: reporting requirements and possible conditions for aid
関連 : MEMO/13/723
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/thefunds/solidarity/index_en.cfm
2013-07-25
2013-IP-0747   Information and consultation at work IP/13/747
Information and consultation at work: Commission evaluates EU rules
 The European Commission has released the results of an evaluation to identify excessive burdens, overlaps, gaps or inconsistencies which may have appeared since the adoption of three EU Directives regarding information and consultation of workers.
 The policy evaluation, also known as "fitness check", focuses on the collective redundancies Directive[Council Directive 98/59/EC], the transfers of undertakings Directive[Council Directive 2001/23/EC] and on the Directive[Directive 2002/14/EC] establishing a general framework relating to information and consultation of workers in the EC.  The report finds that the three EU Directives are generally relevant, effective, coherent and mutually reinforcing. The benefits they generate are likely to outweigh the costs.
 Information and consultation of workers is crucial for anticipating change and managing restructuring properly, in a socially responsible way. It is a fundamental social right, which contributes to easing conflicts, create a more cooperative climate at workplace level, and promote competitiveness.
 The fitness check relies on an evidence based approach, covering legal, economic and social aspects. EU/EEA governments and representatives of employees' and employers' organisations were closely associated to the exercise.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=89&newsId=1942&furtherNews=yes
2013-07-26
2013-IP-0759   Wi-Fi IP/13/759
Europe loves Wi-Fi: new study recommends more spectrum should be made available
 A new European Commission study has found that people are flocking to use Wi-Fi internet and the trend is set to continue. 71% of all EU wireless data traffic in 2012 was delivered to smartphones and tablets using Wi-Fi, possibly rising to 78% by 2016.
 The surprising results show how the cheaper cost to consumers of using Wi-Fi hotspots is changing behaviour, and the study recommends extra spectrum be made available across the EU to support this rising demand.
 While 3G/4G networks are essential for truly mobile activity, it is currently expensive to buy the spectrum rights needed to run these networks, consumers pay significant prices to use 3G/4G (for example when roaming), and the networks are already congested in many parts of Europe because of a lack of allocated spectrum.
 The study recommends
・to make spectrum from 5150 MHz to 5925 MHz available globally for Wi Fi;
・to continue making the 2.6 GHz and the 3.5 GHz bands fully available for mobile use and to consult on future licensing options for 3.5 GHz and other potential new licensed mobile frequency bands; and
・to reduce the administrative burden on the deployment of off-load services and networks in public locations.
Additional findings of the study include:
・Wi-Fi and LTE small cells are complementary to one another rather than substitutes. Combining both technologies can help maximising the use of available spectrum whilst minimising costs by using common backhaul and other site infrastructure.
・Off-load solutions potentially permit much greater spectrum re-use over a given geographic area.
・New Wi-Fi equipment will enable higher bit rates by deploying wider channels (80 MHz or 160 MHz).
・Automatic authentication processes for accessing Wi-Fi networks will largely overcome the historic complexity to connect manually to Wi-Fi, namely of the connection and authentication process.
・Solutions that allow individuals to share their bandwidth via Wi-Fi and a number of Wi-Fi roaming aggregators are making public Wi-Fi access more convenient and affordable for many users.
PDF of study in EU Bookshop 【全168頁 無償】
 http://bookshop.europa.eu/en/study-on-impact-of-traffic-off-loading-and-related-technological-trends-on-the-demand-for-wireless-broadband-spectrum-pbKK0113239/
2013-08-01
2013-IP-0761   IPR Protecting Intellectual Property Rights: Customs detain Euro 1 billion worth of fake goods at EU borders in 2012  EU Customs detained almost 40 million products suspected of violating intellectual property rights (IPR) in 2012, according to the Commission's annual report on customs actions to enforce IPR.
 Although this is less than the 2011 figure, the value of the intercepted goods is still high, at nearly Euro 1 billion.
 Today's report also gives statistics on the type, provenance and transport method of counterfeit products detained at the EU's external borders.
 Cigarettes accounted for a large number of interceptions (31%), miscellaneous goods (e.g. bottles, lamps, glue, batteries, washing powder) were the next largest category (12%), followed by packaging materials (10%).
 Postal and courier packages accounted for around 70% of customs interventions in 2012, with 23% of the detentions in postal traffic concerning medicines.
Full report, see: http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_controls/counterfeit_piracy/statistics/index_en.htm
2013-08-05
2013-IP-0768   Urban wastewater IP/13/768
Environment: Urban wastewater trends moving in the right direction
 The latest figures for wastewater treatment in Europe show improvements in collection and treatment, even if big differences remain between Member States.
 Frontrunners such as Austria, Germany and the Netherlands largely meet EU minimum standards for wastewater treatment with several others being very close.
 Newer Member States, starting from a lower baseline, have also improved overall collection and treatment, despite lower compliance rates.
 This progress comes with significant EU investment support, amounting to EUR 14.3 billion between 2007-2013.
 The report shows that the vast majority (91 %) of the pollution load from the EU's big cities receives more stringent treatment, a considerable improvement on the situation in the previous report (77 %).
 In addition, better water treatment and fewer raw sewage discharges into the environment have also undoubtedly improved bathing water quality (see IP/13/445).
 In the early 1990s, only around 60 % of bathing sites had excellent quality water, whereas today that figure is 78 %.
関連 : Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-urbanwaste/index_en.html
報告書 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-urbanwaste/implementation/implementationreports_en.htm 旧(2011, 2009, 2007, , 版)もあります
2013-08-07
2013-IP-0779   miniature artificial insect eyes which could help prevent accidents IP/13/779
Digital Agenda: Swiss, French & German scientists develop miniature artificial insect eyes which could help prevent accidents
 Scientists in Switzerland, Germany, and France explored how the insect eye works and designed and built the first fully-functional miniature curved artificial compound eyes.
 The "CURVACE" project received Euro 2 million in EU funding to develop the miniature "insect" eyes, which have high industrial potential in mobile robotics, smart clothing and medical applications.
 In the future, the artificial compound eye could be used in areas where panoramic motion detection is primordial.
 For instance, a flexible artificial compound eye could be attached around automobiles for efficient obstacle detection (e.g. during parking manoeuvres, for automated vehicle guidance, or for the detection of vehicles or pedestrians that are getting too close), or implemented in Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) for vision-based collision-free navigation (e.g. during landing or for obstacle avoidance, such as in rescue operations).
 Due to their inherent low thickness and flexibility, they could also be integrated in tissues to make smart clothes, such as smart hats with collision-alert systems for visually impaired people.
 Moreover, flexible artificial compound eyes could be attached to the walls and furniture of intelligent homes for motion detection (e.g. for the elderly in ambient assisted living scenarios, or for children in an accident prevention role).
2013-08-14
2013-IP-0796   New Biocides Regulation IP/13/796
Environment: New Biocides Regulation improves human health and environmental protection
 A new Regulation on biocidal products applying from 1st September will significantly increase the safety and simplify the authorisation procedure of biocides used and placed on the market in the
 EU. Biocides are chemicals used to suppress harmful organisms such as pests and germs (i.e. moulds and bacteria), including insect repellents, disinfectants and industrial chemicals like anti-fouling paints for ships and material preservatives.
 The new Regulation is a major breakthrough for the internal market with the possibility to request an EU-wide authorisation for biocidal products, which will allow industry to directly place their products on the entire EU market.
 The total cost savings for the industry, to be achieved through this simplified and more efficient product authorisation, data sharing and data requirements are estimated to be Euro 2.7 billion over a period of 10 years.
 The new provisions also reduce animal testing by making data sharing compulsory and encouraging a more flexible and intelligent approach to testing.
 A dedicated IT platform (the Register for Biocidal Products) currently used for submitting applications and recording decisions, will now also be used for disseminating information to the public.
 The new Regulation was also the first piece of legislation to integrate the new Commission definition on nanomaterials
関連 : Regulation on Biocidal products (EU) No 528/2012 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32012R0528:EN:NOT )
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/biocides/2012/overview.htm
関連 : http://echa.europa.eu/regulations/biocidal-products-regulation
2013-08-30
2013-IP-0818   proposal for a Regulation on preventing and managing invasive alien species IP/13/818
Environment: New EU Action to protect biodiversity against problematic invasive species
 The European Commission today proposed new legislation to prevent and manage the rapidly growing threat from invasive species.
 There are currently over 12 000 species present in Europe which are alien to the natural environment. About 15% of these are invasive and they are rapidly growing in number.
 The proposal is designed to respond to increasing problems caused by these invasive alien species, which include:
 ・An economic problem:
 ・An ecological problem
 ・A policy problem
・The proposal is for three types of intervention:
 ・Prevention: Member States will organise checks to prevent the intentional introduction of species of concern. However many species come into the EU unintentionally, as a contaminant in goods or trapped in containers. Member States will have to take action to spot such pathways and take corrective measures.
 ・Early warning and rapid response: when Member States detect a species of Union concern that is becoming established, they will take immediate action to eradicate it.
 ・Management of established invasive alien species of concern: if species of Union concern are already widely spread, Member States will need to put in place measures to minimise the harm they cause.
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/769
2013-09-09
2013-IP-0824   waterway transport IP/13/824
Making better use of Europe's waterways
 The European Commission today announced new measures1 to get more freight onto Europe's rivers and canals.
 Barges are amongst the most climate-friendly and energy efficient forms of transport but currently they only carry about 6% of European cargo each year. The new proposals intend to realise the unused potential of Europe's 37,000 km of inland waterways.
 They will enable freight to move more easily and lead to further greening of the sector, as well as encouraging innovation and improving job opportunities.
関連 : MEMO/13/771
2013-09-10
2013-IP-0828   telecoms single market IP/13/828
Commission proposes major step forward for telecoms single market
・EU-wide and roaming-free mobile plans;
・Simpler rules to help companies invest more and expand across borders;
・First-ever EU-wide protection of net neutrality;
・Abolishing premiums for international phone calls within Europe
 The European Commission today adopted its most ambitious plan in 26 years of telecoms market reform.
 Launched by Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso in his 2013 State of the Union speech, the "Connected Continent" legislative package, when adopted, will reduce consumer charges, simplify red tape faced by companies, and bring a range of new rights for both users and service providers, so that Europe can once again be a global digital leader.
 To address these problems the main elements of today’s package are:
・Simplifying EU rules for telecoms operators
・Pushing roaming premiums out of the market
・No more international call premiums within Europe
・Legal protection for open internet (net neutrality)
・New consumer rights, with all rights harmonized across Europe
・Coordinated spectrum assignment
・More certainty for investors
関連 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/connected-continent-single-telecom-market-growth-jobs
関連 : MEMO/13/779
2013-09-11
2013-IP-0829   foreign language skills IP/13/829
Commission highlights benefits of foreign language skills for UK students and business
 More needs to be done to encourage British students to study languages at A Level and university, according to the European Commission.
 The importance of foreign language skills is self-evident in all EU countries, given that businesses increasingly operate internationally: more than half of the UK's trade is with the rest of Europe - and its businesses need staff who can speak the language of their customers.
 The Commission will underline this at a conference during the London Language Show next month (18 October).
 The statistics on foreign language learning in the UK present a mixed picture.
 The number of UK universities offering degrees in the two most popular languages has plunged by 30% for French (from 105 courses to 70) and more than 50% (from 105 to 50) for German studies since 2000. The number of 18 year olds applying to study European languages has also fallen by nearly 17% since 2010, according to UCAS, the higher-education admissions management organisation.
 This August's A-Level results again showed a decrease in entrants for French and German, with both subjects attracting half the number of entrants compared with a decade ago.
関連 : The 2012 European Survey on Language Competences,
http://ec.europa.eu/languages/eslc/docs/en/final-report-escl_en.pdf
2013-09-13
2013-IP-0834   alternative urban transport IP/13/834
Environment: Mobility Week envisages cleaner air through alternative urban transport
 Over 2000 European towns and cities are expected to participate in the 12th edition of European Mobility Week, which begins today.
  This year the week runs until 22 September under the slogan "Clean air – It's your move!".
 The campaign raises awareness about the impact of transport on local air quality, and encourages citizens to improve their health and wellbeing by changing their day-to-day mobility behaviour.
詳細 : http://www.mobilityweek.eu/
2013-09-16
2013-IP-0837   new psychoactive substances used as alternatives to illicit drugs IP/13/837
European Commission takes decisive action against legal highs
 The European Commission today proposed to strengthen the European Union's ability to respond to "legal highs" – new psychoactive substances used as alternatives to illicit drugs such as cocaine and ecstasy.
 Under the rules proposed by the Commission today, harmful psychoactive substances will be withdrawn quickly from the market, without jeopardising their various legitimate industrial and commercial uses.
 The proposals follow warnings from the EU's Drugs Agency (the EMCDDA) and Europol about the scale of the problem and a 2011 report which found that the EU's current mechanism for tackling new psychoactive substances needed bolstering (IP/11/1236).
 Europe's response needs to be strong and decisive. The current system, established In 2005, of detecting and banning these new drugs is no longer fit for purpose. The Commission's proposal will enhance and speed up the Union's ability to fight new psychoactive substances by providing for:
・A quicker procedure: ・・・
・A more proportionate system: ・・・
関連 : MEMO/13/790 (Q&A)
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/anti-drugs/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/edr2013
[Annex 1] 新旧フロー
[Annex 2] The spread of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across the EU
[表] Member State / Notificationsi to EMCDDA since 2005 / First notificationsii to EMCDDA since 2005 / Prevalence of use (15-24 years' old) Eurobarometer 2011
2013-09-17
2013-IP-0850   new forest strategy IP/13/850
Commission presents new EU forest strategy based on new, broader, approach to forest
 A new Forest Strategy responding to the new challenges facing forests and the forest sector has been published by the European Commission today.
 Covering 40% of the EU area, forests are a key resource for improving the quality of life and creating jobs, in particular in rural areas, the Strategy states, while also protecting ecosystems and providing ecological benefits for everyone.
 Following a new approach, the Strategy "goes out of the forest", addressing aspects of the "value chain" (i.e. the way forest resources are used to generate goods and services), which strongly influence forest management.
 The Strategy highlights that forests are not only important for rural development, but also for the environment and biodiversity, for forest-based industries, bioenergy, and in the fight against climate change.
 Stressing the need to adopt a holistic approach, it also emphasizes that the impacts of other policies on forests and developments taking place beyond forest boundaries should be taken into account.
 It also underlines that linked EU policies should be fully taken into account in national forest policies.
 Finally, the Strategy also calls for a Forest Information System to be set up and for Europe-wide harmonised information on forests to be collected.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/forest/
関連 : MEMO/13/806
2013-09-20
2013-IP-0854   safety of medical devices IP/13/854
Strengthening Consumer safety: Improving the safety of medical devices
 Today the European Commission adopted two measures to improve the safety of medical devices fulfilling its commitment to restore patient confidence in the medical devices sector following, amongst others, the Poly Implant Prothèse (PIP) breast implants scandal.
 The new rules are a Commission Implementation Regulation clarifying the criteria to be met by notified bodies1, which are responsible for inspecting manufacturers of medical devices, and a Recommendation clarifying the tasks these bodies have to undertake when they perform audits and assessments in the medical devices sector, which covers some 10 000 types of products, from plasters to pacemakers.
 The measures adopted today were announced in the Joint Plan for immediate action agreed between the Commission and the EU Member States.
 The plan focusses on the functioning of notified bodies; the surveillance by the Member States of the products on the market, EU coordinated investigations and responses to problems with specific devices as well as improved transparency and communication between Member States, industry, health professionals and notified bodies.
・Examples of the strengthened requirements laid down in the measures adopted today:
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/sectors/medical-devices/index_en.htm
2013-09-24
2013-IP-0859   Opening up Education IP/13/859
Commission launches "Opening up Education" to boost innovation and digital skills in schools and universities
 More than 60% of nine year olds in the EU are in schools which are still not digitally equipped.
 The European Commission today unveils 'Opening up Education', an action plan to tackle this and other digital problems which are hampering schools and universities from delivering high quality education and the digital skills which 90% of jobs will require by 2020.
 To help kick-off the initiative, the Commission today launches a new website, Open Education Europa ( http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/ ), which will allow students, practitioners and educational institutions to share free-to-use open educational resources.
関連 : MEMO/13/813
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/education/news/doc/openingcom_en.pdf
2013-09-25
2013-IP-0863   raw materials IP/13/863
EU master plan for raw materials: innovation is the key
 Raw materials are the lifeblood of EU industry. At least 30 million jobs in the EU depend upon access to them.
 But we face increasing demand for unprocessed minerals and metals and, in parallel, strong challenges to the supply of certain raw materials, including price volatility and market distortions.
 In response, yesterday the High Level Steering Group of the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Raw Materials released a Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP) describing how we can act to ensure a sustainable supply of raw materials to the European economy and make Europe a world leader in raw materials exploration, extraction, processing, recycling and substitution by 2020.
 The SIP outlines detailed actions which the parties involved - EU countries, companies, researchers and NGOs – can use to foster technological and non-technological innovation in our raw materials value chain, as well as in the international arena. These include a wide range of initiatives such as new cost-effective exploration concepts and technologies, better recovery and recycling of demolition waste and finding substitutes for critical raw materials such as the indium used in touch screen technologies.
 Some examples of initiatives proposed within the 24 action areas proposed by the SIP include:
・New cost-effective exploration concepts and technologies ・・・
・Developing solutions for a better recovery and recycling of construction and demolition waste, ・・・
・the substitution of indium in transparent conductive layers, ・・・
関連 : MEMO/13/819
2013-09-26
2013-IP-0889   Intellectual Property Rights IP/13/889
Intellectual Property Rights: study indicates that roughly 35% of jobs in the EU rely on IPR-intensive industries
 The European Commission today welcomed the publication of a study on Intellectual Property Rights, which was carried out jointly by the European Patent Office (EPO) and the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM). This study, “Intellectual Property Rights intensive industries: contribution to economic performance and employment in Europe” (September 2013), measures the importance of Intellectual Property (IP) rights in the EU economy.
 Key findings of the study are that about 39% of total economic activity in the EU (worth some €4.7 trillion annually) is generated by IPR-intensive industries, and approximately 26% of all employment in the EU (56 million jobs) is provided directly by these industries, while a further 9% of jobs in the EU stems indirectly from IPR-intensive industries.
 The study is available at:
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM): http://oami.europa.eu
European Patent Office: http://www.epo.org/
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/intellectual-property/studies/index_en.htm
2013-09-30
2013-IP-0892   Aviation Safety IP/13/892
Aviation Safety: Parliament Committee vote puts at risk key measures to improve aviation safety
 Following the Transport Committee's vote this afternoon to reject proposals to improve crew protection against fatigue, Vice-President Kallas said: "This vote puts at risk key measures to improve aviation safety. Safety is the first priority for the EU and the sole objective of this revision. Pilot fatigue is a very serious issue and that's why there are already strong EU rules in place.
 This proposal goes a step further bringing together the best safety practices from all EU Member States and the latest scientific evidence.
 With these rules, we want to consolidate Europe's position as the safest place to fly. To do that, we need a debate based on facts, not based on misleading scare stories and false claims.
 We look forward to a transparent debate with Members of the Parliament before the vote in Plenary."
 The purpose of this new legislation to modernise the high European standards on aviation safety is to clarify and improve the current regulations on flight and duty time limitations (known as flight time limitations, or "FTL") — taking into account the latest scientific and technical evidence.
 The proposal includes more than 30 provisions aimed at improving the crew protection against fatigue, without deteriorating their working conditions. They include important issues such as in-flight rest for cabin crew, night flights and standby airport duty and reserve.
 The rejection of the draft Commission regulation on FTL would have negative effects on safety, since a series of clear improvements in crew protection against fatigue would not be adopted. We would in that case revert back to the old rules.
 Below are 10 key examples of concrete safety improvements which will be lost if the new regulation on aircrew fatigue cannot be adopted:
・Night flight duty will go back up to 11h45 instead of 11h in the new regulation. ・・・
・Standby at home will no longer be limited to 6 hours when ・・・
  ・・・・・
2013-09-30
2013-IP-0906   Crowdfunding IP/13/906
Crowdfunding in the EU - exploring the added value of potential EU action
 Following the Workshop on Crowdfunding organised on 3 June 2013 in Brussels, the European Commission has today launched a consultation inviting stakeholders to share their views about crowdfunding: its potential benefits, risks, and the design of an optimal policy framework to untap the potential of this new form of financing.
 The consultation covers all forms of crowdfunding, ranging from donations and rewards to financial investments. Everyone is invited to share their opinion and fill in the on-line questionnaire, including citizens who might contribute to crowdfunding campaigns and entrepreneurs who might launch such campaigns. National authorities and crowdfunding platforms are also particularly encouraged to reply. The consultation will run until 31 December 2013.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2013/crowdfunding/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/847
2013-10-03
2013-IP-0917   ICAO: Aviation Assembly conclusion IP/13/917
ICAO: Aviation Assembly conclusions
 Brussels, 4 October 2013 – The European Commission today welcomed the conclusions of the ICAO UN Aviation Assembly which meets every three years in Montreal to set the aviation priorities for the years to come.
 With more than 192 Members, this year the Assembly had a particularly heavy agenda, with major challenges in the areas of safety, security, air navigation, global competition and market access and the environment (aviation emissions)
・On safety
・On Security
・On Air Traffic Management (ATM)
・On market opening/fair competition
・On the environment
 The UN Assembly has agreed to develop, by 2016, a global MBM for international aviation that can start in 2020. Until then countries or groups of countries should – within certain parameters – be able to deploy MBMs. ・・・
 The agreement also puts in place a fair and equitable solution that respects the special circumstances and respective capabilities in which a number of countries find themselves. Aviation accounts for 3% of global CO2 emissions but ICAO statistics show that international aviation CO2 emissions are forecast to increase between 4 and 6 times by 2050 from the levels of 2010.
・What happens next?
関連 : IP/13/918
2013-10-04
2013-IP-0918   aviation emissions deal IP/13/918
The Commission welcomes agreement on global aviation emissions deal
 The European Commission today welcomed the decision by the UN Assembly responsible for International Civil Aviation (ICAO) to decide on a global mechanism to tackle emissions from aviation.
 The Assembly has agreed to develop by 2016 a global market based mechanism to tackle emissions, which can come into force in 2020.
 The market based mechanism will be accompanied by a series of technical and operational measures to reduce emissions.
 With this deal, the aviation industry becomes the first international transport sector to apply a global market-based mechanism to reduce their emissions.
・The Agreement
 The UN Assembly has agreed to develop, by 2016, a global MBM for international aviation that can start in 2020. Until then countries or groups of countries should – within certain parameters – be able to deploy MBMs.
 The market based measures will go hand in hand with new procedures ・・・
・What happens next?
 In the light of this agreement, the European Commission,, in coordination with the European Parliament and the EU Member States, will now assess the decision taken today at ICAO in more detail before deciding on the next steps with respect to the EU ETS.
関連 : IP/13/918
2013-10-04
2013-IP-0922   adult skills highlights need to improve education and training IP/13/922
Survey of adult skills highlights need to improve education and training
 One in five adults in Europe have low literacy and numeracy skills, and even a university degree in the same subject is no guarantee of the same level of skills in different countries, according to the first comprehensive international Survey of Adult Skills published today by the OECD and European Commission.
 The survey assesses the literacy, numeracy and problem-solving ICT skills of adults aged 16-65 in 17 EU Member States - Belgium (Flanders), Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Cyprus, The Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the UK (England/Northern Ireland), as well as in Australia, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States. The findings underline the need to target investment at improving education and training to increase skills and employability in European countries.
 The survey, also known as the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), was launched by Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, and Ángel Gurría, Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
・The Survey's key findings:
・Differences between Member States
・Next steps
 ・・・The new Erasmus+ programme for education, training and youth will support projects aimed at developing and upgrading adult skills. ・・・
関連 : MEMO/13/860
関連 : http://www.oecd.org/site/piaac/surveyofadultskills.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/education/index_en.htm
2013-10-08
2013-IP-0926   Rail safety IP/13/926
Rail safety: Commission welcomes significant progress achieved at Transport Council
 The European Commission welcomes the "general approach" agreement reached at today's Transport Council on a recast of the rail safety directive.
 This recast is the second part of the so-called Fourth Railway Package – proposed in January 2013 – with the aim of eliminating existing administrative and technical barriers by developing further the Single European Rail Area, thereby contributing to the competitiveness of the rail sector versus other means of transport.
 The "general approach" includes other improvements with respect to the present legal framework, such as:
・a clarification of roles and responsibilities of all actors,
・a new article on obligations of national safety authorities in terms of supervision activity,
・clear provisions on the link between supervision and certification.
2013-10-10
2013-IP-0929   Mercury IP/13/929
Environment: European Union welcomes the signing of the Minamata Convention on Mercury
 Today Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, and Lithuanian Environment Minister Valentinas Mazuronis signed the Minamata Convention on Mercury on behalf of the European Union.
 The ceremony, in the Japanese town of Kumamoto, was attended by representatives of more than one hundred governments from around the globe.
 The Convention is the first new multilateral environmental agreement to be signed for more than ten years.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/mercury
関連 : MEMO/13/871
2013-10-10
2013-IP-0932   Energy IP/13/932
Energy: Commission unveils list of 250 infrastructure projects that may qualify for €5,85 billion of funding
 A modern infrastructure with adequate interconnectors and reliable networks is crucial for an integrated energy market where consumers get the best value for their money. Today, the European Commission has adopted a list of some 250 key energy infrastructure projects. These "projects of common interest" (PCI) will benefit from accelerated licensing procedures and improved regulatory conditions and may have access to financial support from the Connecting Europe Facility, under which a €5.85 billion budget has been allocated to trans-European energy infrastructure for the period 2014-20. This will help them get implemented faster and make them more attractive to investors. Once completed, the projects will help Member States to integrate their energy markets, enable them to diversify their energy sources and help bring an end to the energy isolation of some Member States. They will also enable the grid to uptake increasing amounts of renewables, and consequently help reduce CO2 emissions.
・Full list of projects of common interest by country:
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/infrastructure/pci/doc/2013_pci_projects_country.pdf
関連 : MEMO/13/880
2013-10-14
2013-IP-0937   Consumers downloading games, e-books, videos and music IP/13/937
Better protection for EU Consumers downloading games, e-books, videos and music
・Better protection for EU Consumers downloading games, e-books, videos and music
 Thanks to the joint action of the EU Member States and the European Commission,
116 websites selling digital games, books, videos and music have been brought in line with the EU consumer legislation
 This improved protection is the outcome of the so-called "sweep" - an EU-wide screening of websites to identify breaches of consumer law and to subsequently ensure its enforcement. The screening of the websites that sell digital content took place in summer 2012. The national authorities checked, in total, 330 websites covering a large share of the market. Detailed investigation by national authorities found a total of 172 websites to be non-compliant with EU consumer law. They contacted the companies concerned in order to make these websites compliant. To date 116 websites have been corrected. 49 websites are subject to further proceedings; in 5 cases the infringements were minor and not pursued by the Member States, while 2 websites no longer exist. As a result of this intervention by the enforcement authorities in the EU Member States, 80% of the 330 websites are now in line with EU consumer legislation.
・What has been checked exactly?
・What happens next?
[Annex] - Number of websites checked and compliant on 9 October 2013:
【国別表】 Country / Websites checked / First phase screening (2012) [Websites already compliant / Websites with confirmed irregularities] / Second enforcement phase (results as of October 2013) [Websites compliant as of 9 October 2013 / Websites subject to further proceedings, with minor irregularities or no longer in operatio] / [Websites compliant as of 9 October 2013, as a percentage of the websites checked in 2012]
関連 : MEMO/13/877
2013-10-14
2013-IP-0947   Water pollution IP/13/947
Environment: Water pollution is decreasing but a lot remains to be done
 Water pollution caused by nitrates has decreased in Europe over the past two decades, but agricultural pressures are still putting water resources under strain.
 The latest Report on the implementation of the Nitrates Directive reveals ( http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-nitrates/ ) that nitrates concentrations are slightly decreasing in both surface and groundwater and sustainable agricultural practices are more widespread.
 Although the overall trend is positive, nitrates pollution and eutrophication – the excess growth of weeds and algae that suffocates life in rivers and seas – are still causing problems in many Member States and further action is needed to bring the waters in the European Union to a good status within a reasonable timescale.
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-nitrates/reports.html
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-nitrates/
2013-10-18
2013-IP-0948   transport infrastructure policy IP/13/948
Transport: New EU infrastructure policy
 In the most radical overhaul of EU infrastructure policy since its inception in the 1980s, the Commission has today published new maps showing the nine major corridors which will act as a backbone for transportation in Europe's single market and revolutionise East–West connections.
 To match this level of ambition, EU financing for transport infrastructure will triple for the period 2014–2020 to Euro 26 billion.
 Taken as a whole, the new EU infrastructure policy will transform the existing patchwork of European roads, railways, airports and canals into a unified trans-European transport network (TEN-T).
・The new EU infrastructure policy
・The new core network – the figures
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/897
2013-10-17
2013-IP-0953   reducing food waste IP/13/953
World Food Day: Commission underlines commitment to reducing food waste in Europe
 Today marks World Food Day - an occasion to remind ourselves that around a third of food is wasted globally. This amounts to 1.3 billion tons per year according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation. About 90 million tonnes of food is wasted annually in Europe – agricultural food waste and fish discards not included.
 Food is wasted along the entire food chain by farmers, food industry, retailers, caterers and consumers. The reasons are diverse and sector specific.
 The main causes are:
・Lack of awareness, lack of shopping planning, confusion about "best before" and" use by" date labels, lack of knowledge on how to cook with leftovers (households);
・Standard portion sizes, difficulty to anticipate the number of clients (catering);
・Stock management inefficiencies, marketing strategies that can lead to unnecessary purchases (2 for 1, buy 1 get 1 free) (retail);
・Overproduction, product & packaging damage (farmers and food manufacturing);
・Inadequate storage (whole food chain); and
・Inadequate packaging.
 EU Actions
 Next Steps
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/food.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/sustainability/index_en.htm
2013-10-16
2013-IP-0968   fast broadband for all IP/13/968
100% basic broadband coverage achieved across Europe – EU target achieved ahead of schedule. Next stop is fast broadband for all.
 Every EU household can now have a basic broadband connection, thanks to pan-EU availability of satellite broadband.
 Satellite connections are now available in all 28 countries meaning every European can take out a satellite subscription, including the three million people not already covered by fixed and mobile broadband networks.
[表] How we got to 100 % coverage?
FIXED (ADSL, VDSL, cable, fibre, copper) / 96.1%
MOBILE (2G, 3G, 4G) / 99.4%
SATELITE / 100%
・What is satellite broadband?
・What public support exists for further roll-out of broadbadn in rural areas?
・What are the Commission's next broadband targets?
関連 : http://www.broadbandforall.eu/
関連 : http://www.esoa.net/upload/files/publications/Brochure%2031May11.pdf
関連 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/about-broadband
2013-10-17
2013-IP-0976   marine litter IP/13/976
Environment: How can we reduce marine litter?
 The seas and oceans are increasingly becoming the waste dump of the planet. Plastic waste forms 80 % of the enormous waste patches in the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans, with fatal consequences for numerous sea species.
 The European Commission is asking for opinions on how we can best address this problem.
 The public consultation is open until 18 December 2013.
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/consultations/marine_litter_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/consultations/marine_litter_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/good-environmental-status/descriptor-10/index_en.htm
2013-10-18
2013-IP-0980   gun violence IP/13/980
Time for stronger EU action against gun violence
 Over the last few years, tragic gun attacks in Europe have repeatedly caught our attention, notably in Norway, Belgium, Finland, France or Italy to mention but a few.
 No country is unaffected and in the EU as a whole, more than one thousand people are victims of homicide by firearms each year, and half a million firearms that have been registered as lost or stolen in the EU remain unaccounted for.
 Stricter common EU-wide rules on how to deactivate firearms might ensure that once firearms have been taken out of use they remain inoperable.
 The Commission will look at a common approach on how to mark firearms with serial numbers when they are manufactured in order to help trace those used by criminals.
関連 : MEMO/13/916
2013-10-21
2013-IP-0988   Standard VAT Return IP/13/988
Standard VAT Return: Easing life for businesses and improving tax compliance
 A new standard VAT return, which can cut costs for EU businesses by up to Euro 15 billion a year, has been proposed by the Commission today.
 The aim of this initiative is to slash red-tape for businesses, ease tax compliance and make tax administrations across the Union more efficient.
 As such, it fully reflects the Commission's commitment to smart regulation and is one of the initiatives set out in the recent REFIT to simplify rules and reduce administrative burdens for businesses (IP/13/891).
 Today's proposal foresees a uniform set of requirements for businesses when filing their VAT returns, regardless of the Member State in which they do it.
 The standard VAT return – which will replace national VAT returns – will ensure that businesses are asked for the same basic information, within the same deadlines, across the EU.
 Given that simpler procedures are easier to comply with and easier to enforce, today's proposal should also help to improve VAT compliance and increase public revenues.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/taxation/vat/key_documents/legislation_proposed/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/semeta/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/926
2013-10-23
2013-IP-0990   cloud computing IP/13/990
European Commission takes another leap to boost cloud computing
 The European Commission has today set up an expert group to work on safe and fair terms for cloud computing contracts, on the basis of an optional instrument.
 The objective is to identify best practices for addressing the concerns of consumers and small companies, who often seem reluctant to purchase cloud computing services because contracts are unclear.
 The Expert Group is part of the Commission's push to enhance trust in cloud computing services and unlock their potential for boosting economic productivity in Europe.
 It is one of the key actions under the Commission's Cloud Computing Strategy, which was adopted last year (IP/12/1025, MEMO/12/713) and is meant to tackle cloud-related issues that go beyond the Common European Sales Law currently under negotiation (MEMO/13/792).
関連 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/telecoms-and-internet/cloud-computing
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/contract/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/index_en.htm
2013-10-28
2013-IP-0991   Maritime and Fisheries Fund agreement IP/13/991
European Maritime and Fisheries Fund agreement: investing in a sustainable future
The European Commission has welcomed the European Parliament's vote today on the 2014-2020 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).
 This vote is a crucial step to securing political agreement by the end of the year which would allow the fund to be in place as of January 2014.
 The Commission is pleased to note that the European Parliament has rejected public aid to vessel construction and has set clear limits on the amounts of public funding Member States can spend on fleets.
 The EMFF will support the implementation of the recently adopted reform of the CFP, in particular the rebuilding of fish stocks, reducing the impact of fisheries on the marine environment, and the progressive elimination of wasteful discarding practices.
 It will increase investment into small scale fisheries and aquaculture as sources for future growth and will support the improvement of fisheries data collection to allow decisions to be based on robust evidence.
 The fund will also increase EU support to fisheries control programmes to ensure that the rules on responsible and sustainable fishing are respected and complied with.
2013-10-23
2013-IP-0998   EU-Japan Trade Talks IP/13/998
Progress reached at the 3rd Round of EU-Japan Trade Talks
・Progress reached at the 3rd Round of EU-Japan Trade Talks
 The third round of EU-Japan Free Trade Agreement negotiations took place in the week of the 21-25 October in Brussels.
 This round of negotiations focussed on discussing each side’s proposals for the text of the future FTA.
 Similar to the first and second round of negotiations, discussions took place in Working Groups which covered the following areas:
 Trade in goods (including Market Access, General Rules, Trade Remedies), Technical Barriers to Trade and Non-Tariff Measures, Rules of Origin, Customs and Trade Facilitation, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Trade in Services, Investment, Procurement, Intellectual Property, Competition Policy, Trade and Sustainable Development, Other issues (General and Regulatory Cooperation, Corporate Governance and Business Environment, Electronic Commerce, Animal Welfare) and Dispute Settlement.
 An agreement between the two economic powerhouses is expected to boost Europe’s economy by 0.6 to 0.8% of its GDP and may create up to 400.000 jobs.
 It is expected that EU exports to Japan could increase by 32.7%, while Japanese exports to the EU would increase by 23.5%.
 The next round of negotiations will take place in early 2014.
・What is covered in the negotiations?
・What has happened so far?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/japan/
Impact assessment EU-Japan FTA, July 2012 (PDF): http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2012/july/tradoc_149809.pdf
2013-10-25
2013-IP-1008   Online information about construction products IP/13/1008
Online information about construction products to save time and money
 Today the Commission took another step to simplify administration and reduce costs for businesses in the construction sector.
 According to the Commission's proposal, manufacturers of construction products (e.g. bricks, insulation, doors etc.) will be able to upload digital "declarations of performance" on their websites.
 These documents must accompany every construction product sold, in order to give information on their essential characteristics (e.g. fire resistance, mechanical strength or energy efficiency).
 Once the legal act is agreed, companies selling construction products in the EU should be able to upload these certificates online for public viewing.
 Today, all such declarations must be individually communicated to each customer by post or email.
 Online availability of these declarations should enable faster communication through the supply chain, reduce producer costs and facilitate sales of construction products.
 The proposal, which will supplement the recently implemented Construction Products Regulation, will also make it easier for consumers to find out what performance they should expect from the product they are about to buy, thus increasing consumer confidence.
・Declarations of performance
 Declaration of performance must be made for each construction product sold in the EU, and also distributed to all purchasers, whether they are distributors, construction companies or non-professional consumers, e.g. individuals performing amateur home improvement projects.
2013-10-30
2013-IP-1021   state intervention in electricity IP/13/1021
EU Commission: Guidance for state intervention in electricity
 The EU internal energy market is essential both to ensure secure energy at affordable prices and to fight climate change.
 In some very specific cases public intervention might be necessary to attain public policy objectives - but needs be balanced, taking into account the costs and the distortions it can create in the market.
 The European Commission has today presented a Communication which gives guidance to Member States on how to make the most of public interventions, how to reform existing ones - especially renewable energy subsidy schemes - and how to effectively design new ones.
 This concerns back-up capacities for renewable energy, mostly fossil fuel energy which is produced when there is no sun or wind.
・Renewable energy support schemes
 Renewable energy - both wind and solar - was for a long time a new technology that needed state intervention to develop. With technological progress, investment costs in solar panel falling and production expanding, many Member States have started a reform of their support schemes for renewables.
 These principles are best practice in the EU and might be used by Member States planning to reform their schemes: ・・・
・Financial support should be limited to what is necessary and should help making renewables competitive.
・Back-up capacities for Renewable Energy
 When the sun is not shining and the wind is not blowing, electricity must still be produced in sufficient quantities to deliver energy to consumers and keep the electricity grid stable. With the increase of renewable energy production, this becomes a challenge. It is for this reason that in several Member States, discussions take place on how to organize and finance back-up-capacities, for example coal and gas power plants which are flexible enough to be turned on and off whenever needed.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/internal_market_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/948
2013-11-05
2013-IP-1034   advance climate action at Warsaw conference IP/13/1034
EU seeks balanced progress to advance climate action at Warsaw conference
 At the UN climate change conference on 11-22 November in Warsaw the European Union is seeking a balanced package of decisions to advance international climate action. The decisions need to enhance the implementation of climate measures already agreed, advance work on deepening cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions before 2020 and prepare the ground for the adoption by 2015 of a new legally-binding global climate agreement containing emission commitments by all countries.
・2015 agreement
・Pre-2020 action
・Implementing agreed decisions
・EU climate finance in 2013
・EU press briefings in Warsaw
 https://unfccc.int/files/meetings/warsaw_nov_2013/application/pdf/pc_cop_19_parties-igo-un.pdf
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/events/articles/0086_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/953
2013-11-06
2013-IP-1035   second phase of Kyoto Protoco IP/13/1035
Climate action: Commission proposes ratification of second phase of Kyoto Protocol
 The European Commission today proposed the legislation necessary for the European Union to formally ratify the second commitment period (2013-2020) of the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. The EU, the Member States and Iceland have committed to jointly achieve a 20% reduction in their combined greenhouse gas emissions over the second period compared to the level in 1990 or their other chosen base years. This reduction commitment is consistent with the 2009 'climate and energy package' of legislation and mirrors the package's reduction measures at EU and Member State level.
・Ratification Decision
・Technical implementation issues
・Next steps
関連 : MEMO/13/956
2013-11-06
2013-IP-1066   3G and 4G broadband services in aircraft IP/13/1066
Surfing in the sky: Commission gives airlines green-light for 3G and 4G broadband services in aircraft
 The Commission has adopted new rules that allow the latest wireless communication technology to be used by passengers on board aircraft flying over the European Union.
 This means that from now onwards, spectrum for 3G (UMTS) and 4G (LTE) communications may be used above an altitude of 3000 metres. Until now only 2G (GSM) has been permissible on-board aircraft flying in the EU, which is impracticable sending large amounts of data (for example sending large attachments, downloading eBooks, watching video).
 This EU decision creates the possibility for airlines – rather than a right for passengers - to allow use of smart phones and tablets during flights.
・What does this mean for airlines?
 In response to increasing passenger demand, airlines will be able to develop new in-flight internet services. Airlines will remain in charge of what services they choose to equip their planes with (industry surveys indicate SMS and email are of greater interest to passengers than voice).
・What does this mean for passengers?
 If airlines take advantage of the new possibilities, passengers will have access to better internet services, at times when their aircraft is flying above 3000m altitude. So if you want to surf social networks during your flight, or send emails with attachments, this decision makes that possible.
2013-11-14
2013-IP-1084   Environment: European Week for Waste Reduction IP/13/1084
Environment: European Week for Waste Reduction begins
 We talk about the importance of the "3Rs" – encouraging citizens to Reduce, Reuse and Recycle – but it is the first R that is the most important. For the next 7 days the European Week for Waste Reduction (EWWR : http://www.ewwr.eu/en/) will be putting this in the spotlight. The aim is to increase awareness about how we can change habits in Europe, and also to encourage debate on issues of resource efficiency and circular economy. The project, coordinated by the Association of Cities and Regions for Recycling and Sustainable Waste Management (ACR+) and supported by the EU's LIFE+ programme, now covers 17 countries, including 3 non-EU Member States.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/framework/index.htm
関連 : http://www.ewwr.eu/
関連 : http://www.letscleanupeurope.eu/
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/funding/lifeplus.htm
2013-11-15
2013-IP-1095   Shopped online IP/13/1095
Shopped online and want your money back? Commission Proposal on Small Claims helps consumers and SMEs
 Bought a new 3D flat screen television and never got it? Or did you pay your supplier abroad and he delivered a faulty product? Don't worry, there is a cheap way to claim your money back. The European Commission has today proposed to strengthen the position of consumers and businesses in low-value cross-border disputes. Since 2007, the EU has a procedure to resolve small civil and commercial disputes in a hassle-free way: the European Small Claims Procedure. Six years down the line, the Commission is drawing on the experience acquired to make the European Small Claims Procedure even simpler, cheaper and more relevant for consumers and businesses. The key change proposed today would raise the ceiling for filing a claim under the procedure to Euro 10 000, up from Euro 2 000 today. Small businesses will be the big winners of this change – as currently only 20% of business claims fall below the €2 000 threshold.
Annex: Infographic: How the Small Claims Procedure Works
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/newsroom/civil/news/131119_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/civil/commercial/eu-procedures/small_claims
関連 : https://e-justice.europa.eu/content_small_claims_forms-177-en.do
2013-11-19
2013-IP-1117   Trust in Justice Systems IP/13/1117
Building Trust in Justice Systems in Europe: 'Assises de la Justice' forum to shape the future of EU Justice Policy
What will EU justice policy look like in 2020? This is the theme of a major conference starting today – the 'Assises de la Justice' ‑ hosted by the European Commission on 21-22 November in Brussels. The starting point for this reflection is a package of five discussion papers presented by the Commission covering European civil, criminal and administrative law, as well as the rule of law and fundamental rights in the EU. These papers present ideas and questions for possible actions in EU justice policy in the years to come. The aim is to strengthen the foundations on which the European Union is built and complete the European area of justice in the interest of Europe's citizens and businesses.
 Effective justice systems in one Member State are also important for the whole of the EU: whenever a national court upholds EU law, it acts as a ‘European Union court’. For example, national courts play an essential role in enforcing EU competition law and other legislation crucial for the Single Market. Shortcomings in a national justice system are not only a problem for a particular Member State, but can affect the functioning of the Single Market and, more generally, the whole EU legal system, which is based on mutual trust. A Eurobarometer on "Justice in the European Union", published today, confirms this:
・While only 22% of respondents think that national justice systems should be an exclusive matter for Member States,
・A majority of people (53%) tend to trust their national justice system, but
  ・・・・・
Annex 1: GOVERNANCE OF NATIONAL JUDICIAL SYSTEMS [グラフ]
Annex 2: A majority of people (53%) tend to trust their national justice system [グラフ]
Annex 3: Perception of quality, independence and efficiency of national courts [クセラフ]
Annex 4: Assises de la Justice: Annotated agenda
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/events/assises-justice-2013/discussion_papers_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/events/assises-justice-2013/index_en.htm
2013-11-21
2013-IP-1133   Horizon 2020 IP/13/1133
Horizon 2020 approval by Parliament a boost for European research and innovation
 The European Commission today welcomed the European Parliament's adoption of Horizon 2020, the next EU research and innovation programme. With a budget of nearly EUR 80 billion1 euro over seven years, Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU research programme yet, and one of the biggest publicly funded worldwide. It is also one of only very few programmes in the next EU budget to see a strong increase in funding – a nearly 30 per cent jump in real terms over the current Seventh Framework Programme. EU Member States must now give their final seal of approval ahead of the first calls for proposals under Horizon 2020, currently set for 11th December.
 Horizon 2020 is a totally new type of research programme for the EU that has been designed to deliver results that make a difference to people's lives. Built on three pillars – Excellent Science, Industrial Leadership and Societal Challenges - it will fund all types of activities, from frontier science to close-to-market innovation.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm
関連 : MEMO/13/1034
2013-11-21
2013-IP-1157   Fair Trial Rights IP/13/1157
The Right to… - a Fair Trial! Commission wants more safeguards for citizens in criminal proceedings
 The European Commission has today presented a package of proposals to further strengthen procedural safeguards for citizens in criminal proceedings.
 The aim is to guarantee fair trial rights for all citizens, wherever they are in the European Union.
 Today's proposals aim to guarantee the respect for the presumption of innocence and the right to be present at trial; make sure children have special safeguards when facing criminal proceedings; guarantee access of suspects and accused to provisional legal aid at the early stages of proceedings and especially for people subject to a European Arrest Warrant. The new proposals are another milestone down the road of procedural rights and complement a set of three other EU laws agreed since 2010: on the right to translation and interpretation (IP/13/995), the right to information (IP/12/575), and the right to access a lawyer (IP/13/921). These proposals promote the principle of equality of arms to provide all parties with the protection of a fair trial. Once adopted, the proposals will help to increase mutual trust in Member States' judicial systems and therefore ensure a smooth functioning of the European area of justice.
 Today's package includes five proposals:
 1. A Directive to strengthen the presumption of innocence and the right to be present at trial ・・・
 2. A Directive on special safeguards for children ・・・
 3. A Directive on the right to provisional legal aid ・・・
 These legislative proposals are complemented by two Commission Recommendations to Member States:
1. A Recommendation on procedural safeguards for vulnerable people ・・・
2. A Recommendation on the right to legal aid ・・・
Annex1: Legal situation in the Member States regarding presumption of innocence ("PoI")
【国別表】 Absence of public references to guilt / Burden of proof and standard of proof / Right to remain silent, right not to cooperate and privilege against self-incrimination
Annex 2: Moment at which the Right to Legal Aid arises in the different Member States 【国別表】





関連 : MEMO/13/1046
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/criminal/criminal-rights/index_en.htm
2013-11-27
2013-IP-1160   TFTP and PNR IP/13/1160
EU-US agreements: Commission reports on TFTP and PNR
 Today the Commission adopted the Terrorist Finance Tracking Programme (TFTP) evaluation report and a report on the joint review of the US Passenger Name Record (PNR) Agreement.  The Commission assessed the value of financial information data provided under the EU-US TFTP Agreement in the fight against terrorism and how PNR data has been used by US authorities for the purpose of fighting serious crime and terrorism.
 The Commission also adopted a Communication on a European Terrorist Finance Tracking System (TFTS), concluding that the establishment of such a system is not expected at this stage.
・Joint report on the EU-US TFTP Agreement
・EU Terrorist Finance Tracking System (TFTS)
・EU-US PNR joint-review report
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-is-new/news/news/docs/20131127_tftp_annex_en.pdf
Report : http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-is-new/news/news/docs/20131127_tfts_en.pdf
関連 : MEMO/13/1060
関連 : MEMO/13/1054
2013-11-27
2013-IP-1162   illegal fishing IP/13/1162
European Commission intensifies the fight against illegal fishing
 Following a formal warning one year ago (IP/12/1215), the European Commission today intensifies its fight against illegal fishing by identifying Belize, Cambodia and Guinea as non-cooperating third countries. Despite the Commission working closely with the countries' authorities to set up fisheries management and effective control measures, these three countries have still not addressed structural problems and have failed to show real commitment to tackling the problem of illegal fishing. The Commission now proposes to the Council of Ministers to adopt trade measures against the three countries in order to tackle the commercial benefits stemming from these illegal activities. Ultimately, fisheries products caught by vessels from these countries will be banned from being imported into the EU.
・New formal warnings

The European Commission has today also handed out formal warnings – 'yellow cards' - to Korea, Ghana and Curaçao, as they fail to keep up with international obligations to fight illegal fishing. The Commission has identified concrete shortcomings, such as a lack of actions to address deficiencies in monitoring, controlling and surveillance of fisheries, and suggests corrective actions to resolve them.
関連 : MEMO/13/1053
2013-11-26
2013-IP-1168   Alternative fuels for transport IP/13/1168
Alternative fuels for transport: Parliament committee vote supports roll-out of refuelling infrastructure
 The European Commission has welcomed the vote of the European Parliament's Transport Committee on measures to build-up alternative fuel stations across Europe to break the oil dependency of transport.
 In January 2013, the European Commission proposed a Directive to ensure the roll-out of alternative fuels stations across the EU, with common standards to ensure EU wide mobility. The proposal aims at solving a "chicken and egg" problem: refuelling stations for alternative fuels are not built because there are not enough vehicles while consumers do not buy the vehicles because there are no stations. Hence the proposal foresees a minimum coverage of refuelling infrastructure for Electricity, Hydrogen and Natural Gas for road and sea transport, and their corresponding standards.
 Today's vote overall supports and strengthens the initial Commission proposal in the following key areas:
 ・It requests Member States to set national targets that are at least in line with the minimum requirements set by the Commission;
 ・It adds to the content of the national policy framework that each Member State must develop with amongst others provisions related to the reduction of urban congestion and the deployment of electrified public transport;
 ・It introduces provisions for the use of electricity at airports and for the recharging of electric vehicles during off-peak times when consumption and prices are lower;
 ・It supports the Commission's provisions regarding standards while introducing the notion of wireless recharging technologies;
 ・It strengthens the provisions related to information to consumers through an easily comparable indication of the prices of fuels offered and the harmonisation of the colour of hoses and nozzles;
 ・It confirms the possibility to implement the Directive in a cost-neutral way, but also details the financial means available at EU level.
 There are a few points however for which the Parliament is less ambitious, and which the Commission deplores:
 ・For LNG in the maritime and inland-waterways sectors,・・・
 ・For recharging points not accessible to the public,・・・
関連 : IP/13/40
2013-11-26
2013-IP-1177   EHL (European Heritage Label) IP/13/1177
First sites to get European Heritage Label named
 The first sites to receive the new European Heritage Label (EHL) were named today by the independent selection panel set up by the European Commission.
 The four sites are: Carnuntum Archaeological Park, a Roman reconstructed city quarter in Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Austria; the medieval Great Guild Hall in Tallinn, Estonia; the 100-year-old Peace Palace in The Hague, and Camp Westerbork, a World War II Nazi transit camp at Hooghalen, also in the Netherlands.
 The Label aims to raise awareness of sites which have played a significant role in the history, culture and development of the European Union, as well as to highlight their European dimension through information and educational activities. The ultimate objective of the EHL is to strengthen people's sense of belonging to the European Union. The Commission will formally nominate the sites in January 2014.
関連 : MEMO/13/1068
2013-11-28
2013-IP-1178   Transparency Register IP/13/1178
Transparency Register grows 10% with more quality checks than ever before, annual report shows
 The latest annual report on the European Parliament and European Commission's joint Transparency Register shows that more interest representatives have registered than ever before. Almost 6,000 organisations have now signed up – an increase of 10% on last year's report. A recent academic study referenced in the report suggests it now covers 60-75% of all Brussels-based actors. At the same time, well over 1,000 quality checks have been made, taking advantage of shorter procedures and new IT tools introduced this year to increase efficiency. Of these, 783 were followed-up to improve the quality of information in the Register.
Transparency Register : http://europa.eu/transparency-register/
Annual report : http://ec.europa.eu/transparencyregister/info/about-register/reportsAndPublications.do?locale=en
2013-11-29
2013-IP-1191   on-line sales IP/13/1191
With on-line sales booming before Christmas, consumers still face discrimination when buying services cross-border, reveals the latest ECC Report
 Have you ever faced a surcharge for a hotel or hire car because of where you reside, been charged a different price in an on-line shop or been refused delivery of goods by a retailer abroad?
 If so you are far from alone reveals a new report by the European Consumer Centre Network (ECC-Net) which looks at these and other examples of discrimination.
 European consumers continue to face difficulties when buying services cross-border, in a recent Eurobarometer almost a quarter of those who were active online shoppers had experienced discrimination1 on the basis of residence or nationality.
・Measures to improve the respect of consumer rights
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/ecc/docs/ecc-services_directive_en.pdf
2013-12-02
2013-IP-1198   EU school report IP/13/1198
EU school report: Some improvement in science and reading, but poor in maths
 The latest OECD report on the maths, science and reading skills of 15 year olds reveals mixed results for Member States.
 The EU as a whole is seriously lagging behind in maths, but the picture is more encouraging in science and reading where Europe is on track to achieve its 2020 target for reducing the percentage of low achievers1 to below 15%.
 The results were presented in Brussels by Yves Leterme, Deputy Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and Jan Truszczynski, European Commission Director General for Education and Culture.
 The PISA survey has been carried out every three years since its launch in 2000. All 34 OECD member countries and 31 partner countries participated in PISA 2012, representing more than 80% of the world economy. Around 510 000 pupils aged from 15 years 3 months to 16 years and 2 months took part in the tests, which covered maths, reading and science, with the main focus on maths.
・What the findings say about the EU - Commission analysis:
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/education/news/doc/pisa2012_en.pdf
関連 : http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results.htm
2013-12-03
2013-IP-1213   Copyright IP/13/1213
Copyright –Commission launches public consultation
 The European Commission has today launched a public consultation as part of its on-going efforts to review and modernise EU copyright rules. The consultation invites stakeholders to share their views on areas identified in the Communication on Content in the Digital Single Market (IP/12/1394), i.e. territoriality in the Single Market, harmonisation, limitations and exceptions to copyright in the digital age; fragmentation of the EU copyright market; and how to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of enforcement while underpinning its legitimacy in the wider context of copyright reform.
 The consultation is open until 5 February 2014. To learn more about the process and to submit your contribution, please visit the following website:
 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2013/copyright-rules/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/index_en.htm
2013-12-05
2013-IP-1218   electronic devices on planes IP/13/1218
Aviation: EU extends the use of electronic devices on planes
 The EU's Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has today updated its guidance on the use of portable electronic devices on board (PED), including smartphones, tablets and e-readers. It confirms that these devices may be kept switched on in "Flight Mode" (non-transmitting mode) throughout the journey (including taxiing, take-off and landing) without a risk to safety. EU Transport Commissioner, Vice President Siim Kallas has asked EASA to accelerate its safety review of the use of electronic devices on board in transmitting mode, with new guidance expected to be published early in 2014.
・The new guidance
 The updated safety guidance published today refers to portable electronic devices (PED) used in non-transmitting mode, better known as "flight mode". It allows, for the first time, the use of personal electronic devices in flight mode in all phases of the journey, from gate to gate.
 Prior to this all personal electronic devices had to be completely turned off during taxiing, take-off and landing.
・The next steps – blue tooth, wi-fi, mobile phones
・What does this all mean for my next flight?
・When may I use my smartphone, tablet, e-reader or music player?
[表]  / Flight mode "on" / Flight mode "off"
On the ground (taxiing) / ・・・
Take-off / ・・・
Cruising / ・・・
Landing / ・・・
関連 : MEMO/13/1100
2013-12-09
2013-IP-1220   Online Fraud IP/13/1220
Consumers – Protect yourself from Online Fraud this Festive season
 12% of internet users across the EU have already fallen victim to online fraud. 8% have had to deal with identity theft. A new report by the European Consumer Centre Network (ECC-Net) takes a look at the scams faced by consumers when shopping online.

The report focuses on fraud in cross-border e-commerce and what consumers can do to protect themselves from online fraud. It has been prepared based on the complaints reported by consumers to ECC-Net in 2012.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/ecc/news_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/1102
2013-12-06
2013-IP-1237   deep sea fishing IP/13/1237
European Parliament votes on deep sea fishing
 The Commission takes note of today's vote by the European Parliament on its proposal regulating fishing for deep-sea species in the North-East Atlantic.
・Background
 Deep-sea species are caught in deep waters in the Atlantic beyond the main fishing grounds on the continental shelves, in depths up to 4000 meters. Their habitats and ecosystems are largely unknown but it is a fragile environment that, once damaged, is unlikely to recover. Highly vulnerable to fishing, deep-sea fish stocks are quick to collapse and slow to recover because they reproduce at low rates.
  ・・・・・
 Deep sea fisheries account for about 1% of fish landed from the North-East Atlantic, but some local fishing communities depend to a certain extent on deep-sea fisheries. The catches – and related jobs - have been declining for years, due to depleted stocks.
2013-12-10
2013-IP-1255   city journeys easier and greener IP/13/1255
Commission helps make city journeys easier and greener
 The European Commission is stepping up its support to towns and cities in a new "urban mobility package" adopted today. The Commission will reinforce the exchange of best practice, provide targeted financial support and invest in research and development. In addition, it is encouraging the development of "sustainable urban mobility plans" to stimulate a shift towards cleaner and more sustainable transport in urban areas.
 Cities are home to over 70% of the EU population and account for some 85% of the Union's GDP. Most journeys begin and end in cities. In many urban areas, however, increasing demand for urban mobility has created a situation that is not sustainable: severe congestion, poor air quality, noise emissions and high levels of CO2 emissions. Urban congestion jeopardises EU goals for a competitive and resource-efficient transport system.
 A new Eurobarometer survey published today shows that European citizens are concerned by the negative impacts of urban mobility and many of them are pessimistic about the prospects for improving mobility in their cities. A large majority consider congestion (76%), air quality (81%) and accidents (73%) to be serious problems. Less than a quarter believe that the situation will improve in the future (24%) and most believe it will stay the same (35%) or get worse (37%).
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/ump/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/1160
2013-12-17
2013-IP-1265   mandatory origin labelling for meat used as an ingredient IP/13/1265
Food: Commission tables report to launch debate on mandatory origin labelling for meat used as an ingredient
 A report on the possibility to extend mandatory origin labelling for all meat used as an ingredient was published today by the Commission. Based on an external study, completed in July 2013, this report weighs up the need for the consumer to be informed, the feasibility of introducing mandatory origin labelling and provides a cost/benefit analysis including the impact on the single market and international trade.
 On the basis of these discussions the Commission will consider what, if any, appropriate next step should be taken. This may include, if appropriate, tabling a legislative proposal to regulate the origin of meat used as an ingredient in foods.
・Main findings
 The report assesses three scenarios:
 1) maintain origin labelling on a voluntary basis (which maintains the status quo);
 2) introduce mandatory labelling on the basis of a) EU/non-EU or b) EU/ specific third country (e.g.: Brazil) indication and
 3) introduce mandatory labelling indicating the specific EU Member State or the specific third country.
 The main findings reveal that:
 ・Consumer interest in origin labelling for meat used as an ingredient appears to be considerably strong (90% of consumers).
 ・There exists a considerable difference amongst EU Member States on consumer preferences and understanding of origin information as well as on the levels of motivation and reasons for wishing to have such information.
 ・Consumer interest for origin labelling ranks behind price and quality in terms of most important factors affecting consumer choice. Strong consumer interest in origin labelling is not reflected in the consumer's willingness to pay the additional cost that would be incurred in providing that information. At price increases of less than 10%, the consumers' willingness to pay falls by 60-80%.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/foodlabelling/proposed_legislation_en.htm
報告書 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/labellingnutrition/foodlabelling/docs/com_2013-755_en.pdf
2013-12-17
2013-IP-1269   animal cloning and novel food IP/13/1269
Food: Commission tables proposals on animal cloning and novel food
 The European Commission has today adopted three draft laws on animal cloning and on novel food which will provide legal certainty in this field. Two proposals will ban the use of the cloning technique in the EU for farm animals1 and the imports of these animal clones. The marketing of food from animal clones will also be prohibited. These proposals intend to address animal welfare and other ethical concerns related to the use of the technique. The draft law on novel food revises the existing Novel Food Regulation with a view to improving access of new and innovative food to the EU market, while still maintaining a high level of consumer protection.
・Key elements on Cloning
・Key elements on Novel Food
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biotechnology/novelfood/initiatives_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/1170
2013-12-18
2013-IP-1274   New policy package to clean up Europe's air IP/13/1274
Environment: New policy package to clean up Europe's air
 The human toll for poor air quality is worse than for road traffic accidents, making it the number one environmental cause of premature death in the EU. It also impacts the quality of life due to asthma or respiratory problems. The Commission is responding with new measures to reduce air pollution, adopted today. The clean air policy package updates existing legislation and further reduces harmful emissions from industry, traffic, energy plants and agriculture, with a view to reducing their impact on human health and the environment.
 The package adopted today has a number of components. They include:
 ・A new Clean Air Programme for Europe ・・・
 ・A revised National Emission Ceilings Directive ・・・
 ・A proposal for a new Directive to reduce pollution from medium-sized combustion installations, ・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/index.htm
関連 : http://www.who.int/phe/health_topics/outdoorair/outdoorair_aqg/en/index.html
関連 : MEMO/13/1169
2013-12-18
2013-IP-1286   Maritime transport IP/13/1286
Maritime transport: Progress on safety, but some EU flag states could do better
 Some EU Member States are struggling to meet their commitment to ratify international maritime conventions, according to a European Commission report (1) on compliance with flag state requirements.
 Current EU rules (2) promote maritime safety and set a high standard for EU flag states by requiring them to undergo a peer review of their maritime administration and develop and implement a certified quality management system for their operations. Portugal, Ireland and all landlocked flag states except Luxembourg have failed to do so.
 Despite good progress for many EU flag states, Bulgaria and Slovakia remain on the grey list of flag states in terms of the number of their ships detained, or the number of deficiencies detected on board, whilst being checked when in port. This means that the ships under these flags are not yet in the low risk ("white list") category — hence they need to be checked more often. Despite good progress for many EU flag states, Bulgaria and Slovakia remain on the grey list of flag states in terms of the number of their ships detained, or the number of deficiencies detected on board, whilst being checked when in port. This means that the ships under these flags are not yet in the low risk ("white list") category — hence they need to be checked more often.
 The PMOU black, grey and white list

The secretariat of the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (PMOU) on port state control (4), publishes an annual report in which they place flag states appear on a black, grey or white list depending on the detention and deficiency rates for ships under their flag.
PMOU annual report : https://www.parismou.org/
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/safety/actions_en.htm
2013-12-18
2013-MEMO-0004   carbon market MEMO/14/4
Europe strengthens its carbon market for a competitive low-carbon economy
The European Commission welcomes today's vote by EU governments gathered in the Climate Change Committee to postpone the sale of 900 million carbon allowances in the 3rd phase of the EU's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) which runs up to 2020. This marks a key step in restoring the short term balance in the European carbon market and sets the stage for the proposal of a further structural measure shortly.
Background
・In today's vote the Member States' representatives followed the Commission's recommendation to adopt an amendment to the Auctioning Regulation and change the timing of the back-loading schedule. This will postpone the auctioning of 900 million allowances from the years 2014-2016 until 2019-2020, while making the amount to be reduced in 2014 dependent on the start date of the back-loading.
・The 900 million allowances will be reintroduced in 2019 and 2020. This means that the overall number of allowances in the EU ETS will remain unchanged.
2014-01-08
2013-MEMO-0006   European Cybercrime Center EC3 MEMO/13/6
Frequently asked questions: The European Cybercrime Center EC3
・What are the objectives?
 The main task of the European Cybercrime Centre is to disrupt the operations of organised crime networks that commit a large share of the serious and organised cybercrimes. Offences include those generating large criminal profits, those causing serious harm to their victims or those affecting our vital infrastructure and IT systems.
 The Centre will gather information from a variety of sources – not only law enforcement authorities – to support investigations conducted by Member States' authorities. This will allow the Centre to identify the most dangerous, pressing cybercrime threats and single out key cybercrime networks in the EU. The Centre will also provide an early warning system for national law enforcement on new vulnerabilities criminals have started to exploit or on how to handle new, technically challenging cases.
・How will it work?
・How is the EC3 staffed and funded?
・What is the extent of the cybercrime problem?
・What type of operations will be carried out?
2013-01-09
2013-MEMO-0010   Driving Licence MEMO/13/10
New European driving licence for more security, safety and free movement
 19 January 2013 will see the introduction of a European driving licence as part of the entry into force of the third EU Driving Licence Directive. The new rules will guarantee a true freedom of movement to EU drivers, reinforce safety on European roads and reduce possibilities of fraud.
1. What are the benefits of a new driving licence system in Europe?
 About 60% of the Union’s population holds a valid driving licence, around 300 million citizens. A great number of these Europeans make cross-border trips within the Union for private or professional purposes or change country of residence. Today, Europe has more than 110 different driving licence models with different entitlements and validity periods. The new European driving licence will simplify this patchwork and facilitate the mobility of drivers across Europe. Harmonised validity periods and medical examination rules will give more legal certainty for many Europeans who move to another Member State.
 A driving licence not only gives access to all kinds of vehicles in many EU countries it can also be used as an identification document. Therefore, anti-fraud protection is a major cause for concern. The new licence is almost impossible to falsify. It is backed up by a European electronic data exchange system, which will facilitate the management of driving licences by administrations and contribute to better detection of driving licence fraud.
 Driving licence rules also have a great impact on road safety. With more than 30.000 deaths on European roads each year, the new driving licence rules will help to enhance safety on European roads. The changes for motorcycles are the most important. By introducing gradual access to motorcycles for young drivers the new European rules will much better protect this vulnerable group of road users. Furthermore, for car drivers and motorcyclists, the new document must be renewed every 10 to 15 years depending on the Member State while licences for bus and lorry drivers will be valid for five years and a medical check-up will be necessary for renewal. These rules will not affect a right to drive a vehicle that was acquired beforehand.
2. What are the main changes introduced by the new legislation on driving licences?
 A new European driving licence card
 Introduction of a compulsory administrative renewal for all new licences
3. How will the new legislation on driving licences affect drivers?
4. How will the new legislation on driving licences reduce possibilities of fraud?
5. How will the new legislation on driving licences contribute to improved road safety?
 Introduction of a new driving licence category for mopeds
 Introduction of a power/weight criterion for light motorcycles (licence category A1)
 Progressive access to the most powerful motorcycles
 A new category A2 with new technical characteristics
 New minimum ages and access rules
 New trailer rules for car driving licences
 Progressive access to the most powerful trucks and lorries
 Minimum ages
Overview of the new proposed licensing system 
[表] Category / [車体シルエット図] / General rule / Conditions / Exception rule
AM /[モペット図]/ 16 years / Theory test, Practical test is optional. / 14 years possible on national territory only. Up to 18 years possible.
A1(mopeds) /[小形オートバイ図]/ 16 years / Theory and practical test / Up to 17 or 18 years possible
A2(motorcycles) /[オートバイ図]/ 18 years /・・・
A(two-wheel motorcycles) /[大形二輪図]/ 20 years for progressive access と 24 years for direct access / ・・・
B1(optional category of heavy quadricycles) /[小形貨物自動車図] / 16 years / ・・・
B and BE(motor vehicles) /[小形乗用車(w/ and w/o トレーラ図]/ 18 years / ・・・
C1 and C1E(motor vehicles >3500 kg but < 7500 kg and not transporting more than 8 passengers ) /[小型トラックw/ and w/o トレーラ図] / 18 years /・・・
C and CE(motor vehicles used for transport of goods) /[トラック、トレーラ図]/ 21 years / ・・・
D1 and D1E(motor vehicles for the transport of not more than 16 passengers) /[小形バスw/ and w/oトレーラ図]/ 21 years / ・・・
D and DE(motor vehicles for the transport of more than 8 passengers) /[大型バスw/ and w/o トレーラ図]/ 24 years / ・・・
注 : E: in combination with above categories, trailer >750kg
6. What are the new rules for driving examiners?
7. Will the new legislation on driving licences affect requirements for fitness to drive?
8. Driving licence legislation so far in the Union
2013-01-18
2013-MEMO-0013   CRAs (credit rating agencies) New rules on credit rating agencies (CRAs) – frequently asked questions I. GENERAL CONTEXT AND APPLICABLE LAW
1. What is a credit rating?
 A credit rating is an opinion issued by a specialised firm on the creditworthiness of an entity (e.g. an issuer of bonds) or a debt instrument (e.g. bonds or asset-backed securities). This opinion is based on research activity and presented according to a ranking system.
2. What is a credit rating agency?
 A credit rating agency (CRA) is a service provider specialised in the provision of credit ratings on a professional basis. The three biggest rating agencies are Standard & Poor's, Moody’s and Fitch. They cover approximately 95% of the world market. Smaller rating agencies make up the remaining part. For a list of all European CRAs already registered under the CRA Regulation, see: http://www.esma.europa.eu/page/List-registered-and-certified-CRAs
3. Why do we need to regulate credit rating agencies?
4. What do current applicable EU rules on credit rating agencies say?
5. What has already been proposed to reduce the risk of overreliance in the banking sector?
II. THE INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT
6. What is the situation at international level? Are the proposed measures in line with regulatory approaches of other jurisdictions and international standard-setting bodies?
III. THE NEW RULES: WHY THEY ARE NEEDED
7. Why was a reform of the CRA Regulation considered necessary?
8. What are the new rules that have been agreed?
IV. WHAT WILL CHANGE?
9. Who will be affected by the changes and how?
10. Why did the Commission propose specific rules for sovereign ratings?
11. Should there be a prohibition of sovereign debt ratings?
12. Will the Commission set up a European CRA?
13. Will there be rules allowing civil claims against credit rating agencies?
14. Will there be a reversal of burden of proof for civil claims?
15. Why have shareholder limitations been introduced?
16. Why has a rotation rule been introduced and why is it limited to re-securitisations?
17. What is the objective of the new European Rating Platform?
V. OTHER:
18. When will the Commission present its report concerning the "issuer pays" remuneration model which was promised for end 2012?
19. Will the Commission promote small and medium sized credit rating agencies?
20. Is deleting all references to ratings from EU legislation the best solution, i.e. the Dodd-Frank Act in the US?
21. What are the third country implications of these new rules on credit rating agencies?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/agencies/index_en.htm
2013-01-16
2013-MEMO-0014   new European rules to regulate credit rating agencies MEMO/13/14
Statement by Commissioner Michel Barnier following the vote in the European Parliament on new European rules to regulate credit rating agencies
 I congratulate the European Parliament on today's agreement on additional rules for credit rating agencies (CRAs) which will considerably improve the quality of ratings.
 Credit rating agencies will have to be more transparent when rating sovereign states and will have to follow stricter rules which will make them more accountable for mistakes in case of negligence or intent.
 The new rules will contribute to increased competition in the rating industry dominated by a few market players. Furthermore, the new rules will reduce the over-reliance on ratings by financial market participants, eradicate conflicts of interest and establish a civil liability regime. This matters because ratings have a direct impact on the financial markets and the wider economy and thus on the prosperity of European citizens.
1. Reduce overreliance on credit ratings
 1. Improve quality of ratings of sovereign debt of EU Member States
 2. Make credit rating agencies more accountable for their actions
 3. Reduce conflicts of interests due to the issuer’s pays remuneration model
 4. Publication of ratings on European Rating Platform
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/agencies/index_en.htm
2013-01-16
2013-MEMO-0024   Clean power for transport MEMO/13/24
Clean power for transport – Frequently asked questions
Alternative fuels: challenges and key figures
・Challenges
 European transport is 94% dependent on oil, of which 84.3% is imported1, and faces increasing fuel supply insecurity as oil comes from increasingly unstable regions of the world, and a high and rising oil import bill (€ 1 billion per day in 2011) which causes a deficit in the balance of trade (around 2.5% of GDP). It is clear that EU transport must diversify its energy sources.
・Current situation – Key figures
 The current and foreseeable situation of the development of alternative fuels in Europe and worldwide is the following.
 A breakdown of worldwide sales of electric vehicles (EVs) in 2011 shows that the United States (19,860) is by far the biggest market for EVs, followed by Japan (7,671) and some European countries: Germany (1,858), France (1,796), Norway (1,547) and UK (1,170). China only sold 1,560 EVs and India 5855. 7,500 charging points are installed in the US, 1,500 in China and 1,100 in Japan. In the EU, there are 1,937 charging points in Germany, 1,700 in the Netherlands, and 1356 in Spain (2011 data).
 The introduction of hydrogen and fuel-cell vehicles is very limited to date; several hundred demonstration vehicles (cars, buses) and just over 200 fuelling stations are active worldwide (120 of them in the EU), with over 100 more at the planning stage. Major OEMs including Daimler, Toyota, Honda, GM, Hyundai, Nissan, are preparing for first product roll-out around 2014/2015, though this will only amount to several thousand vehicles in the run-up to 2017. Germany, Japan, Korea and the US lead – with China and India now making early moves. In the EU, Scandinavia, UK and Italy are also active.
・What are alternative fuels?8
 The main fuels are: liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), natural gas and biomethane (in the forms of CNG, LNG and GTL), electricity, biofuels and hydrogen.【個別記述有り】
・What is the problem?
 The full-scale deployment of clean fuels has been held back by three main barriers: the high retail cost of vehicles, a low level of consumer acceptance and the lack of infrastructure for recharging and refuelling.
・What is the European Commission proposing?
・What is being proposed to support the development of infrastructure for electric vehicles?
 【国別表】 Minimum number of electric vehicle recharging points in each Member State
 Technical specifications
 The current situation: there are two main different types of charging points in Europe. This could lead to a situation where a car that travels from France to Germany cannot be refuelled.
・What is being proposed to support the development of infrastructure for hydrogen?
・What is being proposed to support the development of infrastructure for natural gas vehicles?
・Frequently asked questions
- Why are mandatory targets only given for certain fuels in the strategy? What about the other fuels?
 All main alternative fuel options still have major hurdles to overcome on the way to a broader market uptake. A common issue for all of them is the lack of sufficient infrastructure for energy supply to the customer (refuelling/recharging).
関連
 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/doc/2012_energy_figures.pdf
 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52011DC0144:EN:NOT
2013-01-24
2013-MEMO-0036   FET (Future and Emerging Technologies) MEMO/13/36
FET Flagships: Frequently Asked Questions
・What are Future and Emerging Technologies?
 Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) is part of the European Commission's Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) research programme. FET's goal is to promote long-term research and lay foundations of radically new next generation technologies. FET helps identify and develop research into uncharted areas like bio-neuro-nano, which brings together brain science, biology and nanotechnology to build better computers and new information technologies. FET is often inspired by several scientific disciplines.
 FET has an expanded role in Horizon 2020 (H2020), the EU's research and innovation funding programme for 2014-2020. FET and FET Flagships will form part of the "Excellence in Science" pillar and the Commission plans to open up the FET approach to all areas of EU funded research. FET will remain focused on research across disciplines, as an incubator of radically new ideas and a pathfinder for new emerging technologies.
・What are FET Flagships?
・How were the Flagships selected?
・Why were these two Flagships selected over the others?
・What will happen to the projects that have not been selected?
・When will Graphene and the Human Brain Project get to work?
  ・・・・・
Annex: Further information on the FET Flagships as provided by the winners
・Graphene: The mission of Graphene is to take graphene and related layered materials from academic laboratories to society, revolutionize multiple industries and create economic growth and new jobs in Europe.
 http://www.graphene-flagship.eu/
・The Human Brain Project: Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest challenges facing 21st century science. If we can rise to the challenge, we can develop new treatments for brain diseases, build revolutionary new computing technologies and gain profound insights into what makes us human. Using a unique simulation-based approach, HBP aims to provide researchers worldwide with a tool to understand how the brain really works.  
 http://www.humanbrainproject.eu/
2013-01-28
2013-MEMO-0060   REACH MEMO/13/60
REACH, the EU's chemical legislation - Achievements after five years
 The use of chemicals in the EU has become considerably safer since the REACH Regulation [ http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/documents/reach/index_en.htm#h2-1 ] entered into force in 2007 as underlined by a Commission Report on the review of REACH published today in Brussels.
・Why a REACH review?
 The REACH Regulation requires the Commission to review certain of its elements and to publish a general report on REACH, providing a platform to examine the overall operation of REACH and the attainment of its unique combination of objectives: high level of protection of human health and environment, promotion of alternative testing methods as well as free circulation of substances in the internal market, competitiveness and innovation. ・・・
・What is the impact of REACH so far?
・What is the public perception of chemicals in Europe?
・What are the overlaps between REACH and other EU legislation dealing with chemical risk?
・What are the next steps to identify substances of very high concern (SVHC)?
・What is the role of the European Chemicals Agency in the implementation of REACH?
・What does the Commission propose to reduce the impacts of REACH for SMEs?
・What is the Fee Regulation and how does it support SMEs?
【関連 】2013-IP-0085
2013-02-05
2013-MEMO-0061   REACH MEMO/13/61
61% of Europeans think that chemicals are now safer than 10 years ago
 Three out of five Europeans say that chemical substances on the EU market today are safer than they were 10 years ago.
 That is one of the main results of the Eurobarometer on public's perception of chemicals and people's attitudes to their safety in Europe. [ http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/flash/fl_361_en.pdf ]
 Five years after REACH entered into force, Europeans not only believe that the safety of chemical products has improved, but 65 % respondents also agree that products containing chemical substances have been tested properly in the EU.
 The main results of the Eurobarometer survey can be summarised as follows:
 ・The majority of people think that there are chemicals in articles of daily use. ・・・
 ・Food is the product that people are most likely to check, with ・・・
 ・Over 52% of respondents disagree that new chemical substances can help ・・・
  ・・・・・
2013-02-05
2013-MEMO-0064   Anti-Money Laundering MEMO/13/64
Frequently asked questions: Anti-Money Laundering
1. What are money laundering and terrorist financing?
1.1 What is money laundering?
 Money laundering is the conversion of the proceeds of criminal activity into apparently clean funds, usually via the financial system. This is done by disguising the sources of the money, changing its form, or moving the funds to a place where they are less likely to attract attention.
 "Criminal activity" includes fraud, corruption, drug dealing and other serious crimes.
1.2 What is terrorist financing?
 Terrorist financing is the provision or collection of funds, by any means, directly or indirectly, with the intention or in the knowledge that they would be used in order to carry out terrorist offences.
2. What is the EU already doing to fight money-laundering and terrorist financing?
2.1 What is the current legal framework and to whom it applies?
2.2. What are the other elements of the anti-money laundering framework?
 Directive 2006/70 containing a number of implementing measures with ・・・
 Regulation 1781/2006, which ensures traceability of transfers of funds by ・・・
 Regulation 1889/2005 on controls of cash, which requires persons entering or leaving the EU to ・・・
 EU Council Decision 2000/642 concerning arrangements for cooperation between ・・・
 A number of EU legal instruments imposing sanctions and restrictive measures ・・・
2.3 How do Member States cooperate in this field?
3. What is being done at global level to strengthen the fight against money laundering?

3.1 Who is responsible for the international standards?
3.2 Why a revision of the international standards?
4. Our action

4.1 What are the main elements of the Commission's proposals?
4.2. How did the European Commission decide to update the EU rules?
4.3 How the directive complies with FATF revised international standards?
5. Next steps
関連 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/company/financial-crime/index_en.htm
2013-02-05
2013-MEMO-0071   Proposed Directive on Network and Information Security MEMO/13/71
Proposed Directive on Network and Information Security – frequently asked questions
 Information systems can be affected by security incidents, such as human mistakes, natural events, technical failures or malicious attacks. These incidents are becoming bigger, more frequent, and more complex. 57% of people who responded to a Commission consultation said they had experienced Network Information Security (NIS) incidents over the previous year. A lack of NIS can compromise vital services: it can stop businesses functioning, generate substantial financial losses for the EU economy and negatively affect societal welfare. Digital information systems, in particular the internet, work across borders. A disruption in one EU country can have a knock-on effect in other Member States or the EU as a whole - for example, cross-border movement of goods, services and people could be hampered.
・Who will benefit and how?
 Citizens and consumers、Governments and businesses、Providers of ICT security products and services 、・・・
・When will the Directive come into effect?
・Why do digital technologies, networks and services need protecting?
・What is the scale of the problem?
・Why the new approach? Are existing regulatory measures or initiatives not working?
・What do the proposals on risk management and reporting of security incidents mean for businesses and other organisations?
・Will every incident have to be reported?
・Why does the Directive target internet companies?
・What about Internet Service Providers or the network owners?
・Who is exempted from the reporting obligations?
  ・・・・・
関連 : 2013-IP-0094
2013-02-07
2013-MEMO-0093   Product Safety and Market Surveillance Package 2013 MEMO/13/93
Product Safety and Market Surveillance Package 2013 - Questions and answers
1. What does the Product Safety and Market Surveillance Package consist of?
 The main elements of the Package are: a proposal for a new Regulation on Consumer Product Safety and a proposal for a single Regulation on Market Surveillance of Products. Moreover, in a multi-annual plan for market surveillance the Commission sets out 20 concrete actions how it will improve implementation of the current market surveillance rules from now until 2015. The Commission also adopted a report on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 on accreditation and market surveillance and a Communication on more product safety and better market surveillance in the Single Market for products that ties the whole package together.
2. Why are new rules needed and when should the proposed new rules start to apply?
 The proposed new Consumer Product Safety Regulation aims at clarifying the regulatory framework for consumer products to make it fit for purpose to meet the challenges of a globalised market. It takes account of the regulatory developments in the EU during the last decade. The basic principle that all consumer products must be safe when made available on the market is kept. More emphasis is put on enhanced product identification and traceability. Also the procedures to develop new or update existing standards are significantly simplified, enhancing the role of standards in the field of consumer product safety.
3. What will change in a nutshell?
4. What are the benefits for consumers?
5. How does market surveillance change?
6. How are SME interests considered?
7. What new obligations are there for manufacturers and importers?
8. What are the new obligations of distributors?
  ・・・・・
15. What can already be done now?
関連 : 2013-IP-0111
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/psmsp/
2013-02-13
2013-MEMO-0124   data protection rules MEMO/13/124
EU Data Protection: European Parliament's Industry committee backs uniform data protection rules
The European Commission today welcomed the adoption of an opinion by the European Parliament's Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE) on the Commission's proposals to reform the EU’s data protection rules which date back to 1995 (see IP/12/46 and IP/13/57).
 The vote on the Committee's opinion, drafted by Member of the European Parliament Seán Kelly, is the latest step towards a swift adoption of the proposed legislation.
 The Committee's opinion – which covers the draft general Data Protection Regulation – will now be submitted to the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee (LIBE), which will consolidate all the amendments submitted so far and vote on its own report at the end of April.
The ITRE Committee backed the main innovations of the Commission's data protection reform:
・The need to replace the current 1995 Data Protection Directive with a directly applicable Regulation that covers the processing of personal data. ・・・
・The need to have a "one-stop shop" for companies that operate in several EU countries. ・・・
・The need for a consistency mechanism that will ensure a uniform application of the EU rules. ・・・
・The need to pay special attention to Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) which are the backbone of Europe's economy (99% of all European businesses are SMEs). ・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection
2013-02-20
2013-MEMO-0163   geographical indication MEMO/13/163
Q&A: European Commission study on the value of EU GIs
・What is a Geographical Indication?
 A "geographical indication" (GI) is the name of a product where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographical origin. It is a type of intellectual property right that can apply in the EU to different types of products.
[4 schemes]
 EU legislation provides for protection of GIs in respect of:
 ・Wines: started in the 1970s as part of the common market organisation (CMO) of wine, the system was amended in 2008 in the context of the wine reform, to adopt the principles of legislation on agricultural products and foodstuffs.
 ・Spirits: an EU system was also created in 2008 following reform of the rules on definition, description, presentation, labelling and protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks. Prior to this, names were listed and protected in the spirit drinks legislation.
 ・Agricultural products and foodstuffs3: a harmonised regulatory framework for GI registration in the EU was created in 1992. The system has been modified recently (see section below "What has changed with the new Quality Regulation?").
 ・Aromatized wine products4: A new harmonised regulatory framework is currently under discussion.
・PDO and PGI
 ・Protected Designation of Origin (PDO): The name of a product that is produced, processed and prepared in a defined geographical area using recognized know-how. Products owe their characteristics exclusively or essentially to their place of production and the savoir faire of local producers.
 ・Protected Geographical indication (PGI): Product whose reputation or characteristics is closely linked to production in the geographical area. For PGI agricultural products and foodstuffs, at least one of the stages of production, processing or preparation takes place in the area. For PGI wines, at least 85% of the grapes come from the area.
・Which are the benefits of GIs?
・How many names are registered?
・What is the value of EU GIs?
・How many more GI applications are pending?
・What has changed with the new Quality Regulation?
  http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/newsroom/100_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/external-studies/value-gi_en.htm
2013-03-04
2013-MEMO-0172   New black symbol [▼] for medicinal products Questions and answers: New 'black symbol' for medicinal products ・What is the black symbol?
 The black symbol is an inverted equilateral black triangle to be included in product [▼] information for certain categories of medicinal products.
 The symbol identifies, to patients and healthcare professionals, medicinal products that are subject to additional monitoring after authorisation, i.e. medicines for which enhanced data collection is needed to ensure that any new safety hazards are identified as quickly as possible so that appropriate action can be initiated immediately.
The black symbol will be accompanied by wording to encourage healthcare professionals and patients to report suspected adverse reactions (side effects) to these medicinal products.
・Why has it been introduced?
 The EU adopted new pharmacovigilance legislation in 2010 to strengthen the existing rules and improve patient safety through better prevention, detection and assessment of adverse reactions to medicines. Under the new rules, medicinal products that are subject to additional monitoring after they have been placed on the market must be identified. Based on the recommendation of the European Medicines Agency, the Commission chose a black inverted triangle as the symbol to appear in product information, including the leaflet inside the medicine pack.
・On which medicines will the black symbol be used?
 The black symbol will be used to identify the following categories of medicinal products:
 ・All products with a new active substance authorised after 1 January 2011;
 ・biological medicinal products, such as vaccines or plasma derived products authorised after 1 January 2011; and
 ・products for which certain additional information is required post-authorisation, or for which authorisation is subject to conditions or restrictions regarding their safe and effective use.
・Are medicines that require a black symbol dangerous?
・When will the black symbol be introduced?
・Why was the inverted black triangle selected?
・Should I only report adverse reactions for medicines that carry the black symbol?
・How can I report adverse reactions to medicines?
 the national reporting system : .http://ec.europa.eu/health/files/pharmacovigilance/2013-03_contact-points_national-reporting_en.pdf
関連 : 2013-IP-0199
2013-03-07
2013-MEMO-0188   Animal testing and cosmetics MEMO/13/188
Questions and Answers: Animal testing and cosmetics
 Cosmetic products range from everyday hygiene products, such as soap, shampoo, deodorant and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and decorative cosmetics. These products are regulated at European level1 in order to ensure consumer safety and to secure an internal market for cosmetic products.
・Is animal testing for cosmetics not already prohibited in Europe?
・Why is animal testing carried out for cosmetics anyhow?
・So is it possible to fully replace animal testing by other methods?
・What is being done to find alternative methods?
Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetics testing: http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/sectors/cosmetics/files/pdf/animal_testing/final_report_at_en.pdf
関連 : IP/13/210
2013-03-11
2013-MEMO-0208   monitoring greenhouse gas emissions, including forestry and agriculture MEMO/13/208
Commission welcomes approval of improved EU rules for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions, including forestry and agriculture
 The European Commission welcomes the European Parliament's approval today of two new laws to improve EU rules on monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, including those from forestry and agriculture.
 It is expected that the Council adopts these laws, after which they will be published in the Official Journal and will enter into force.
・Monitoring Mechanism
 The so-called Monitoring Mechanism Regulation enhances the current reporting rules on Member States' greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in order to meet requirements arising from current and future international climate agreements as well as the 2009 climate and energy package.
 The revised Monitoring Mechanism aims to help the EU and Member States keep track of progress towards meeting their emission targets for 2013-2020 and to facilitate further development of the EU climate policy mix.
・Land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF)
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/g-gas/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/forests/index_en.htm
2013-03-12
2013-MEMO-0210   Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Management MEMO/13/210
Questions and Answers on proposed Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Management
・Why is the Commission proposing a Framework Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Management?
 The uncoordinated use of coastal and maritime areas is currently resulting in competition for maritime and coastal space and inefficient use of marine and coastal resources.
 On-going uncertainties and a lack of predictability regarding appropriate access to the maritime space have created a suboptimal business climate for investors.
 With rapidly increasing demand for maritime space for new activities, such as renewable energy and aquaculture installations, the EU needs to ensure coherent planning of maritime activities at sea.
 Increased use of coastal and marine areas as well as risks related to climate change and natural hazards to which coastal areas are extremely vulnerable, put pressure on coastal and marine resources.
 They require integrated and coherent management to secure sustainable growth and preserve marine ecosystems for future generations.
・What do Member States have to do to implement the Directive?
・How is the proposal related to the Commission's Europe 2020 strategy and Blue Growth initiative?
・Does the Proposal add a new layer of regulatory complexity?
・Does the Directive impose new obligations and new objectives to national sectoral policies like transport, energy or fisheries? Are we creating duplications?
関連 : 2013-IP-0222
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/iczm/home.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/maritime_spatial_planning/index_en.htm
2013-03-13
2013-MEMO-0281   non-EU nationals coming to the EU for studies, scientific research and other exchanges MEMO/13/281
Clearer and more consistent rules for non-EU nationals coming to the EU for studies, scientific research and other exchanges
・What are the current rules?
 The overall objective of the current EU legislative framework is to promote Europe as a world centre of excellence for studies, scientific research and other exchanges. This framework consists of:
 Directive 2004/114/EC on students, which sets out mandatory rules for ・・・
 Directive 2005/71/EC on researchers, which provides for a fast-track procedure for the admission of non-EU national researchers who ・・・
・Why does the Commission propose to amend these rules?
・Why do we need students and researchers from third countries to come to the EU?
・What will change?
・Clearer procedural safeguards regarding the assessment of applications
・Increased mobility between Member States
・Increased access to the job-seeking markets
・Who is concerned?
・STATISTICAL ANNEX
 Number of residence permits to non-EU national students and researchers:
  Students: All educational reasons 【加盟国別表 2008〜2011】
  Remunerated activities reasons: Researchers – first permits 【加盟国別表 2008〜2011】
  Non-EU national remunerated trainees, volunteers, school pupils or unremunerated trainees 【国別数表】
  Non-EU national au pairs
関連
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0901:FIN:EN:PDF
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0587:FIN:EN:PDF
2013-03-25
2013-MEMO-0282   FTA MEMO/13/282
The EU's free trade agreements – where are we?
Over the next two years, 90% of world demand will be generated outside the EU. That is why it is a key priority for the EU to open up more market opportunities for European business by negotiating new Free Trade Agreements with key countries. If we were to complete all our current free trade talks tomorrow, we would add 2.2% to the EU's GDP or 275 billion Euro. This is equivalent to adding a country as big as Austria or Denmark to the EU economy. In terms of employment, these agreements could generate 2.2 million new jobs or additional 1% of the EU total workforce. Below is an overview of the most important forthcoming and on-going free trade negotiations.
・Forthcoming negotiations
 Japan、United States of America、Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)、Southern Mediterranean
・On-going negotiations
 Canada、India、Mercosur 、Eastern Neighbourhood、Gulf Cooperation Council 、African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP)
・Free Trade Agreements finished but not yet entered into force
 Singapore 、Colombia、Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama)、Ukraine
・Free Trade Agreements already in force
 Peru, in force since 1 March 2013、South Korea, in force since 1 July 2011、Mexico、South Africa 、Chile、
On top of these "classic" free trade deals, Free Trade Agreements are a core component of many Association Agreements as well as Customs Unions (Andorra, San Marino, Turkey). Hence the EU also has free trade deals in force with a number of countries in Europe (Faroe Islands, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia) and the Southern Mediterranean (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia) and three with African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (Caribbean, Pacific and Eastern and Southern Africa).
[色分けされた世界地図]
関連
http://ec.europa.eu/trade/creating-opportunities/bilateral-relations/agreements/
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2012/june/tradoc_149616.pdf
2013-03-25
2013-MEMO-0283   FTA (Japan) MEMO/13/283
A Free Trade Agreement between the EU and Japan
 The EU and Japan today officially launched the negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The aim is for a comprehensive agreement in goods, services and investment eliminating tariffs, non-tariff barriers and covering other trade-related issues, such as public procurement, regulatory issues, competition, and sustainable development.
 The first round of negotiations will be held in Brussels from 15 to 19 April 2013.
 Japan is the EU's 7th largest trading partner globally and the EU’s 2nd biggest trading partner in Asia after China. Conversely, the European Union is Japan’s 3rd largest trading partner, after China and the United States. Together the European Union and Japan account for more than one third of world GDP.
 An agreement between the two economic giants is expected to boost Europe’s economy by 0.6 to 0.8 % of its GDP and will result in growth and the creation of 400.000 jobs. It is expected that EU exports to Japan could increase by 32.7%, while Japanese exports to the EU would increase by 23.5%
・What will the negotiations cover?
・What has happened so far
・EU-Japan Trade relations
・For further information
 http://ec.europa.eu/trade/creating-opportunities/bilateral-relations/countries/japan/
 http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2012/july/tradoc_149809.pdf
2013-03-25
2013-MEMO-0329   safer and more environmental lorries MEMO/13/329
Frequently asked questions: New EU rules for safer and greener lorries
・The current situation
 There are currently 6.5 million heavy goods vehicles (HGV; with a maximum weight above 3.5 tonnes) in circulation in the EU. EU truck manufacturers are among the world leaders in smart and innovative vehicle design. Truck manufacturing and road freight transport employ around 6 million people in the EU. Road freight transport is vital to Europe's economic growth, accounting for more than 70% of inland freight transport activity (in tonne-km) in the EU, transporting more than 80% of goods in volume (tonnes) and more than 90% of goods in value (€) and accounting for close to 1.5% of GDP.
・The current rules
 The EU rules covering heavy goods vehicles were established in the 1980s (Directive 96/53/EC) to meet three key objectives: to protect infrastructure, to ensure road safety and to ensure free competition within the Single Market. At the time, the rules were not designed with energy efficiency or environmental objectives in mind.
 Directive 96/53/EC limits the maximum weight of heavy goods vehicles to 40 tonnes (44 in combined transport) and the length to 18.75 m. ・・・
・What are we proposing?
 ・Better aerodynamics:
 ・Better road safety:
 ・Better intermodal transport
 ・Better for European business and job creation in vehicle manufacturing
 ・Overloading
・In a few figures
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/road/weights-and-dimensions_en.htm
現指令 : Directive 96/53/EC http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:1996L0053:20020309:EN:PDF
関連 : 2013-IP-328
2013-04-15
2013-MEMO-0334   climate change MEMO/13/334
Questions and Answers: EU strategy on adaptation to climate change
1. What is the goal of the EU adaptation strategy and what key actions are planned?
The overall aim is to contribute to a more climate-resilient Europe. The intention is to do this by encouraging and supporting action in three priority areas: promoting and supporting actions by Member States, promoting adaptation in key vulnerable sectors at EU level, and ensuring better-informed decision-making.
The following actions are under way or planned:
 1. The Commission is providing guidelines, technical capacity and substantial funding opportunities to help Member States develop comprehensive adaptation strategies covering the whole EU territory and implement concrete adaptation measures.
 2. The Commission will continue 'mainstreaming' adaptation by integrating adaptation ・・・
2. Why do we need an EU adaptation strategy now?
3. Isn't adaptation to climate change an issue only to be addressed at local and regional levels? What is the added value of an EU strategy?
4. Does the adaptation strategy mean the EU is giving up on cutting greenhouse gas emissions?
5. What does the strategy consist of?
6. What are the costs and benefits of adaptation?
7. What additional action by EU Member States is needed?
8. What support to Member States does the strategy envisage?
9. What does adaptation mean for EU-level policies?
10. How does the strategy deal with global issues?
11. Where can I find more information on adaptation in Europe?
 http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/
12. What are the next steps?
13. How did the Commission involve stakeholders in the preparation of the strategy?
関連 : MEMO/13/335
2013-04-16
2013-MEMO-0335   climate change MEMO/13/335
EU strategy on adaptation to climate change Media resource sheet
Maps of projected climatic changes in Europe (Based on Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012. European Environment Agency)
 Change in annual and summer precipitation for 2071–2100 vs 1961–1990 (%) [カラー図]
 Average number of simultaneous hot days and tropical nights [カラー図]
 Fire danger [カラー図]
Examples of adaptation projects in EU Member States 【国別記述】
関連 : http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/
関連 : MEMO/13/334
2013-04-16
2013-MEMO-0371   Audiovisual World MEMO/13/371
Green Paper: Preparing for a Fully Converged Audiovisual World: Growth, Creation and Values Frequently Asked Questions
・Why a Green Paper? Does the Commission plan to review the Audiovisual Media Services Directive?
 The Commission wants to open a broad, public discussion on the implications of the on-going transformation of the audiovisual media landscape. The consultation does not presuppose any specific outcome. Nonetheless, in the medium to long term it may have an impact on a number of legal instruments, including the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD).
・Does converging technologies mean that traditional broadcasting is no longer relevant?
・What does this convergence mean for growth and innovation?
・And what could this mean for viewers?
・Isn't the European audiovisual market still very fragmented?
・How does the Green Paper link with other on-going consultations?
・What about copyright?
・What about self-regulation?
  ・・・・・
・Will the Commission encourage a specific standard for connected TV?
・Broadcasting and the internet are global. What about players or websites based outside Europe?
  ・・・・・
・EU rules limit TV advertising to 12 minutes per hour, but there are no limits for on-demand services. Is this fair?
関連 IP/13/358
2013-04-24
2013-MEMO-0398   safer food MEMO/13/398
Smarter rules for safer food: Commission proposes landmark package to modernise, simplify and strengthen the agri-food chain in Europe
1) What is "from farm-to-fork" policy?
 The EU "from farm-to-fork" policy covers legislation to protect health by ensuring that the food we produce and import that ends up on our plates is safe to eat. This body of legislation is a complex, integrated system of rules which takes care of all the links in the food chain from: the protection of plants from pests, the protection of animals and humans from animal diseases (and from such diseases which are transmissible to humans) and the protection of human health from all the hazards that might arise along the agri-food chain. It also includes all those rules which allow the Single Market to function smoothly in this area and provides rules for the protection of consumers.
 Official controls are carried out at various stages in the food production chain by EU Member States to ensure that the legislation is being correctly applied.
2) What will this package of reforms change?
 Plant Health
 Plant Reproductive Material
 Animal Health
 Official controls
 Common Financial Framework for food and feed
3) Who benefits from it?
4) What is the added value of the EU regulating food safety?
5) How does the package address the weaknesses in the EU control system that the recent horsemeat scandal has exposed?
6) Why has the Commission extended the system of fees for official controls on operators in times of austerity?
7) Why has the Commission not legislated on country of origin labelling for processed meat in the wake of the horsemeat crisis?
  参照 : Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011
8) Why are high and uniform levels of safety essential to the continued competitiveness of the European food industry and its ability to generate growth and jobs for the future?
9) What is the Commission doing to prevent the loss of biodiversity and to support sustainable agriculture in relation to plant reproductive material?
10) Is the use of seed by private gardeners affected?
11) Will fees for plant reproductive material be regulated by the package?
関連 : IP/13/400
2013-05-06
2013-MEMO-0417   Action Plan for the Atlantic Ocean area MEMO/13/417
MEMO: Action Plan for the Atlantic Ocean area
・What does the Action Plan contain?
The Action Plan contains four overarching priorities:
 1. Promote entrepreneurship and innovation;
 2. Protect, secure and enhance the marine and coastal environment;
 3. Improve accessibility and connectivity;
 4. Create a socially inclusive and sustainable model of regional development;
 Ideas include:
 ・Improving educational and training measures for sea-related careers ・・・
 ・Carrying out research to improve the growth, productivity, competitiveness and environmental sustainability of aquaculture ・・・
 ・Supporting initiatives to reinforce marine safety and security・・・
   ・・・・・
・Who participated in drawing up the Action Plan?
・What is the added value?
・How can the Action Plan be funded?
・Is implementation mandatory? → voluntary
・How does this fit in with the Commission's sea basin strategies?
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/sea_basins/atlantic_ocean/index_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/420
2013-05-13
2013-MEMO-0427   Emergency Response Centre MEMO/13/427
Q/A: The European Emergency Response Centre Opens
 On 15 May 2013 the European Commission launches the Emergency Response Centre, further strengthening our capacity to respond in times of natural and man-made crises.
1) Why is there a need for an Emergency Response Centre (ERC) in the EU?
 When a disaster strikes any delay in responding increases the potential for fatalities and injuries. Civil protection and humanitarian aid are the main operational instruments of the EU's immediate response to disasters. These instruments have been brought together into one Directorate General (DG ECHO) in the Commission which makes it possible to establish a strengthened Emergency Response Centre that can draw on information and expertise from both areas and effectively link, at European level, the civil protection and the humanitarian aid authorities in the Member States.
1) Why is there a need for an Emergency Response Centre (ERC) in the EU?
 When a disaster strikes any delay in responding increases the potential for fatalities and injuries. Civil protection and humanitarian aid are the main operational instruments of the EU's immediate response to disasters. These instruments have been brought together into one Directorate General (DG ECHO) in the Commission which makes it possible to establish a strengthened Emergency Response Centre that can draw on information and expertise from both areas and effectively link, at European level, the civil protection and the humanitarian aid authorities in the Member States.
2) Who will benefit from the ERC?
 The ERC will be responsible for the coordination of the EU's civilian disaster response. It will be at the service of Member States and people in Europe and beyond. It will provide better protection for Europe's 500 million citizens against disasters and also support a more effective response to humanitarian catastrophes in third countries.
3) How will the ERC contribute to a faster and more efficient joint response to disasters?
4) What role do the Member States' civil protection authorities play?
5) Will the ERC only be dealing with response to disasters?
6) Will the ERC be a completely new Centre?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/georgieva/index_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/422
2013-05-15
2013-MEMO-0436   information for safer EU roads MEMO/13/436
Better information for safer EU roads – frequently asked questions
Key facts and figures
・Road safety related traffic information
 EU figures1 show that road fatalities have decreased by 43% over the last decade – in 2012 around 28,000 people were killed and more than 1.5 million injured in about 1 million traffic accidents on EU roads, costing society approximately € 130 billion (see IP/13/236).
・Safe and secure parking spaces for trucks
 Around 44 people die and 1430 are injured every year because of dangerous parking.
1. The regulation on 'road safety related traffic information services'
 What is road safety related traffic information?
 What is the current situation?
 What is the problem?
 The new regulation
2. The regulation on safe and secure parking for trucks
 What information services are available for truck drivers?
 What is the problem?
 The new regulation
3. Data collection and dissemination (concerning both regulations)
4. Consequences
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/index_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/430
2013-05-15
2013-MEMO-0438   RAPEX (consumer safety) MEMO/13/438
Questions and answers - RAPEX in 2012
1. What is RAPEX?
 RAPEX is a European rapid alert system for dangerous products. It ensures that information about dangerous products withdrawn from the market and/or recalled from consumers anywhere in Europe is quickly circulated between Member States and the European Commission, so that appropriate action can be taken everywhere in the EU. Thirty countries currently participate in the system. The participating countries are all the European Union countries and the EFTA/EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
 What type of measures can be taken?
 What is covered by RAPEX?
 What are obligations of national authorities?
 What are the obligations of producers?
2. RAPEX in 2012
 What were the most significant developments in 2012?
 3. RAPEX results 2012
 What were the main findings in 2012?
 Why did the number of notifications for dangerous goods increase in 2012?
 Which EU countries notified most cases?
 The most frequently notified products in 2012 were:
 What are the main risks detected through the RAPEX system?
 What does it show when a country makes a lot of notifications – is it that there are more dangerous products on that particular market?
 What measures did the national authorities take in response to the dangerous goods that they found?
 Where did the largest amount of dangerous products come in from 2012?
 Is there an increase in the number of notifications on products of Chinese origin?
 Product Traceability - What does the Commission do for better product identification and consequently for better follow-up of RAPEX notifications?
4. Safety at point of entry – cooperation with customs
 What in particular is being done at point of entry?
 Can you explain how RAPEX is linked to work at customs?
5. Cooperation with China
 Does the Commission get feedback on how the Chinese authorities follow up on the information sent through the "RAPEX-CHINA" application?
 How many RAPEX notifications has AQSIQ investigated since the establishment of the "RAPEX-CHINA" application?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/news/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.ec.europa.eu/rapex
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/rapex/index_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/438
2013-05-16
2013-MEMO-0460   SESAME MEMO/13/460
Questions and answers on "SESAME"
・What is SESAME?
 The Synchrotron light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) is a joint project launched in 2003 by countries in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East to build a synchrotron facility in Jordan.
 The facility is based on expertise and equipment made available by European partner laboratories and was inspired by CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research).
 The project has been developed under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) but SESAME is an autonomous intergovernmental organisation at the service of its Members, who have full control over its development, exploitation and financial matters. SESAME is under construction in Allan, Jordan, some 35 km northwest of Amman.
・What will SESAME do?
・What is a synchrotron?
・Why is the EU funding SESAME?
・What is the EU funding?
・How will SESAME be used?
・What are examples of similar projects in Europe?
・What is the history of the SESAME project?
2013-05-28
2013-MEMO-0464   youth unemployment MEMO/13/464
EU measures to tackle youth unemployment
・What is the current situation?
 In March 2013, 5.7 million young persons were unemployed in the EU-27, of whom 3.6 million were in the euro area. The youth unemployment rate was 23.5% in the EU-27 and 24% in the euro area, relatively stable over the month, but up by respectively 0.9 percentage points and 1.5 percentage points compared to March 2012. In March 2013, the lowest rates were observed in Germany and Austria (both 7.6%), The Netherlands (10.5%), and the highest in Greece (59.1% in January 2013), Spain (55.9%), Italy (38.4%) and Portugal (38.3%). 【国別グラフ】
・What is the EU doing to tackle youth unemployment?
 Youth Guarantee Recommendation : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2013:120:0001:0006:EN:PDF
・What is the Youth Guarantee?
・How can the Youth Guarantee be financed?
 Examples of Youth Guarantee activities/interventions that can be supported by the ESF: [表]
・What is the Quality Framework for Traineeships?
・What is the European Alliance for Apprenticeships?
・How can mobility benefit young people?
・What is the Commission proposing to facilitate mobility for young people?
・Is there not a risk of "brain drain"?
・What kind of additional support can EU Structural Funds provide?
 【国別記述】
2013-05-28
2013-MEMO-0466   new EU Electronics strategy MEMO/13/466
Five major projects announced as part of new EU Electronics strategy
 The European Commission is today announcing a collection of five major projects, to boost Europe's manufacturing competitiveness by bringing research closer to industrial needs.
 These projects are the first steps in putting into effect the European Electronics strategy of 23 May.[http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-455_en.htm]
 The 5 so-called "Pilot lines"[http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/5-pilot-lines-boost-europes-competitiveness-electronics] put research at the heart of electronics manufacturing.
 They do this by linking up 128 partners, so that European manufacturers work directly with technology companies, chip designers, researchers, and universities at the very earliest stages of product development.
 The purpose is to develop the kind of innovative microchips which will give European industry and products a global competitive edge.
・The pilot lines being developed are:
 ・The French AGATE pilot line in Bernin
 ・The joint Dutch-Belgian E450EDL pilot line in Leuven & Veldhoven
 ・The Austrian EPPL pilot line in Villach
 ・The Italian Lab4MEMS[http://www.lab4mems.upb.ro/] in Agrate
 ・The joint Franco-German Places2Be in Crolles and Dresden
・How do pilot lines work?
・How were these pilot lines selected?
関連 : https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/electronics-strategy-europe
関連 : http://www.eniac.eu/web/downloads/Call%207/gb-164-13_results_call-2012-2.pdf
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/5-pilot-lines-boost-europes-competitiveness-electronics
2013-05-29
2013-MEMO-0472   Tobacco MEMO/13/472
Tobacco products proposal: Setting the record straight on 10 common myths
 Every year, smoking kills almost 700,000 people in Europe and causes millions more to suffer from diseases associated with smoking, including cancers, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Around 50% of smokers die prematurely - on average 14 years earlier than non-smokers. Despite these shocking statistics, nearly a third of EU citizens smoke, 70% having started before the age of 18 and 94% before the age of 25.
 In December 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal to update the Tobacco Products Directive to improve the functioning of the internal market, while aiming at a high level of health protection in Europe. The proposal seeks to discourage young people from starting to smoke by making tobacco products and tobacco consumption less attractive.
 In the debate around the Directive there appear to be various misconceptions and myths that are circulating.
・Myth # 1: The proposal is about interfering with people's freedom of choice
・Myth # 2: The proposal is not popular with citizens
・Myth # 3: There is no evidence that attractive packaging and flavourings are harmful
・Myth # 4: The new rules will be bad for the economy
・Myth # 5: The tobacco industry will face a huge economic loss
・Myth # 6: Tobacco SMEs will be particularly affected
・Myth # 7: Free trade and competition in the EU will be damaged
・Myth # 8: e-Cigarettes will be banned
・Myth # 9: Illicit trade will increase
・Myth # 10: Member States cannot introduce plain packaging
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/products/revision/index_en.htm
2013-05-30
2013-MEMO-0480   Food Additives MEMO/13/480
EU Food Additives : making our food safer
・What are food additives?
 Additives are substances used for a variety of reasons - such as preservation, colouring, sweetening, etc. - during the preparation of food.
 EU legislation defines them as "any substance not normally consumed as a food in itself and not normally used as a characteristic ingredient of food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition of which to food for a technological purpose in the manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, packaging, transport or storage of such food results, or may be reasonably expected to result, in it or its by-products becoming directly or indirectly a component of such foods."
・What are additives used for?
 Additives can be used for various purposes. EU legislation defines 26 "technological purposes." Additives are used, among other things, as:
 ・Colours
 ・Preservatives
 ・Antioxidants
 ・Flour treatment agents
・Are food additives safe?
・How is the safety of food additives evaluated?
・Is aspartame[低カロリー砂糖代替品] safe?
  http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/pub/399e.htm
・Is it possible to consume food additives at dangerously high levels?
・What are the conditions to authorise food additives?
・What are the benefits for the consumer?
・Food colours may mislead the consumer – why are they authorised?
・Can any substance be used as food additive?
・Can additives be used in all foodstuffs?
・Is there a list of authorised food additives?
  https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/sanco_foods/?sector=FAD
・What is the procedure for authorising the use of food additives?
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:0001:0006:EN:PDF
・How is the consumer informed about the use of additives?
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:109:0029:0042:EN:PDF
・Is it possible to prepare food without additives?
2013-05-31
2013-MEMO-0482   Common Fisheries Policy MEMO/13/482
Questions and Answers on the new, reformed Common Fisheries Policy
 The overall objective of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is to make fishing sustainable - environmentally, economically and socially. The new policy will bring fish stocks back to sustainable levels and will stop wasteful fishing practices. It will provide EU citizens with a stable, secure and healthy food supply for the long term; it seeks to bring new prosperity to the fishing sector, end dependence on subsidies and create new opportunities for jobs and growth in coastal areas. EU financial assistance through the proposed European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (IP/11/1495) will be available to support the sustainability objectives of the new policy.
・Why is a new policy necessary?
 Europe’s fisheries policy is in urgent need of reform. Vessels are still catching more fish than can be safely reproduced. The fishing industry is facing an uncertain future.
・What are the main elements of the new policy?
 ・The multi-annual ecosystem-based management
 ・Banning discards
 ・Management of fishing fleet capacity
 ・Support for small-scale fisheries
 ・Developing sustainable aquaculture
 ・Improving scientific knowledge
 ・Decentralised governance
 ・New market policy - empowerment of the sector and better informed consumers
 ・Taking international responsibility
・Will there be new rules on Control and Enforcement?
・When will the reform come into effect?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/reform/proposals/index_en.htm
2013-05-30
2013-MEMO-0490   childcare provision, gender pension gap MEMO/13/490
Q&A: Report on childcare provision in the Member States and study on the gender pension gap
1. Barcelona Targets
・What are the so-called 'Barcelona targets'?
 In March 2002 the European Council, meeting in Barcelona, agreed common targets to improve the provision of childcare in the Member States. EU leaders agreed to "remove disincentives to female labour force participation and strive, taking into account the demand for childcare facilities and in line with national patterns of provision, to provide childcare by 2010 to at least 90% of children between three years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under three years of age".
 Since then, these goals have become known as the 'Barcelona targets' and their achievement has been at the heart of Europe's economic growth strategies (the Lisbon Strategy and the Europe 2020 strategy).
  Are the Barcelona targets still valid today?
・Which countries have reached the targets?
[図] 2011 - Formal child care by age category
・Why have the Barcelona targets still not been met?
・What is the state of play on affordability of childcare?
・Which income groups use childcare services most?
・What is the state of play on quality of childcare?
  ・・・・・
2. Expert study on the gender pension gap
・What is the study about?
・What are the main results?
 [国別図 x 2] Gender Gap in Pension
・Why has the Commission published this study?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/index_en.htm
2013-06-03
2013-MEMO-0524   Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed 2012 Report on Europe's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed: Questions & Answers ・What is RASFF?
 Launched in 1979, the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) is primarily a tool to exchange information between national competent authorities on consignments of food and feed in cases where a risk to human health has been identified and measures have been taken. Examples of such measures are: withholding; recalling; seizure or rejection of the products concerned. This quick exchange of information allows all EU Member States to immediately check whether they are also affected by the problem. Whenever a product is already on the market and should not be consumed, the Member States' authorities are then able to take all urgent measures, including giving direct information to the public, if necessary.
・Why do we need RASFF?
・How does it work in practice?
・What are the criteria for notification to the RASFF?
・Who are the members of the RASFF system?
・What are the main findings of the RASFF annual report 2012?
・What is covered by the top notifications? [表x2]
関連 : IP/13/520
2013-06-10
2013-MEMO-0528   Food (new rules for specific groups of consumers) MEMO/13/528
Food: Questions and Answers on new rules for specific groups of consumers
・What does this Regulation change?
 The Regulation amends the legislation that applies to foods for particular nutritional uses ("dietetic foods"). For example, the Regulation:
 ・Abolishes the concept of 'dietetic foods', and repeals the existing legislation that sets the framework for these products (Directive 2009/39/EC);
 ・Establishes a new Framework which sets the general principles and requirements for the categories of foods it covers. These categories of foods are:
 ・foods intended for infants and young children (more specifically infant formulae and follow-on formulae, processed cereal based foods and other baby foods);
 ・food for special medical purposes; and
 ・products that replace the totality of the diet for weight control (so-called 'low calorie diets' and 'very low calorie diets').
 ・Establishes an EU list of certain substances (e.g. vitamins, minerals, amino-acids) that can be added to the foods covered by the Regulation. This EU list consolidates three lists currently included into different pieces of legislation on dietetic foods. The Regulation also foresees the possibility to modify such list through delegated acts.
 ・Requires the Commission to adopt two reports, after consulting the European Food Safety Authority, on the need for specific rules on milk-based drinks and similar products intended for young children (so-called 'growing-up milk', or 'toddlers' milk') and on foods for sports people.
 ・Requires the Commission to transfer existing rules on the use of the statements 'gluten-free' and 'very low gluten' under the Regulation on Food Information to Consumers. There is also a requirement to establish rules on the use of statements indicating the absence or reduced presence of lactose in food under the same Framework.
・What are foods for particular nutritional uses (or dietetic foods) and why was there a need to revise the rules?
・Why is it necessary to abolish the concept of “dietetic food”?
・Why were the rules on food for coeliacs not included?
・What about food intended for diabetics?
・What happens to all the food that is today considered as dietetic food but will not be covered by the new rules?
・What about growing-up milk and food for sports people?
・Who will benefit from these changes?
・When will the new rules apply?
関連 : IP/13/522
2013-06-11
2013-MEMO-0529   protect EU workers from harmful electromagnetic fields MEMO/13/529
Health and Safety: Commission welcomes Parliament adoption of new rules to protect EU workers from harmful electromagnetic fields
 EU Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion László Andor today welcomed the adoption by the European Parliament of the Commission's proposal for a Directive to update and improve EU rules to protect workers from electromagnetic fields in their workplace (see IP/11/704).
 The rules would protect workers such as doctors and nurses giving patients magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRI), people working with radar, welders and workers repairing power lines.
 The EU's Council of Ministers, which has already agreed to the text, is set to formally adopt the proposal on 20 June.
・Background
 The proposed Directive will clarify the definitions of adverse effects on health, introduce an updated exposure limits system (frequencies that are recognised as having harmful effects on the human cardiovascular system or the central nervous system), as well as a number of provisions to make it easier for employers to carry out the risk assessments required by law.
 As employers are obliged to carry out risk evaluations, the proposal will introduce detailed provisions to ensure a proportionate approach as well as to ensure adequate preventive measures to reduce the exposure of workers to electromagnetic fields.
 The proposal will require employers to give exposed workers and their representatives the necessary information and training, particularly relating to the outcome of the risk assessment, the measures taken by the employer, safe working practices, the detection of adverse effects and the circumstances in which workers are entitled to health checks.
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=148&newsId=1917&furtherNews=yes
2013-06-11
2013-MEMO-0533   Automatic exchange of information (Tax) MEMO/13/533
Automatic exchange of information: frequently asked questions
・What is the automatic exchange of information, for tax purposes?
 The automatic exchange of information is regarded as the best system for ensuring that national tax authorities can assess and collect the taxes they are due on income and capital that their residents have abroad.
 Under this system, Member States collect data on income earned in their territory by non-resident individuals. They then automatically transmit this data to the authorities where the individual resides, so that it can be taxed in line with the Member State of residence's rules.
 These exchanges take place through a secure IT network (the CCN system) which ensures that EU data protection rules are fully respected. The information is exchanged using standard computerised formats that the Commission has developed in close cooperation with the Member States.
・What provisions are already in place for automatic exchange of information (AEI) within the EU?
 1. The EU Savings Tax Directive (Automatic exchange of information on savings income)
 2. The Administrative Cooperation Directive (automatic exchange of information on other income types)
・What is the content of the proposal?
・Why is the Commission proposing to extend the automatic exchange of information, and why now?
・Why is this best done at EU level?
・How does the Commission's proposal relate to the USA's FATCA?
・How does this proposal relate to the "pilot project" on information exchange, launched by five Member States earlier this year?
・What are the international developments in relation to automatic information exchange, and what is the EU's role in this?
[表] Scope of EU legislation on Automatic Exchange of Information
Current Savings Directive / Revised Savings Directive / Current Administrative Cooperation Directive / Revised Admin Cooperation Directive (ie, today's proposal)
関連 : IP/13/530
2013-06-12
2013-MEMO-0539   New Nuclear Safety Directive MEMO/13/539
New Nuclear Safety Directive
・What is new in the directive?
 The proposal substantially strengthens the provisions of the existing directive. It:
 ・introduces EU-wide safety objectives;
 ・sets up a European system of peer reviews of nuclear installations;
 ・increases transparency on nuclear safety matters;
 ・strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities;
 ・introduces a requirement of specific safety reviews for older nuclear power plants for which a lifetime extension is considered;
 ・enhances on-site emergency preparedness and response, for example by implementing strict accident management guidelines and by putting in place emergency response centres which must be protected against radioactivity and earthquakes or flooding.
・Why safety objectives rather than specific technical requirements?
・What are topical peer reviews?
・How do they work?
 A peer review of one or more nuclear safety topics will be organised at least every six years.・・・
・Who will pick the topics? Based on what?
・What will be the Commission's role in these peer reviews?
  ・・・・・
・How many nuclear power plants (NPPs) are there in the EU and where are they located?
 There are 132 operating reactors in 14 EU Member States: リスト
   仏 : 58 英 : 16、スウェーデン : 10、独 : 9(+ 停止 8) スペイン : 8、ベルギー : 7、チェコ : 6 フィンランド、ハンガリー、スロバキア : 各4 ・・・
  Lithuania: 2 reactors under decommissioning (1 NPP)
  Four reactors are under construction: スロバキア : 2、仏、フィンランド : 各 1
  Planned reactors: 英 : 4、ポーランド、ルーマニアフィンランド、チェコ : 各2〜3、仏、蘭等 各1
2013-06-13
2013-MEMO-0540   Accounting Directive MEMO/13/540
Financial reporting obligations for limited liability companies (Accounting Directive) – frequently asked questions
1. What does this new Directive cover?
 As part of the Responsible Business package (see IP/11/1238), the Directive will reduce the administrative burden for small companies. To a certain extent, it will also improve the quality and comparability of the information disclosed.
2. What are the existing EU rules on accounting for limited liability companies?
 A Directive for individual financial statements has been in place since 1978 (78/660/EEC), and one for consolidated financial statements since 1983 (83/349/EEC). These two Directives provide a complete set of rules for the preparation and content of statutory financial statements. They are often referred to as the "Accounting Directives". The new Directive merges and improves these two Directives. This change, together with the ”think small first” approach reflected in the Directive makes this EU legislation better adapted to the present and future needs of preparers and users of financial statements.
3. What are the main benefits of the new Directive?
4. Why now?
5. What is the relationship of this new Directive with Directive 2012/6/EU on accounting requirements for micro-entities?
6. How will companies benefit?
7. In which Member States will the effects be most significant?
8. Why will small groups be exempted from preparing consolidated financial statements?
  ・・・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/accounting/sme_accounting/index_en.htm
関連 : MEMO/13/544, MEMO/13/541
2013-06-12
2013-MEMO-0541   Accounting (and Transparency) Directives New disclosure requirements for the extractive industry and loggers of primary forests in the Accounting (and Transparency) Directives (Country by Country Reporting) – frequently asked questions 1. What is the objective of the proposed country by country reporting requirement in the Accounting and Transparency Directives?
 The new Accounting Directive, repealing the Fourth and Seventh Accounting Directives on Annual and Consolidated Accounts (78/660/EEC and 83/349/EEC) introduces a new obligation for large extractive and logging companies to report the payments they make to governments (the so called country by country reporting-CBCR).
 Reporting would also be carried out on a project basis, where payments have been attributed to specific projects.
 The Accounting Directive regulates the information provided in the financial statements of all limited liability companies which are registered in the European Economic Area (EEA).
 In order to ensure a level playing field between companies, the same disclosure requirement has been incorporated in the proposal to revise the Transparency Directive (2004/109/EC).
 This includes all companies which are listed on EU regulated markets even if they are not registered in the EEA and incorporated in a third country.
2. What is the country by country reporting system about?
 The Directive introduces a new obligation for listed and large non-listed extractive and logging companies to report all material payments to governments broken down by country and by project, when these payments have been attributed to a specific project.
 The following types of payments shall be reported:
 a. production entitlements
 b. taxes levied on the income, production or profits of companies
 c. royalties
 d. dividends
 e. signature, discovery and production bonuses
 f. licence fees, rental fees, entry fees and other considerations for licences and/or concessions
 g, payments for infrastructure improvements.
3. What are the main objectives of the new disclosure requirement?
4. What is EITI? How does it compare with the Accounting Directive?
5. Why did the Commission propose to introduce such a system?
6. What types of companies will be required to disclose payments to governments on a country by country basis?
7. How will the requirement benefit stakeholders in resource-rich countries?
8. Will such disclosure requirements not harm the competitiveness of EU business?
9. How do the EU requirements for country by country reporting differ from the US obligations within the Dodd Frank Act?
10. Does this Directive include conflict minerals disclosure requirement?
11. What about the CBCR requirement recently introduced in the CRD IV (capital requirements) Package?
12. Is the EU undertaking any action to further promote transparency in the context of the G8 activities?
13. Will companies that already publish a report on the basis of equivalent legal requirements in third countries (e.g. the US) be exempted from the disclosure requirement?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/transparency/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/accounting/sme_accounting/index_en.htm
2013-06-12
2013-MEMO-0544   Transparency Directive MEMO/13/544
Revised Directive on transparency requirements for listed companies (Transparency Directive) – frequently asked questions
1. What are the existing EU rules on transparency for listed companies?
 The existing Transparency Directive (2004/109/EC) requires issuers of securities traded on regulated markets within the EU to ensure appropriate transparency through a regular flow of information to the markets. This information consists of:
(i) yearly, half-yearly and quarterly financial information;
(ii) on-going information on major holdings of voting rights and
(iii) ad hoc information disclosed pursuant to the Market Abuse Directive (for example: inside information has to be made public as soon as possible to the market under the conditions of the Transparency Directive).
2. What is the main objective of the modification of the existing Transparency Directive?
3. What are the main modifications made in the revised Transparency Directive?
4. Does suppressing the requirement to publish quarterly financial information reduce the transparency in the market and damage investors?
5. What is the objective of the proposed country by country reporting requirement in the Transparency Directive?
6. What is the new definition of financial instruments covered by the disclosure requirements?
7. What are the new rules for aggregation of holdings of shares with holdings of financial instruments?
Does the Directive provide for maximum harmonisation of the thresholds for notification of major holdings?
9. What changes are made to the access to and storage of regulated information?
10. How will the Transparency Directive facilitate accessibility, analysis and comparability of reports published under the Transparency Directive?
11. What sanctions will be applied for breaches of the requirements of the Transparency Directive?
12. Who will benefit from the revised Transparency directive and how?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/securities/transparency/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/accounting/sme_accounting/index_en.htm
2013-06-12
2013-MEMO-0547   112 eCall MEMO/13/547
112 eCall – Frequently Asked Questions
・Key facts and figures
 ・In 2012 around 28 000 people were killed and more than 1.5 million injured in 1.1 million traffic accidents on EU roads.
 ・Only around 0.7% of vehicles are currently equipped with private eCall systems in the EU, with numbers barely rising. These proprietary systems do not offer EU-wide interoperability or continuity.
 ・In addition to the tragedy of loss of life and injury, this also carries an economic burden of around EUR 130 billion in costs to society every year.
 ・112 eCall can speed up emergency response times by 40% in urban areas and 50% in the countryside. Fully deployed, it can save up to 2500 lives a year and alleviate severity of road injuries. In addition, thanks to improved accident management, it is expected to reduce congestion costs caused by traffic accidents.
・What is 112 eCall?
 The 112 eCall automatically dials Europe's single emergency number 112 in the event of a serious accident and communicates the vehicle's location to the emergency services. This call to 112, made either automatically by means of the activation of in-vehicle sensors or manually, carries a standardised set of data (containing notably the type and the location of the vehicle) and establishes an audio channel between the vehicle and the most appropriate emergency call centre (aka Public Safety Answering Points - PSAPs) via public mobile networks.
・Is there an obligation to use the 112 eCall?
・What is the cost?
・Can the vehicle be tracked or hi-jacked?
・What about privacy and data protection?
・The road to eCall
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/automotive/safety/ecall/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/kallas/headlines/news/2013/06/ecall_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/index_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/534
2013-06-13
2013-MEMO-0608   Passenger rights MEMO/13/608
Passenger rights in the EU – Frequently asked questions
 For the first time, millions of holiday-makers travelling in the EU this summer will be protected by comprehensive passenger rights – whether travelling by air or rail, and now also by ship, bus and coach.
・What are your rights when travelling by plane?
 These rights apply to passengers on all flights departing from an EU airport and on flights operated by EU air carriers when departing from a non-EU airport.
 ・Non-discrimination based on nationality regarding tariffs and other contract conditions;
 ・Adequate, transparent and accessible information for all passengers before and during their journey on the identity of airlines, as well as general information in airport terminals and on the internet about their rights;
 ・Transparent information about the cost of the tickets for all flights departing from EU airports;
 ・Compensation between €125 and €600 (depending on the distance) if the flight is cancelled and you are informed less than 14 days before departure, unless the airline can prove that the flight was cancelled for extraordinary circumstances;
 ・If you are denied boarding against your will, you are entitled to compensation between €125 and €600 depending on the duration of the flight. If you opt for re-routing you are entitled to adequate assistance;
 ・Compensation between €125 and €600 if you arrive at your destination more than 3 hours late unless the airline can prove that the flight was delayed for extraordinary circumstances. In case of delay you are entitled to adequate assistance depending on the duration of the delay and distance of the flight. If the delay is longer than 5 hours you can claim reimbursement of the full ticket price, or cost of the unused ticket segment, or rerouting;
 ・Adequate assistance (snacks, meals, refreshments, as well as, if necessary, accommodation) in case of cancellation, or delay, or re-routing;
 ・Compensation for death or injury caused by air accidents;
 ・Compensation for loss, delay or damage to luggage when the airline is considered liable for the occurrence
 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-13-203_en.htm
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/passengers/index_en.htm
・What are your rights when travelling by rail?
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/passengers/rail/index_en.htm
・What are your rights when travelling by ship?
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/passengers/maritime/index_en.htm
・What are your rights when travelling by bus or coach?
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/passengers/road/index_en.htm
・Summary of rights for persons with disabilities or reduced mobility
 http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/passengers/air/prm_en.htm
・How to complain?
・How to find out more about your passenger rights?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passengers/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/passenger-rights/index.html
関連 : IP/13/595
2013-06-25
2013-MEMO-0626   greenhouse gas emissions from shipping MEMO/13/626
Questions & Answers on greenhouse gas emissions from shipping
1. What initiatives to address maritime emissions has the Commission taken today?
 The European Commission has today adopted a Communication1 setting out a strategy for progressively including greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from maritime transport in the EU's policy for reducing its overall GHG emissions.
 As a first step in implementing this strategy, the Commission has proposed a Regulation which would establish an EU-wide system for the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from large ships starting in 2018. The draft Regulation requires approval by the European Parliament and Council to become law.
2. Why is action needed to reduce maritime shipping emissions?
3. Why is the Commission proposing measures at EU level, not internationally?
4. What does the Commission's progressive approach to addressing maritime emissions consist of?
5. What are the costs and benefits of the proposed MRV system?
6. What are the expected impacts on trade?
7. What journeys will be covered by the monitoring and reporting obligations?
  ・・・・・
2013-06-28
2013-MEMO-0627   books for visually impaired and print disabled persons MEMO/13/627
New Treaty to ensure equal access to books for visually impaired and print disabled persons – frequently asked questions
・What is the Marrakesh Treaty?
 It is a Treaty adopted in the context of the World Intellectual Property Organisation on 27 June 2013. It aims at facilitating access to books for visually impaired and print disabled persons. It creates a mandatory exception to copyright that allows organisations for the blind to produce, distribute and make available accessible format copies to visually impaired persons without the authorisation of the rightholder. It also allows for the exportation of the accessible formats, provided that certain conditions are met.
・Why was the adoption of the Treaty necessary?
 According to the World Blind Union, there are an estimated 285 million blind and partially sighted people worldwide and they can access only 5% of the books sighted people can read.   This is the so-called “book famine”. The Marrakesh Treaty will make it possible to export accessible format copies to other Contracting States, hence increasing the availability of special formats all around the world.
・Who are the beneficiaries of the Treaty?
 The Treaty does not only cover blind and other visually impaired people but it also covers persons with perceptual and reading disabilities, such as dyslexia.
・Which organisations can make accessible format copies under the Treaty?
2013-06-27
2013-MEMO-0631   CAP (common agricultural policy) MEMO/13/631
The common agricultural policy (CAP) and agriculture in Europe – Frequently asked questions
 Farming in Europe – an overview
・How rural is the EU?
 Over 77% of the EU's territory is classified as rural (47% is farm land and 30% forest) and is home to around half its population (farming communities and other residents).
・How many farmers are there in the EU?
 12 million (full-time). Overall, agriculture and the agri-foods industry - which is heavily dependent on the agricultural sector for its supplies - account for 6% of the EU's GDP, comprise 15 million businesses and provide 46 million jobs.
・What types of farming are there in the EU?
 A wide variety, including intensive, conventional and organic farming. This diversity has become even greater with the arrival of the new member countries of central and eastern Europe.
・Family farms, often passed on from one generation to the next, are typical.
Europe has 12 million farmers and an average farm size of about 15 hectares (by way of comparison, the US has 2 million farmers and an average farm size of 180 hectares).
・Who runs the CAP?
・How is the budget used?
・Who decides the size of the CAP budget?
2013-06-28
2013-MEMO-0658   Blue Belt (shipping transport) MEMO/13/658
Blue Belt: Commission eases customs formalities for ships
・What is the problem?
 The EU is highly dependent on maritime transport for its trade with the rest of the world and within the internal market. Nevertheless, inside the EU shipping is not used to its full potential mainly due to considerable administrative requirements. Indeed, even though administrative simplified procedures for maritime transport have already been introduced by EU legislation, vessels travelling between EU ports still encounter a significant number of complex procedures. These procedures involve costs and delays that can make maritime transport less attractive for the transport of goods in the EU internal market.
 Cutting red tape has been considered a major element for promoting the greater use of short sea shipping and seaborne trade between EU ports. Additionally, reducing the number of cargo checks - especially of cargos which would not be checked would they travel on land - would allow authorities to focus on higher risk areas.
・What are the current rules?
・What are we proposing?
 The Commission will propose a Blue Belt package with two main measures reducing unnecessary administrative burden for the maritime industry and extending further the benefits of the Single Market to maritime transport, while at the same time continuing to guarantee the safe and secure transport of goods to, from and within the EU.
・What are the benefits?
 With these initiatives, the Blue Belt will become reality and stimulate real Blue growth. The main aims are to: 【略】
・How will Blue Belt work in practice? Practical examples
1. Easing customs formalities for intra-EU shipping
2. Easing customs formalities for ships that call in third country ports
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/infographics_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/infographics_en.htm
関連 : http://www.emsa.europa.eu/
関連 : IP/13/652
2013-07-08
2013-MEMO-0661   Directive on attacks against information systems MEMO/13/661
Questions and Answers: Directive on attacks against information systems
1. What is the problem to be addressed?
 In recent years, the number of attacks against information systems (IT systems) – or, in common words, the illegal entering of or tampering with information systems - has risen steadily in Europe. Moreover, previously unknown large-scale and dangerous attacks against the information systems of companies, such as banks, the public sector and even the military, have been observed in the Member States and other countries. New concerns, such as the massive spread of malicious software creating 'botnets' - networks of infected computers that can be remotely controlled to stage large-scale, coordinated attacks - have emerged.
2. What is a botnet?
3. How does it work?
4. What is the aim of the cyber-attacks?
 The underlying objectives can be varied. Attacks can have criminal objectives or can be used as one of the means in a larger campaign to exert pressure. Attacks often include one or more of the following elements:
・Diverting money from bank accounts and stealing sensitive financial information
・Extortion: criminals only unlock the computers after the victims pay a certain amount of money to the controllers of the botnet;
・Sabotage purposes: disabling (critical) infrastructure, such as a security system, either to commit another crime, or in relation to a terrorist act;
・Exerting illicit pressure on a state or an organisation. This pressure can have various objectives. In some cases, pressure is exerted through illegal means: there are a number of documented cases where viruses attacked sites related to certain political movements, or attempted to take out the sites and servers of governments. Economic pressure on a company can be exerted through for example, the use of emails containing malware. These can also be used to undermine the reputation of a competitor.
・Illegal information gathering / spying activities. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are increasingly used for purposes of information gathering, setting up surveillance networks by breaking into computer systems of economic competitors, or political opponents.
5. What is new in the Directive?
 The Directive includes the penalisation of illegal access, illegal system interference and illegal data interference - and introduces the following new elements: 【略】
[補足] 下記 用語説明有り
 Botnet、Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack、Information System、Illegal System Interference、Illegal data interference、Large-scale attacks、Malware、Phishing、Spam、Spyware
2013-07-04
2013-MEMO-0689   MAC (mobile air conditioning) MEMO/13/689
Statement of Vice-President Tajani on the respect of the MAC Directive
 The Commission has the duty to ensure that European Union law is fully and uniformly applied throughout the EU's internal market, so that a level playing field and fair competition conditions are respected for all economic operators.
 Directive 2006/40/EC on mobile air conditioning (MAC Directive) became fully applicable on 1 January 2013. This Directive requires, inter alia, to use in the air-conditioning systems refrigerants with a limited global warming potential. The refrigerant (HFO 1234yf) chosen by industry to be used on MAC to fulfil the obligations of this directive has been considered unsafe by one German manufacturer that continued to use old refrigerant with a much higher air polluting potential.
 I have requested my services to convene a meeting of the representatives of the 28 Member States to discuss the situation tomorrow, 17 July. I invite Member States to assist the Commission in finding concrete and urgent solutions to re-establish conformity in the internal market to the advantage of all economic operators.
関連 : MEMO/13/698
2013-07-16
2013-MEMO-0698   MAC (mobile air conditioning) MEMO/13/698
The Technical Committee on Motor Vehicles supports the European Commission approach to the MAC affair
 The Technical Committee on Motor Vehicles met today in a very constructive and positive atmosphere.
 The European Commission and the competent authorities of the 28 Member States discussed the current situation regarding the implementation of Directive 2006/40/EC on mobile air conditioning (MAC Directive).
 There was a general consensus that, within their respective responsibilities, the national authorities and the vehicle manufacturers will have to find effective solutions to ensure the safety of European citizens, the achievement of the climate objectives of the Directive, and the good functioning of and fair competition in the internal market, in full respect of the requirements of the EU legal framework.
 Member Stats acknowledged that, regarding the vehicles which do not conform to EU law, corrective measures shall be taken to bring the vehicles in conformity including the withdrawal of those non-conforming vehicles already sold on the market, as has already been done by a Member State.
関連 : MEMO/13/689
2013-07-17
2013-MEMO-0712   new Directive on Priority Substances in Water MEMO/13/712
Statement by Environment Commissioner Potočnik on the first reading agreement on the new Directive on Priority Substances in Water
 "I welcome this agreement, which will deliver a much-needed update to the Union legislation on chemical pollutants in water.
 The revised legislation should ensure better protection of the environment and human health, better information for the public about progress on improving water quality, and better reviews of the legislation in the future.
 While the Commission proposal was substantially weakened during the negotiations, I remain convinced that the final result will make a significant contribution to improving water quality, with a positive impact on health. I now look forward to working with the Member States to ensure the smooth and effective implementation of the Directive."
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-dangersub/pri_substances.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-dangersub/lib_pri_substances.htm
関連 : MEMO/12/59
2013-07-22
2013-MEMO-0723   EUSF (European Union Solidarity Fund) MEMO/13/723
Q&A on the reform of the European Union Solidarity Fund
1. Why was the European Solidarity Fund (EUSF) set up?
 The European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to disaster-stricken regions within Europe. The Fund was created in the wake of the severe floods in Central Europe in the summer of 2002. It grants financial aid to Member States and candidate countries (currently Turkey and Montenegro) affected by major natural disasters.
2. How has the fund worked until now?
3. What is currently the procedure for submitting an application?
4. What can the Solidarity Fund aid be used for?
  ・・・・
7. What are the most important elements of the new legislative proposal?
・Clarification of the scope of the Solidarity Fund ・・・
・Clearer rules on eligibility introducing one single criterion for regional disasters ・・・
・Introduction of advance payments upon request: ・・・
・Shorter administrative procedure ・・・
・ ・・ implementation of effective disaster risk
・prevention measures.
2013-07-25
2013-MEMO-0738   IPR MEMO/13/738
Customs action to tackle IPR infringing goods – Frequently Asked Questions
1. General information about Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
 ・Why is it important to protect IPR?
  As the EU's 2020 Strategy underlines, the protection of IPR is key to the EU economy. By giving people the incentive to be creative and innovative, IPR foster economic growth, creating and protecting millions of jobs.
 ・What customs measures are in place at EU level to protect IPR?
  Since 2003 EU rules lay down the provisions for customs actions to protect and enforce intellectual property rights and since 2004 specific provisions provide for the submission by Member States of information on the detentions made and the standardized application for action forms.
  The new Regulation of June 2013 concerning customs enforcement of intellectual property rights will become applicable on 1st of January 2014 (see MEMO/13/526 and MEMO/13/527).
  EU customs authorities are coordinating their activities via the EU Customs Action Plan to combat IPR infringements for the years 2013 to 2017 (see MEMO/12/967).
 ・What role do Customs play in the protection of IPR?
 ・Is the detention of IPR infringing goods only a matter for customs authorities?
・How important is industry's role in protecting IPR?
 ・What happens to goods once they are detained by customs?
 ・What is done to ensure customs cooperation on IPR with third countries?
2. Statistics on customs detentions
・How many suspected IPR infringing goods were detained in 2012 compared to previous years?
・What is the major trend?
・What is the difference between cases and articles?
・Which are the most frequently detained articles?
・What types of medicines have been detained?
・Where did the suspected IPR infringing goods come from?
・Which means of transport were most used to import suspected IPR infringing goods into the EU?
関連 : IP/13/761
2013-08-05
2013-MEMO-0764   New rules for MMF (Money Market Funds) MEMO/13/764
New rules for Money Market Funds proposed – Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is a Money Market Fund?
 A Money Market Fund (MMF) is a mutual fund that invests in short-term debt such as money market instruments issued by banks, governments or corporations. Money market instruments traditionally include treasury bills, commercial paper or certificates of deposit (see notes to editors at the end).
 The above-mentioned financial instruments are eligible for an MMF as long as their residual maturity does not exceed 397 days (short-term MMF) or two years (standard MMF). MMFs can be denominated in any particular currency; those domiciled in Europe mostly invest in debt denominated in euro, pound sterling or US dollar.
2. What is a constant value MMF?
3. How is the net asset value (NAV) of an MMF calculated?
4. Who operates MMFs?
5. Who invests in MMFs?
  ・・・・・
11. How would the new rules work?
  ・・・・・
16. What previous steps were undertaken prior to the proposal?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/investment/money-market-funds/index_en.htm
2013-09-04
2013-MEMO-0769   proposal for a Regulation on preventing and managing invasive alien species MEMO/13/769
Questions and answers on the new proposal for a Regulation on preventing and managing invasive alien species
・What are invasive alien species (IAS)?
 Alien species are plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms that have been transported across ecological barriers such as mountain ranges, or oceans as a result of human intervention, and have become established in an area outside their natural range.
 About a quarter of these species are brought into Europe intentionally, for their beauty, usefulness or commercial value. Ornamental plants, species used as food or kept as pets are examples. But most of these species arrive by accident: about three-quarters of Europe's invasive alien species came in as contaminants of other goods, or hidden in transport vectors, or goods containers. There are currently more than 12,000 alien species in the European environment.
・Why should we address this problem?
・Why is EU action necessary? Can't we just rely on Member State action?
・Is new legislation necessary? Can't existing EU laws be extended to cover IAS?
・What are the main elements of the proposal?
  ・・・・・
関連 : IP/13/818
2013-09-09
2013-MEMO-0771   waterway transport MEMO/13/771
Towards quality waterway transport
・Key facts and figures
 ・The top 5 biggest sea ports in the EU are all connected to inland waterways.
 ・Every year, 140 billion tonne kilometres are transported over EU inland waterways.
 ・There are over 230 inland ports in the TEN-T network, of which about 75 are part of the Core network. About 40 of these ports combine the status of inland and seaport.
 ・The CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of a large inland waterway ship are only 1/3 of those of road transport.
 ・Rotterdam, the largest sea port in the EU transferred in 2010 1/3 of all goods via inland waterways.
 ・Europe's navigable inland waterways add up to 37 000 kilometres.
・What is the issue?
・What are the current policies?
The NAIADES I Action programme from 2006 ・・・
・What are we proposing?
The NAIADES II programme will facilitate long-term structural changes in the inland waterway transport sector.
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/inland/promotion/naiades2_en.htm
・Improving infrastructure quality and fostering integration of inland waterway transport into the logistics chain
  ・・・・・
詳細 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/inland/promotion/naiades_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/infographics_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/824
2013-09-10
2013-MEMO-0779   telecoms single market MEMO/13/779
Commission adopts regulatory proposals for a Connected Continent
The Commission today adopted major regulatory proposals to complete the telecoms single market and deliver a Connected Continent. The overarching aim is to build a connected, competitive continent and enabling sustainable digital jobs and industries; making life better by ensuring consumers can enjoy the digital devices and services they love; and making it easier for European businesses & entrepreneurs to create the jobs of the future
 A Connected continent is about: Faster connections. Easier business. Simpler life. Ready for the future Yes to single market; yes to net neutrality; no to roaming premiums; no to red tape
1. Overview
・Why is this important for growth?
 Europe desperately needs to tap into new sources of growth and innovation. . Since each economic sector today increasingly depends on good connectivity to be competitive, the solution lies in harnessing digital technology and ICT (source of half our productivity growth), to the single market (our crown jewel). We can’t afford to remain trapped in 28 national markets; if this continues, we will fail to feed the digital economy the raw materials it needs: connectivity and scale.
・What about jobs and consumer?
・What about the EU's industrial and global leadership?
・What has the Commission proposed?
・What is in the proposal?
・What is not in the proposal?
・Why does this matter?
・How have we got here?
2. The main elements of the proposal
[表] Problem / Solution
3. EU telecoms sector is in difficulty
・What caused this?
・DIVERGENCE IN EUROPE’S MARKETS
・In five years this will mean that … [表] Who /What
4. Delivering sustainable jobs
・A Connected Continent will provide a foundation for sustainable jobs with good pay
・SOLUTIONS OFFERED
・IMPACTS AND EXAMPLES
5. Less red tape for companies
6. Easier wholesale products
7. Spectrum and 4G
8. Stable copper network access prices
9. An end to Roaming and intra-EU call premiums
10. Consolidation in the telecoms sector
11. Yes to Net Neutrality!
12. New consumer rights
13. Rules fit for a telecoms single market
関連 : IP/13/828
2013-09-11
2013-MEMO-0780   Legislative package for banking supervision MEMO/13/780
Legislative package for banking supervision in the Eurozone – frequently asked questions
・What has been voted today?
 The European parliament has adopted today a package of legislative acts to set up a single supervisory mechanism (SSM) that contains:
 ・a Council Regulation to give specific tasks related to financial stability and banking supervision to the European Central Bank (ECB);
 ・a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council designed to align the existing Regulation 1093/2010 on the establishment of the European Banking Authority (EBA) to the modified framework for banking supervision.
・Why is a single supervisory mechanism necessary and when should it be in operational?
・Will all banks be covered or only big banks from the euro area?
・What are the competences of the ECB in the transitional phase?
・Why will the ECB be the institution in charge of supervising the euro area banking system?
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/pdf/nd/eccomm2012_en.pdf
関連 : http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/125621.pdf
2013-09-12
2013-MEMO-0790   new psychoactive substances used as alternatives to illicit drugs MEMO/13/790
Frequently Asked Questions: tackling psychoactive substances across Europe
・What are new psychoactive substances?
 They are natural or synthetic substances that affect the central nervous system and induce a stimulating or depressant effect, just like illicit drugs, such as cocaine or ecstasy, do. They can cause hallucinations, alterations in thinking, behaviour, perception, awareness or mood.
 In fact, they are often marketed as legal alternatives to illicit drugs (hence the name "legal highs").
 And, just like illicit drugs, they can cause great harm to the people who use them. They are often mislabelled and sold as plant food, bath salts, or research chemicals, to circumvent laws on the protection of consumers.
 Many new psychoactive substances have or could have other uses, for example in the medical, chemical or high tech industry - as active substances for medicines, for instance.
 Around a fifth of the substances notified through the EU-level mechanism of exchange of information have some other, legitimate, uses.
 Vanoxerine, for instance, is being researched for use in the treatment of cocaine addiction;
 GBL (gamma-butyrolactone) is a widely used chemical with excellent solvent qualities, used as aroma compound, stain remover, superglue remover, paint stripper;
 CPCPP (1-(3-chloropropyl)piperazine) is being used in the manufacture of an anti-depressant.
・What risks can new psychoactive substances pose?
・How many new psychoactive substances are around? [グラフ]
・How many people are using them? [グラフ]
・Why do we need to take action at the EU level on new psychoactive substances?
・What action has the EU taken so far to address new psychoactive substances?
・Why is the Commission proposing a new mechanism?
・How does the new mechanism differ from the current rules?
・Graphic: Decision-making under the old and new systems 【新旧フロー】
・How will the new rules protect legitimate uses of new psychoactive substances and economic operators?
・How does the new mechanism work?
・What does each legislative proposal cover?
・What will the criminal penalties be?
・Why do the new rules not apply to drug precursors, medicinal products or veterinary medicinal products?
関連 : IP/13/837
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/anti-drugs/index_en.htm
関連 : http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/edr2013
2013-09-17
2013-MEMO-0792   Optional European Sales Law MEMO/13/792
Optional European Sales Law: Commission proposal backed by European Parliament committee
 The proposal for an optional Common European Sales Law for consumers and businesses (IP/11/1175 and MEMO/11/680) was backed today by a large majority (19 votes for, 3 against and 2 abstentions) in the leading European Parliament committee on this proposal, the Committee for Legal Affairs (JURI).
 An optional EU wide contract law would promote the Digital Single Market by providing a coherent set of rules for the marketing of digital products and related services which may also apply when some of these products are provided using the Cloud.
 The Commission's proposal will give businesses and consumers the choice of using a single European sales law for their cross-border contracts when offering goods across the European Union.
 With the principle of subsidiarity in mind, the proposal uses an innovative approach to deepen the Single Market, providing a harmonised set of contract law rules which will co-exist with national contract law and not replace it.
関連 Draft Report : http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/juri/pr/927/927290/927290en.pdf
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/justice/contract/index_en.htm
2013-09-17
2013-MEMO-0803   Forest-based Industries MEMO/13/803
EU Forest-based Industries: a Blueprint to unleash their economic and societal potential
 Today the Commission issued a blueprint to further develop the EU's significant forest-based industries, indicating activities that can be undertaken to help this sector fulfil its potential to substantially contribute to our goal of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth by 2020.
 The Blueprint describes the EU's wood-processing and related industries and the challenges they face - including global competition, raw-material supplies; environmental, renewable energy and climate policy targets; educational needs, logistics and an ageing workforce – and describes how to address these challenges.
 The Blueprint was issued in conjunction with a new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector.
・Stimulating growth:
・Resource and energy efficiency:
・Raw materials:
・Structural adaptation:
・Innovation and RTD:
  ・・・・・
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/wood-paper-printing/index_en.htm
2013-09-20
2013-MEMO-0806   Forest resources MEMO/13/806
Forest resources in the EU
 A new Forest Strategy responding to the new challenges facing forests and the forest sector has been published by the European Commission today, which underlines the importance of forest resources in the EU.
 The EU currently contains 5 % of the world's forests and EU forests have continuously expanded for over 60 years, although recently at a lower rate.
 EU Forests and other wooded land now cover 155 million ha and 21 million ha respectively. This together means more than 42 % of EU land area is covered with forest and other wooded land.
・Area covered by forests in Europe has increased at a rate of approximately 0.4% per year since 1990 ・・・
・Forests are subject to multiple pressures and ・・・
・Sustainable Forest Management
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/forest/
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/environment/forests/home_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/bioenergy/bioenergy_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/forests/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/research/bioeconomy/agriculture/index_en.htm
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/plant_propagation_material/eu_marketing_requirements/forest_material_en.htm
関連 : IP/13/850
2013-09-20
2013-MEMO-0813   Opening up Education MEMO/13/813
"Opening up Education" - frequently asked questions
・What do we mean by 'opening up education'?
 Opening up education means bringing the digital revolution into education.
 Digital technologies allow all individuals to learn, anywhere, anytime, through any device, with the support of anyone.
・What are the main objectives of this initiative?
 ・Boost the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) ・・・
 ・Increase transparency for users of educational resources regarding copyright.
 ・ ・・・Opening up Education will help schools and classrooms to get broadband access and support ICT infrastructure for education and training
 ・Strengthen cooperation with international organisations and stakeholders
・What concrete actions are specified?
・How will these 24 actions be funded/implemented?
・Why is Commission action needed now?
 Chart 1: % of Grade 4 pupils (age 9-10) attending classes where teachers' use of ICT in more than 25% of lessons 【国別グラフ】
 Chart 2: % of Grade 8 pupils (age 13-14) attending classes where teachers' use of ICT in more than 25% of lessons 【国別グラフ】
  ・・・・・
・Actions under Opening Up Education [表]
関連 : IP/13/859
関連 : http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/survey-schools-ict-education
2013-09-25
2013-MEMO-0814   ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) Assembly MEMO/13/814
The EU at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Assembly — Frequently asked questions
・What are the main issues at stake at the 38th Assembly?
 ・Safety: more work on safety management will be necessary, as well as a bigger role for regional organisations.
 ・Security: more mutual recognition between states and regions with good security standards.
 ・Air Navigation/Air Traffic Management (ATM): this Assembly should adopt the "global air navigation plan", and by doing so lay down a roadmap for the eventual modernization of the world's ATM system.
 ・Air transport/aviation economics: more liberalisation in terms of market access and air carrier ownership and control, in balance with the need for fair competition and consumer protection.
・The impact of international aviation on climate change and the various measures to mitigate this impact: the EU has already included aviation in its emissions trading scheme (ETS) and is now seeking a landmark agreement at the ICAO Assembly on a global measure.
[Safety]
・What is going to be discussed at the Assembly?
・What is the expected outcome?
[SECURITY]
・What is going to be discussed at the Assembly?
・What is the expected outcome?
[AIR NAVIGATION / AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT (ATM)]
・What is going to be discussed at the Assembly?
・What is the expected outcome?
[AIR TRANSPORT / AVIATION ECONOMICS]
・What is going to be discussed at the Assembly?
・What is the expected outcome?
[CLIMATE IMPACT OF INTERNATIONAL AVIATION]
・What is going to be discussed at the Assembly?
・What is the expected outcome?
2013-09-24
2013-MEMO-0819   raw materials MEMO/13/819
Priority actions to reduce the EU's dependency on raw materials
 Yesterday the High Level Steering Group of the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials released a Strategic Implementation Plan, proposing how its stakeholders - the Commission, EU countries, industry, research groups and NGOs - can act to ensure a sustainable supply of raw materials to the European economy and make Europe a world leader in raw materials exploration, extraction, processing, recycling and substitution by 2020. A selection of priority actions proposed are detailed in this memo. For the full overview, see the working document published yesterday.
・European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on raw materials covers non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials - metals and minerals, as well as other industrial raw materials such as natural rubber, paper and wood.
Its key objectives are:
 ・Reduction of import dependency by improving supply conditions from EU sources, providing resource efficiency and alternatives in supply.
 ・Bringing Europe to the forefront in raw materials sectors and mitigating their negative environmental and social impacts.
・Raw materials research and innovation coordination
・More effective exploration
・Innovative extraction of raw materials
・Processing and refining of raw materials
・Substitution of raw materials
・Improving the EU's waste management framework
・Optimised waste flows to increase recycling and recovery
・Raw materials knowledge base
・Investment activities
2013-09-26
2013-MEMO-0825   languages in Europe MEMO/13/825
Frequently asked questions on languages in Europe
・What does "multilingualism" mean?
 ・A situation in which several languages are spoken with